According to our discussions below, there were a variety of factors that would lead one to pick the Union over the CSA when the choice had to be made.
According to Margaret's research, divisions based purely on social class/income are an over-simplification. Dave found no relationship based on where people lived in Marion County, AL.
We did see evidence that mountainous areas of the south were more Union-minded. Is this observation valid? If yes, what is it about mountainous sections that would spawn such sentiment. For one thing, these areas would not atract the very wealthy farmers. But is there something else working here?
In the writings of men who served in the First Alabama Cavalry, USA, I've seen a couple of them say that a part of their decision-making processes had to do with their ancestors fighting for the U.S. during the Revolutionary War.
Being followers of Andrew Jackson is also mentioned, but am I correct in assuming this is more of an effect than a cause?
Margaret mentioned religion (specifically Disciples of Christ) being a healing factor after the war. But were there any pre-war divisions based on religion? I do know that Green Haley, a minister in Marion County, was a leader of the Union movement there. (Haley was associated with the Restoration Movement that spawned the present day Disciples of Christ, Christian Churches, and Churches of Christ.)
Bottom line: What were the factors that led toward being a Union sympathizer in the south?
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