My friend who has helped me with Tomlinson research gave her permission for me to post this information as it may help others.
MARY CHAPPELL , WIFE OF JOHN TOMLINSON, SR.
By Sally Ryan Tomlinson
The identification of Mary, wife of John Tomlinson,(Sr.) as a Chappell is based upon the will of Thomas Taylor 4 Feb 1743-16 Jan 1744, who left a slave to Mary Tomlinson, "now the wife of John Tomlinson." (Surry Co., VA WB 9, 487) Thomas Taylor had married Elizabeth Jones Chappell, widow of Thomas Chappell, with whom he made a prenuptial contract in 1704. The bequest to Mary strongly suggests he was carrying out his obligations to an heir of Elizabeth Chappell Jones Taylor.
Close study of Virginia records by Paul H. Arnot, now deceased, indicated that Mary Chappell was born 1700-1704, daughter of Thomas Chappell and Elizabeth Jones. Elizabeth married 2. Thomas Taylor. But Mary is not named in known accounts of Chappells.
Rev. William Willie began keeping the register for Albemarle Parish, then in Surry but later in Sussex, about 1739. (Gertrude R.B. Richards, Register of Albemarle Parish, Surry and Sussex Cos., 1739-1778) John Tomlinson [Sr.] and Mary had three children baptised in Albemarle Parish after that: Elizabeth, born 25 Nov 1739, godparents Jehu Barker, Eliza Daniel, Rebecca Heath; Burwell, born 11 Mar 1742/3, godparents James Heath, John Tomlinson, Jr. and Susanna Tatum, and Anne, born 6 May 1745, godparents William Tomlinson, Elisa Peebles and Eliza Sanders.
No record has been found of the birth or the baptism of the older children; Mary may have been the mother of some or all of them as well. John had a large family by 1739; the Chappells had links to some of the older children, particularly Capt. James Tomlinson.
Mary had an aunt, Mary Jones Williams Darden, in Bristol Parish, Prince George Co., VA, in 1719; another aunt, Hanna Jones Cook (Cocke) was in Surry by 1715. Mary's first cousin, Charles Williams, and his wife Ann had six children born in Bristol Parish, contemperaneous with the birth of Jane Tomlinson 20 Sep 1732, who was christened at Bristol Parish, daughter of a John Tomlinson and Elizabeth, neither of whom has been identified.
By then John Tomlinson, Sr. was in Surry; Jane was not a name used in the known Southside Virginia Tomlinson lines except for Mrs. Jane Tapley who married William Tomlinson of Prince George Co., VA. There was a John Tomlinson later in Brunswick Co., VA, associated with a Moses Tomlinson, neither of whom has been identified, in a different area and with different neighbors and associates than known descendants of John Tomlinson, Sr. and his presumed brother Thomas Tomlinson, Sr.
Just when Mary died is not clear: She was not named in John's 1760-1762 Sussex Co., VA will or in the wills of his sons Henry Tomlinson, who died 23 Feb 1748-15 Mar 1749 in Amelia County, VA, William Tomlinson, who died 23 Nov-19 Dec 1759, Sussex, or Benjamin, who died 24 Apr-15 June 1759.
"Mary Tomlinson, now the wife of John Tomlinson," was left a slave, Hannah, a substantial gift, in the will of Thomas Taylor, made 4 Feb 1743 and proved 16 Jan 1744 in Surry Co., VA. John Tomlinson, in his 1760 will, left a slave named Hannah to be sold, possibly the same Hannah that James Jones, Sr. left his daughter Elizabeth Jones Chappell Taylor, Mary's mother, in 1719. The Thomas Taylor will named as sons Thomas and John Taylor, and left "my Indian woman" to a daughter, Elizabeth Chambless (Chambers) and a Negro and furniture to a daughter, Katherine Hobbs. No wife was named, indicating that Elizabeth died between 19 Oct 1736, when she and Thomas signed a deed in Surry, and 1743. No relationship to Mary Tomlinson was specified, and the bequest strongly suggests that Thomas Taylor was carrying out an obligation made at the time of his marriage to Mary's mother, Elizabeth Jones Chappell. A woman at that time lost control of her property to her husband on marriage, unless a pre-marital contract was made to protect her property rights. Accordingly, James Jones, Jr., the executor of Thomas Chappell's estate, made premarital agreements with Thomas Taylor to protect the widow, his sister Elizabeth. The agreements were signed and the bond posted by Thomas Taylor, the prospective husband, with a second agreement providing for the prior decease of either party, Thomas or Elizabeth Taylor:
Know all men by these presents that I Thomas Taylor am held and firmly bound unto James Jones Junr., his heirs, Executors and Administrators in the sum of £142.8 lawful money of England to which payment will and truly be made, I bind myself, my heirs, Executors, Administrators. Sealed with my seal dated 22 day of June 1704. The condition of this obligation is such that if the above bonded Thomas Taylor shall from time to time and at all times hereafter suffer and give liberty to Elizabeth Chappell, the widow and relict of Thomas Chappell, Dec'd. to give and dispose to her children, how, when and as she sees fitt the sum of £72.4 of lawful money of England or the value thereof in Country commodity, then the above written obligation to be void null and of no effect other to stand in full force and virtue.
Thomas Taylor / red seal
Signed, sealed & delivered in the presence of
William Harrison, Rebecca (her mark) Harrison
Know all men by these presents that I Thomas Taylor am held and firmly bound unto James Jones Junr., his Heirs, Executors and administrators in the sum of £300 of good and lawful money of England to which payment will and truly be made. I bind myself, my heirs, Executors & Administrators.
Sealed with my seal this 22 day of June 1704. The condition of this obligation is such if the said Thomas Taylor in case of his decease before the said Elizabeth Chappell shall make the said Elizabeth worth £150 of lawful money out of his estate and in the case the said Elizabeth's decease before him, the said Thomas Taylor shall suffer and give liberty to her, the said Elizabeth, to give & dispose as she thinks fitt at her decease £75 of lawful money of England over and besides another bond bearing date with these presences for £142.8, then the above written obligation to be void, null & of no effect other to stand in full force and virtue.
Thomas Taylor / seal12
Sealed, delivered in presence of
William Harrison, Rebecca (her mark) Harrison
The conditions of the 1704 agreements had not been met and still were in effect in 1725. James Jones, Jr. probably was in poor health by then, for he made his will in 1724 and died in July 1725. He had the agreements recorded in February 1725 as assurance of performance of the agreements after his death. (Prince George Co., VA Wills and Deeds 1713-1782, 861; FHA microfilm 0033053)
At a Court held at Merchant's Hope for Prince George County on the second Tuesday in February during the eighth day of said month Anno Domini 1725, The Above written bond (sealed) was proved by oath of Rebecca Harrison, one of the witnesses thereto, to be the act and deed of Thomas Taylor to James Jones Junr. and by the order of the court truly recorded. Teste. Wm. Hamlin, Clerk
The genealogist Phil E. Chappell concluded that Elizabeth Jones Chappell Taylor's husband, Thomas Taylor, had died ca. 1725, when the bond was recorded; he noted Elizabeth Taylor granted a power of attorney 2 Nov 1725 to Charles Fisher, master of the ship Mary Gallye, to sell her tobacco and to transact other business for her in England. But Prince George records show that that Elizabeth Taylor lived in Barbados and was the wife of Richard Taylor:
Barbados I. Elizabeth Taylor of the Parish of Michael in the Island aforesaid, Barbados, wife to Richard Taylor, late of this island, Merchant, but now of the Kingdom of Great Britain, Greeting. Whereas the said Richard Taylor in and by his certain letter of attorney dated 11th May 1724 did appoint me , the said Elizabeth by name of Eliz. Taylor, his loving wife, his attorney, I now appoint my friend Charles Fisher, Master of the ship Mary Galley, to be my attorney, to receive from Richard Moeley of Virginia, money due my husband, by bond dated April 24, 1724 for £40.
Witnesses 2 Nov 1725
Enoch Jenkins, Edward Horman
Recorded after proof of oath by Edward Jenkin 9 May 172714
(Prince George Co., VA Wills and Deeds, 986, 136)
No record was found in the Prince George wills of the deaths of Thomas and Elizabeth Taylor ca. 1725, and indeed, they signed a deed in Surry 19 Oct 1736. (Surry Co., VA Deeds and Wills 1730-1738, 628) However, the will of James Jones, Jr., written in 1724, was recorded 13 July 1725, five months after the 1704 bonds were recorded. The timing suggests that Jones initiated the recording.
It probably was because of or through Mary that John Tomlinson obtained land in Amelia Co., VA, where the Tomlinsons were associated with Taylors.
The Chappells were allied closely with John Tomlinson's family in Sussex, Brunswick and Greensville Cos., VA. John Tomlinson and Mary retained close ties to the Chappells, particularly to the family of James Chappell (born ca. 1694, died 12 Feb 1769, Albemarle Parish) who married ca. 1720 Elizabeth Briggs (died 26 Sep 1744, Albemarle Parish), daughter of Henry Briggs, who died 25 Oct 1739, Albemarle Parish, and of Elizabeth Lucas It this were the way the name Lucas entered the Tomlinson family, it was indirect, and might suggest that Mary was the mother of John's elder children as well as the younger.
James Chappell, Jr. and James Chappell witnessed the Sussex will of Mary's son Burwell Tomlinson in November 1764; James Chappell, Jr. Robert and David Jones returned the inventory. John Chappell was listed in the accounts current.
John Tomlinson's son William bought land in Sussex from James Chappell, The Younger; one of the witnesses was Samuel Chappell. (Sussex DB A, 340, recorded 19 May 1758) William died 23 Nov--19 Dec 1760; his executors, his brothers, sold it to Benjamin Chappell of Prince George 20 Mar 1761. (Sussex DB B) Mary's brother Samuel Chappell died in Surry 1748-21 Nov 1749; his will named, among others, sons James, Samuel and Benjamin. (Surry WB 9, 620)
John's wife Mary was not the only Mary Tomlinson in the area. John had a presumed sister Mary who married an Oliver, possibly by 1725, and a daughter Mary who married William Wrenn. John's son Thomas married by 1748 a woman named Mary (Cotton?); Thomas Tomlinson and Elizabeth Cook's son William married Mary (Fish?) by 1758, Brunswick. Richard Tomlinson and Eleanor Nance Walpole had a daughter Mary who married a Mason by 1731; a son, Richard Jr., who married Mary Adkins, and a son William who married a Mary.
The Albemarle Parish Register shows two Mary Tomlinsons and Henry Weaver as godparents for Rebecca, daughter of James Heath and Rebeca [Tomlinson, daughter of John] 2 Mar 1755. If one of those Marys were John's wife, it would suggest that she might have died 1755-1759.
* Mary and William Tomlinson were godparents with Eliza Hobbs 10 June 1750 for Frances, daughter of Thomas Hobbs and Sarah.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with Edward Epes and Mary Moss 17 Nov 1751 for Betty, daughter of David Dunn and Frances.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with Thomas Adkins and Nathaniel Bedingfield 26 Oct 1755 for John, son of Francis Niblet and Eliza.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with Thomas Adkins Jr. and Mary Rosser 15 Feb 1756 for Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Partridge and Eliza.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with Richard Tomlinson and Eliza Adkins 15 Apr 1759 for Mary, born 22 Jan 1749/1750, daughter of John Adkins Jr. and Eliza.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with Thomas Stafford and Joyce Adkins 11 Jan 1759 for Winny, daughter of William Wilkason and Eliza.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with Daniel Horton and Mary Maston 6 Apr 1760 for Anne, daughter of James Fawn and Anne.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with John Underhill and Mildred Duncan 8 Feb 1761 for Rebekah, daughter of Thomas Adkins Jr. and Mary.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with William Baird, Henry Underhill and Prudence Evans 29 Jan 1769 for Drury, son of Frederick Andrews and Lydia.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with John Broadrib and Anderson Ramsay 6 May 1770 for Gray, son of John Judkins and Mary.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with William Ellis and Laurence Smith 16 Dec 1770 for Thomas and Patrick, twin sons of William Lamb and Mary.
* Mary Tomlinson was godmother with James Barker and Anne Tomlinson in June 1771 for Sarah, daughter of James Cook and Elisa.
The Register also shows Mary Tomlinson as the owner of Negroes Selah, a female born 22 Aug 1755; Hubbard, male, born 17 July 1758; Jolly, male, born 4 Oct 1761, and Hardy-Cook, male, born 10 Oct 1763. Ownership in a woman's name suggests that Mary was single and probably a widow Mary Adkins Tomlinson had been widowed in 1750; a deed shows that her son Thomas Tomlinson had a slave named Jolly.
Paul H. Arnot, Palo Alto, CA (now deceased) compiled Chappell-Jones-Taylor data in 1983 and arrived at the reasoning outlined above. We are indebted to him.
Mrs. Rosemary C. Kniker, Fairview Heights, IL (now deceased) contributed to this report.
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