23. THE CLARKES OF GRAIGUENOE & THE HARES OF DEER PARK
When Edward Long and Mary Clarke were married in 1822, little did they realize that they would save the Longs of Longfield from extinction. Whereas Richard Long II left no known descendants, his brother Edward and wife Mary left numerous progeny who now number more than two thousand. Before we focus on Edward and Mary and their many children, I'd like to share with you what I've learned about Mary's family. Mary Crozier Clarke was born at Abbey House near Tipperary Town in 1804, the third surviving daughter of the Reverend Marshal Clarke by his wife, Elizabeth Hare,1 who was familiarily known as Eliza or Betty Hare.
Betty Hare was born in 1768, the eldest daughter of the Venerable Patrick Hare, by his wife Mary, daughter of John Crozier of Magheradunbar, near Enniskillen, County Fermanagh.2 The Venerable Patrick Hare, born in County Clare in 1736, “was reputed to be a grandson of Turlock O'Hehir, chief of a sept of the O'Briens, who in consequence of adherence to the Stuarts at the Battle of the Boyne, went abroad in 1691, and died in France.”3 “This sharp lesson in Irish politics” caused his wife and family to return to Ireland, become Protestant and anglicize their name to Hare,4 thus permitting them to own property and rejoin the ranks of the landed gentry of Ireland.
Patrick Hare attended Trinity College Dublin, and graduated with a B.A. in 1758 and an M.A. in 1764.5 When he was ordained as a clergyman circa 1765, he was then appointed as curate of Clonoulty, located just a few miles from Longfield. In 1768, he started the Diocesan School in Cashel. Reverend Hare went on to become Vicar of Athassel and eventually, Vicar-General of Cashel,6 in which capacity he served as deputy to the archbishop. Patrick and Mary Hare had a large family of four sons and seven daughters, of whom, as previously mentioned, Betty was the eldest.
Betty's best friend was Miss Dorothea Herbert, who for many years during the late 18th and early 19th Centuries, kept diaries relating to the social life of the Tipperary gentry. In 1929-30, her diaries were published as The Retrospections of Dorothea Herbert. As Dorothea's good friend, Betty Hare figures prominently in the diaries, as do members of Betty's family, the Hares and subsequently, the Clarkes. Dorothea describes the Rev Patrick Hare: “He was a very handsome comely looking man - amazingly clever and sensible but very severe and satyrical where he took a dislike. Many were his oddities - and his bon mots, and eccentricities were every day repeated.”7
Dorothea continues: “He was a very blunt man and said whatever came uppermost. Smart at repartee and clever in his opinions he made his own way amongst the great, and got the Vicar-generalship of Cashel when Charles Agar became Archbishop.”8 After Patrick purchased the estate of Deer Park, a mile out of Cashel on the road to Tipperary Town, Dorothea wrote: “Mr Hare's Deer Park, a beautiful farm, embellished with flowers and shrubs, wherein was an excavated arbour of wondrous beauty adorned with curious plants and flowers.”9
Dorothea recalled when Rev Hare “dined at Castletown with old Archbishop Cox. It happened that there was a fine Turkey dressed with remarkable Selery Sauce for his Graces own eating he being a great Epicure. Mr Hare called for some of the Turkey. Pooh! Pooh! Man! (said the Archbshp) Eat Beef, eat beef Sir. Mr Hare freely told him he could get beef and mutton enough at home amongst his boys, but when he dined with his Grace he preferred Turkey and High Sauce.”10 Apparently, “Mr Hare who delighted in large persons ....., always drew up his six fair daughters in a row to illustrate his constant position that fat people were better than lean, tall people superior to low.”11 “Mr Hare himself had a grand commanding look that frightened” Dorothea Herbert.12
Known to her friends as “Dolly,” Dorothea Herbert also gives us a fleeting glimpse of our ancestress, Mary Crozier Hare: “Mrs Hare also dined with us and was all astonishment at [John Roe's] very particular attention to me. She declared that if anyone had sworn to her that John Roe would attach himself so totally to any girl in the whole world, she could not have believed it as he was always remarkably shy of our sex.” “She could not suppose but he had serious thoughts of me.”13 Obviously, the Rev Hare's wife was somewhat of a romantic.
Since Dolly Herbert's two brothers attended Patrick Hare's school in Cashel, Dolly and Betty met and became good friends. Dolly recalls their first meeting: “We now had a new visitor Miss Hare of Cashel. I had seen her once before when we went to bring the boys home from school, and then I thought her one of the prettiest growing girls I had ever beheld. I was all astonished to see her in a few months quite a large woman.” “She was now a fine woman but not the pretty little florid girl she was when I first saw her.”14
As Dolly got to know Betty (Eliza), she recorded her impressions: “Never sure was any one better prepared for our Harum Scarums than Eliza Hare. Mad with Spirits she was, a veteran chief in mischief.” “She led us into a new species of culinary preparations - namely making up washes and beautifying lotions.” “Her tongue and memory would furnish a volume as ludicrous as ever was written.”15 After Betty Hare's marriage to the Rev Clarke, Dolly Herbert thereafter referred to her in her diaries as “Mrs Clarke.” Apparently Betty and her father weren't the only eccentrics in the Hare Family: "Mrs Clarke now returned to Cashel ..... and her second sister Ellen [aka “Helena”] Hare came out to [the] parsonage. She was a wild young girl mad with spirits and cared not what she did.”16
The third sister, Barbara Hare, deserves some mention of her own. Barbara (d 1858) married John Hemphill of Cashel, and began to write for amusement. One of her published works was entitled Lionel Deerhurst.17 Barbara and John Hemphill's son, Charles Hare Hemphill (1821-1908), became Solicitor-General of Ireland and was elevated to the peerage as Baron Hemphill,18 first cousin to Mary Clarke Long. Lord Hemphill's sister, Mary Hare, married John Atkinson, and they were the grandparents of Constance Lloyd who married the author, Oscar Wilde (1854-1900).19
We return now to Eliza “Betty” Hare. It seems that Betty and her friend Dolly often attended local social events. Dolly reports: “[Eliza Hare] was so deeply engaged in flirtation amongst the gentlemen that she flattered herself her wit amply made up for her inferiority in personal delicacy.”20 “She now expected to come in for a share of the expected gaiety here, but two or three days after my Aunts arrival Mr Hare came for her, and ..... said she must return with him on urgent business. After dinner she and I retired to our room, and with many sobs and tears she told me she was going home to be married.”
“She then mentioned that her father had provided Mr Clarke his head Usher as her husband. He was a clergyman but had no fortune but the place of usher and some farms he rented. Mr Hare however thought him so clever and sensible that he doubted not but that he would soon make a rapid fortune, if he got any kind of preferment.” “Every one was astonished that Mr Hare would dispose of his daughter at fifteen years of age without any settled property - but it soon proved that he had rightly foreseen Mr Clarkes propitious destiny, for he has since been extremely fortunate in the Church and lay matters.”21 The wedding of Betty Hare and Marshal Clarke “took place just before Christmas 1783, and a long and happy marriage it was,”22 blessed by twenty-one children of whom twelve are recorded and eleven lived to adulthood.23
Born in County Donegal in 1755, Marshal Clarke is believed to have been the son of Sir John Clarke. “An undated letter written by one of Rev Marshal Clarke's daughters to her niece Eliza Roe was discovered in a writing cabinet belonging to Paddy Clarke. It read: ‘The Clarkes came over with Cromwell. My Grandfather was Sir John Clarke. He married three times and my father was the youngest son of the third wife, who was a Miss Anderson, a lady highly connected. My father came to Dublin when he was 18 and went through Trinity College with the highest credit.’”24
Marshal entered Trinity College Dublin in 1774, obtained his B.A. in 1779, and was ordained by the Bishop of Raphoe as a clergyman in 1782, at which time he was also nominated as the curate of Thurles, Tipperary. Soon thereafter, Marshal met his future father-in-law, who was impressed enough by him to offer Marshal the position of assistant school-master at his Diocesan School in Cashel. Reverend Hare's school was located in a large leased house on John Street near the Cathedral. Although Patrick had purchased the Deer Park estate, the Hares and subsequently the Clarkes, continued to reside in one half of the John St. building, while the school and the student residence occupied the other half.
By 1792, Patrick had turned the school over to Marshal, who proved successful in his efforts to promote academic excellence, as witnessed by the number of graduates who were admitted to Trinity College Dublin.25 Marshal and Betty finally got a place of their own, “a beautiful romantic tenement with the Rock of Cashel towering magnificently over their garden.” Betty's friend Dorothea “spent most of [a] morning admiring their new house and elegant villa.”26 After the school was moved to Tipperary Town in 1798, Dorothea wrote that “they were delightfully settled [and] had an elegant place called the Abbey and seemed very happy and comfortable.”27
Though separated by distance, Betty and Dorothea continued to visit: “As for Mrs Clarke - whenever I said anything that pleased her, she always exclaimed, Well! That is so like John Roe! Oh my dear Dolly! You must have been formed for each other, and I shall cry my eyes out if it is not a match!” 28 “Mrs Clarke ..... declared she never saw Miss Herbert look so killingly vivacious.” “Mrs Clarkes arch enquiring eye was well calculated to encrease my confusion.”29 “When we got to the parsonage, Mrs Hare gave us a dreadful scolding for keeping her jaunting car.”30
In 1810, Mary Crozier Hare departed this life in the 63rd year of her age, and is buried in the Cashel Cathedral graveyard. The Reverend Patrick Hare lived to the age of 80 and died in 1816. He is buried in a tomb alongside other O'Hehir relatives at Killinaboy Church in County Clare.31 The Head of the Hare Family of Deer Park, is our cousin, a jolly gentleman by the name of Captain Jocelyn O'Hehir, of Sandycove, County Dublin.
Whereas Marshal Clarke arrived in Tipperary as a penniless clergyman, he soon entered the ranks of Tipperary society. “After a long life as clergyman, headmaster and landowner, he died a wealthy man,” leaving an estate of 15,000 Pounds,32 which in today's terms would apparently be worth approximately 2,200,000 British Pounds or U.S. $11,000,000. After almost fifty years of marriage, the Rev Marshal Clarke died on June 18th, 1833, at the age of 78. Coincidentally, his 3rd son, Marshal Clarke Jr., had unexpectedly expired over in France just the day before. As the Rev Marshal lay dying, he said, “I see Marshal beside me.”33 It wasn’t until sometime later that the Clarkes learned of the younger Marshal’s death.
Family tradition has it that after her husband’s death, Betty went to live with her youngest son, the Reverend Mark Clarke of Shronell, and resided there with him and his family until her death in 1847. She certainly is one of the most colorful and likeable ancestors imaginable, and we can be forever grateful to the memory of Dorothea Herbert for having immortalized Betty, Marshal and Patrick.
Betty Hare and Marshal Clarke had the following children who survived to adulthood: 1. Patrick (1786-1845); 2. John (1787-1854); 3. Marshal (1789-1833); 4. Samuel (1790-1811); 5. Charles (1803-1879); 6. Robert Hare (1804-1868); 7. Mark (1809-1848); 8. Helena (no dates); 9. Eliza Selina (1799-1889); 10. Mary Crozier (1804-1853); and 11. Jane Hare (no dates).34
Paddy Clarke, the eldest, married Mary Hickman and lived at South Hill, Rapla, near Nenagh, Tipperary. He became a solicitor and went into partnership with his son-in-law, John Vincent of Dublin. Sometime after Paddy was murdered in 1845, his sister Jane happened to be out driving with some younger members of the family, and when they were about to pass by the gates to Patrick's old home, Jane remarked: “You must not make me laugh now because this is where your great-uncle Paddy was shot.”35
Sir John Clarke, the second son, joined the army and fought in Spain during the Napoleonic Wars. He received a Spanish knighthood for his services although the title wasn't recognized in Britain or Ireland. A family story relates that John fell in love with a Spanish noblewoman and abducted her from a convent when her parents forbade the marriage. The third son Marshal, joined the East India Company, and the fourth son, Samuel, joined the army and served in India.
The fifth son, Charles Clarke, obtained a B.A. from Trinity College Dublin in 1824. Charles, who resembled his Grandfather Hare, married Sarah Otway Bland in 1827, and they raised a small family of four children on their estate at Graiguenoe Park, just five or six miles north of Longfield and Fort Edward. Charles and Sarah's daughter Elizabeth, married Robert Cole Bowen, and they were the grandparents of the novelist, Elizabeth Bowen (1899-1973). Charles and Sarah's only son, Marshal Neville Clarke (1828-1884), married Mary Elizabeth Pearson, and they were the grandparents of the late John Vernon Carlton Clarke (1907-1994),36 Shell executive, who was Head of the Clarke Family (Vernon’s son, Charles James Richmond Clarke, is now the Head of the Clarke Family of Graiguenoe Park); Ralph Lionel Clarke (b 1917), author of The Remarkable Mr Clarke, and founder of both the UK Association of Professional Engineers and the Dorothy L. Sayers Society; and the late Hubert Marshal Butler (1900-1991), Irish scholar and author of Ten Thousand Saints and founder of the Butler Society.
The sixth son, Robert Hare Clarke, lived at Bansha near Tipperary Town. He married twice and had eleven children, including a daughter Anne, who married the 1st Baron O'Brien (d 1914), Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. Robert's son, Charles Eldon Clarke of Newtowne House, Holycross, Tipperary, was the grandfather of Marshal Butler Cholmondeley Clarke (b 1919), Chancery Master of the Supreme Court of Great Britain.37 Reverend Mark Clarke, Marshal and Betty's youngest son, was the Vicar of Shronell, Tipperary. In 1837, he married Maria Hill and they had six children. Tragically, Mark did not get to see his children grow to adulthood. “He died while bathing in 1848 at Kilkee, Co. Clare. After diving into the sea he was never seen again and is believed to have hit his head on a rock.”38 Mark and Maria’s eldest son was Sir Marshal James Clarke (1841-1901), who enjoyed a distinguished career in Africa, including the position of Resident Commissioner of Southern Rhodesia.39 Sir Marshal “lost an arm early in life but would never talk about it. The family believed it had been bitten off by a lion.”40
It's pleasing to know that so many of Mary Long's siblings lived in Tipperary, thus enabling them to visit back and forth with relative ease. Of Mary's sisters, the daughters of Marshal and Betty Clarke, the eldest, Helena, married first, Captain Thomas Buckworth, and secondly, Rev Bejamin Holford Banner of Bansha, Tipperary. The next daughter, Eliza Selina, married James Sadleir of Brookville, Tipperary, and they had a large family whose descendants are scattered as far afield as Australia, New Zealand, Argentina and California. The youngest daughter, Jane Hare, married James Gubbins of Kilmare Castle, County Limerick.41 “Jane is remembered as cheery and irresponsible, full of fun and go.”42
Mary Clarke Long thoughtfully made a [still extant] copy of her Mother’s will, which was previously unknown to exist. Here follows Mary’s entire copy:
“A Copy of my beloved Mother’s Will, by Mary Long
Elizabeth Clarke’s Last Testament, April 5th, 1837
‘The last Will and Testament of Elizabeth Clarke, Widow of the late Revd Marshal Clarke, Rector of Shronel in the Diocese of Cashel. It is my Desire after paying all my lawful Debts and Funeral expenses, That my Plate, Books, Furniture and all other Articles belonging to me, May be disposed of, in Whatever way my children (that survive me) shall think most conducive to their Interest. Except the silver coffee Pot & stand That my son presented to me, may be given to his daughter Sarah, as it belonged to her Mother, the late Mrs Robert Clarke. The money produced by the aforesaid Articles along with any other property I may have a claim to or possess, May be equally Divided among my Sons & Daughters, that are alive at my death, at their entire disposal. I also desire that the eight volumes of Robertson’s works That I got from John Curtis, May be given to my son-in-law The Revd B. H. Banner, as a small token of the grateful esteem and affection I have towards him for the constant and affectionate kindness towards me since the death of my husband.
I will now take leave of you my dearest children, entreating of you as you value the blessing of the Almighty, To live in harmony together, Turning your hearts to the Almighty, Fulfilling his Commandments, and looking up to God as your Father and Guide. May He never desert you, but pour Virtue and Religion into your Hearts. Farewell.
This is my hand ~ signed ELIZABETH CLARKE
This is my Seal ~ ~ m
April 5th, 1837
I here within appoint My Sons Patrick Clarke, Charles Clarke, Robert and Mark Clarke, my sole Executors to this my last Will and Testament.
Signed ELIZABETH CLARKE
April 5th, 1837, Tipperary
My hand & Seal ~ m’
At the other side a copy of the Codicil, written on the 24th of May, 1846
Signed by B. H. Banner, Clerk, Bansha and George Bradshaw, Tipperary:
A Copy of a Codicil to Elizabeth Clarke’s Will
‘A codicil to my will which I made some years ago, as as my good God has given me a long life and many changes have taken place in my family, I now express my wishes as follows ~ appointing my son[s] Charles Clarke & Robert Clarke and Mark Clarke my Executors and Trustees. The Interest of six hundred Pounds to be paid half yearly to my son John Clarke during his life, and at his death, then divided equally to my sons Charles, Robert and Mark entirely at their disposal, as it was from them I derived my Income. May the Almighty God preserve you my dear Children, is my ardent Prayer.
Signed ELIZABETH CLARKE
Seal ~ m
Tipperary, May 24th, 1846’
This Codicil was witnessed & signed by
B. H. Banner, Clerk, Bansha, Co. Tipperary
and George Bradshaw, Tipperary
‘The six hundred Pounds mentioned in the Foregoing Codicil stands in the three and a quarter Irish Stock in my name.
Signed ELIZABETH CLARKE
October 22nd, 1846
Observe the six hundred Pounds mentioned in the Codicil, Immediately after the death of my son John, is to be equally divided between my sons Charles, Robert and Mark, namely £ 200 Stock to each
Signed ELIZABETH CLARKE
October 22nd, 1846’” 43
1. Burke's Irish Family Records, pp 240-2, “Clarke [County Tipperary]”
2. Burke's Landed Gentry of Ireland, 1958, pp 542-3, “O'Hehir (otherwise Hare), formerly of Deer Park”
3. Ibid, p 542
4. Irish Genealogist, vol. 5, #1, Nov. 1974, pp 122-130, The Remarkable Mr Clarke, by Ralph Lionel Clarke
5. Alumni Dublinenses, p 371
6. The Clarkes of Graiguenoe Park, by John Vernon Carlton Clarke, Esq., & Ralph Lionel Clarke, Esq., 1976, Privately published, p 2
7. Retrospections of Dorothea Herbert, 1770-1806, 2 vol., London, 1929-30, vol. 1, p 39
8. Ibid, p 40
9. Ibid, p 182
10. Ibid, pp 39-40
11. Ibid, p 279
12. Ibid, p 42
13. Ibid, p 229
14. Ibid, p 63
15. Ibid, pp 63-4-5
16. Ibid, p 281
17. Dictionary of National Biography, vol. IX, p 387
18. Burke's Peerage, 1970 edn., pp 1307-8, “Hemphill”
19. BIFR, pp 1216-7, “Wilde (now Holland)”
20. Retrospections of Dorothea Herbert, p 71
21. Ibid, pp 72-3
22. Irish Genealogist, vol. 5, #1, Nov. 1974, p 122
23. The Clarkes of Graiguenoe Park, p 3
24. Irish Genealogist, vol. 5, #1, Nov. 1974, p 130
25. Ibid, pp 122-3-4
26. Dorothea Herbert, pp 341 & 344
27. Ibid, pp 395-6
28. Ibid, pp 201-2
29. Ibid, p 227
30. Ibid, p 297
31. LLC, 1984 letter from Ralph Lionel Clarke, Esq.
32. Irish Genealogist, vol. 5, #1, Nov. 1974, pp 122 & 124
33. The Clarkes of Graiguenoe Park, p 33
34. BIFR, pp 240-1, “Clarke [Co. Tipperary”
35. Irish Genealogist, vol. 5, #1, Nov. 1974, p 125
36. BIFR, p 241, “Clarke [Co. Tipperary]”
38. Irish Genealogist, vol. 5, #1, Nov. 1974, p 129
39. BIFR, p 241, “Clarke [Co. Tipperary]”
40. The Clarkes of Graiguenoe Park, p 26
41. BIFR, p 241, “Clarke [Co. Tipperary]”
42. The Clarkes of Graiguenoe Park, p 36
43. LLC, 1991 Letter & Copies of Long Family Papers from Donna Wolthausen, granddaughter of Ida Long Black, gt-gd-dau of Eliza Hare Clarke
24. EDWARD & MARY LONG OF FORT EDWARD
Mary Crozier Clarke was married to Edward Thomas Long on July the 11th, 1822.1 The younger son of Captain Richard Hutchinson Long (1740-1814) of Longfield, by his wife, Charity Moore (1760-1842) of Barne, Edward Thomas Long was born at Longfield House on April 21st, 1799.2 He was named after his Grandfather, Edward Long (d 1773), of Lacken and Cahir Abbey, and was given the middle name of Thomas in honor of his mother's grandfather, Sir Thomas Taylour (1686-1757), 2nd Baronet of Headfort.
Edward was just fifteen years old when his father was murdered in 1814. Whereas his elder brother, Richard Long II (d 1860), inherited Longfield, as a younger son, Edward stood to inherit only a one-fifth share of the lesser estates which his late father had set aside for his five younger children. After graduating from Marshal Clarke's Abbey School in Tipperary Town, Edward was admitted to Trinity College Dublin in July 1819; however, the Trinity records indicate he did not graduate.3 Perhaps romantic notions interfered with his studies. While attending his future father-in-law's school, it was inevitable that he and Mary would have come to know each other.
His sisters, Harriet and Charity Maria, had both married the previous year, and now it was Edward's turn at the altar, though not the one at Ardmayle Church, since the wedding took place in Tipperary Town where the bride's family lived. Their Marriage Settlement, dated the 10th and 11th of July 1822, was drawn up and signed in Tipperary Town, and was witnessed by the Reverend John Seymour, who presumably performed the marriage ceremony. The parties to their Marriage Settlement were: “Edward Long of Longfield in the County of Tipperary Esquire, of the first part; the Reverend Marshal Clarke of Abbey in the County of Tipperary, Clerk, and Mary Clarke, Spinster, third daughter of the said Marshal Clarke, of the second part; and Richard Long of Longfield also Esquire, elder brother of said Edward Long, and Patrick Clarke of Kildare Street in the City of Dublin, Esquire, eldest son of the said Marshal Clarke, of the third part.”4
The Memorial of the Long-Clarke Marriage Settlement advises that “under the Will of his father, the late Richard Long, also Esquire, deceased,” Edward was entitled to a one-fifth share of the estate and interest therefrom, of the lands of Cahir Abbey Cottage, Milltown and Ballycommisk.5 As his marriage portion, Edward was also to receive 1,000 Pounds Sterling, his share “of the sum of 5,000 Pounds Sterling charged for younger children, on the Estate of the said Richard Long by the Settlement executed on the Intermarriage of the said Richard Long deceased ..... with Miss Charity Moore, the mother of the said Richard and Edward.”6
Edward Long was also entitled to a sum of 400 Pounds charged on the Estate of his Uncle, Stephen Moore of Barne.7 The Reverend Marshal Clarke provided Mary with a dowry equivalent to 1,500 Pounds,8 thus bringing Edward and Mary's combined marriage portions to a total of 2,900 British Pounds, equivalent to more than £400,000 or $2,000,000 U.S., in contemporary currency.9
So Edward and Mary started off their married life in fine style. As to where they lived the first few years of their marriage, an October 1823 Deed provides part of the answer: “Edward Long of the Town & County of Tipperary Esquire, 2nd son of the said Richard Long deceased, and Mary Long, otherwise Clarke, the said Edward Long's wife, of the second part.”10 It would appear that Mary, just seventeen or eighteen years old at the time of their marriage, might have wanted to remain living close to her folks at Abbey House, just out of Tipperary Town.
A Long deed dated February 1828 has Edward Long living at Templenoe House,11 located a few miles from Tipperary Town, and about ten miles from Longfield. The confusing part is that a Deed dated January 1827 reads: “Richard Long of Longfield in the County of Tipperary Esquire, of the one part; and Edward Long of Ardmayle otherwise Fort Edward in the said County Esquire, only brother of the said Richard, of the other part, Whereby the said Richard Long ..... demised, granted & confirmed ..... unto the said Edward Long in his actual possession then being, ..... the Town & Lands of Ardmayle commonly known by the name of the Church Quarter ..... containing sixteen acres .....”12
Since subsequent evidence indicates that Edward and Mary lived at Fort Edward from at least 1828 onward, the following sequence of moves must have occurred: after their marriage, they rented a house right in Tipperary Town; then, by mid-1823, they moved to Templenoe House and continued residing there until the spring of 1828 when they moved to Fort Edward. In 1826, Richard agreed to rent the Ardmayle Church Quarter to Edward; the construction of Fort Edward House began the following year, and they were finally able to move into their new home sometime in 1828.
Family stories remembered by the Longs in Wisconsin speak of a previous and much larger Fort Edward. My Tipperary correspondent, Mr Peter Meskell of the Ardmayle Heritage Society, advises that Fort Edward is now known as “Fort Donagh,” and that it “is indeed the original and only Fort Edward.” He states that “It is almost certain that the House was built by, or for Edward Long before 1830.” “There definitely was no previous Fort Edward.”13 Fort Edward itself is an unpretentious six-bedroom house located about one mile south of Longfield. A two-storey residence with a one-storey addition on its south-east side, its one outstanding feature is a tall curved bow which protrudes from the center of the back of the house, thus giving it somewhat of a Longfield look. A Tipperary resident once told me that Fort Edward was sometimes referred to as “Little Longfield.”
The Ardmayle Parish Registers provide further evidence that Edward and Mary and family had moved from Templenoe to Fort Edward. The Ardmayle Registers give the baptismal records of all of Edward and Mary's children except for the eldest three and a baby who lived just a few minutes. The first child mentioned is Marshal Long, baptised December 10th, 1826, the second being Edward John Long, baptised January 2nd, 1828.14 No mention is made of the three eldest children, Charity, Richard and Elizabeth, who were all presumably born in or near Tipperary Town.
Miraculously, we have an authentic record of the births of all of Edward and Mary Long's fourteen children. As to the nature of the miracle itself, you will find it recorded in the chapter on Tatiana Long. In any event, I have seen and held the actual original birth records of Edward and Mary Long's children, as written in Mary's own hand. Since in a few cases, Mary has recorded the diminutives of her children's names, and has also omitted some of their middle names, as known to us from other sources, the following account will therefore include the full name of each child if not provided by Mary Long herself. She commences with an account of her marriage:
“Edward Thomas Long, Son of Richard Long Esq. of Longfield co. Tip. & his wife, Charity Moore of Barne near Clonmel co. Tipperary, was married to Mary, third daughter of the Revd Marshal Clarke [of] Abbey near Tip. and granddaughter to Ven. Patrick Hare late Vicar General of Cashel, co. Tip, on the 11th of July 1822. The following is a list of their children's births:
1. Cherry Long (Charity Elizabeth Long) was born on the 23rd June 1823
2. Richard Long was born on the 4th October 1824
3. Eliza H. Long (Elizabeth Hare Long) was born on the 8th of November 1825
4. Marshal Long was born on the 26th November 1826
5. Edward John Long was born on the 16th December 1827
6. Charles Henry Long born 18th or 19th July 1829
7. Robert Long (Robert Hare Long) born 25th December 1830
8. Mary Moore Long (Mary Helena Moore Long) born 23rd July 1832
9. Stephen Moore Long born 1st March 1834
10. Archibald Moore Long born 24th November 1835
11. Helena Louisa Victoria [Long] born the 2nd day of August 1837 - Turn Over -
12. My twelfth child (a girl) lived but for minutes. Born on the 24th of February 1839. Received private baptism but was not named. [Signed] MARY LONG
13. Mark Banner Long born on the 28th day of May 1840
14. Harriette Jane Long born the 4th day January 1843.”15
According to the Ardmayle Parish Registers, the youngest child, Harriette Jane, was baptised January 9th, 1843, and died at the age of two years and two months, and was buried March 2nd, 1845, in the Ardmayle Cemetery plot next to her Grandparents, Richard and Charity Long.16
1. “Long of Longfield Family Papers,” Brewer Public Library, Richland Center, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
2. See Chapter 15: The Longs of Longfield
3. Alumni Dublinenses, p 510
4. RD, Mem. 524129, Book 773, p 394, 1822, “Long & Clarke Marriage Settlement”; see the end of Notes for a complete transcript of the aforesaid mentioned “Long & Clarke Marriage Settlement”
9. Professor John Munro of the University of Toronto Economics Department, agrees that the purchasing power of a pre-1850 British Pound would translate conservatively into 150 Pounds of today's currency. In the 19th Century, one British Pound was worth approximately 5 dollars U.S.
10. RD, Mem. 532406, Book 787, p 271,1823, “Long to Long & Clarke”
11. RD, Mem. 566989, Book 846, p 489,1828, “Long & others to Briscoe”
12. RD, Mem. 108, Book 1, Dated 1827, Registered 1846, “Richard Long to Edward Long”
13. LLC, 1996 Letter to the author from Peter Meskell, Esq., of the Ardmayle Heritage Society
14. OL, #1, 1984, “Long Extracts from the Ardmayle Parish Registers”
15. LLFP, Brewer Public Library, Richland Center, Wisconsin
16. OL, #1, 1984, “Long Extracts from the Ardmayle Parish Registers”
TRANSCRIPT OF THE 1822 MARRIAGE SETTLEMENT OF EDWARD LONG & MARY CLARKE
REGISTRY OF DEEDS HENRIETTA STREET DUBLIN
No. 524129 Book 773 Page 394 Long & Clarke Marriage Settlement
Registered 15th July 1822 at 15 minutes to 12 o’clock
To the Registrar appointed by Act of Parliament for the Public registering of all deeds, Wills and soforth.
A Memorial of an Indented Deed of Lease and Release bearing date the tenth and eleventh days of July in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and twenty-two and made by and between Edward Long of Longfield in the County of Tipperary Esquire of the first part, the Reverend Marshal Clarke of Abbey in the County of Tipperary, Clerk, and Mary Clarke, Spinster, third daughter of the said Marshal Clarke of the second part and Richard Long of Longfield also Esquire, elder brother of said Edward Long and Patrick Clarke of Kildare Street in the City of Dublin, Esquire, eldest son of the said Marshal Clarke, of the third part, Whereby after reciting that the said Edward Long was seized possession of and entitled (under the Will of his Father the late Richard Long also Esquire, deceased) unto one fifth share or proportion of an Estate and Interest for lives, reneweable forever, in the Town and Lands of Cahir Abbey otherwise Cottage, therein and herein after more particularily described and stood also in like manner Seized, possessed of and entitled unto the like share, a proportion of an Estate in Fee or of some other good and sufficient Estate of Inheritance in the lands of Milltown thereinafter and hereinafter mentioned and was also in like manner seized, possessed of and entitled unto the like share or proportion of an Estate and Interest for two lives in the lands of Ballycommisk therein and hereinafter also mentioned, and was then also entitled unto a principal Sum of one thousand Pounds Sterling being then his Share or proportion of the Sum of five thousand Pounds Sterling charged for younger children on the Estate of said Richard Long by the Settlement executed on the Intermarriage of the said Richard Long deceased (Father of the said Richard Long party thereto) with Miss Charity Moore, the Mother of the said Richard and Edward, parties thereto, and bearing date the tenth day of March one thousand seven hundred and ninety, and was entitled unto a principal Sum of four hundred Pounds being his Share or proportion of the Sum of two thousand Pounds charged on the Estate of Stephen Moore of Barne in said County, Esquire, and after further reciting that a Marriage was then intended to be had and Solemnized between the said Edward Long and the said Mary Clarke and that upon the treaty of said Intended Marriage, the said Marshal Clarke hath agreed to transfer so much Government Stock bearing Interest at the rate of three Pounds ten Shillings by the Hundred by the year as should at the price of the Day on which said transfer should be made with the Interest then due thereon or then transferable therewith, be equal to the Sum of Fifteen hundred Pounds of lawful money of that part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland called Ireland, as and for the Marriage Portion of the said Mary, and to and for the several uses, intents and purposes therein after declared of and concerning the same said Indenture of which this is a Memorial Witnessed that the said Edward Long for the Considerations therein mentioned, thereby granted, sold, assigned, released and confirmed unto the said Richard Long and Patrick Clarke (in their actual possession then being by virtue of the Indenture for one whole year therein recited) and to the Heirs, Executors, Administrators and Assigns all that and those the said Edward Long’s fifth Share or proportion of the Estate and Interest for lives renewable forever of and in the Town and Lands of Cahir Abbey otherwise Cottage Situate in the Barony of Iffa and Offa and County of Tipperary, Also the said Edward Long’s aforesaid fifth Share or proportion of an Estate in Fee or of some other good and sufficient Estate and Inheritance of and in the Lands of Milltown Situate in the Barony of Middlethird and Eliogarty in said County and all and every the Share and proportion of the said Edward of all and every such sum and sum of money or monies which should or might thereafter arise from or out of any sale or sales that should or might at any time or times thereafter be had of said Lands or premises or of any or every part or parts thereof and to which the said Edward, his Heirs, Executors, Administrators or Assigns should become possessed of or entitled to if said presents had not been made, and also the Sum of one thousand Pounds, his said share of the sums as aforesaid Charged on the Estate of the said Richard Long together with the sum of four hundred Pounds his said share of the sum charged on the Estate of the said Stephen Moore of Barne, together with all Interest to arise due on said two principal sums, To Hold all and singular the said Towns Lands tenements and premises thereby granted and released or intended so, to be with their and every of their appurtenances and all such money and monies as should or might arise from or out of any sale or sales that should or might be had of said Lands and premises or any part or parts thereof with the Interest and proceeds thereof, unto the said Richard Long and Patrick Clarke, their heirs, Executors, Administrators and Assigns, for and during the Estate term and Interest and benefit of Survivorship which the said Edward Long or any person or persons in trust for him hath or ought to have, or might eventually be entitled to by right of Survivorship or otherwise however therein or thereout respectively, if the said presents had not been made, and to hold said two principal Sums of one thousand Pounds and four hundred Pounds and all Interest and proceeds to acrue due thereon respectively and to hold said Government Stock bearing Interest at the rate of three Pounds ten Shillings by the hundred by the year and was thereby agreed to be transferred to the said Richard Long and Patrick Clarke and as should at the price of the day on which the same should be transferred with the then due thereon or then transferable therewith, make the Sum of fifteen hundred Pounds of lawful money of that part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland called Ireland, to the said Richard Long and Patrick Clarke, their heirs, Executors, Administrators and Assigns for ever to for and upon the severeal uses, trusts, intents and purposes therein mentioned of and concerning the same respectively, the Execution of which said Indented Deeds of Lease and Release of which this is a Memorial, by the aforesaid Edward Long, Marshal Clarke, Mary Clarke, Richard Long and Patrick Clarke and the Execution of this Memorial by the said Edward Long are respectively witnessed by the Reverend John Seymour, Clerk, and John Cahill, writing Clerk, both of the Town & County of Tipperary
E D W A R D L O N G m
Signed and Sealed by the said Edward Long in the presence of
JOHN SEYMOUR JOHN CAHILL
The above named John Cahill maketh Oath and saith that he is a subscribing Witness to and saw the Indented Deeds of Lease and Release and said Memorial duly Executed by the aforesaid Edward Long, Marshal Clarke, Mary Clarke, Richard Long and Patrick Clarke and that the Deponent is also a subscribing Witness to and saw the said Memorial duly Executed by the said Edward Long and that the Name John Cahill subscribed as a Witness to said Indented Deed of Lease and Release and said Memorial respectively is this Deponent’s proper Name and handwriting
Sworn before me at Tipperary in the County of Tipperary this 11th day of July 1822 a Master extraordinary of His Majesty’s High Court of Chancery in Ireland for taking Affidavits for said Court in the Country, and I know the Deponent
JOHN P. RYAN
25. FAREWELL MY DARLING CHILDREN
Charity Moore Long (1760-1842) must have been pleased by Edward's and Mary's choices of names for their children. She now had a granddaughter named after her and a grandson named after her late husband, Richard Long of Longfield. Three of her Long grandchildren bore the middle name of “Moore,” and one of them, Stephen Moore Long, was named after her brother and her grandfather.
Since Fort Edward was located just a mile south of Longfield, Edward and Mary and their children would have been frequent visitors at Longfield. The eldest children, Charity, Richard, Eliza, Marshal and Edward, were all in their teens by the time their Grandma Long died in 1842, so they had ample opportunity to get to know her well.
The Great Famine commenced its devastating assault on Ireland in 1845, resulting in the sale of Longfield in 1846. The potato blight returned relentlessly year after year and the effects of the famine grew dramatically worse. Despite massive relief efforts made by the government, close to one million people perished between 1846 and 1851, and a further 1,500,000 emigrated from Ireland.1 Although buffered from the death and despair around them, even the landed gentry eventually began to reel from the consequences of the overwhelming tragedy.
By the late 1840s, Edward and Mary's eldest children had reached adulthood, and their second daughter, Eliza, had gotten married in 1847.2 The three oldest boys, Richard, Marshal and Edward, had been sent off to Dublin to further their education, and Richard, always the rebel, had decided to elope, much to his parents' consternation. America, “the great safety valve,” beckoned from across the Atlantic, and Richard, Edward and Charles Henry ultimately joined the exodus of their stricken Irish brethren, and set sail for North America in early 1850.
A letter written by Mary Long to her son Edward John Long, has amazingly survived into the present day, and is now in the possession of our cousin, Donna Black Wolthausen of Washington. Donna inherited the letter from her father, the late Donald Robert Black (1906-1989), who in turn had obtained the letter through his mother, Ida Victoria Long Black (1863-1943), eldest daughter of Edward John Long (1827-1905).
Richard, Edward and Charles Henry, had arrived in New York City sometime during the Spring of 1850. Since their cousin, Colonel Jenyns C. Battersby (1819-1899), resided there in New York City, it would be pleasing to conjecture that he might have met them down at the docks and welcomed them to their new home. Donna Wolthausen kindly sent me a copy of Mary Long's letter, and since it was written in “criss-cross” style (a copy of the letter is included in this book), it became somewhat of a challenge to decipher it. Here then is the entire text of Mary Long's 1850 letter to her son Edward:
“30 July 1850
My dearest Edward,
At 10 O'Clock this morning I received your and my dearest Henry's welcome letters of the 6 last. How truly happy he made us all is not to be told. We were delighted to hear that dearest Richard was pleased with what you and Henry were doing and had done for him on his new purchase. Now I should like to have been there and to have seen you all together. I suppose Susan & the children were but all joy at Richard's arrival.
Yesterday about 12 O'Clock I had a visit from Banner, Helena Banner & your Aunt Sadleir - all looking remarkably healthy and well. Cherry, Marshal, Robert, Mary & I went on with them from here to Graiguenoe Park where we were all expected to spend the day, and to meet your Aunt Mark and her two daughters. I never saw your Aunt Sarah and her girls look better. You may imagine we had a very happy meeting. Jane Gubbins & two children were expected there also but did not make their appearance. She is about increasing her family.
There was a large ball at Mr. Trant's of Deveaux last week. The Clarkes were there and greatly admired - upward of 72 sat down to dinner. There is to be a grand A[ffair] out at the Priory - Sir John Carden's near Templemore on the Wednesday next - two hundred invitations have been already accepted.
I wrote to Richard some days ago & gave him as I thought a correct account of the crops but before the letter left the house the account of the blight of half of every perch of Ireland reached me & the potato crops are turning black over the country far & near. As yet, our potatoes have not suffered as much as others but the black is making progress particularily in the white potatoes or Innifins. We had awful rain last week which levelled our fine crop of oats at Miss Beasley's altogether. However, people think it will ripen as it is not battered or broken much. The black tartar oats we have in the 5 acre field at Boherlahan is fine. The hay on the front lawn is making this day all safe - we had a fair crop. The clover is doing well.
Giollamackrie is turned out as he fell under the jaunting car a few days since and broke both knees. He is getting better under James' care, and as I am ordered driving, I borrow Nick Agre's horse when I can to take a drive. We went this day to Clonoulty to visit the Armstrongs. They were at home & gave us lots of gooseberries & strawberries which were a real treat.
Cherry is quite recovered now. The people say if any other person fell in the same place he would be dashed to Atoms. Marshal & Cherry went to by Chris. She fell the day after and they found her stuck near Stones all specked with blood, in the deepest part of the Quarry. I must confess I had not nerve or courage enough to go look.
All the neighbours about here are well. Victoria had 8 day fever but is now all right. Papa got a nasty fall on Saturday - he walked in to the Quarry at the very deepest side and most miraculously escaped with the exception of a few bruises which he has now, and writing to you all by Post soon, which letter I suppose you will get long before this as I send this by Mrs Cotter who is going to Thurles tomorrow to join her husband. I saw Nick Ryan and Anshie who are quite well - also her two children - they send a thousand loves.
I must now ask you to give my affectionate love to Susan who I perceive you are both as fond of as me, and kiss my dear little grandchildren for me. I suspect Susan has more reasons than she had written for not dancing just now. God bless and preserve you my beloved child - is the fond prayer & blessing of your fond parents.
E D W A R D & M A R Y L O N G” 3
Since some of the content of the letter relates more to later chapters, this commentary will be somewhat limited. The first paragraph confirms that Edward, Charles Henry and Richard were all in New York City by 1850. It becomes apparent that Charles Henry was know to his family as Henry, just as his younger sister, Helena Louisa Victoria Long, was known as Victoria. The second paragraph refers to Mary's three sisters: Helena Banner, Eliza Sadleir and Jane Gubbins. Banner is Mary's brother-in-law; and Aunt Mark and Aunt Sarah - her sisters-in-law, were married respectively, to the Reverend Mark Clarke and Charles Clarke of Graiguenoe Park. The fourth paragraph gives an eyewitness account of the potato blight, and the fifth paragraph mentions their horse: “Giollamackrie,” an Irish expression meaning “love of my heart.”4
The Quarry referred to in the sixth and seventh paragraphs is mentioned in an 1837 article on the Parish of Ardmayle: “Limestone abounds and is quarried for building and for burning into lime. Ardmayle House is the residence of T. Price, Esq.; Longfield, situated in a well-planted demesne, of R. Long, Esq.; Fort Edward, of E. Long, Esq.; and Nodstown, of R. Armstrong, Esq.”5
With Mary's mention of Victoria in the seventh paragraph, she names a total of eight of her twelve surviving children: Edward, Henry, Richard, Cherry, Marshal, Robert, Mary and Victoria. In the final paragraph, Mary writes: “God bless & preserve you my beloved child.” Her phrases and expressions reveal that she was a very loving and devoted mother to her many children. Although the letter is signed, “Edward & Mary Long,” there is no doubt that it was actually written by Mary, since comparisons to other known samples of her handwriting prove that it was written in her own hand.
Whereas Betty Clarke had twenty-one children and survived into her eightieth year, her daughter, Mary Long, had fourteen children and died in her fiftieth year. Mary had not inherited her mother's strong constitution, and by 1853, she was fading rapidly. Shortly before her death on October 5th, 1853,6 she wrote the following touching message to her children:
Farewell My Darling Children
“My dear and dearly beloved children, I had very little to leave you of worldly goods, but I fervently pray that the Lord God may endow you all & every one with His kind & special Grace which will bring you, through your Blessed Saviour's Intercession, to the Mansions of Eternal Bliss at His own good appointed Time, to dwell with Him forever. Amen. Amen. Farewell my darling children. Love one another, help one another, advise one another. Remember the little ones. Teach them the paths of righteousness & follow the same you grown ones. That is your dear & very fond Mother's request.
Signed M A R Y L O N G”
Mary's farewell message to her children sends out a strong signal to all of her descendants, requesting that we all follow the Spiritual Path, and that we strengthen and cherish the bonds of Family.
According to the Ardmayle Parish Registers, Mary Crozier Clarke Long was buried on October the 8th, 1853, having departed this life at the age of forty-eight.7 There exists some confusion as to her age since the inscription on her tombstone advises that at the time of her death, she was in her fiftieth year,8 and was therefore forty-nine years old. Mary is buried at the Ardmayle Cemetery in the Long Family plot, next to her youngest daughter, Harriette, and just a few feet from the graves of Richard and Charity Long.
1. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1948, vol. 12, p 612
2. RD, Mem. 11, Book 2, 1848, “Long-Cameron Marriage Settlement”
3. LLC, 1991 letter to the author from Donna Black Wolthausen
4. Ibid, 1996 letter to the author from Peter Meskell, Esq., of the Ardmayle Heritage Society
5. Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, Samuel Lewis, 1837, p 53, “Ardmayle Parish”
6. OL, #1, 1984, “Inscriptions from the Ardmayle Cemetery”
7. Ibid, “Long Extracts from the Ardmayle Parish Records”
8. Ibid, “Inscriptions from the Ardmayle Cemetery”
26. EDWARD LONG OF IRONTON
When Richard Long II sold Longfield to Charles Bianconi in 1846, Edward Long, who until then, had rented land from his brother Richard, thereafter became a tenant of Bianconi. A study of the Long documents on file at the Registry of Deeds reveals that Edward Long owned no property of his own. According to an 1850 Tipperary property assessment report,1 Edward Long leased or rented forty-nine acres of Ardmayle land from Bianconi, plus a further twenty-nine acres from Harriet and Olivia Beasley, which acreage was also located in the Parish of Ardmayle.
With rented land holdings totalling only seventy-eight Irish acres, Edward could not hope to maintain the lifestyle of a gentleman, especially after Richard's departure from Longfield. Without his brother's reassurring presence and proximity, Edward's status at Ardmayle and Cashel would surely have diminished, particularily after the advent of the Great Famine. Three of his eldest sons had departed for New York by 1850, and the final blow came in October 1853, with the untimely death of his wife Mary.
Therefore Edward made the fateful decision to leave Ireland, and accompanied by several of his children, they departed for New York City early in 1854. Only Charity and Robert stayed behind. Over the next twenty-one years until his death in 1875, Edward Long would cross the Atlantic several times to visit his children both in the States and Ireland.
An extract from Edward's obituary gives a brief account of his life: “Edward T. Long was born at Longfield, County of Tipperary, Ireland, on the 6th day of May, 1799,2 and died on the 12th day of April 1875, at the residence of his daughter in Ironton, Wis., having nearly completed his 76th year. He received his education at Trinity College, Dublin, a member of the Episcopal Church for many years.
He first came to the United States in the month of April, 1854. After a brief stay in New York City, he came to Rock Co., Wis., where he lived for about two years, then returned to Ireland, where he remained until the fall of 1867, when he came back to the United States, and settled in Ironton, Wis., since which time he has made it his home when in the United States. Since 1858, he has made several visits to his native land, having crossed the Atlantic Ocean eleven times.
Mr. Long possessed more than ordinary qualifications and elements of character. Having made [Ironton] his home in this community nearly seventeen years, he became extensively known, and highly respected by all who knew him. He was a man of remarkable energy and perseverence, kind and generous in disposition, affable in conversation, courteous in demeanor, congenial in association, and sympathetic in nature.” “Mr. Long leaves a large circle of relatives and friends, both in this country and the land of his nativity, to mourn their loss.”3
Edward's obituary leaves one somewhat confused as to when he actually resided in Wisconsin. First we are told that he returned to Ireland circa 1856 or 57, and remained there for ten years before returning to the States. Then the same obituary proceeds to tell us that from 1858 onward, Edward made several trips back to Ireland, thus giving one the impression that his place of residence during that period was Wisconsin, not Ireland. His obituary then states that Ironton was Edward's home for almost the last seventeen years of his life, from 1858 to 1875.
The sequence of Edward's many moves would be difficult to follow without the assistance of the Registry of Deeds. A Long deed dated October 25th, 1853, just after Mary's death, has Edward Long residing at Templenoe, Tipperary,4 where they had once lived back in the mid 1820s. Another deed, dated November 1855, has Edward living in New York,5 whereas a subsequent one dated December 1855, refers to: “Edward Long of Beloit [Wisconsin] in America, Esquire.”6 A November 1858 deed mentions: “Edward Long then residing in Dawson Street in the County of the City of Dublin, Esquire,”7 whereas a later one dated November 1864 refers to “Edward Long of Ironton, Wisconsin.”8
Two Civil War letters written by Edward's sixth son, Stephen Moore Long (1834-1903), provide evidence to show that Edward Long was living in Ironton, Wisconsin during 1861 and 1862. The first letter, dated August 1861, was written to Edward in Ironton from Georgetown Heights, near Washington, D.C.9 A second letter, dated June 1862, was written by Stephen Moore Long to his wife, Sarah, living at home in Ironton. The letter was written near Fredericksburg, Virginia, and in it, Stephen states: “Remember me to Father and tell him I hope to see him in Ironton when this war is over.”10 Since Stephen expresses hope that his father might remain in Ironton, one gets the feeling that Edward may have felt rather unsettled, and was torn between Wisconsin and Ireland.
Nevertheless, Edward Long did make Wisconsin his home, and although we now know that he wasn't a wealthy man, he was still well enough off to make several long journeys back to Ireland. His second son, Marshal Long, conveniently lived in New York City, so Edward probably sojourned there whenever he was in transit between Wisconsin and Ireland.
A history of Sauk Co., Wisconsin, includes an article on the Village of Ironton, and names some of its early pioneers: “Mr. Long, the blind Irish poet, who told of crossing the Atlantic thirteen times.”11 Memories of old Edward Long have come right on down to the present day. Members of the Long Family in Wisconsin recall having heard that Edward was somewhat of a poet and that he had become blind in his later years. One story has it that he lost his sight and badly burned his hands while rescuing his grandchildren from a fire, either in Ireland or the States.
A deed, dated November 1861, refers to Edward Long of Ironton, Wisconsin, and goes on to state: “The said Edward Long duly executed said Deed and Memorial by affixing his mark thereto respectively, he not having been able to write his name in consequence of loss of sight.”12 An 1858 deed also refers to Edward's loss of sight,13 whereas an 1856 deed makes no mention whatsoever of his vision.14 Therefore, one could estimate that the fire and his subsequent blindness must have occurred circa 1857 or ‘58. The one known existing photograph of Edward Thomas Long, a copy of which is included in this book, shows him seated at a writing table. He appears to be in his mid or late fifties, and his eyes look alert and functional; he must have lost his sight shortly after the picture was taken.
However, Edward's blindness did not apparently prevent him from continuing his habit of travelling back and forth between Wisconsin and Ireland. It is assumed that his youngest daughter, Victoria, accompanied him on his many journeys, at least until her marriage in Ireland, circa 1870. By the time Edward died in 1875, he had at least 34 known living grandchildren. Although Edward Long is remembered as having been a poet, his only known extant poem is the one included in his obituary: “His attachment to his home and friends is clearly evinced in the few lines of poetry hereunto annexed, entitled: ‘Farewell To Ironton.’”15
FAREWELL TO IRONTON
I thought to dwell in Ironton,
Until my earthly race was run,
And then repose beneath the sod,
Till summoned thence to meet my God.
But fate decrees this must not be -
Such happiness is not me.
Now homeless through the world I roam,
But trust in heaven I'll find a home.
The hour of parting now draws nigh;
Sweet home of loveliness, farewell!
Pride of the glorious West, good bye!
No words have power thy charm to tell.
Self-exiled from my native Isle,
I came a stranger, seeking where
I might my care-worn heart beguile,
I sought for peace and found it here.
Where stands the emigrant's sweet home,
Midst scenes of matchless beauty planed -
For nature has round Ironton
The loveliest of her landscapes placed.
I love to seek thy shady bowers,
I love to climb thy sunny hills,
I love to pluck thy fragrant flowers
While sauntering by the cooling rills.
Through happy lands I oft have been;
My heart, if asked which it loves best,
Would answer: of all o'er seas
Ireland first, then the great Nor-West.
But fate commands; I go, and yet
Naught can be found beneath the sea,
That ever will make me forget
The friends I leave in Ironton.
by EDWARD THOMAS LONG (1799-1875)
Edward Thomas Long is buried in the Ironton Church Cemetery, located just out of Ironton, Sauk County, Wisconsin. Aside from his poetic inclinations and his loss of sight, the only other memory of Edward Long to have come down to us, involves horses. According to the late Jack Long (1904-1991) of Victoria, British Columbia, grandson of Richard Long III (1824-1901), Edward Long brought his race horses over from Tipperary to New York, and then had them shipped out to Wisconsin by train. According to Thelma Carefoot Mowat of Manitoba, great-granddaughter of Edward John Long (1827-1905), Edward Long and his sons brought their race horses with them from Ireland and arranged fox hunts in Wisconsin.
1. General Valuation of Rateable Property in Ireland, Richard Griffith, 1854, Dublin, “County of Tipperary, South Riding, Barony of Middlethird, Parish of Ardmayle,” pp 1 & 2.
2. Some confusion here. The 6th of May 1799 date was probably his baptismal date. See Chapter 15 wherein Edward's birthdate is given as April 21, 1799.
3. Reedsburg Free Press, Reedsburg, Sauk Co., Wisconsin, U.S.A., Thursday, April 22, 1875.
4. RD, Mem.52, Book 25, 1854, “Long & ors to Grubb”
5. RD, Mem. 263, Book 24, 1856, “Long & ors to Hyland”
6. RD, Mem. 83, Book 9, 1856, “Long & ors to Hayes”
7. RD, Mem. 41, Book 37, 1858, “Long & ors to Hayes”
8. RD, Mem. 98, Book 14, 1863, “Edward Long to Charity Price otherwise Long”
9. LLC, 1986, Copies of Family Papers, Letters & Poetry of Stephen Moore Long, sent to the author by Bernard E. Long, great-grandson of S. M. Long
11. A history of Sauk Co., Wisconsin (title unknown), p 317, article on the Village of Ironton, by Belle Cushman Bohn
12. RD, Mem. 98, Book 14, 1863, “Edward Long to Charity Price otherwise Long”
13. RD, Mem. 41, Book 37, 1858, “Long to Hayes”
14. RD, Mem.l 83, Book 9, 1856, “Long & ors to Hayes”
15. Reedsburg Free Press, Reedsburg, Wis., Apr. 22, 1875
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