We are researching the MITCHELL family of Lawrence Co., TN. In the 1850 LawCtyTN census, we find the following: Robert Voss 40 farmer b. TN; Charlotte 37 b. TN, 6 children age 14 to 1, and THOS. MITCHELL age 93 born NC. Thomas Mitchell, born 1757 NC was the father of Charlotte Mitchell Voss, and also the father of our ancestor Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson. Our Hutchesons lived in LawCo,TN from 1817 until around 1857 when they moved to Barry Co., MO. They moved to Benton Co., AR at the beginning of the Civil War. We have just received the following information pertaining to THOMAS MITCHELL (Senior)and associated families. Please note that under Point of Interest 6, Wm. Ragsdale Hutcheson lists a child of Thomas Mitchell as Lotto. In other Guion-Miller applications made by the family, that name is listed as Lottie, and we feel it is Charlotte Mitchell Voss. Hope this data is helpful to those researching Charlotte Mitchell Voss:
01/16/2002 VERY IMPORTANT NEW INFORMATION !!
In connection with William Ragsdale Hutcheson's application to the Guion-Miller Commission which was established to disburse funds to descendants of the Eastern Cherokee Tribe, we have in our possession a copy of the following typed sworn affidavit (September 5, 1908, Bentonville, Arkansas):
No. 32140 William R. Hutchinson, being first duly sworn, deposes and says: My name is William R. Hutchinson; I was born in Lawrence Co, Tenn, 1819; I claim my Indian blood through my mother; I make no claim through my father; my mother was born in Lawrence Co. or Murray Co., Tenn.; I do not recollect which; I think my mother was born about 1803; she died about 1886; my mother got her Indian blood from her father, Thomas Mitchell; my grandmother was born in Georgia, I do not know in what part; in 1835 my grandfather and mother and I were living in Lawrence Co., Tenn.; in 1851 my mother, grandfather and I were living in Lawrence Co., Tenn.; my grandfather was a quarter Cherokee; I don't think my grandfather ever lived with the Cherokee tribe unless he did in Georgia; neither I nor my mother ever lived with the Cherokees as a member of the tribe; neither I nor any of the ancestors through whom I claim ever received any money or land that I know of; I was never enrolled; I don't think my mother was ever enrolled; I have heard that my grandfather, Thomas Mitchell, was enrolled; I do not know the years or the county or state in which my grandfather was enrolled; I do not know of any of my relatives who went with the Indians in 1835; neither I nor any of my ancestors were enrolled by the Dawe's Commission." and he signs it William R. Hutcheson "Subscribed and sworn to before me, at Bentonville, Ark., this 5th day of September 1908." signature looks like Fred. A. Baker "Assistant to Special Commissioner of the Court of Claims"
In Guion-Miller application #32140, filled out by William Ragsdale Hutcheson at age 88 in his own handwriting on July 5, 1907, living in Bentonville, AR and registered by the Court of Claims, Eastern Cherokees, on August 5, 1907, of which we have a copy now in our possession, William Ragsdale Hutcheson, son of Jesse Hutcheson and Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson, states several things which are of interest (particularly under Point of Interest 5 - see below) to those of us who are researching the Hutchesons, Mitchells, and Morrises (we will use the spelling that William Ragsdale Hutcheson used in his own handwriting on the application):
Point of Interest 1)
In reply to question #9, To what tribe of Indians does your wife belong, William writes: Cherokee.
DISCUSSION, Herk and Deanna Slutter: The new thing here is that Wm. Ragsdale reports that his wife Lydia Wade Morris Hutcheson was Cherokee. We believe we have had questions on this, and did not have an answer.
Point of Interest 2)
In reply to question #11, Mother's Name, William writes: Sarah Hutcheson who was a daughter of Thomas Mitchell, who was 1/4 Cherokee Indian. Maiden name: Mitchell.
DISCUSSION, Herk and Deanna Slutter: This is not news, other than it comes from the son of Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson.
Point of Interest 3)
In reply to question #14, Date of death of your father and mother, William writes: Father: Some where in a bout 1857 or 1858. Mother: about 1878.
DISCUSSION, Herk and Deanna Slutter: This is the first confirmation we have had of the death date of Jesse Hutcheson. We surmised it was between 1853 (last record we have which shows Jesse as J. P. in Lawrence County, TN) and 1860 where we find Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson in Barry County, MO living with her son, Alfred Hutcheson. Jesse Hutcheson may have died in Lawrence County, TN before they all left there, on the road to Barry County, MO or in Barry County, MO. Please see DISCUSSION under Point of Interest 7 on how we arrive at the time period in which the Hutchesons et al arrive in Barry County, MO. Please notice that here William Ragsdale Hutcheson says that his mother died about 1878, and in his further statements about this date, he says 1886. We do know that his mother, Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson, is in the 1860 Barry County, MO (age 60) census living with her son Alfred Hutcheson. She lived with Alfred in the 1870 Benton County, AR census, and with Alfred's daughter Mattie Tindall in the 1880 Benton County, AR census. We assume she died about 1886 as her son William Ragsdale Hutcheson states above in his sworn affidavit of September 5, 1908.
Point of Interest 4)
In reply to question #16, name all your brothers and sisters, giving age, and residence, if possible, William writes: Alfred Hutcheson, cannot say, Dead; Jack Hutcheson, cannot say, Dead; James Hutcheson, cannot say, Dead; Carline Ham, cannot say, dead.
DISCUSSION, Herk and Deanna Slutter. This is confirmation that Alfred, Jack, James and Caroline Hutcheson Ham were all deceased as of 1907.
Point of Interest 5)
In reply to question #17, state English and Indian names of your grandparents on both Father's and Mother's side, if possible, William writes: (Under Father) John Hutcheson, don't remember grandmother's name, cannot recollect Indian name. (Under Mother) Thomas Mitchell, Sarah Mitchell maden name LANKASTER.
DISCUSSION, Herk and Deanna Slutter. THIS IS VERY VERY GOOD NEWS ON TWO ISSUES.
First, this is the first written confirmation that we have that Jesse Hutcheson's father was JOHN HUTCHESON. The thread we were following there was Becky Walker's mother's account that Jesse's father was John and his mother was Nancy. Tooooo bad Wm. Ragsdale could not remember his father's mother's name. Hope we will all continue to look for this information.
Secondly, this is the first time we have had any inkling of the name of Thomas Mitchell, Sr.'s wife who was the mother of Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson. According to Wm. Ragsdale's statement, Thomas Mitchell Sr.'s wife in 1800 (when Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson was born) was Sarah Lancaster Mitchell. NOTE: Griffin Mitchell was born 1804. Here is what we have found regarding LANCASTERS in Lawrence County, TN:
JOSEPH LANCASTER, born 1776, NC is found in the 1818 Tax List, Lawrence County, TN in the same district
with Coleman, Jesse and John Hutcheson, Thomas Mitchell, Sr., John Brumley, Daniel Sims, Joel Peoples, Reuben Peoples.
JOSEPH LANCASTER, 1820 Lawrence County, TN Census: 4 males less than 10, 1 male 10-16, 1 male 45+, 1 female less than 10, 1 female 10-16, 1 female 26-45. Joseph Lancaster lives next door to John Hutcheson, Jesse Hutcheson, Joel Peoples, and Thomas Mitchell, Sr. in that order.
JOSEPH LANCASTER, have not found him in 1830.
1840 Lawrence County, TN Census:
(these three Lancasters live side by side)
JOSEPH LANCASTER, SR., 1 male 15-20, 1 male 60+,
1 female 5-10, 2 females 10-15, 1 female 15-20, 1 female 20-30, 1 female 50-60.
JOSEPH LANCASTER, JR., 1 male 0-5, 1 male 20-30, 2 females 0-5, 1 female 20-30.
NATHANIAL LANCASTER, 1 male 0-5, 2 males 5-10, 1 male 20-30,
1 female 0-5, 1 female 20-30, 1 female 50-60
BRADDOCK LANCASTER, 1 male 30-40, 1 female 0-5, 1 female 15-20.
1850 Lawrence County, TN Census:
Civil District #11 (adjoins Civil District #12 where our Hutchesons, Mitchells and Morrises are):
JOSEPH LANCASTER age 74 (born Farmer born NC living with B. LANCASTER age 34 Farmer born TN, wife Ascenith age 29 born TN, and children Sarah J age 11 born TN, William J. age 9 born TN, John F. age 7 born TN, Eliza C. age 5 born TN, Aron G. age 1 male born TN, and Wm. J. Barnes age 18 Laborer born TN and Sarah J. ? age 15 born TN.
Civil District #12 and living next door to Griffin and Hannah Mitchell:
GEORGE LANCASTER age 40 laborer born GA, with Emeline age 22 birth state unknown, and Martha A. age 4 born TN.
1860 Lawrence County, TN census:
Civil District #7: B. L. LANCASTER age 44 farmer born TN, Assenith age 40 born TN, Sarah J. age 21 born TN, William J. age 19 born TN, John H. age 17 born TN, Eliza C. age 15 born TN, Aaron G. L. age 11 born TN, Alexander age 9 born TN, Christopher C. age 7 born TN, Tennessee age 4 (female) born TN, Doctor C. age 2 born TN, Susan E. age 1 month, born TN. Living next door is: WILLIAM BARNES age 27 farmer born TN, Sarah C. age 21 born TN, Andrew age 2 born TN, Louisa C. age 1 born TN, and George D. Ham age 9 born TN. NOTE: Joseph Ham married Caroline Hutcheson, daughter of Jesse and Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson.
In the Miscellaneous Records included in the 1820-1840 Law. Cty, TN Census Book, we find the following:
David Lancaster, J. P. officiated at the marriage of James Holloway and Nancy Day on 7/30/1826.
Braddock Lancaster married Cenetha Vandiver 8/29/1838 no one listed as officiating.
Joseph Lancaster married Amy Pollock 4/25/1835 no one listed as officiating.
Nathaniel Lancaster married Nancy Dial 1/22/1834 bondsman Jas. Chambers, Licensee A. J. Murphy, J.P.
Brad Lancaster was the bondsman at the marriage of Isaac Morris and Rebecca Davis 8/27/1838.
David Lancaster, MG, attended at the marriage of Daniel McDougal and Jane M. Holland 10/18/1838.
David Lancaster, MG, attended at the marriage of James M. Whitefield and Eliza Belew 2/23/1833.
We must keep in mind that William Ragsdale Hutcheson was born in Lawrence County, TN in 1819, and left Lawrence County, TN for Barry County, MO around 1855-1857. Therefore, he spent approximately 36 years of his life in Lawrence County, TN. We surmise that he knew personally his grandmother Sarah Lancaster Mitchell, and all of the other Lancaster families in his Brush Creek neighborhood.
Viola Carpenter's newspaper article of 1986 states that "Thomas Mitchell (Senior), a native of North Carolina, came by wagon with HIS WIFE and children, Thomas, John, Will, Eliza, Mary and Fannie into Lawrence County as one of the first permanent settlers in 1815....".
In the 1820 Lawrence County, TN Census, Thomas Mitchell, Sr. has the following in his household: 2 males 10-16, 1 male 18-26, 1 male 45+, 3 females 0-10, 1 female 45+.
The 45+ female in the 1820 Census above, we surmise to be the WIFE of Thomas Mitchell, Sr., being born at least by 1775. We further surmise, at this time and until it is proven to be wrong, that the WIFE that Thomas Mitchell, Sr. came to Tennessee with was Sarah Lancaster Mitchell, who IS the mother of Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson.
We surmise that Sarah Lancaster Mitchell is most likely the sister of Joseph Lancaster who resided in Lawrence County, TN during the same time frame.
Point of Interest 6)
In reply to question #20, give names of all the children and residence if possible (this points back to the children of his Grandparents), William writes:
Under Grandfather (Father of Father): Tennessee Hutcheson, John Hutcheson, David Hutcheson, Giles Hutcheson, and Alfred Hutcheson. Can't remember the girls' names.
Under Grandfather (Father of Mother): Littleton Mitchell, John Mitchell, Thomas Mitchell, Jr., Sarah Mitchell now Hutcheson, Alen Mitchell, Cyntha Mitchell, Lotto Mitchell.
DISCUSSION, Herk and Deanna Slutter:
In the 1820 Lawrence County, TN census, living with John Hutcheson were 4 males under 26 .. we do not know the names of these 4 males. We have 5 males identified above as being children of John, brothers of Jesse. We do know that Jesse and Sarah Mitchell Hutcheson had their own household in 1820, with 1 male child which was William Ragsdale Hutcheson. John also had 5 female children under age 26 living in his household in 1820.
We, like William Ragsdale, have no idea what their names were, but do have several Hutcheson girls' marriage records from Lawrence County, TN during the early 1800's, including Jesse Brumley & Sarah Hutcheson 3/12/1838, Michael Layton JP; William Brumley & Mary Hutcheson 2/16/1826, Jesse Sims BM; and William Sims & Elizabeth Hutcheson 7/25/1825, Wm. Brumley BM. So think we can surmise that Sarah, Mary and Elizabeth were most likely daughters of John Hutcheson, and sisters of our Jesse Hutcheson.
Of the Mitchell children who came with Thomas Mitchell, Sr. to Law Cty TN in 1815, Eliza, Mary and Fannie have NOT been identified thru any of the records that the Mitchell researchers have found. Will has not been identified. We are working on identifying John. NOTE: Since we have documents (the William Ragsdale Hutcheson and several other of the Hutcheson documents, most likely based on William Ragsdale's document) that swear and attest that the children of Thomas Mitchell, Sr. are as shown above, we surmise that he was acquainted with them during the 36 years that he spent living amongst them in Lawrence County, TN. Perhaps the names of the girls who came to Law Cty TN with Thomas, Sr. were nicknames for Cynthia and Charlotte, we do not know. We do know that there were 3 minor female children living with Thomas Sr in 1820. We do not know the names of the 3 male children who were living in the household with Thomas Sr in 1820, but surmise that one of them was Thomas, Jr. Further research needs to be done to identify all of these children.
Point of Interest 7)
Under Remarks, William writes: Thomas Mitchell, my Grand Father, was about 1/4 Cherokee Eastern Cherokee. He lived with me un to his death and requested me to put his tomahawk and pipe in his grave with his body, which I did. He was borned some where about 1778 to 1782. He died a bout 1853.
DISCUSSION, Herk and Deanna Slutter: We know that Thomas Mitchell, Sr. was alive in 1850 (living with his daughter, Charlotte Mitchell Voss) age 93, a cooper, born NC. Viola Carpenter's newspaper article of 1986 says "Bible records show that he was almost 100 years old when he died." If he did then indeed die "about 1853" he would have been 96 yrs. old, about which Herk said "In my book, that is close to 100." We know that William Ragsdale Hutcheson along with many other family members left Lawrence County, TN, and arrived in Barry County, MO between 1855 and 1857, as we have the record of the children of his brother, Alfred Hutcheson, from the 1860 Barry County, MO census, which shows J. L. Hutcheson age 5 (born 1855) and born in TN and G. T. Hutcheson, age 3 (born 1857) and born in MO. Wm. Ragsdale's census record of 1860 Barry County, MO shows a daughter, Martha Magdalene Hutcheson, age 5 born TN, and our ancestor George Thomas Hutcheson, age 1 born MO. Now, as to Wm. Ragsdale's statement that Thomas Mitchell, Sr. was living with him when he died "about 1853" we know that William Ragsdale Hutcheson was living in the Brush Creek community then with his family. In the Guion-Miller application of James Irvin Hutcheson (born 1841 in Lawrence County, TN), son of William Ragsdale Hutcheson and great-grandson of Thomas Mitchell, Sr., he states "I knew Thomas Mitchell when I was a boy back in Lawrence County, Tennessee. He was old and paid to be a part Cherokee Indian." Unfortunately, the oldest three sons of William Ragsdale Hutcheson had died by 1907, thereby depriving us of the accounts they might have made on their applications.
We therefore surmise, as of this date, that Thomas Mitchell, Senior died "about 1853" in the home of his grandson, William Ragsdale Hutcheson, and that William Ragsdale was asked to place the articles that he so states in the grave of his grandfather
Point of Interest 8)
Under Affidavit (The following affidavit must be sworn to by two or more witnesses who are well acquainted with the applicant) Personally appeared before me J. H. PEEL and GEO. H. JEFFERSON who, being duly sworn, on oath deposed and say that they are well acquainted with William Ragsdale Hutcheson who makes the foregoing application and statement, and have known him for forty years and twenty-five years, respectively, and know him to be the identical person he represents himself to be, and that the statements made by him are true, to the best of their knowledge and belief, and they have no interest whatever in his claim. (This is followed by the signatures of the witnesses and notarized by T. Oman Tucker, Notary Public, on the 5th day of July, 1907).
DISCUSSION, Herk and Deanna Slutter: This is interesting to those of us in Benton County, Arkansas who know that the genealogy library of Benton County is in the PEEL HOUSE on Walton Boulevard, right by the Walmart Supercenter (Walmart bought the Peel House and donated it to the County for this purpose.) We know that Samuel H. Peel built what is now called the Peel House. We will try to determine if J. H. Peel was of this same Peel family and let you know.
We hope you are as happy to have this information as we are, and we also hope that with all of us working on the Lancasters and Mitchells and Hutchesons of North Carolina, we will be able to further trace our family back. And in looking at the census records of Lawrence County, TN, please look for names that were from NC and which did NOT intermarry with our known related names. We may be able to find Nancy, wife of John Hutcheson, that way.
Best wishes, Herk and Deanna Slutter email@example.com
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