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Home: Surnames: Tillinghast Family Genealogy Forum

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Origination of the name; 'TILLINGHAST'
Posted by: Elton L. Powell (ID *****3093) Date: February 24, 2003 at 12:30:32
  of 415

For some time I have been telling that I would put more of the data that I have on Tillinghast on the 'net' but usually I was somewhere else but home when I said it. Well; guess what! I'm home. Most of this was sent to Todd Lawrence back a few years but maybe he just couldn't find time to make it available to you. I did NOT research this on my own. I ONLY FOUND IT IN THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY ON 42ND ST., NEW YORK. The Verticle File; 'Tillinghast'.
I have more but this will sharpen your Tillinghast barbs for the time being.
Credit is due to Mr. Charles Carpenter Tillinghast of Rhode Island, recently desceased of whom I was able to have one letter of corespondence before his demise. I copy it it here [but with some of my comments and his] just as I compiled it and submitted it to him.

Mr. Charles C. Tillinghast was Chairman of the Board of Trans-World Air Lines in 1973 and through his efforts and financial largesse the name of 'TILLINGHAST' was given to Sir ANTHONY S.M. DICKENS, M.A; M.S.G., of
6-A Royal Parade,
Kew Gardens,
Surrey, England.

The following is compiled with Sir ANTHONY's efforts.

TILLINGHAST--
From TITTA- A Saxon name, of no particular meaning and 'hurst', that means'wood'; hence; 'TITTA's wood or a forest owned by a Saxon named 'TITTA'. It was advantages
in ancient days to own a forest so that you would have a supply of game for hunting. TITTA's wood became TITTINGHURST
then TILLINGHOAST; then TILLINGHAST,etc

Associate name connections-- It is extremely improbable that there is any connection with TILLINGHAM, TILLINGER, TILLING, TILLINGTON, AND TILL. No other name has been found where the two letters 'tt' have over time been changed to 'll'.[that's 'LL' for all you neophites; Elton]

CONQUEST--
After the Duke of Normandy [William,le Conq]
vanquished the Britons in order to claim his right to the
the Throne of England in 1066 AD, he set about organising his new holdings by sending out representatives to tabulate his holdings as to land, cattle, wealth, and practiaclly anything of value. With these lists he was able to, with certainty, set a tax on his new people because he knew what they had. The ontoward result was that the Britons called them, 'The Doomsday Books'. Many genealogical names have been traced to these books. [For example, my Hollingsworths of Macclesfield,Cheshire, are in there. They came in 1022AD]
[And note this; There were 120 hydes of land that were Recorded as being in the posession of the descendants of Joseph of Arimethea, that had been granted to Joseph by 'King LUD' in 66AD]. He,[William] also divided the Counties into districts known as 'Hundreds'. For some reason the County of Sussex was divided into what was [or are]called Rapes and there were 5 of them. These Rapes were divided roughly along North to South lines and contained from 12 to twenty [of these] Hundreds. From East to West the Rapes were: Hastings, Pevensy, LEWES, Bramber and Arundel.[note LEWES for later.] All TILLINGHAST identifications have been found in the three Eastern Rapes with the greatest concentration of TILLINGHASTS in the Central Rape of LEWES. From 'TITTA' of the Conquest to the nearest thing to'TILLINGHAST' we have is:
[note: number identification is for reference only]

1- 1230 AD- Ralph De Tellingherst--Sussex, on the Pipe
Rolls.
2- 1296 AD-Willmo De Tytynghurst; Tax- 1s, 4p(1 schilling,
4 pence)Lendefeld, Strete Hundred-- Lewes Rape
3- Wilmo De Telgerst; East Grinsted Hundred' , Pevensy
Rape. Tax 1s,51/2d (Estgrenested)
4- Galfro DE Telgerst; 3 s, 0 d- Estgrenested Hundred,
Pevensy Rape [Brother to Wilmo #3?]
5- 1327 AD-John de Tytyngesherst,[note that spelling,a bad Census taker, probably] Strete Hundred, Lewes Rape
Tax 1s, 0d--Ardengly{Ardsley ?]Strete Hundred, Lewes Rape
[While there are lots of 'Johns' in the Tillinghast line,
it would be difficult to directly tye us to this 'John', the earliest one found.]
6- Willo de Tylinghers, Bexhill 1/2 Hundred, Hastings Rape
Tax 0s, 7 /2d (Boxhill)

At this point notice the drop of 'de' in the 1332 Tax List,
next.
7- 1332- Willo Tylinghers, Buxle[Boxhill] Hundred, Hastings
Rape- (de)
8- Galfro de Telghurst, Ristondene Hundred, Pevensy Rape
9- John de Tytynghurst, Strete Hundred, Lewes Rape
10-1340 AD Nonorum(Norman?) Tydinghurst, Sussex Hundred,
Lewes Rape
11- 1436 AD-John Toghngersshe, The Taxman reported the
default of this man, a very serious offence.
0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-

1530 AD- ROBERT TILLINGHAST is born this year. No Record of a tax recorded. Most probable ancestor of the Tillinghasts.
1565- Rev. JOHN TILLINGHAST is born this year. Probable son of the above Robert. He was a graduate of Oxford Univ.
1595- Rev. JOHN TILLINGHAST marries ALICE PARDON, daughter
of GREGORY and ALICE (PAYNE) PARDON.[This item I corrected]
of Surrey Co, Eng.
1597- JOHN TITTINGHURST ON THE COURT ROLLS, MENTIONED BY A. MAWER. PROBABLE UNCLE OF REV. JOHN. (PHONETIC SPELLING AND GRADUAL CHANGING OF THE 'TT' TO 'LL'.
1600 PARDON[JOHN]TILLINGHAST,father of the Colonist, PARDON
[ELISHA] TILLINGHAST, [There is some controversy over the names John and Elisha being applied to this father and son;
Elton]is born. He married Sarah Browne, a descendant of King Edward I.
1613-[July 9,my research, Elton]
[Elder] ROBERT TILLINGHAST dies, buried in Streat Church Cemetary.[This man is the prime subject as being the earliest known ancestor of the TILLINGHASTS in America.
1622/23- Pardon(Elisha) TILLINGHAST is born in Streat, Sussex, Eng. Emigrated to the Colonies, to Connecticutt, then Rhode Island, @ 1643, no exact date listed in HOTTENS LISTS. Made a Freeman in Providence, @ 1645.
1629- SYMON TILLINGHAST, a son of ROBERT, above, dies, buried at Ilfield, left a WILL.
1630- PARDON(JOHN) TILLINGHAST, father of PARDON, the Colonist, by his wife, SARAH BROWNE, has twins. [I make mention of this because I found lots of twins in the Tillinghast line,. I have uncles who are twins and I have a set too. Elton]
1631- ROBERT TILLINGHAST, Elder, son of ROBERT, brother of both Symon and John, is buried in Ilfield, Aug 11,1631.
1633- ALICE TILLINGHAST,daughter OF JOHN and ALICE (PARDON),
sister to JOHN,MARY,ANNE AND PARDON(ELISHA), the yeoman, marries.
1637- Rev. JOHN TILLINGHAST, father of PARDON(ELISHA),
yeoman & cooper, is instituted,[secured of the position] of Rector of Streat Church, Sussex, Eng.
16-- ( this date may need correction) ALICE (PAYNE) PARDON,
widow of Rev JOHN TILLINGHAST,mother of PARDON(JOHN), the cooper and grandmother of the Colonist, remarries to Henry Waller.
1643- PARDON(ELISHA) TILLINGHAST, born 1622/23, emigrates from Ilfield, Sussex Co; Eng to Rhode Island by way of Connecticutt. King Charles 1st is dethroned and beheaded in 1648 by Cromwell's insurrection, and therefore, any reports and Records of PARDON, the Colonist being a soldier under Cromwell must apply to his father, Pardon(John).

[Comment: From the above it would seem that the name had gone through many changes from it's first appearence as 'TITTA' in the Conquer's time; 1066 AD when he over-ran England. But I thik it needs moree research to support my own theory that the name must have been in use much earlier than the year 1230 AD; as this is almost 200 years after the conqueror in 1066 Ad. the biggest problem is the search for Records and I still think that it will or can be shown that it is a combinning of families that will be the basis for such a name. In this case; TILLING and HASTE(HESSE, a province in southern Germany). I have not found the so-called name, 'TITTA' in any of the German books that are available to me. But the name, 'TILLING', does go back to William's time of the invasion. [William was a 'Norman'.]
If any of this sounds conflicting to you, keep in mind that I haven't tried to change any of me research to support one thing or the other. I give it like I find it but in some instances I have incerted my personal views and I think that that's a compiler's right; (if he marks them off for the reader to see), take it or leave it. And especially if he carries the genealogy of the subject as I do.]

'Elton Levon Powell' <levonelton@netscape.net> Bay Minette, Al.


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