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Yes, if you found the 1812 pension index card, look and see if it has two numbers. If it has an application number only, that means the soldier or widow applied for pension but didn't receive it. If it has both an application number and a certificate number, that means pension was granted, and the soldier's service would have to have been proven before pension was granted. For 1812, they used "SO" for "survivor's (soldier's) original" (application number), and "SC" for "survivor's (or soldier's) certificate. For a widow, it would have been "WO" and "WC". Any time there is a certificate number, pension was granted.
The card may or may not also have a bounty land number or two on it, usually indicated with "BLW" followed by a number that has three sets of digits, similar to a social security number.