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Family of Mattheus Terwilliger b. 1698 and Maria Oosterhoudt b. 1705
Posted by: Rosy Prospect (ID *****3366) Date: June 20, 2008 at 15:40:55
In Reply to: Re: Almira Terwilliger by Linda Terwilliger Fugate of 927


Below is information for the family of JAN TERWILLIGER born 1656 Holland and SYTIE VAN ETTEN and one of their children named MATTHEUS TERWILLIGER b. 1698 and wife Maria Oosterhoudt b. 1705

Names that belong with the line of

Terwilliger names that are connected with Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania are mentioned...

Information that I posted January, 2008 at his blog.
I don't know how long he will keep the blog so I thought
it would be a good idea to post the information at the Terwilliger forum also:

RosyProspect Says:
January 24th, 2008
Generation No. 3 this is the will of JONATHAN TERWILLIGER, son of Matheus Terwilliger and Maria Oosterhoudt.

Page 260.—TERWILLIGER, JONATHAN, of Shawangunk, Yeoman.
Will dated Oct. 5, 1791. ”
Unto my Eldest son, Jonathan a Horse the choice out of my stock of Horses.”—”Unto my beloved wife Rebaccah my best Bed Bedstead and furniture,”—”After payment of debts to wife and four sons, Jonathan, Mattheus, Tunis and Nathaniel two equal thirteenths each.
Remaining three equal thirteenths to my three daughters, Catharine, the wife of Jonathan Odel, Lintie the wife of Henry Rediger, and Allida.” Wife, son in law Henry Rediger and “my friend Evert Roos” appointed executors.
COR. BRUYN JONATHAN TERWILLIGER (his mark). (Nov. 5, 1791, Cornelius Bruyn of Shawangunk, Esquire, and Evert Roos Junr., farmer, appeared before the Surrogate, proving the will, and signatures of the other witnesses.)
Orig. will in Box 40.)
Box 40. Inventory, taken Oct.
Abram V. Steenbeergh.

One Barrick With Wheat and Rye
in it £15
To Hay
To Corn
To Buckwheat
To seven Horsekinc
To three Milch Cows ? (Milk cows)
To Eleven Young Cattle
To Eight Sheep
To Six pigs
To One Waggon
To two Plows and Irons
To one Slay and Tacklin
To one harrow and Iron Keetle
To one Wind Mill
To three Axes
To two Stubbing Hoes
To three hoes
To three Iron Widges
To two Tithes and tacklin
To one Cross cut saw
To one hand saw and three augers
To one Bittle
To two trammels
To two pair of tongs and one
To one pair of Andirons shovel
Three Iron pots
To one Skillet
To one tea kittle
To three guns
To eight puter plates
To three platters
To one tea pot and crookry
To two candlesticks and i tea can-
nister 2. 29, 1791, by Johanus Parliman and To one Looking Glass To one Table To one Weaving Loom To two Reeds To one Quill Wheel To one Woollen Wheel 3. 5 . 10. 2. 2 . To one small Wheel ………….. 8. To one spade ………………… 3 . To one adz and drawing knife…. 5. To six chairs ………………… 2 . To one half Bushel ……….. … 2. To two Beff casks ……………. 4. To two Washtubs …………….. 3. To one Leechtub ……………… 4. To one Barrel ……………….. 2 . To three Casks ………………. i. To two caggs ………………… 3 . To one Grindstone ……………. 2 . To one Cunkshill …………….. i . To one Chane and Yoke ………. 8. To one bed and bedstead ………. 6. To two shears ……………….. 4. To several things too tedious to mention (sic) ………………. ?. ?. To one mare belonging to Jonathan Terwilliger, Junior ………….. 10. To one bed and bedstead belonging to his wife Rebcccah ………… 3 . To one Griddle ………………. 4. To one Pan ………………….. 2. To one Pigeon Net ……………. 8 . To one Fox trap …………….. 4 . To one small case ……………. i. To one Hetchel ……………… 4. To one Bookcase …………….. i . To flax ……………………… lo.
To one case and bottles 6.
To one Chest 5.
To two Saddles 2. To one Cupbord and chest 10.15.
To three pails S. To twelve Spoons ?. To Weaving Gears ……………. To one broad Ax …………….. 3 . To one Dung and pitch fork …… 3. To Beff and Pork for the family (sic) …………………….. i. To three Big Baskets ………….. 2.
By Gustave Anjou
Compiled by Gustave Anjou
Published 1906
Anjou, Wills
Original from the University of Virginia
Digitized Aug 22, 2007
Vol. 2 has subtitle: in the office of the Surrogate, at Kingston, N.Y., in the Surrogate’s office, New York, and in the Library of Long Island Historical Society; careful abstract and translation of Dutch and English wills, letters of administration after intestates, and inventories with genealogical and historical notes.
OU, Member of the American Historical Association; The National Geographic Society; The American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society; New York Historical Society; New York Genealogical and Biographical Society; National Arts Club; Royal Societies Club; Catholic Record Society; Société Suisse d’Héraldique; Herold Verein. Berlin; K. K. Heraldische Gesellschaft, Vienna; R. Accademia Araldica Italiana, Bari ; British Numismatic Society; Yorkshire, &c., Parish Register Societies, etc. VOLUME II. EXHAUSTIVE INDEXES OF PERSONS AND LOCALITIES. FAC-SIMILES OF SIGNATURES, ETC. Niw YORK G USTAVE ANJOU
i 906 Note: Another researcher told me this information is also in the Terwilliger Family of America-printed genealogy-by George and Myron Terwilliger.

RosyProspect Says:
January 24th, 2008
Hi there! Emmor Dietterich was the father of Sarah Dietterich.
She became Sarah Terwilliger.
Generation No.6 listing at has Abraham Terwilliger born June 11, 1789
and Hannah Fox listed with a son named named Andrew Terwilliger b. 1827
who married Sarah Dietterich.
Biography: Emmor Dietterich b 1821 Pennsylvaniabiography mentions Andrew Terwilliger and Warren Terwilliger
Date: Sun, 21 Jan 2007 22:23:12 -0800 (PST)
EMMOR DIETTERICH, farmer, P. O. Berwick, was born in Centre Township July 7, 1821, a son of Lewis and Elizabeth (HOOFNAGLE)DIETTERICH, natives of Pennsylvania and of German descent. His great-grandfather came from Germany and settled in Northampton County, Penn., where he resided until his death. He was among the first settlers of that county. His son, Jacob, was a farmer and came to Columbia County in 1800, and settled in Centre Township. He owned a large tract of land, all timber, which required many years of labor to clear. He was a strong Democrat in politics, and was sixty-four years old at the time of his death. Subject’s father was only ten years old when his parents came to this county, and he used to take the grain on horseback to the old RITTENHOUSE mill. He was a carpenter by trade, which he followed all his life as long as he was able to work. He was the father of five children: Emmor, Stephen and Sarah (wife of Andrew TERWILLIGER), living, and Phoebe and Elias,
deceased (the latter served in the civil war and died a short time after his discharge). Our subject was reared on a farm and has followed agricultural pursuits since he was seventeen years old. He farmed for his father until he was twenty-four years old, and then farmed on shares until he was twenty-eight. He bought the farm where he now resides in 1870, and owns seventy acres of good land in Briarcreek Township. He married, March 4, 1849, Mary MOSTELLER, and four children were born to them, two of whom are living: Edella and Dora, wife of Warren TERWILLIGER. The deceased are Clark and Lewis H. Mr. and Mrs. DIETTERICH are members of the Lutheran Church. He has served as school director, auditor, judge of elections and inspector, and was supervisor eleven terms.(History of Columbia and Montour Counties Pennsylvania, Battle, 1887, pg 387) Columbia County, Pa biographies: Briarcreek

RosyProspect Says:
January 24th, 2008 at 6:40 am
Generation No. 8 daughter of WILLIAM KAYLOR TERWILLLIGER, Granddaughter of ABRAHAM TERWILLIGER and HANNAH FOX (listing at
Anna M. Terwilliger b. 1851 native of Pennsylvania mentioned in biographical sketch of
her father-in-law. She was married to PINKEY MOSES SPEER (source: Gen 8 listing)
in 1874 Logan County, Arkansas. Children’s names were also included in biography.
D. Speer, planter, Booneville, Ark. D. Speer, a well-known resident and planter of Logan County, was born in Kentucky, June 7, 1818, and is a son of James and Penelope (Jacks) Speer, both also from the blue-grass soil of Kentucky. The parents were married in their native State, but received their final summons in the Lone Star State, whither they had removed at an early day. Of fourteen children born to this union, only three are now living. D. Speer passed his boyhood days on the farm, and received an average education in the common schools. He was married in Tennessee, and the result of this union was the birth of nine children, six of whom are now living: D. G., Lee A., G. C., P. M., Martha F. (wife of George Keys) and William. Those deceased were John H., Ella A. and James. In 1863 Mr. Speer enlisted in the Confederate Cavalry and served until the close of the war. He was paroled at Tyler, Smith County, Tex. In 1866 he emigrated from Texas to Arkansas and settled in Hempstead County, where be resided one year. He then moved to this county, bought his present property, which consists of 270 acres of land, with 100 acres under cultivation, and he is one of the substantial men of the township. His wife, who was a worthy and consistent member of the Baptist Church, died in 1872. Mr. Speer is a member of the same church. His son, P. M., was born September 6, 1854, and was married in this county in 1874 to MISS ANNA M. TERWILLIGER, a native of Pennsylvania, born in the year 1851. Four children were born to this union, three of whom are now living: Minnie E., Nellie M., Dew and Viola (deceased). Mrs. Speer is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church South.
Source: Logan County Arkansas Biographical and historical memoirs of Western Arkansas
Note: This was also posted at the Terwilliger rootsweb archive Sat, 17 March 2007

RosyProspect Says:
January 24th, 2008 at 6:57 am
I really enjoyed reading the wonderful web page at on the TERWILLIGER’S. I might be adding repeats/duplicated information but better to get it twice than not at all! I posted this biography below at the Terwilliger family genforum on April 21, 2006 message #673.
JOHN M. TERWILLIGER born 1840 appears in Generation No. 6 as the child of ABRAHAM and HANNAH FOX TERWILLIGER.
Biographical sketches from
Seneca, Thompson Township, Ohio history JOHN M. TERWILLIGER, merchant, and postmaster at Flat Rock, Ohio, was born November 3, 1839, in Bloomsburg, Columbia Co., Penn., where his parents, Abraham and Hannah Terwilliger, resided until their death. He came to Thompson Township, this county, December 25, 1857, and commenced learning the wire-maker’s trade. In July, 1861, he enlisted in the Thirtyfourth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served in the campaigns of Western Virginia, taking part in the active operations in that part of the field. He was captured by the enemy June 10, 1864, at Buchanan, Va., and was held prisoner ten months in Andersonville, (1a. He received an honorable discharge from the service in June, 1865, leaving a fine record as a brave and faithful soldier, always ready for the discharge of duty. Returning to this county he again devoted himself to his trade. March 22, 1866, he married Miss Sarah Mohn, of Thompson Township, this county, and by this union were born Sylvia C., Katie E., Etna M., Calvin C. and William M. Mr. and Mrs. Terwilliger are worthy members of the Evangelical Church. He, is an earnest Republican, and takes a deep interest in public affairs. He is a member in high standing of the I. O. O. F. In September, 1881, Mr. Terwilliger was appointed postmaster at Flat Rock, and in August, 1882, he established a grocery and provision store, moving the post-office into the store.

RosyProspect Says:
January 25th, 2008
Information posted below is regarding:
Generation No. 3 children of Matheus Terwilliger and Maria Oosterhoudt , son named NATHANIEL TERWILLIGER born 1746. Sibling to JONATHAN TERWILLIGER-see the
Will of JONATHAN TERWILLIGER posted above.
They are brothers of THEUNIS TERWILLIGER—ancestor of WILLIAM KAYLOR TERWILLIGER who was born in Bloomsburg County, Pennsylvania and died in Booneville, Logan County,
Arkansas. (see chart at
Here is some information on NATHANIEL TERWILLIGER born 1746 in New York. He was also a soldier in the American Revolution. He is buried at the Hopewell Cemetery in Ohio.
There are other Terwilliger family names at the Hopewell cemetery and also photographs of the headstones at the Hopewell cemetery site.
Timeframe/era of some of the information: When Pittsburgh was called FORT PITT Some of the stories sound similar (repeat) but they are from different sources…
From the City of Montgomery, Ohio
Montgomery Heritage
(local government/city hall web page)
The community of Montgomery began in the spring of 1795 when six sturdy and resolute families from Orange County, New York, set out on a journey that brought them to what is today Montgomery, Ohio, The families were all related with names that have become commonplace in our community. There were the three Felter sisters and their husbands Cornelius Snider, the leader; Jacob Roosa; and Nathaniel Terwilliger along with three Felter brothers and their wives.
The closely knit, stalwart group gathered together their possessions and traveled through Ft.Pitt (now Pittsburgh), floated down the Ohio River to the mouth of the Little Miami River, and made their way up Sycamore Creek to where it meets the present Montgomery Road just north of Bethesda North Hospital. The first winter was spent in simple lean-to shelters left by early scouts. Then, in spring of 1796, they moved to the junction of two Indian trails, which are Cooper Road and Main Street.
The growth of Montgomery was a gradual one with about a dozen homes being built by 1816. That number grew to about 500 by 1950. In 1910, Montgomery was incorporated as a village, and it became a city in 1971 having reached 5000 inhabitants. Today, the population is approximately 10,000.
Doing a quick search at that site, two interesting landmarks showed up:
There is a Landmark in Montgomery, Ohio of the Patmore-Lumleu house c.1810
Located at 7919 Cooper Road
This landmark rests on land owned by Nathaniel Terwilliger and sold to Abraham Patmore in 1807 for $32.00. The second story left third of the house, and front porch, were additions made sometime after 1905. One of Montgomery’s claims to fame was a 4-century old oak tree in the back yard of this Landmark House. The tree was entered in the social register of big trees of the National Forestry Service in 1964 but was destroyed by a wind storm in 1972. The Lumley family purchased the house in the second half of the 1800’s. It remained in their family for more than 100 years. (Lumleu? Lumley? Typo was on that site)
Located at 7967 Cooper Road
While this Victorian residence has been modified during ensuing years, its essential style is still intact. The foundation walls supporting the original structure are three feet thick. According to oral history, a tavern once occupied the site. Early owners of the property were several of the original settlers of Montgomery: Nathaniel Terwilliger, Joseph Crist, Cornelius Snider, and Lodowich Weller
Hopewell cemetery: (information from the same site listed above)
Hopewell Cemetery, which was founded in 1803, is owned and operated by the City of Montgomery. Hopewell Cemetery is historically significant, serving as the burial location of many of the City’s first settlers.
Among those who arrived in Montgomery in 1795, Cornelius Snyder, Jacob Roosa, and Nathaniel Terwilliger, are buried here, as well as five Revolutionary War veterans and over fifty Civil War veterans. The cemetery was created by the early settlers in the area as a place of respect, a means of honoring their triumphs and perpetuating the memory of loved ones. The oldest section of the cemetery is known as the “Pioneer Section” which was officially preserved as a Montgomery Landmark in 1978. Many of the headstones in the historical Pioneer section have been photographed and cataloged.
“In 1806-7 a number of citizens from Montgomery, Orange Co., N. Y., came by the way of Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) and Columbia, and settled around this point, as a good place for trade and farming. Among these were Jacob and Cranmer Felton, Cornelius Snider (grandfather of James Snider), John C. Weller, Nathaniel Terwilliger, Joseph Taulman, H. Crist, Jacob Roosa and others. Coming from Montgomery they naturally named the new place in honor of their old home. In 1810 a company of these men was organized for the purpose of erecting and running a gristmill. Some of the names were Elliott, Crist, Snider and Sears-the latter was the millwright. Soon after commencing business in the mill, they opened a store on the corner now occupied by R. Parrott. In 1816 additions to the town were made by Joseph Taulman and Lodwick Weller, and subsequently two more by Daniel Hayden and Eli Dusky.”
From History of Hamiltion County Ohio
Pages 388-394
Transcribed by Linda Boorom
Rootsweb site
Sycamore Township
Sycamore Twp. The following memoranda of Sycamore justices in later years have been preserved: … 1829 — SCHOONMAKER, AYRES, Matthew TERWILLIGER, Henry MORSE. …
(Matthew Terwilliger married twice)
It is thought by some that inroads were made upon the forest and improvements begun by white men upon the present site of Montgomery as early as the fall of 1794; but the earliest trustworthy date is fixed one year from that time, when a colony of six families came in from Ulster county, New York. They were headed, respectively, by three brothers FELTER — Jacob, Irominius, and David — Cornelius SNYDER, Nathaniel TERWILLIGER, and Jacob ROSA. All were FELTER families, indeed, in this, that the three brothers sired one-half of them, and their three sisters — Mesdames SNYDER, TERWILLIGER, and ROSA — were mothers to the other three. It is seldom that a pioneer colony is thus uniquely made up. SNYDER bought of Thomas ESPY, June 27, 1796, the whole of section four, for one thousand four hundred and forty dollars. Here the first improvements were made by the party. August 1st of the same year TERWILLIGER bought of Judge SYMMES the southwest quarter of section three, upon which section Montgomery is situated, and began the clearing of that tract shortly after. Nearly five years afterwards — May 5, 1801 — he also bought the north half of the section, and upon it laid out the town of Montgomery. It was surveyed in 1802; but the recorded plat of this bears date the ninth of August, 1805. It is situated on the Montgomery pike, two and one-half miles from the south line of the township, and one and a half miles from Montgomery station, in Symmes township, on the Marietta & Cincinnati railroad. The old State road from Columbia to Chillicothe formerly passed through it. When the Montgomery turnpike was established the State road was straightened, leaving Main street, upon which are the oldest houses in the village, out of its line, and creating State street upon its new line.
The following interesting passages are taken from Mr. Richard NELSON’s work on Suburban Homes. Mr. NELSON was formerly a resident at Montgomery:
Like most towns of its size Montgomery has no written history. Situated on a leading road, it became a resting place for teamsters and travellers, and so grew up from a single tavern to what it now is, a town of five hundred inhabitans. A log cabin formed the first tavern of the place. This was situated on the southeast comer of Main and Mechanic streets, on what is now known as the Station road, and kept by John OSBORN. A man named YOST opened another tavern on the diagonel corner. Some idea of the extent of travel, or the drinking habits of the people of that time (1809), may be formed when we state that a fifty-barrel supply of whiskey for the year failed to meet the demand upon YOST’s bar.
In 1806-7 a number of citizens from Montgomery, Orange county, New York, came by the way of Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh), and Columbia, and settled around this point, as a good place for trade and farming, Among these were Jacob and Cranmer FELTON, Cornelius SNIDER, grandfather of James SNIDER; John Z. WELLER, Nathaniel TERWILLIGER, Joseph TAULMAN, H. CRIST, Jacob ROOSA, and others. Coming from Montgomery, they naturally named the new place in honor of their old home. In 1810 a company of these men was organized for the purpose of erecting and running a grist-mill. Some of the names were ELLIOTT, CRIST, SNIDER, and SEARS — the latter was the millwright. Soon after commencing business in the mill they opened a store on the corner now occupied by Mr. R. PARROTT.
In 1816 additions to the town were made by Joseph TAULMAN and Lodwick WWLLER, and subsequently two more by Daniel HAYDEN and Eli DUSKY.
RosyProspect Says:
January 25th, 2008
Information I will be posting below is regarding Generation No. 7. at Jasper Terwilliger is charted as a Grandchild of Abraham Terwilliger and Hannah Fox.
He would also be a nephew of William Kaylor Terwilliger who passed on in Arkansas.
Jasper Terwilliger born in 1849 is listed as the child of JACOB TERWILLIGER and AMANDA DEWITT.
Start of my information on:
JASPER NEWTON TERWILLIGER born 1849/Pennsylvania married JEANNETTE WELLS. Her parents are JUSTUS WELLS and CORDELIA WELLS they came over on the Oregon Trail. JASPER NEWTON TERWILLIGER fought in the Modoc Indian War of Northern California/Southern Oregon.
The official home page of the Lava Beds National Monument/National Parks Service has a book that mentions JASPER NEWTON TERWILLIGER.
From “During the Modoc War of 1872-1873, the Modoc Indians used the park’s lava flows to their tactical advantage. Under the leadership of Captain Jack, the Modocs took refuge in “Captain Jack’s Stronghold,” a natural lava fortress. From here a group of 53 fighting men and their families held off US Army forces numbering up to ten times their strength for five months.
Book: Modoc War: It’s Military History and Topography by Erwin N. Thompson. 1971 Argus Books. The Lava Bed Monument official home page has most of the book digitized including photographs.
Modoc War, Chapter 4, Jan 17, 1873
Major Green—Troop F, 1st Cavalry, Capt. David Perry
…Getting underway again (no easy task in the extremely uneven terrain where a lieutenant or a sergeant could see and control not more than a handful of his men at any one time), the western command came under its first enemy fire. (Pvt.?) J. N. TERWILLIGER, F Troop, later recalled, “Several of F Troop were wounded as the line advanced. Guttermuth and Hollis, close to myself, were victims. We took Hollis under cover, took off his belts, gave him a drink of water, and as he was badly wounded we signalled the hospital corps, and two men were shot in attempting to reach him.” The Modocs, hidden by the fog, knowing the terrain, and taking advantage of the excellent concealment provided by the hundreds of outcroppings and ridges, slowly withdrew, reducing Green’s advance to a mere crawl. TERWILLIGER described the scene, “We all remember the cold dismal foggy day, the fog being so thick we could almost cut it with a knife.” Then, at two p.m., Green’s men reached “a very deep chasm, beyond which no advance could be made without great sacrifice of life.” [10]
endnotes for chapter 4 10Ibid.; J. N. Terwilliger, “Letter,” Winners of the West, Apr. 30, 1926,
Battlefields of the Modoc War are among the outstanding features of the Lava Beds National Monument. These include Captain Jack’s Stronghold in and around which one can see the numerous cracks, ridges, and knobs used by the Modoc in defending their position, numerous Modoc outpost fortifications, smoke-stained caves inhabited by the Modoc during the months of the war, corrals in which the Modoc kept cattle and horses, and a war-dance ground and council area. Around the Stronghold one can see numerous low stone fortifications built by troops advancing on the Stronghold, as well as numerous fortifications built by the troops after the evacuation of the Modocs, the fortifications built after evacuation being for the purpose of defending the Stronghold in the event that the Modoc should attempt to return to their former strong defensive position. The Thomas-Wright battlefield, near Hardin Butte, is one of the interesting features of the monument; as is also the site of Gillem’s camp, the former military cemetery, Hospital Rock, and Canby’s Cross. (From Wikpedia-online encyclopedia)
…another later portion of Chapter 4 (book at the Lava Bed Monument continued source:”Modoc War-It’s Military History and Topography by Erwin N. Thompson) …When he learned that Wheaton was retreating to the west, Green decided to withdraw to Land’s ranch by way of Hospital Rock. In the official report, this slow march appeared simply, “this I began to do at 10-1/2 p.m., but as several of the wounded had to be carried in blankets, it was 1 p.m. the following day before the last of the column reached there.” This march, “over the rocky path that only a chamois could make its way on,” averaged barely one mile an hour, including a stop for rest at Hospital Rock. A participant, 2d Lt. William Miller, recalled, “It was through this bright moon light and over this echoing rock that the regulars, already worn out . . . laden with their wounded . . . were compelled to make their way to safety.”
The straggling column reached Hospital Rock without incident. Here, the small guard had hot coffee and some food waiting. Some of the men slept during the break, but not TERWILLIGER who knew one of Troop G’s cooks and coaxed him into a meal. TERWILLIGER recalled that “the cook took an axe, and broke open a cracker box. It sounded like a shot, and every trooper was out of his tent with his carbine.”
The battle-weary soldiers zig-zagged in their torn boots over the razorsharp lava. Lieutenant Miller described “a California volunteer, whose leg was broken . . . riding horse back . . . with the broken leg hanging loose.” A comrade tied a rope to the ankle of the broken leg “by which the swinging limb was pulled this way and that . . . in order to avoid a jagged rock and sage brush along the trail.” Another wounded man was carried the whole way in a blanket. When the column reached Land’s ranch and the order to halt was given, the men promptly fell asleep right where they were.
After a day’s rest, Green led his men (except Troop G) around the north side of Tule Lake back to Wheaton’s headquarters at Van Brimmer’s, arriving there on the 20th. The wounded jolted on to the hospital at Fort Klamath aboard wagons, there being no ambulances. Captain Bernard took his troop eastward to establish a new camp at Applegate’s ranch on Clear Lake. [17]
Within a few days after the battle the various officers began compiling their reports. Out of this avalanche of words emerged the statistics, figures that caused the nation to wonder what had happened at the Stronghold. Wheaton set the overall strength of the attacking force at 400, of whom 225 were regulars. These figures included camp guards, Lieutenant Ross’ reserve, and others whose duties kept them out of battle. Major Green took a more careful count and found that the total actually involved in fighting was 300—175 regulars, 104 volunteers, and 20 Klamath scouts.
As to the number of Modocs who participated, none of the whites was certain. One of the major problems in guessing this figure was that no one had seen a single Modoc on January 17. Wheaton put forth the most conservative guess—150. Governor Grover raised the figure a little by estimating from 150 to 200. The Yreka Union accepted 200 as correct. None of these would have believed that less than 60 Modoc men took part in the engagement. (end of portion of the book from the Lava Bed National Monument by Erwin N. Thompson)
JEANNETTE WELLS and JASPER NEWTON TERWILLIGER were married on 26 Sep 1878 in Jackson County, Oregon, USA.
1892 in California JASPER NEWTON TERWILLIGER appears on a voting list.
Name-Age-Height-Cplx-Eyes-Hair-Marks, Scars, voter registration date
TERWILLIGER, JASPER NEWTON ,42 5′ 4″ Dark Grey Brown Pennsylvania
Montague, California Occupation:Painter registered: September 1, 1892
Montague Cemetery in Montague, California
Lilly Terwilliger 1880-1900
Carl Terwilliger 1889-1918
Fred Terwilliger 1883-1962 (Note: California death records has a Fred J. Terwilliger born on 11/18/1883 mother named WELLS born in California on 11/18/1183 died Siskiyou on 3/31/1962 at the age of 78. I have seen listings for him as FRED JUSTUS TERWILLIGER)
Garfield Terwilliger 1881-1963 (Note: I have seen him listed as JASPER GARFIELD TERWILLIGER)
Jasper Terwilliger 1849-1935 Father
Jeannette Terwilliger 1861-1935 Mother
Clyde Terwilliger 1917-1988 Grandson.
End of Montague Cemetery listing.
There is another book “Indian War Veterans” by Jerome A. Greene that has a section on the West Coast and part of section D in the table of contents says “incident in the charge on the Modocs, January 17, 1873 by Jasper N. Terwilliger”. It looks like the same information from the Lava Bed Monument. There is a publication titled “Winners of the West” and it was the official publication of the National Indian War Veterans of the United States. JASPER NEWTON TERWILLIGER must have sent in a letter to the “Winners of the West”. The information has been used in more than one book.
There is a book “Burnt Out Fires” by Richard H. Dillon published 1973 by Prentice Hall. Original was from the University of Michigan digitized July 6, 2006. A snippet view of that book says “…the wounded had to be carried out of the lava in blankets held by comrades or on the backs of a few Indian ponies captured during the battle. Private Terwilliger remembered how a Troop G cook spooked the whole nervous…page 178″.
End of post by “Rosy Prospect”
Note: I posted a fuller version of data on this family at the WELLS family forum message
#10821 dated May 6, 2007 and I also posted more information at the TERWILLIGER
family forum message # 746 on May 7, 2006. There is more specific information

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