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KY Teeter as Croatan Indians & Malengeans
Posted by: Ace Maupin (ID *****4165) Date: January 25, 2009 at 06:59:06
  of 1112

There is a lot beautifull history to this part
of the william Teater and Nancy Ross family Garrard Kentucky.
William Teater a 3rd son of George Teater Sr and his 1st wife sarah. part of the family has intersting notes while in the Cherokee Nation OK..
William Teater son Samuel B Teater married Sarah S Santee
on 23 Jan 1820 in Woodford Kentucky.
Sarahs father was John Santee a member of a very interesting tribe known in todays terms as the Lumbee tribe.
In the old days they were the NC Croatans and Malengeans.
Notes and records on Sarahs tribe and family.
The Croatan Melangean Trible members clan of
Bladen NC 1800.
Mithchell, Thomas 7 Bladen County

Lourey, William 5 Bladen County

Webb, John 8 Bladen County

Webb, William 7 Bladen County

Patrick, David? 7 Bladen County

Demery, John 4 Bladen County

Smith, Abraham 12 Bladen County

Smith, Henry 3 Bladen County

Chavis, John 4 Bladen County

Jacobs, James 4 Bladen County

Pope, David 6 Bladen County

Jacobs, John 5 Bladen County

Jacobs, Shadrack 6 Bladen County

Chavis, Erasmus 9 Bladen County

Webb, Elizabeth 6 Bladen County

Freeman, Lukey 3 Bladen County

Santee, John 7 Bladen County

Demery, Rinda 3 Bladen County

Martin, Robert 6-2 Bladen County

Wilkins, William 2 Bladen County

Kersey, Job 4 & 1 free white woman 26-45 Bladen County

Martin, Sarah 4 Bladen County
Croatan People Malengean people listed Other Free
1810 Bladen NC
Santee, John junr 4 Bladen Co. p191

Santee, John Senr 5 Bladen Co. p191

SANTEE The name was identified as Indian in the Howellsville township
in the 1870 census of Robeson. Death records show the Indian name Santee
in 1929 in Fairmont township. They were related to he Hunt and Oxendine
families. Santee is an infrequent Indian name. A "Santee" restaurant
operated in the town of St. Pauls in the 20th centur
The contemporary Pee Dees, Santees, and Edistos have assumed their
present names from the rivers near their homes.

The present-day Pee Dees include part of the Lumbees. They are not the
Pee Dees who joined the Catawbas in the colonial era. In 1981, there
were an estimated 2,000 Pee Dees scattered through Dillon and Marlboro
Counties. The Lumbee Indians are not included in this work or( book )
as they are part of the history of North Carolina.

The present-day Santees appear to be descended from a splinter group of
the original Pee Dees who became dissatisfied with their reservation in
Dorchester Co. and moved to the vicinity of Four Hole Swamp, near Holly
Hill, These Indians are descendants of Indians who did not move to join
the Catawbas. It is likely that some of these are related to the Etiwan
Indians who formed the largest population of Indians on the coastal
plain during the colonial period.
The modern Edistos are likely descendants of the Kusso Indians and the
Natches Indians. Their two settlements are Four Holes and Creel Town. .

The above writing is taken for the book South Carolina Indians Indian
Traders and Other Ethnic Connections Beginning in 1670 by Theresa M.
Records of Sarah Santee people the Croatan Malengeans
July 17, 1890
> --Red Springs, North Carolina
> Hamilton McMillan
> 'The Croatan tribe lives principaly in Robeson county, North
Carolina, though there is quite a number of them settle in counties
adjoining in North and South Carolina. In Sumter county, South
Carolina, there is a branch of the tribe, and also in east Tennessee.
In Macon county, North Carolina, there is another branch, settled
there long ago. those living in east tennessee are
called "Melungeons", a name also retained by them here, which is
corruption of 'Melange', a name given them by early settlers
(French), which means mixed.''
> ------------------------------
> Georgia Crotan to be Executed Next Month for Murder.
> New York Times
> February 28, 1897, Wednesday
> ATLANTA, Ga., Feb. 27. -- For the first time in fifty years an
Indian is under sentence of death in Georgia. He will be hanged in
Glynn County next month. Marcellus Lowry, the condemned man, is a
Crotan Indian from the celebrated band
> in North Carolina, many of whom have drifted with the turpentine
and timber men into Southern Georgia, where they are
called "Melungeons."
> -----------
> A hundred years ago a colony of Croatans settled in eastern
Tennessee, on Newman's Ridge, in Hancock county. They can't tell
today where they came from, for tradition over 50 years isn't worth
anything. These are the people called Melungeons. They are similar
in racial characteristics to the Croatans, and Dr. Swan M. Burnett, a
distinguished scholar and scientitst - the husband, by the way, of
Mrs. Francis Hodgson Burnett, the novelist - has traced by family
names the connection between the Melungeons and the Croatans.
> ------------------------------
> I, LI Parrott, clerk of the court for Sumter County, said state, do
> certify that the families of Smilings and Goins of this county have
> known as "Red Bones" ever since I have been acquainted with the
people. Mr.
> McDonald Furman, now deceased, took a great deal of trouble several
years ago
> to establish the fact that they were...of the Indian race...they
are looked
> upon as a separate race, neither white nor negro."
> "I know William Goins, father of these parties. I visited them in
South Carolina once about 6 years ago. The general reputation I got
down there was that they were Indian people. They were supposed to
be Indians. I have lived in Robeson county all my life and i am
perfectly familiar with the Indian people up here. from my
association, being in the home of old man Goins and his family and
from the investigation I have made of the people there, my opinion is
that on the mother's side plaintiffs are Indians and on the father's
side Malungeans."
> Hamilton McMillan, witness for the defendants;
> I was acquainted with the Indians of Robeson County at the time the
Act of 1885 was passsed designating them as Croatan
> "Question by the court to McMillan: Do these people here call
> Croatans?
> Answer: No sir, they call themselves Malungeans.
> Question: Were they never called Croatans until this Act was
introduced in
> here?
> Answer: No sir.
> ----------------------
> The North Carolina Booklet: Great Events in North Carolina History
> Martha Helen Haywood, Hubert Haywood,
> Mary Hilliard Hinton, E. E. Moffitt,
> General Society of the Daughters of the Revolution North Carolina
Society. 1916
> Although the Melungeons and the Redbones are mixed up in this
article -- all three are shown to be related
> Croatan; a so-called group of Indians, living mainly in Robeson
County. James Mooney, the noted expert, who is regarded as the finest
authority on Indian history, says the theory that the Croatan are
descended from the "Lost Colony" of Roanoke Island is baseless. Mr.
Mooney has spent much of his life in North Carolina, studying these
matters, and was here in 1916. He says the Croatan "embrace the blood
of the wasted native tribes, the early colonists or forest rovers,
runaway slaves and other negroes, and that of a steady stream of the
Latin races from coasting vessels in the West India and Brazilian
> " The Croatan applied for recognition by the United States as
Cherokee, but it was denied and the Cherokee acknowledge no
relationship, having visited the Croatan country on a tour of
inspection. There is a queer offshoot of the Croatan known
as "Malungeons," in South Carolina, who went there from this state ;
another the "Redbones," of Tennessee. Mr. Mooney has made a careful
study of both of these branches also.
> ----------------
> Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology - Ethnology -
> page 365
> Croatan Indians. The legal designation in North Carolina for a
people evidently of mixed Indian and white blood, found in various e.
sections of the state, but chiefly in Robeson co., and numbering
approximately 5,000..........................
> ................Across the line in South Carolina are found a
people, evidently of similar origin, designated "Red bones." In
portions of w. N. C. and E. Tenn. are found the so-
called "Melungeons" (probably from French melangi', 'mixed')
or "Portuguese," apparently an offshoot from the Croatan proper
> Also Published:
> Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico -
> by Frederick Webb Hodge - Indians of North America - 1911
> --------------------------------
> By Swan M. Burnett, M. D., Washington
> October 1889
> This article was read before the Anthropological Society of
Washington D. C on February 5, 1889
> Since the above communications was read before the Society I have
received from several sources valuable information in regard to the
Melungeons; but the most important contribution bearing on the
subject, as I believe, is the little pamphlet published by Hamilton
Mc Millan, A. M., on "Sir Walter Raleigh's Lost Colony" (Wilson,
N.C., 1888). Mc Millan claims that the Croatan Indians are the direct
descendant of this colony. What connection I consider to exist
between the Melungeons and the Croatan Indians, as well as other
material I have accumulated in regard to the Melungeons, will be made
the subject of another communication which is now in preparation.
> ---------------
> (Reprinted from Papers Am. Hist. Asso., Vol. iv., No. 4., 1891.)
> By Professor Stephen B. Weeks, Ph.D., Trinity College, North
> Page 28-29
> At one time the Croatans were known as 'Redbones,' and there is a
street in Fayetteville so called because some of them once lived on
it. They are known by this name in Sumpter County, S. C., where they
are quiet and peaceable, and have a church of their own. They are
proud and high-spirited, and caste is very strong among them.
> There is in Hancock county, Tennessee, a tribe of people known by
the local name of Malungeons or Melungeons. Some say they are a
branch of the Croatan tribe, others that they are of Portuguese stock.
> The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries
> Volume XXV
> Page 258
> THE TENNESSEE HISTORICAL SOCIETY held an interesting meeting on the
9th of December last (1890) , at Nashville, Judge John M. Lea
presiding. Colonel Reese, on behalf of the committee to consider the
eligibility of women as members, reported that there was nothing in
the rules to prevent, and, in fact, that the society now had a lady
member — Mrs. Martha J. Lamb of New York.
> After the reports of various committees had been read, and other
business transacted, Judge Lea addressed the society on the subject
of the Melungeons. He outlined the early history of the settlement of
North Carolina. A party under the protection of a friendly Indian
chief had gone into the interior when the first settlers came to that
coast and had been lost. No other settlers came till a century
afterward, and they were told of a tribe who claimed a white
ancestry, and among whom gray eyes were frequent. This people were
traced to Buncomb and Robeson counties, where the same family and
personal names were found as in the lost colonies.
> They are now called Croatans, on account of a sign they made on the
trees to keep their way. The Basques of the Spanish coast have been
said to have settled in that country, but this theory was not thought
to be trustworthy. It would be impossible for negroes to form a
distinct race, because the number necessary for a colony would not
have been allowed to run at large. The race has several old English
words which are used as they were in England two hundred years ago,
and a case of civil rights has been won in court by a Melungeon
displaying his person and proving to the court that he was of
Caucasian blood. North Carolina gives the Croatians $1,000 a year for
a normal school, and they have excellent roads. This colony, whose
early history is thus so clearly traced, lies within forty miles of
the Tennessee Melungeons.
> ---------------
> Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico - Page 840
> by Frederick Webb Hodge - Indians of North America - 1911
> Melungeons -- See Croatans
> Tennessee Historical Magazine
> by John Hibbert De Witt, Tennessee Dept. of Education, William
Alexander Provine, Tennessee Historical Society, St. George Leakin
Sioussat - Tennessee - 1915
> Page 127
> This Melungeon colony was here when the explorers of the early days
came in to
> this territory. There is no similarity between the Melungeon and
the negro. ...
> THE MELUNGEONS Russellville has among its inhabitants a fair
sprinkling of ...
> Or that perhaps the Melungeons originated from the English colony
under Capt. ...
> -------------
> A Federalist of the Old School
> by Archibald Henderson - 1917 - 36 pages
> Page 45
> There is a queer offshoot of the Croatan known as "Malungeons," in
South Carolina,
> who went there from this state ; another the "Red- bones," of
> ====================

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