My 3rd Great Grandfather was John W. Kemp in the 46th Tennessee Infantry Co. B that was captured on Island no. 10 on the Mississippi, he was held at Camp Douglas, Illinois until a prisoner exchange a few months later. While he was in prison he was listed as "taking an oath to the U.S. Government". He's also listed on some of his muster roll cards (that I found on footnote.com) as "deserted" & "took oath to U.S.". His widow Eliza Ann applied for his pension in 1908 in Johnson County, TX, where she had resided since 1871. The pension request was rejected. I ordered copies of the pension, and it doesn't give any clear reason why. I had three questions:
1) While there might be multiple factors involved, could a Confederate soldier by taking an oath to the U.S. risk his pension?
2) Is the term "deserted" literal? Could that mean since he was captured he wasn't present when they had a roll call so they use that term? Or, was a Confederate soldier who took an oath to U.S. considered as a deserter?
3) I've read that my GGG Grandfather John W. Kemp is also filed under the same name "John W. Kenny" in the National Archives. When I looked up "John W. Kenny" it had marks by the name saying "name cancelled". Same thing is marked on a J.W. Small, all these in the 46th Tennessee Infantry. is that common of a soldier to re-enlist and change their name?
I would appreciate any help that anyone has. Thank you.
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