William F. Fryer? Carter DFT Person In Focus ID No. 30465 Religion:
Nickname: Occupation: School Teacher, Supt, Sheriff, Postmaster
Charles Carter Jr. A-2 1760-12- Amherst Co VA 1830-01-02 White (Van Buren) Co TN
F: Charles of Amherst Carter Sr. ca. 1710-- Barford, Lancaster Co VA 1766-11-02 Amherst Co VA
M: Lucy Morgan? ca. 1728-- Lancaster Co VA ca. 1796-- Sumner Co TN
Married: 1743-- VA
Rebecca Fryer 1786-- TN ca. 1857-- Van Buren Co TN
Child(ren) of Charles Carter Jr. A-2 and Rebecca Fryer , married 1818-- MOOT marriage
1. H:Nancy Carter 1779-11-17 Washington Co VA 1840-- Jackson Co TN
2. H:James Carter A-1. 1781-10-25 Washington Co VA 1849-- Jackson Co TN
3. H:Stanton Carter 1785-02-21 Sumner Co TN 1875-11-07 Elmer, Macon Co MO
4. H:Lucy Carter ca. 1787-- Sumner Co TN
5. H:Polly Carter ca. 1790-- Sumner Co TN bef 1829-- Sumner Co TN
6. H:Unknown Carter ca. 1793-- Sumner Co TN bef 1829-- Sumner Co TN
7. H:Betsy Carter ca. 1795-- Sumner Co TN bef 1829-- Sumner Co TN
8. H:Dale Carter A-3 ca. 1797-- Sumner Co TN
9. H:Richard Carter ca. 1800-- Sumner Co TN
10. H:Charles Carter A-3 ca. 1805-- Likely, Jackson Co TN ca. 1846-- Carthage, Panola Co TX
11. H:Unknown daughter Carter ca. 1806-- Jackson Co TN
12. H:Henry Carter ca. 1808-- Jackson Co TN
13. H:Unknown daughter Carter ca. 1810-- Jackson Co TN
14. H:Unknown daughter Carter ca. 1812-- Jackson Co TN
15. William F. Fryer? Carter 1819-- Jackson Co TN 1890-03-28 Sparta, White Co TN
16. George W. Carter ca. 1821-- TN ca. 1830-- White (Van Buren Co) TN
17. H:Margaret ? Stipe(s) ca. 1833-- White (Van Buren) Co TN
Mary Ann Dunn 1828-- NC 1887-06-29 Sparta, White Co TN
F: Joseph Dunn 1804-04-11 NC 1855-03-21 White Co TN
M: Anna Unknown 1802-- NC aft 1860-- White Co TN
Child(ren) of William F. Fryer? Carter and Mary Ann Dunn , married 1847-05-29 White Co TN
1. John C. Carter 1850-01- White Co TN 1911-04-27 McAlester, Pittsburg Co OK
2. Montgomery Carter 1850-04- White Co TN 1928-- White Co TN
3. Ann Carter d.i.f. 1853-- White Co TN 1855-- White Co TN
4. Mary A. Carter 1857-- White Co TN
5. Eliza Carter 1859-- White Co TN bef 1870-- White Co TN
6. Rev. William Cummings Carter 1862-07-04 Sparta, White Co TN 1939-03-01 Dallas, Dallas Co TX
7. Clark Cummin Carter 1869-04-29 White Co TN 1937-10-01 Santa Monica, Los Angeles Co CA
Biography and Notes:
William F. Fryer? Carter Buried:
The Sherrifs of Lancaster
This editorial was written before the discovery of the will of Charles Carter Jr. "Senr. of County of White" - and the mountain of subsequent court documents related thereto - yet, it remains a viable outline of the Carters of Sparta. This had to be the line of our very own Sheriff William F. Carter because of the combination of:
A. Key people being in the right place at the right time.
B. The tradition of the given names * found only in this branch of the Carter, and
C. The tradition of public service found in this same branch.
The logic and circumstantial evidence for all this lies in:
1) the names Edward, Henry, William and James * were prominent from day one in this line -
although William was either father or grand father of Thomas Sr., the name was not used much early on,
2) perhaps in deference to the King, the name Robert * was added to a few grandchildren of Thomas, and
then, the name Dale was introduced into this line - a very important connection regards the will -
and this, of course, is in deference to their ancestor, Catherine Dale.
3) several of these families are well documented in Southwest Virginia before the Revolution,
explicitly at the headwaters of the Powell and Clinch Rivers - directly upriver of Bean Station,
4) Thomas Sr., Thomas Jr. - and his brothers Henry and Joseph - were all Magistrates and
Clerks of the Court back in Lancaster County, Virginia - Joseph was even High Sheriff in 1741,
5) this tradition is carried on down into the very southwest corner of Virginia:
a) Patriot Thomas of Peter was a Justice in the first court of Russell County - as well as a
representative for Russell County to the Consitutional Convention of 1788,
b) his son Charles, m. Houston was a deputy sheriff and clerk of the court in Russell County,
that part that became Lee County in 1793. (Rye Cove and Fort Blackmore are (still)
found on the map in today's Scott County - which was created in 1814).
c) some say there was another Charles, died 1828 in Scott County, who was another sheriff,
..... and ..... our newly connected William F. Carter
d) had his Uncle John Fryer (who was an attorney) as his first Guardian,
e) had an older half-brother Dale as a lawyer and school teacher,
f) had his other half-brother James as a physician and acting attorney for his mother, Mary,
g) was himself sheriff and school teacher/superintendent of White County, as well as Postmaster of Sparta,.
h) had his son John study for the law, but never practice (according to his grand daughter Theresa - who had
no knowledge of any of this when she conveyed that information - which seemed so strange at the time),
i) had his grandson, Edward Everett (Uncle Ed) of Montgomery, as Mayor of Sparta and County Chairman,
j) whose son John, in turn, was another Postmaster of Sparta.
Oh no, no pressure from the family! Is it any wonder that John - as oldest son of William - had to
study for the law, or that Clark was sent to the Dribble Normal School at Sparta? Forget the
romantic version from the family that he "...brought himself down and saught an education"!
Can we see a pattern here? This may all have to do with literacy, rather than any social standing
(which couldn't hurt): sheriffs had to file paperwork in the courts, while baliffs were the muscle men.
See our Bio for Capt. Thomas Carter Sr. regards " the important Carters" and the will of Robert
"King" Carter on the trustworthiness of his Manager of Accounts, our Capt. Thomas Carter Jr.
In other words, we have linked this William F. to Charles Jr. - yet, the list of sixteen children from the Sue Beck Carter book, with the other William F. Carter (1816), also belong to the Sheriffs of Lancaster.
The Confusing Childhood of our William Fryer Carter:
1) He had an elderly father Charles Carter Jr., who dies when William is ten or eleven,
2) his Uncle John Fryer as his first guardian - reported to be an attorney, brother to Rebecca per below,
3) a stepfather Jacob Stipes a couple of years late, and after Jacob and Rebecca had married ...
4) his new Uncle John Gillentine as his second guardian in 1835 when he is still fifteen or so.
(Was this a legal maneuver, or had John Fryer died?)
In brief, the only legal wife of Charles Carter Jr. was the first, Mary Stanton. Millicant (Milly) was only in Common Law (they were together for some fifteen years), and although there was a ceremony to Rebecca after the death of Milly, this proves to be Bigamous and therefor moot. Hence the lawsuit over the will of Charles (which Mary eventually won) and a very shakey childhood for our William. Be advised, there was a second Carter lawsuit and a separate Stipes lawsuit! All in all, researchers of this line of Carter have been handed an extraordinary set of documents - and we are all forever indebted to Margie Brown and David Johnson for their equally extraordinary effort to find, preserve and analyze this treasure trove of information.
One simple document to connect many names you will encounter
To the Sheriff of White County Greeting. You are hereby commanded to summon John Fryer Guardian ad litum of William Carter to appear before the Chancellor of the Chancery Court for Fentress, Overton, Jackson, Smith, Sumner, and Wilson Counties at the Court House in Carthage on the 2nd Monday of July 1830 then and there to answer the bill of complaint exhibited by Mary Carter against John Fryer, Dale Carter, William Carter, and Rebecca Pearson and this you shall in no wise omit under the penalty prescribed by law, and have then and there this writ, and show how you have executed the same. Witness John G. Park Clerk & Master of said Court at office in Carthage this 2nd Monday of January in the year of our Lord 1830 & of American Independence 55th
John G. Park
Clerk & Master
(on back of summons)
Mary Carter vs Dale Carter & others
___ 17th May 1831 [illegible signature]
came to hand May the 21st 1830 and Executed and delivered a copy of the Bill to John Fryer May the 25th 1830
David Mitchell Sheriff
Testimony of Mary Stanton Carter at the same Court of Chancery
"Your oratrix is informed & believes and so charges that said purchase was made by said Charles from said John Fryer who is the brother of said Rebecca and the conveyance taken in the name of said Rebecca, William, and George W with a view of defrauding your oratrix of her dower in said cause".
We then need to add two citations which, at first, seem to contradict one other:
1) There was a report on the holdings of said William Carter to the County of White on 24 January 1835, by John Fryer, Guardian, (full copy in hand) and he begs for settlement of his expenses related thereto.
2) However, The Heritage says John Gillentine was appointed Guardian to our William on 6 June 1835 - just months later. One must therefor assume the status report was in preparation for the transition to the new guardianship.
Separately, there is a strange twist of fate to be noted: 1) Charles Senior was still under age when Thomas wrote his will so, his brother Peter was appointed his guardian, 2) Charles Junior was only six when his father died, and 3) our William is now only eleven at the death of his father (although Charles is elderly). Perhaps this is the reason for the extra attention afforded William and George in the will of Charles Junior. In turn, since there is no known Guardianship for George, we must assume his demise shortly after the writing of the will in May 1829. (Mary's testimony on 31 Jan 1831 mentions he is already deceased).
Besides Three Different Lawsuits, Three William F. Carters:
For your complete confusion and edification, there were three lawsuits, three or four plain William Carters, and now, three different William F. Carters! In other words, there were a total of six or more William Carters in early White County! Besides the William R. Carter who left for Mississippi by 1830, and the William Carter found with family on the 1830 and 1840 White County, Tennessee census (to match the Sue Carter book), there is mention or documentation of three William F. Carters in early White / Van Buren Counties:
1. of William, born 1816 per hand written list in the book- m. Priscilla Gillentine 20 Nov 1838 White County *
2. of our Charles Jr., born 1819 per four different census - m. Mary Ann Dunn 25 May 1847 White County *
3. unknown, ca. 1822 per one census - m. Sarah Denney Feb or Aug 1844 Van Buren County - to Arkansas
* There is mention of a marriage annulment in White County; it is therefor possible our William first married Priscilla - especially since John Gillentine was appointed his second guardian (above). Besides, it is a little strange that he did not marry Mary Ann untill his late twenties. However ..... our William would have only been eighteen or nineteen years old for this marriage in 1838.
Before we get ahead of ourselves, here is the proof that the husband of Mary Ann Dunn was the son of Charles Jr., and not either of the other two. Per published genealogies, Rebecca Fryer-Pearson was the third wife of Charles Carter Jr., and their only error found to date was to assign William of Arkansas as the son of Charles Jr. We then take note that Rebecca and her now proven brother, John Fryer, are named as Co Executors in the will of Charles Carter Jr. "Senr. at County of White" ..... and ..... that The Heritage tells us she then married Jacob Stipes. Since Rebecca Carter is found with (only) two young boys in the 1830 White County census (one 5-10 the other 10-15) ..... and ..... Jacob Stype is found with his five boys, two daughters and one older female (Rachel Martin), we have to believe Jacob and Rebecca married in 1832, and had only Margaret in common. (This is contrary to The Heritage, written in an awkward encyclopedic style to save space, and as a result, Stipes genealogists have misinterpreted much of this information. Separately, there is no mention of the children by Rebecca's first marriage to Pearson).
Rebecca Fryer Pearson is Proven to Charles Carter Jr.
However, we then note the Inventory of the Estate of Charles Carter was returned on oath by "John Fryer and Rebekah Stipe" on "16 June A.D. 1831", and so we will say the marriage was ca. 1831. Jacob at 79 from Virginia and Rebecca at 64 from Tennessee are found together in the 1850 Van Buren County, Tennessee census; there are a young Wm. B. and Margaret Smith in the household with them. With this proof of the marriage to Jacob Stipe, we can now turn our attention to page 299 of The Heritage, which obliquely refers to the Mary Carter lawsuit.
A very, very important detail is that it refers to a few transactions of "Rebecca Stipe and William F. Carter" ..... and ...... from the will of Charles Jr., we are explicitly told he purchased parcels of land from John Fryer and put them in the name of Rebecca Carter and William and George Carter, and that these parcels were not to be considered part of his estate. Besides this provision, Charles stipulated that he had already provided for the children by his first marriage, and without mentioning another marriage, calls for the debt owed by a Dale Carter of Jackson County, Tennessee. (See a complete transcription of the will in his Bio).
In should be noted and emphasized that despite these feeble attempts, no matter how noble or devious, the marriage to Rebecca was moot and bigamous. Charles Jr. was still legally married to the living Mary Stanton Carter; he had actually talked her out of a divorce and provided a settlement, which she accepted. See the Dave Johnson Transcripts.
From testimony and records at Chancery, we now know for certain this Dale of Jackson County (the lawyer and school teacher ... and ... the first defendent in the Mary Carter lawsuit) is the first son of Charles Jr. by his second "marriage". And then, befitting the Middle Tennessee reverse migration from West to East, the second set of children are placed in Jackson County. And ..... this can be explained, almost proven, by the story of his stepfather, Capt. John Blackmore. After many Indian attacks - which included the scalping of a cousin Dale Carter ... and ... the later massacre of Charles' sister Elizabeth and seven children - Capt. John left Ft. Blackmore and met with the Capt. Donelson party at Fort Knox in March 1780, and traveled by floatboat to Nashboro. This, of course, is the community of Nashboro in today's downtown Nashville, and for a complete story on the restored and preserved Fort Nashboro, please visit:
A Short History of Tennessee County Formations
1780 - Fort Nashboro established (then in Washington County, North Caroliina)
Fort restored and preserved in downtown Nashville, Davidson County,Tennessee,
Cumberland Compact signed April 1780
1783 - Davidson (Nashville) created out of Washington County, North Carolina
(Cumberland District) Capt. Blackmore may not have moved, his site just realligned,
coincidentaly, this is the earliest Charles Jr. is proven in Sumner County.
1786 - Sumner created from the northeast part of Davidson,
1796 - State of Tennessee created
1799 - Smith created from the eastern part of Sumner and new Indian Lands *
1801 - Jackson created from the eastern part of Smith and new Indian Lands *
1806 - White created from the southeast part of Jackson and Smith
1807 - Warren created from Jackson, Smith, White and new Indian Lands *
1840 - Van Buren created from Warren and western part of White - but with the final allignment
in the summer of 1843, the timing of which turns out to be very, very important for us.
PS * The final Rape of The Eastern Nation was in 1819 with the creation of McMinn and Monroe Counties, each completely formed from "new Indian Lands".
Please then note how the birth places of the children of our Charles Jr. progress from Virginia (1779 - therefor, his first marriage to Mary Stanton was in Washington County, Virginia), to Sumner County, Tennessee, to Jackson, to Smith and finally Van Buren ..... and ..... how Capt. Blackmore was appointed to The Court of Triers in Sumner County in 1783 (his will was probated in Davidson County itself ) ... and ... from testimony at Chancery, how Lucy caught up with Charles Jr. in Sumner just before Cinderella was born in April 1795 - out of wedlock, when Capt. John is 72, which creates the other Carter lawsuit!..... and ..... how the only Charles Carter in the 1820 Tennessee census is in Jackson County and is over age 45, that is, born before 1775..
With the unusual parts of his will at White County (now Van Buren), and his purchase of property directly assigned to Rebecca, William and George in common, our Charles Jr. was plainly going out of his way to exclude all prior children left behind in Middle Tennessee. What we learn from Mary Stanton's testimony at Chancery is that Charles never bothered to marry Millie - the second set of children, including Dale (the attorney and school teacher) and Charles III, were illegitimate. From other testimony at the Court of Chancery, we learn that the same Lucy Carter Blakewell died circa 1796, after catching up with her son Charles at Station Camp Creek in Sumner County in October 1794!
He is cited in Sumner County Histories as one of the builders of the fort at Station Camp Creek just one year eaarlier, in the fall of 1783. (The unspoken assumption in this part of the story is that Lucy left Capt. John in disgust when she noticed their housekeeper was with child - Cinderella was born the following April).
In other words, the absolute proof of our William Fryer Carter back to Lancaster lies in the following document - from the third lawsuit - as well as the testimony given at two separate Courts of Chancery for the Carter! For this very critical part of the story, we are forever indebted to Margie Brown and David Johnson on the Blakemore GenForum Board. See The Margie Brown Rebuttal in the Bio of William's sister Elizabeth; David Johnson's comprehensive analysis and complete transcript of Mary Carter vs. Dale Carter et al, which he found buried and misfiled in the miscellaneous papers at Sumner County, is available on request.
Both works are masterpieces of investigation and are required reading.
Proof of our William to Rebecca Fryer Pearson Carter Stipe - and therfor to Charles Carter Jr.
The handwriting in the following court document originally led us to believe this was 1833, or 1835 - which would indicate it was the Wm. F. who is found with Sarah Denney in the 1850 Arkansas census. Sorry to say, there is not a clue as to his parents. However, to be absolutely clear about this, we have gone through every image of the 1850 and 1860 White County, Tennessee census, and the only Carter found was the groom of Mary Ann Dunn. Just two additional points of logic to insert:
1) the William of Arkansas did not come all the way back to Tennessee to sign this instrument, and
2) note that our well documented William bought the 171 acres of land from his brother-in-law in December 1855 - just months after this separate Stipes dispute was finally settled in the fall of 1855, twenty years later!
(What does this tell us about Rebecca???):
(Sightly reformatted - emphasis added - typos retained):
[---------- 1855-03-22 - White Co TN Deeds & Trust Deeds, Book S, pg 201 ----------]
W. F. Carter to W. B. Cummins
I W. F. Carter do hereby nominate and appoint
W. B. Cummins my attorney in fact to demand and
receive of and from W. E. Nelson Clerk & Master of the Chancery Court at
Sparta Tennessee the amount of a Decree pronounced by the Chancery Court at
Sparta Tennessee at the March [...] 1855 infavour of Rebeca Stipe
against Jacob Stype and Thomas Stype and receipt for the same and
in case of failure to pay to bring suit for the collection of the same
in my name as the assignee of the said Rebeca Stype to employ con-
cel [coucel?] if necessary at my expence. he may also compermise said case and
do all other things which may be necessary in and about said business and
I do hereby ratify and confirm all the Lawfull actings and doings of
Said W. B. Cummings in persuance of the power and authority hereby
communicated as fully as if I were to do them my self this 22nd day of
Test G. M. Cummings
W. [F./J.?] Cummings
State of Tennessee White County
Personally appeared before me George G. Dibrell
Clerk of White County Court William F. Carter the above consttuent [sic] with
whom I am personally acquainted and acknowledged the due execution
of the Written [?] Deed of conveyance for the purposes and things there in contained
which is recorded Witness my hand at office in Sparta this 3rd day of April
G. G. Dibrell Clerk of White County Court
Requested and examined this 9th day of August 1855
W. H. Boyd Requester
By M. C. Dibrell D Regt.
The Proven Descendents of William Fryer Carter and Mary Ann Dunn
First of all, our Carters knew nothing of Henry Fitzhugh, son-in-law of King Carter. (There is no other way to put this, but all of the information from Golda Randolph Carter passed on to her McCarver family must be completely dismissed out of hand). On the other hand, the third witness to the will of Charles Carter Jr. "Senr. of County of White" was one William Fryer - somehow related to John Fryer, and our Rebecca Fryer Pearson Carter Stipes, now proven by testimony to be brother and sister.
And then, yes, John was born in January 1850 and Montgomery in April 1850, as proven by the 1850 and 1860 census taken together. (We use dates from the census only when it says 2/12 and 6/12 - there's just no room for error if your infant was born just two months ago, is there?) There's only one answer for this, isn't there - which is yet another example of like father, like son? No, like step-grandfather, like son!
Finally, we are forever indebted to Uncle Willie, his son-in-law Edwin H. Morse, and finally Sue Beck Carter for her work, research, and book on her husband's line from The Rev. James Henry Carter:
"According to the records of White County, Tennessee, William was appointed sheriff for 1865-1866". (See modification below).
"It is almost certain that this William F. Carter is tied into the Rev. James Henry Carter line - note that William F. named a son 'Montgomery', William Cummings named a son 'Montgomery' and James Henry named one of his sons 'Montgomery'. Of course at this point, we can't find out who they were named after - perhaps a relative or close friend".
(In one deed book transaction, Wm. F. Carter appointed W. B. Cummings as his attorney of record. Otherwise, the only Montgomery encountered was the donor of the land for the England cemeteries out west of Sparta. It is reassuring that three different lines of descendents - who had no prior contact with each other - report the Cummins and Montgomery given names in each of their lines).[From readings on Sumner County and Middle Tennessee in general, we now know that one John Montgomery was the first sheriff of Sumner County and that Col. Montgomery was an effective leader in fighting the Indian uprisings all the way from Sumner to White Counties.]
"William died the 28 of March 1890 and was buried at McAlester, Oklahoma beside Mary Ann, who died the 29th of June 1887.
"(Mr. Edwin H. Morse supplied the information for this article and also for the article on Rev. William Cummings Carter.)" [a/k/a Uncle Wille]
However, sometime before May 2002, great grand-daughter Theresa Mae Butcher Ellis of Kansas City, Missouri inserted these notes into the book: "William & Mary Ann Carter did not die in McAllister Okla. They died here in Sparta White Co TN" (She goes on to list the descendents of John C. Carter down to herself which are included in our data base. In a private email, she is the one who tells us John had studied for the law. Also note that McAlester is the correct spelling, and Pittsburg in Oklahoma is without the H).
Are both statements possibly true? Did the remains get shipped to McAlester for burial? If so, why??? From the GEDCOM notes of grandson Jim Scott (of Golda Carter McCarver), we separately find that John C. "went to Oklahoma". Per all of the above clues, Williams widowed daughter-in-law, Josephine Vass Carter, is found in the household of her son-in-law Thomas D. Redpath in the 1920 McAlester, Oklahoma census. Be forewarned she is listed and indexed as "Josaphine". Despite the best attempts of everyone, the burials are found neither in McAlester nor Sparta.
However, there are two unmarked adult graves in the complex of the Dunn burials in the old section of the Mt. Gilead Cemetery. It would be hard to say if these are the spouses of Joseph and Samuel Dunn, or the sites of our William and Mary Ann. On the other hand, daughter Ann Carter (1853-1855) does have a marked grave in the middle of this complex. With our very latest findings, we will have to explore Van Buren County, won't we?
Charles Jr. and the Fryers are reportedly buried at the Big Fork Cemetery.
To avoid any possible confusion over other William Carters of early Sparta, we have gone through every image of both the 1850 and 1860 White County census and the only Carter found was our William F. with Mary Ann and growing family. From an email of Patsy Carter Garrison of Huntsville, Alabama, we now know that the William R. of early Sparta went on to Mississippi. We believe the 1812 tax listing in the Company at "Cook's Ferry - Caney Fork" is William R., not our William. (See our Biography for William "Fitzhugh's" father William in our original Carter-Bean Clan).
Then we have to account for an infant John Carter (hereinafter Baby John) in the 1850 White County census found in the household of Tillman Brown - and which is only four households away from the listing of our William Fryer Carter - and who suddenly appears in the 1860 household of our William and Mary Ann! Could the confusion over the father of Clark on the part of his daughter - with Olivia Crab Orchard as the mother and overtones of illegitimacy - be this Baby John??? @ Or was he just an orphaned nephew by way of the Evans family seen in both Sparta and next door to Carters in McMinnville??? There is a yet undiscovered connection to the Evans, for in the 1880 White County census, there is a 20-year-old James Evans listed as a nephew in the household of William F. and Mary Ann Carter.
Once again, with the latest findings, we now need to search Van Buren County as a source of the Evans.
After all of the above, we have our William F. Carter:
From Section 249 - School Teachers found in The Heritage, we find that (brother-in-law) William L. Dunn was paid $19.00 for teaching in school District 2. (which is known as Hickory Valley *) for the year 1854 and that Wm. F. Carter was paid $43.00 for teaching in District 1 for the year 1855.
The Deeds of Trust Book of White County, Tennessee show that in December 1855, the same brother-in-law William Dunn sold some 171 acres of "the estate of my late father, Joseph Dunn deceased" to W. F. Carter for the sum of One Hundred Dollars. Curiously, there is no attempt whatsoever to describe the property; we must assume this is the majority basis for the 186 acres of the Partition Deed of the heirs of Mary A(nn) Carter of 1890. Court Documents attached.
Please make special note that twenty years later the Stipes dispute was settled and dispersed in October 1855.
In the special US Assessment approved June 7, 1862, we find in White County TN, District No. 1, that W. F. Carter had 209 acres assessed at $1,000. Since there are no other land transactions of record to be found at the White County Court House in the name of William F. Carter, we must assume that the other 38 acres were subsequent land "transfers" from John and Rebecca Fryer to the benefit of our William.
As a landowner of his own right, our William is now ready to go out into the world. From Section 169 - The Sparta Bar found in The Heritage, we learn that our William F. was appointed sheriff of White County from 1864 to 1866. Upon closer examination of county records, we learn that he was appointed, resigned and was then the first elected sheriff of White County and assumed those full duties in the summer of 1865.
We then find the State School Law of 1867 provided for a State Superintendent and for a County Supervisor of Schools. "W. F. Carter was the first County Superintendent of White County, Tennessee. In his first report he reported as a total enrollment in the schools of the county 2,505 pupils, 200 of whom were negroes". Unedited from the Rev. Monroe Sears, pp. 37, 38.
We don't know for how long William served as School Superintendent - he was just listed as a farmer on the 1870 census - but from D. R. Frazier's compilations, we learn he was appointed Sparta Postmaster on 9 Jan 1873 and served until 15 May 1877. (As we later learn, his great grand son, John E. Carter, also filled the post from 1956 to 1978).
Otherwise, from the microfilmed records of the Methodist Episcopal Church Records at the White County library, we learn that William was baptized on 21 July 1878, just twelve years before his death, and other baptisms included S. A. Cashdollar, John Carter, William Evans, Clark Carter, Emma Carter, three Tafts, three Cantrells and many other near cousins. There is no record of Will after this until his death.
Our Quest for the Log Cabin
Inspired by family folklore and two written references, the section on the 'Communities of White County' of The Heritage, with map prepared by J. Brock, tells us that the community of Mt. Gilead (where Montgomery and wife are buried) substantially overlaps with Tax District No. 1. This places "the log cabin just above the falls on Calf Killer River near Milksick Mt. +" (from a set of notes found in the Carter Cedar Chest at Newport, Tennessee) somewhere directly underneath the present day Roberts Mathews Highway just southwest of Sparta, Tennessee.
To refine the search area, we look at a hand written sheet of paper from about 1950 on the Descendents of Tureman Carter, found in the bible of his brother Merrill Smith Carter, all of which is in the possession of Merrill's daughter, Margaret Anne Carter Zieman. We are told that Tureman was "Born May 19-1889 at Sparta Tenn White County in a log cabin near Dam on Calf Killer River. (Farm now owned by Oscar Cater)." + * Oscar is proven to be William Oscar, son of Montgomery.
From the 1930 White County census, we then note in the margins that Oscar W. (sic) was on Hickory Valley Pike *. Was the Pike the precursor to the Highway, as in " ...the old stage coach line from Sparta to Franks' Ferry" found in many a White County Deed? (Other Dunn relatives were on Hickory Valley Rd., on the other side of Milksick Mountain) We also note that on present day maps, the village of Cummins is at the intersection of Hickory Valley Rd. and Cummings Chapel Rd. just to the south of Sparta. (However, there is no village to be found, just an abandoned barn). Furthermore, Montgomery and second wife Emma are buried in the Mt. Gilead United Methodist Church cemetery exactly due west of this intersection, on the other side of the highway; they had sold an acre of their land to the church in order to enlarge the cemetery.
In short, the original 38 acres of William F. Carter, courtesy of his mother and uncle, were on the west side of the Calf Killer River, while the Dunn Estate is well documented on the eastern shore of the river - the two parcels being adjacent across the river. It would appear that Montgomery retained the 38 acres for himself - only the land east of the river was partitioned - and he did not receive a parcel as a Grantee, but was only the Grantor of record.
This would make sense if we note that John (who had studied for the law according to his grand daughter) and Josie had already taken off for California and were already back in Missouri in 1890, as proven by the signed affidavits to the following.
With all of these clues in hand, we discover The Gold Mine of information by way of the multi-stepped Partition Deed of 186 acres "of the heirs at law of Mary A(nn) Carter" on 12 June 1890, just three months after the reported death of William in March. Something to be investigated is why they referred to Mary Ann, and not William who survived her - and why the Grantee was Mary A. Evans el al, instead of John. It will take a separate report to list all of the details, but there are many references to ".. the east shore of the Calf Killer" and "to the line of the factory". (We later learn that Oscar, and to a far greater extent, Ed, were wheelers and dealers about town, buying and selling several properties. Ed was running a sawmill as late as 1925, and this is possibly the factory mentioned - or the Old Mill Tract in the original 1855 Deed).
And then, on 11 February 2004, we received the following email from Basil Carroll Welch II (Grandson of Oscar - who, in another email, tells of Uncle Ed throwing many a pair of ill-fitting false teeth into the river as he made his daily walk from his house off The Square to his mill over on South Carter Street):
"As you probably know the Carter place is now a sub-division but is sparsely developed. It is quite a walk from the Hickory valley road to the cabin site. The new Highway 111 ( which you may be calling the Matthews highway) runs across the river just below the old factory damn. The cabin site can almost be seen from the bridge, and would be a shorter trip from the South end of the bridge upstream to the creek below the hill where the cabin was. I would be glad to go there with you some day.
[From our two visits to the area, we are guessing that the following description would place the observer on Hickory Valley Road, facing due west; the Cummings Chapel Road in question would then be the dog leg to the South (first leg Southwest, second leg Northwest. The cabin site would then be in the southwest corner of the property, overlooking the new highway. The straight northern boundary would then be today's Mt. Gilead Road].
"The north boundary began at the crest of the hill as you approach the farm and ran straight back to the river in a straight line, the South boundary quartered to the South then dog legged back to the right ending in the river just past the damn near a high bluff. I do not recall the Cummings Station Rd. I'm not sure of how many acres but I know it sold for $60,000.00 after his death in 1959. His house burned to the ground after it sold. I am told the remaining foundation and flooring included the main floor joist that ran the center of the house and was 60 feet long a 4x12 single yellow poplar board. In it's day it was a grand old house, each window have counter window weights made of cast iron that made raising windows a single finger operation, the glass had that early imperfection look. I could go on for a long time but will save some for later. I have many fond memories of this place and a life defining moment associated with granddaddy Carter, the most independent thinking Mr. W. O. Carter".
@ Re: Baby John: see Fitz's son, John C. Carter. The Evans connection remains a challenge.
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