Cross-posted by permission from Mr. Scism:
Subject: [D-Col] Re: Sources- a breakdown
Jeffery G Scism wrote:
> Primary sources: (First order) documents and records made AT THE TIME OF
> OCCURRENCE, BY A WITNESS TO THAT OCCURRENCE.
> These would be documents like a birth certificate signed by a physician,
> a police report filed by a witness, a transcript of a court case when the
> words are recorded as said. A deed signed by all parties involved. A
> transfer of title, signed by all parties.
> A notarized document. Many more of course.
> Secondary sources: (Second Order) A source removed from the original by
> Time, third party, or retrospective records recorded at a later date, i.e.
> affidavits of latent birth. Information reported by a third party, such
> as Death Certificate data, transcripts of original documents, statements
> by witnesses taken significantly after the fact. Of course many secondary
> sources are not listed here. Secondary Sources should have citations of
> original sources, locations of where the sources were found, and the data
> presented should be easily reproducible, traceable, and verifiable. (you
> do not have to agree with the results, but should be able to tell how
> they were developed).
> Tertiary sources (Third order): Sources compiled from primary and
> secondary sources, and often other tertiary sources. Compiled
> genealogies, word of mouth tradition, rumors, family stories, published
> genealogy works, when sources are not examined and verified, historical
> records that refer to (then) historical events, and MANY more. Should
> contain references to sources and citations- see above).
> Quaternary sources (Fourth Order): supposition, guesses , estimations,
> lies.....undocumented "facts". almost anything from an Internet source.
> Any unsourced statement presented as fact. Any work that sources are not
> cited, or the results can not be reproduced readily based on available
> resources and credibility.
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