Guy Fawkes was arrested at the entrance, and boldly avowed it as his purpose to have fired the train at the time set. He, with seven of his confederates were tried, convicted and executed.
Another conspiracy, known as the Popish Plot, occurred nearly three quarters of a century later. Titus Oates, who claimed to be a Catholic, pretended to divulge a plot in 1678, on the part of the Jesuits, to murder the King and subvert the Protestant religion. Many prominent Catholics were arrested, tried and convicted of conspiracy, or being concerned in the plot. Titus Oates was afterwards convicted of perjury, and there were many reasons to believe that instead of revealing a plot he and his confederates were conspiring against those they accused. Among their victims was William Howard Stafford, an English statesman, who was born Nov. 30, 1612. As the successor of his uncle on his mother's side he became Baron Stafford, and in 1640 Viscount Stafford. On the oath of Titus Oates he was committed to the Tower of London, October 30, 1678. Witnesses on the trial testified that Lord Stafford had incited them to assassinate the King, and he was condemned and executed Dec. 29, 1680, on Tower Hill, London. The sympathy felt for Lord Stafford turned the tide against Oates, and there were no other executions. His brother, Edward Stafford, being also suspected, fled from England to America and settled in Rhode Island. The only representative of the family left in England was a younger brother, who inherited the property and titles of the family. The Duchess of Sutherland, who died in England but a short time ago was a descendant of that brother.
On his arrival in America. Edward Stafford abjured the Roman Catholic religion and embraced that of the Friends, or Quakers. He was married in Rhode Island to Margaret Green. They had three children. Rebecca and Edward died young. Joseph married Orpha Sweet. They had three sons, John Joseph and Stephen. The eldest and youngest died without children. Joseph married Nancy Green. Their eldest son, Joseph, was born April 25, 1759, in Coventry, Kent county, Rhode Island, and although his parents were Quakers he became a soldier in the American Revolution. He was under his relative, General Greene, from that State, who was also of a Quaker family, and of whom it is said that his mother, when she became satisfied that she could not change his determination to go in the army, said: "If thee must go, I do not want to hear of thee being shot in the back." After the Revolution, Joseph Stafford was married to Orpha Sweet, being the second couple bearing similar names. They had ten children, James, Job, Diadema, Caleb, Oliver, Jewett, Prudence, Christopher B., Moses and Joseph. Four of them came to Sangamon county, namely--
STAFFORD, CALEB, was born June 22, 1789, in Coventry, Kent county, Rhode Island, went with his father, Joseph Stafford, in 1804, to Essex county, New York, where he was married in
1810 to Rebecca Eggleston. He was a soldier in the war of 1812, and was in the battles of Plattsburg, Sept. 17, 1814, Bouquet river, and others in New York. Mr. and Mrs. Stafford had eleven living children in New York, and moved to Sangamon county, Illinois, in 1836, settling near Rochester. Of their children--
DIADEMA, born Dec. 25, 1812, in Essex county, N. Y., married there Dec. 25, 1833, to Gardner T. Bruce, born in 1806, in Keene, N. H., and came to Sangamon county, in 1842. They had three children, namely, GARDNER AUGUSTUS, of Watson, now Buffalo, Sangamon county, Ill., became second lieutenant of Co. L, 10th Ill. Cav., April 8, 1862; was promoted to 1st lieutenant Sept. 29, 1862, promoted to captain July 13, 1864, transferred to captain of Co. A, the same regiment in Jan. 1865, when it was consolidated with the 15th regiment. He was honorably mustered out Nov. 22, 1865, at San Antonia, Texas. G. Augustus Bruce was married to Susan Constant, daughter of Jacob D. Constant. See his name. Mr. and Mrs. Bruce have two children, ADELAIDE and WILLIAM, and live at Corinne, Box Elder county, Utah. CHAS. T., has been a soldier in the U. S. army
since 1859, and is now--1876--with the army in San Antonio, Texas. HELEN, died at Mechanicsburg, Ill., aged eighteen years. Mrs. Diadema Bruce died at Mechanicsburg, Ill., and Gardner T. Bruce married Mrs. Eliza Lyon, whose maiden name was Correll. See Correll and Lyon families. Gardner T. Bruce and wife reside in Atchison, Kansas.
THOMAS D., born Nov. 14, 1814, in Essex county, New York, and married there to Polly Fisher. They came to Sangamon county in 1836, and had three children. ELIZA married George Flagg, at Rochester, and now lives at Galesburg, Ill. CECELIA married Neely Wood, and lives in Galesburg. NELLIE lives with her father. Mrs. Polly Stafford, died in 1872, and T. D. Stafford married Mrs. Dutcher. They live in Galesburg, Ill. He has been totally blind for several years.
ORSON N., born Sept. 11, 1816, in Willsboro, Essex county, N. Y. In 1829, he went to sea and led the life of a sailor until 1835, when he was disabled by a shipwreck, making him a cripple for life. In 1837 he was attached to a government surveying party, on the northern lakes, charged with the duty of selecting sites for light-houses. At Chicago--in his own words--not finding that terrible monopoly, the railroad, to bring him here in eight hours, for six or seven dollars, he had the privilege of paying twenty-five dollars in gold for a stage ticket, enjoyed the luxury of eight days' jolting, and arrived at Springfield, Nov. 29. 1837. He was married in Rochester, Ill., Aug. 29, 1841, to Eliza A. Sherman, a native of Addison, Vermont. She is a direct descendant of Roger Sherman, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. They had one child, EMMA E., born May 23, 1854, and died March 30, 1855. O. N. Stafford has been in different kinds of business. He has sold dry goods, built and remodeled
eighteen houses in Springfield, has been connected with the Illinois State Journal at various times for several years, was elected a member of the city council of Springfield for 1854 and 1855. He considers Springfield his home, but spends the greater part of his time at St. Augustine, Florida, engaged in the cultivation of oranges, lemons and other tropical fruits.
AMANDA MALVINA, born in 1818, in Essex county, N. Y., married in Rochester, Ill., to Dr. Samuel D. Slater. They have five living children. ALBERT S., married Miss Lee, and is a physician and druggist at Wataga, Knox county, Ill. AMANDA M., married Frank M. VanPelt, and lives in Atlanta, Georgia. ANNA E., married Mr. H. H. Harsh, a banker of Creston, Union county, Iowa, and resides there. FRANK, married Carrie Dutcher, and lives in Galesburg, Ill. MINNIE married Dr. Herbert Judd, and lives in Galesburg. Dr. S. D. Slater resides in Galesburg, Ill.
AMOS, born in 1824, in Essex county, N. Y., came with his parents to Sangamon county, in 1836, and married Sarah Johnson. They had three children. ADA A. married and lives in Galesburg, Ill. EVA J. and Edward live at Maroa, Ill. Mrs. Stafford died Sept. 26, 1867, and Amos Stafford died Nov. 26, 1867, both in Decatur, Ill.
HIRAM P., born in Essex county, New York, married in Sangamon county to Mrs. Eunice Black, whose maiden name was Eggleston. They had five children. FRANCES, the third child, died young; LUCINDA, MOSES, WILLIAM and MINNIE live with their parents. H. P. Stafford lived in Decatur, Illinois, until the fall of 1876, when he moved to Carrollton, Missouri.
HENRY H., born July 16, 1829, in Essex county, New York, brought up in Sangamon county, was married Dec. 7, 1851, to Lauretta Ross. They had two children, and moved to Decatur Sept. 16, 1856, where they had one child. Of their children, ADELAIDE died Dec. 21, 1859, aged seven years and four months. ORLANDO C., born Jan. 11, 1856, in Sangamon county, is a steam engineer in an oil mill at Decatur, Illinois. LAURETTA A., born Nov. 8, 1859, lives with her grand-father, Ross. Mrs. Lauretta Stafford died Dec. 7, 1859, in Decatur and Henry H. Stafford was married Aug. 6, 1863, in Jamestown, now Riverton, Ill., to Lydia A. Wright. They had five children, CELESTIA M. and EFFIE G., the second and fourth, died young. MARY E., GRACIE H. and DAISY L. live with their parents. Henry H. Stafford is an engineer, and has been running stationary engines for twenty years. He resides in Decatur, Illinois.
LUCINDA M., born Sept. 10, 1826, in Essex county, New York, married in Sangamon county to John W. Priest. See his name. She died Sept. 10, 1851.
MARY E., born Sept. 11, 1832, in Essex county, New York, married in Sangamon county to James Ransdale, and
died in Rochester, Illinois.
LOUISA, born in Essex county, New York, married in Sangamon county to James Matthew McCoy. See his name. He died and she married James Huston, and lives near Carrollton, Missouri.
RODNEY NELSON, born Oct. 2, 1834, in Essex county, New York, brought up in Sangamon county, and married in Rochester, Ill., April 2, 1857, to Sarah M. VanOrmann. They moved to Decatur, October, 1858, and had six children. HENRY O., was killed on a railroad Nov. 19, 1873, aged about fifteen years. AMOS A., died young. MARY L., WILLIAM N., REUBEN C. and ARTHUR C., the four latter live with their parents. When R. N. Stafford was about fifteen years of age he was run over by a wagon loaded with railroad ties, by which he came near losing his life. He enlisted Aug. 6, 1862, in Co. A, 116th Ill. Inf. He was wounded three times at the siege of Vicksburg, was with Sherman on his "march to the sea," and served until the close of the rebellion, when he was honorably discharged with the regiment, June 7, 1865, at Washington, D. C. Soon after his discharge he came near losing his life by the explosion of a boiler. He became a Christian in January, 1876. R. N. Stafford and family reside in Decatur, Ill.
Mrs. Rebecca Stafford died June 21, 1843, and Caleb Stafford died May 7, 1855, both at Rochester, Sangamon county, Illinois.
STAFFORD, OLIVER, was born in Coventry, Kent county, Rhode Island. He was married in Addison county, Vermont, to Polly Sattley, and came to Rochester, Sangamon county, in 1825. They had six children, namely--
DANIEL SATTLEY, born in Addison county, Vermont, married in Sangamon county to Mattie Parker. They had one child, CLARA A., born April 2, 1836, in Rochester, Illinois, married Jan. 2, 1856, to John H. Brown. See his name. Mr. Brown died April 11, 1866, and Mrs. Brown was married May 5, 1869, to Dr. Justus Townsend. Dr. Townsend and wife reside in Springfield, Illinois, where he is engaged in the practice of his profession. Mrs. Mattie Stafford died in 1838. D. S. Stafford married for his fourth wife Eliza Patterson. They had two living children, EDWARD R. is in the United States Army; MATTIE married a Mr. Black, and lives in Decatur, Illinois. D. S. Stafford died Feb. 4, 1866, in Decatur, and his widow resides there.
PRUDENCE A., born May, 1812, in Addison county, Vermont, married in Sangamon county, Ill., to Jabez Capps See his name.
JANE, born in Vermont, married in Sangamon county to Dr. Franklin Dickinson, and had several children. Their son John married Elizabeth Young, who was born in Anderson county, Ky. They have three children, and live near Rochester, Ill. Dr. Dickenson and his wife both died in Rochester.
WILLIAM P., born near Vincennes, Indiana, brought up in Sangamon county, married in Whiteside county to Susan Coffman, and died there, leaving a widow and children.
OLIVER C., born July 1, 1826, in Rochester, Sangamon county, Ill, married in 1847 to Kitty A. Baker. They have three living children, CHARES, NETTIE and MARY, and live in Mt. Pulaski, Logan county, Ill.
JOSEPH, born in Rochester, Illinois, married Mitylene Ann G. Bowling. They have two children, BURT and FRANK, and live in Galesburg, Illinois.
Oliver Stafford, Sen., died, and Mrs. Polly Stafford died July 4, 1863, both near Rochester, Sangamon county, Illinois.
STAFFORD, JEWETT, was born Jan. 13, 1795, at Coventry, Kent county, R. I., was taken by his parents in 1804, to Essex county, N. Y. In 1812 he went as a soldier from that county in the war with England, was in the battle of Plattsburg, Boquet river, near Willsboro, his home. Jewett Stafford was married in 1818 to Harriet Eggleston, in Essex county, New York. She was born there March 4, 1802. They had two living children in that county, and moved to Sangamon county, Illinois, arriving July, 1825, where Rochester now stands, and had one living
child in Sangamon county. Of their three children--
CHARLES, born Oct. 12, 1820, in Essex county, New York, married in Sangamon county, March 21, 1847, to Julia A. Stafford. They had one child, JULIA A., born Dec. 6, 1847. She married Mitchell Dickerson. They have two children, and live near Rochester, Illinois. Mrs. Julia A. Stafford died Dec. 17, 1847, and Charles Stafford was married Sept. 27, 1848, to Mrs. Sarah A. Stafford, widow of John Stafford. Her maiden name was Wallace. She was born Dec. 24. 1822, in Culpepper county, Virginia. They had four children, MARY A., born Feb. 12, 1854, married George W. Boyce, has one child, and lives near Clarksville, Sangamon county, Illinois. ALBERT R., born Sept. 17, 1856, lives with his parents. IDA L., born Jan. 4, 1860, died May 26, 1874 WILLIAM W., born April 6, 1868, lives with his parents at Clarksville, Sangamon county, Illinois.
HORACE, born June 23, 1822, in Essex county, New York, raised in Sangamon county, married in Taylorville, Illinois, Dec. 9, 1850, to Mary A. Gessner, who was born Nov. 1, 1834, in Fredericktown, Maryland. They had three children, CHARLES J., the second one, died in infancy. MARIA L., born Feb. 27, 1852, and EDMUND W., born Oct. 7, 1855, live with their parents. Horace Stafford and family reside at Clarksville, Sangamon county, Illinois. He is postmaster there, of Berry post office.
AMANDA, born May 9, 1826, in Sangamon county, died April 11, 1837.
Mrs. Harriet Stafford died May 3, 1835, in Sangamon county, and Jewett Stafford married Mrs. Elizabeth Steele, whose maiden name was Robison. She had one child.
HARRIET A., born June 28, 1838, and married Nov. 10, 1860, to William E. Hill, who was born Nov. 9, 1839, in Macon county, Illinois. They had four living children, LAURA E., CARRIE F. and HARRY W. Mrs. Hill died in 1876, and William E. Hill and his children live at Clarksville, Sangamon county, Illinois.
Mrs. Elizabeth Stafford died March, 1842, and Jewett Stafford was married November, 1845, to Mrs. Prudence Stafford, whose maiden name was Putnam. Jewett Stafford died August 12, 1862, and his widow lives one mile southeast of Rochester, Sangamon county, Illinois.
STAFFORD, CHRISTOPHER B., was born July 22, 1797, at Coventry, Kent county, Rhode Island. He was married in Essex county, New York, in 1820 to Laura Eggleston, who died in one year, and he married her sister, Sophronia Eggleston, and moved to Sangamon county, Illinois, arriving July 25, 1824, at Rochester, where they had five children, two of whom died young. Of the other three--
MOSES, born in Sangamon county, Illinois, is married, has children, and resides at Decatur, Illinois.
OSCAR C., born near Rochester, Sangamon county, is married has children, and lives in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
PRUDENCE ANN, born near Rochester, Sangamon county, and now lives at 925 east Carpenter street, Springfield, Ill.
Mrs. Sophronia Stafford died and he was twice married after that. His two last wives were sisters, by the name of Shelton. Christopher B. Stafford was an ordained preacher in the Baptist church more than forty years. Thirty years of that time he was a Justice of the Peace, or rather a peace maker, as it is said of him that he used his office to settle difficulties without law, although by that way of doing business he generally deprived himself of fees. He died March 17, 1870, near Rochester, Illinois, and his widow resides in Iowa.
STAFFORD, JOB, brother to Caleb, Oliver, Jewett, Christopher B., etc., never came to Sangamon county; but his son,
HENRY C., born in 1804 in Essex county, New York, came with his uncles to Sangamon county, arriving July, 1825, at Rochester. He was married Dec. 27, 1827, to Clara Ann Gregory. See Gregory family. They had one child, ALFRED, born Jan. 31, 1829, in Sangamon county, and married April 27, 1856, to Lucy A. Foss, who was born Oct. 7, 1839, in Medina county, Ohio. They have one living child, CHARLES W., and reside near Rochester. Henry C. Stafford died Feb. 2, 1834, in Sangamon county, and his widow married David Crouch.
See his name.
STAFFORD, WILLIAM, was born 1799 at Coventry, Kent county,
Rhode Island. He was a son of John Stafford, consequently a cousin to Caleb, Oliver, Jewett, and Christopher B. William Stafford was married in Essex county, New York, to Prudence Putnam, who was born March 19 1801, at Lewis, in Essex county. She was a leneal descendant of Israel Putnam. William Stafford and wife had two children in New York, moved to Ohio, and three years later to Sangamon county, Illinois, arriving Jan. 1, 1834, at Rochester. Of their children--
JOHN W., born in Essex county, New York, brought up in Sangamon county, and died March 21, 1870, at Havana, Mason county, Illinois.
JULIA A., born in Essex county, New York, married in Sangamon county to Charles Stafford. See his name.
William Stafford died in 1840, and his widow married Jewett Stafford. See his name. Mrs. Prudence Stafford now--September, 1876--resides near Rochester, Sangamon county, Illinois.
STALEY, DANIEL, was born Feb. 11, 1799, in Jefferson county, Va. His father moved to Cabell county, West Virginia, when he was a boy. He was married there in February, 1821, to Rebecca Bowen, who was born Jan. 9, 1802, in Guilford county, North Carolina. She was sister to Zaza Bowen. They had two children in Virginia, and the family moved to Sangamon county, arriving in the fall of 1826, in what is now Loami township, where seven children were born. Of their nine children--
SUSANNAH, born Aug. 12, 1822, in Virginia, married in Sangamon county to Levi Campbell. See his name. He died and she married William B. McCray, and lives near Loami, Ill.
ELIZABETH, born in Virginia, married in Sangamon county to George Owens, and she died Sept. 29, 1844.
MINERVA J., born in Sangamon county, married George Owens. They have seven living children, and live in Macoupin county, near Scottville, Ill.
BARBARA F., married William Russell, and lives in Newton county, Missouri.
REBECCA, married James F. Ward. They had eight children, and Mrs. Ward died. The family live near Trenton, Grundy county, Missouri.
STEPHEN, born March 2, 1835 in Sangamon county, married March 15, 1855, to Isabel Jacobs. They have six children, MARY E., SARAH A., LIZZIE M., SUSAN, STEPHEN D., and DANIEL, and live two and a half miles west of Loami, Sangamon county, Ill.
MARY C., born Jan. 4, 1838, married Williamson M. Nipper. See his name.
She had one child, NANCY M. F., and died March 6, 1857.
DANIEL, born Feb. 10, 1841, in Sangamon county, married March 7, 1861, to Elsa J. Hudson. They had five children. ALICE D., the third child, died young. The other four, ADA L., ARNO V., WILLIAM Y. and JOE D., twins, live with their parents on the farm where his father settled in 1826. It is two miles west of Loami, Sangamon county, Ill.
SARAH M., died aged four years.
Mrs. Rebecca Staley died Nov. 24, 1847, and Mr. Staley married Mrs. Hepsey Nipper, whose maiden name was Gibson. She died March 8, 1873. Mrs. S. resides two and a half miles west of Loami, Sangamon county, Ill.
STANLEY, THOMAS, was born March 23, 1790, in Virginia, and was taken by his parents to Ohio. Elizabeth Centre was born June 22, 1790, in New York. She was married there to Andrew Campbell. He was a soldier in the war of 1812, and was killed at the battle of Fort Meigs, leaving a widow and two children. Thomas Stanley was a soldier in the war of 1812 also, and after the war was married to Mrs. Elizabeth Campbell. They had four living children in Ohio and moved to Sangamon county, Ill.. arriving in the fall of 1829. Of their children--
ABRAHAM Campbell, born in 1811 in Ohio, came in 1829 to Sangamon county and married Phoebe Shepherd. He is a traveling preacher in the M. E. Church. They have four living children. JOHN W. is a physician. SOPHRONIA, MELISSA and WILLIAM are all four married and live in Illinois. Rev. Abraham Campbell lives now--1876--at St. Elmo, Fayette county, Ill.
SARAH Campbell, born Sept. 14, 1813, near Columbus, Ohio, and came in 1829 to Sangamon county, married John D. Swallow. They had three children. DANIEL E., born Jan. 11, 1844, in
Menard county, married Cornelia Day. They have three children, EFFIE M., MAMIE E. and ELSIE M. D. E. Swallow is a printer and lives in St. Louis, Missouri. SAMUEL M., born Jan. 27, 1846, in Mason county, married Mary K. Allen. They have two children, WILLIAM A., and JULIA B. S. M. Swallow is a printer and lives in Mexico, Missouri. HESTER, born Sept. 17, 1849, is unmarried and lives in Springfield. Mrs. Sarah Swallow lives in the latter city.
Of Thomas Stanley's children--
LEONORA, born in Ohio, was married in Sangamon county, to George Neal. They had four living children, and Mrs. Neal died. George Neal married again and lives west of Springfield, Illinois.
DAVID, died aged fourteen years.
CURRENCY, born in Ohio, was married in Sangamon county to Joseph
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