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Re: The Solis Name
Posted by: Gerald Gandolfo (ID *****8234) Date: April 21, 2006 at 11:36:04
In Reply to: The Solis name by teresa solis of 188

My family ancesters named Solis came from Santiago de Cuba to Louisiana in the 1760s. THe patriarch, Don Manuel Solis, was born in Boston in 1717, and his parents Don Manuel Solis y. Valca and Graciana Wilks were from Ireland. Never-the-less, he married Donna Barbara Roxas y del Valle in Cuba and came to Louisiana with three Cuban born children. Don Joseph Solis, his son (and my ancester) married Donna Antonia Perez of Havanna betfore leaving Cuba. The Perez family in turn has roots in the CAnary Islands.

The Solis name is not only associated with the Asturias in Spain, it was born there.

Here is the story of the birth of the name as well as some early genealogical info.

Solís

Notes from Spain relative to the surname Solís.

Title: Dona Isabel de Solís, Queen of Granada
Original title: Dona Isabel de Solís, Reyna de Granada
Author: DE LA ROSA, D. Francisco Martinez
Contributor: CHORLEY, John Rutter
Reference: 1019 (May 8,1847), 485 – 487

Genealogy of Solís:
Genealogy from Dictionary of Last Names of the Encyclopedia Heráldica and Genealógica. Extracted and translated from Spanish from Pedro Solís at http://pedro.solis.org/apsolis.html.

Origin of the Name:
This source traces the name to the ancient Kingdom of Asturias. It explains the source of the name, and the evolution of titles of nobility, from the following legend:
During the battles [Battle of Covadonga] with the Moors, Don Pelayo commanded to one of his captains, “You go, that sun is,” meaning it was still early to destroy them before the sun was set. And thus, this was accomplished. Solís, therefore denominated (given as the surname) as the place in which the victory was reached. And, King Don Pelayo gave in señorío (nobility or title) to the winning captain, and which his descendants turned into the last name. (Also, it is from which, the wine named Solís comes.)

Place of Origin:
From the ancient Kingdom of Asturias.
There is in Asturias a place, designated as a parish, called Solís. It belongs to the city council of Corvera and judicial party of Avilés. Its name has a narrow relation with that of the lineage, but is totally separate from the expressed name in the legend.
In the region of Avilés, and of Tineo, between these, the land of the current parish of Solís. It has, from primitive ascent of the family, its seat and señoríos, from which it gets its name. {As will be seen in the genealogy which also includes the origin, formation and unfolding of the last name Solís.} It would a venture to accept as certain positive certain the account of first generations, since they are so old. However, later accounts are permissible as certain due to the evidence of old documents the writings of historians and genealogists, and the historical context in which the data rests.
Sometimes, the contradictions and different judgments of these authors open the way to doubts. In trying to reconcile the details they guarantee. This has been done using the most solid data, and doing without what is discovered in stories and the influence of legends.

Solís Coat of Arms:
In a gold field, a sun of gules [red]. Sewn border of gold with eight jackals verados of azur [blue] and silver. These are the arms considered by authors and ones of the lineage. Others also of well-known authority, replace the jackals verados of the border with eight wolf heads, of gules [red]. [See illustration at http://pedro.solis.org/apsolis.html.]
Tirso de Avilés contends the field is of gules [red] and the gold sun, and suppresses the border. Several tratadistas follow him. Also, there is no lack of those that affirm that the field is of azur [blue] and the gold sun, and that the bordura takes its motto in sable [black] letters, (“With sun they were and they returned and the battle they won”). Others attribute the motto, “To be accustomed to,” to one of the blazons of the last name.
The arms in the first example described are those of the branches of Solís, referred to by genealogies. There is no question that the others derived from this version.

Genealogical Narrative:
Main Branch:
1) Sarracino Sylo, remembered by the many donations and instruments that confirm him in the existing reign of Bermudo II in the Archive of the Cathedral of Oviedo. Descendant of the Asturian Infant Andelgasto or Andelgaster Siliz considers himself, Benedictine founder of the monastery of Santa Maria de Obona (Cangas de Tineo) and of the woman Doña Brunilde, daughter, as well, of the Count Don Gonzalo, settler of Lara. Was the father of:
2) Astur Sylo, in 992 confirmed the donation of Bermudo II of the castle from Miranda to the Church of Oviedo. He had this son and successor:
3) Cubiz Siliz or Solís (found writing in variations of formation of Sylo and Siliz), who lived in 1000, in the reign of Alfonso V. They had four called daughters Gudigena, Alejania, Brunilde and Masfara. They tried to have right to the patronage of the monastery of Obona founded by the Andelgasto Infant. He, Sandoval, affirms the four sisters later took the habit in this monastery, but other historians have maintain the youngest one, Masfara, married (and that if was when enviudar [?] took the habit). Thus it seems that Sol consists of epitafio [?] of the son Martinez de Solís, and it is believed that this daughter continued the descendants of the house of Solís.
4) Mention is made of Doña Masfara, who married Layn Núñez, and procreated a:
5) Sol Martinez de Solís who passed away in 1098, (in the reign of Don Alfonso I of Castile), and was buried in the old claustro [?] the convent of San Vicente, in Oviedo. On his tomb is the epitaph to which reference is made, and by which, the preceding connections (relations) were made. It copied the Masterful Guard in his Writings of Asturias and also it mentions the History of Asturias. His son was:
6) Gutierre de Solís, who had the dignity [title] of Count, and was a prominent [Rico] man in the reign of Doña Urraca. He procreated [Procreó a]:
7) Rodrigo Gutiérrez de Solís whose memories, in writings, reach 1172. He married Doña Maria González de Candamo, daughter of Gonzalo Diaz, gentleman del Valle de Candamo. And of that union was born:
8) Suero Gutiérrez de Solís, Señor of the house of Solís, named in the testament granted in 1171. Father of:
9) Suero Gutiérrez de Solís, 2nd of the name, and Señor of this house and of the place of Solís, (whose name to which it gives the lineage), in the City council of Corvera (Avilés). Accordingly was justified the salary [asiento] held in association with the seat the family held in that region from old times. His son was:
10) Gutierre Suárez de Solís, Señor of this house, was in the conquest of Seville and had a part in its repartimiento [reparation] in 1253. His son and successor was:
11) Pedro de Solís, of the house of Solís of 1265, husband and Vasallo, Señor, Solís King of Doña Sancha de Valdés. They were the parents of::
12) Alonso Fernandez de Solís, of Castile, and was an armed Caballero de la Banda of Alfonso. He left these children:
A. Gonzalo Alonso de Solís, whose history follows, and
B. Fernán Alonso de Solís, who will dealt with in the Second Branch.
13) Gonzalo Alonso de Solís, Señor of this house. He procreated:
14) Bofilio González de Solís, who followed in Asturias the party of Don Enrique II against King Pedro. He was the father of:
15) Ruy Fernandez de Solís, Señor of this house, and this woman Doña Urraca de Valdés, They had:
16) Suero Alfonso de Solís, who served the Infant Don Fernando, soon King of Aragón. His son was:
17) Pedro de Solís, Señor of this house, Maestresala of King Juan II. Married with Doña Sancha Valdés. Born of this connection was:
18) Boiffo Suárez de Solís, Señor of this house, that had several children. Thus being the one that continued the succession in him:
19) Pedro de Solís, Señor of this house. Juana inherited of Solís, in whom finished the varonía [line?] of this main branch, because his daughter and successor, Doña Josefa de Solís Carvajal, married with Pedro de Valdés Trelles y Quirós, whose house passed the one of Solís and its aggregates, conserving itself other secondary ones in the council of Langreo.

Second Branch: With lines in Salamanca, Extremadura and Andalusia.
1) Fernán Alonso de Solís (2nd son of Alonso Fernandez de Solís, mentioned in paragraph 12 of the previous Main Branch). He was the father of:
A. Gómez Fernandez de Solís, whose history follows, and
B. Alonso Fernandez de Solís, (who Pellicer confuses with his grandfathers of the same name; but neither Salazar y Castro, nor Trelles, whose direction is accepted). Of this Alonso, was born the son:
i. Suero Alfonso de Solís, who married Doña Sancha the Rodriguez de Monroy, in Salamanca. She was the first-born daughter of Doña Aldonza Suárez de Solís, wife of/and Pedro Rodriguez de las Varillas, from the Adelantados de Yucatan, noble Dukes of Montellano, and other families who, with different varonías [lines?], conserved the last name Solís. Immediate descendant of the mentioned Suero Alfonso de Solís, seems to be Melendo Suárez de Solís, to whom some authors have identified as the founder of the house of Solís in Salamanca. To that belief the name from its father helps the patronímico of Suárez of this Melendo.
2) Gómez Fernandez de Solís married in the frontier city of Cáceres, to Doña Maria de Cáceres, (who Pellicer calls Teresa), daughter of Juan Blázquez de Cáceres and Doña Teresa Alfón. They had this son and successor:
3) Diego de Cáceres y Solís, who contracted marriage with Doña Leonor de Noroña, very near relative of Doña Leonor de Menenses, Queen of Portugal. To thus Lopez de Haro says it to Alonso. And Salazar and I castrate adds that "by other good news it seems that Doña Leonor de Noroña was the daughter of Don Diego Enríquez and Doña Beatriz de Guzmán, (both illegitimate children): he, of Don Alonso, Count of Gijón and Noroña, son of the King Don Enrique II of Castile, and she, of Don Enrique de Guzmán, Second Count of Niebla.” The certain thing is that of this marriage of Don Diego de Cáceres y Solís and Doña Leonor de Noroña, the following were born:
A. Fernán Gómez de Solís, whose history follows.
B. Gómez de Solís, Master of the Order of Alcántara and Greater Mayordomo of King Enrique IV, and
C. Gutierre de Solís, Count of Coria, married to Doña Francisca de Toledo (daughter of Fernando de Toledo, 1st Count of Oropesa, and Doña Mayor Carrillo de Toledo). They, in turn had these children:
i. Gómez de Solís, Bishop of Plasencia.
ii. Mayor de Solís, married to García de Toledo, Señor de Horcajada and son of the first Dukes of Alba. From both spouses the Señor of that house, and
iii. María de Solís, nun in the convent of Santi-Espíritus, Salamanca.
D. Diego Fernandez de Solís, from whom the Marquesses de Rianzuela comes, as he sees himself in the Third Branch.
E. Leonor, married in Trujillo with Francisco de Hinojosa. With succession.
F. Mencía, wife of Diego Hernandez de Escobar. From both the Counts of Mora, and
G. Maria, married with Galín Perez Pantoja, whose children were
i. Diego de Solís, whom lacks itself the news.
ii. Leonor de Solís, whom lacks itself the news.
iii. Maria de Solís, whom lacks itself the news.
iv. Francisco de Solís, elect Master of Alcántara, who in 1474 was capitulated to marry with Doña Maria Enriquez, daughter of the first Dukes of Alba (that later was Countess de Feria), receiving in dowry the County of Coria.
v. Pedro Pantoja, Señor of the villa of Santiago de Cacem, in Portugal, where he left an illustrious succession. He married with Doña Catalina del Caño.
a. Gutierre de Solís, husband of Doña Francisca Rengel de Tapia, parents of Gutiérrez de Solís Rengel, married with Doña N. de Acevedo, parents of Maria de Solís, married with Miguel de la Rocha, parents of Gutierre de Solís and Rocha, married with Doña Maria de Ovando, parents of Gutierre de Solís Ovando, married with Doña Isabel de Vargas, parents of Gutierre Antonio de Solís and Vargas, (with illustrious descendants in Cáceres); of Miguel, Chancellor of the Order of San Juan, and Francisco, the King’s Council, with succession, and
b. Isabel de Solís, wife of Francisco Ulloa, Señor de Malgarrida, parents of Francisco de Solís Ulloa, married with Doña Juana de Solís Hinojosa, his cousin, parents of Juana de Solís Hinojosa, married with Gómez de la Rocha, parents of Diego de la Rocha Solís, with succession.
4) Fernán Gómez de Solís (first-born son of Diego de Cáceres and Solís and Doña Leonor de Noroña), was Duke of Badajoz and Señor de Salvatierra and Villanueva de Barcarrota. He contracted marriage with Doña Beatriz Manuel de Figueroa, sister of the second count de Feria. Of that connection were born:
A. Pedro de Solís y Manuel, whose history follows.
B. Gómez Fernandez de Solís, Señor de Malpartida, married to Doña Catherine de Silva, without succession.
C. Gabriel de Solís, clergyman.
D. Maria Manuela, married with Alvaro de Bazán, and
E. Catalina, married with Juan Vera de Mendoza.
5) Pedro de Solís y Manuel, 2nd Señor de Salvatierra y Sagresas, married to Doña Ines Portocarrero y Rivera, daughter of the 2nd Counts of Medellín, and had thirteen children, of who nine died without marrying. The rest were:
A. Fernando de Solís y Portocarrero, whose history follows.
B. Francisco de Solís y Portocarrero, General Commissioner of the war of Granada, husband of Doña Maria de Prado Aguilar, and both parents of
i. Gabriel de Solís, who died in the rebellion of the Moriscos, and
ii. Juan de Solís, Patrono of Santo Domingo, Badajoz. He married with his prime Doña Constanza de Almansa y del Prado, and procreated to Fernando Solís, Patrono of this church, married with Doña Ines Freire de Andrade, parents of Juan and Jose Solís y Manuel.
C. Beatriz Manuel, wife of Pedro de Alcázar , Twenty-four [Veinticuatro] of Seville, with succession, and
D. Juan Solís Portocarrero, who with his wife, Doña Ines de Tovar y Calderón, had these children:
i. Pedro de Solís y Tovar, husband of Doña Ana de Menchaca (daughter of Garci Perez de Manzanedo, Oidor of Granada, and Doña Ana Girón de Soto ). They were parents of Juan de Solís y Portocarrero, Caballero of Alcántara and husband of Doña Isabel Manuel de Guevara, with whom he had Maria Manuel de Solís, who married with Alonso Fernandez Manrique de Solís, Señor de Galisteo, Sagrejas and Malpartida, their relative, (as she is seen in paragraph 9 of this same branch).
ii. Teresa de Portocarrero, married with Diego García de Mendoza, and
iii. Beatriz Manuel, wife of Cristóbal de Fonseca, son of Pedro, Señor of the Thirds of Badajoz.
6) Fernando de Solís y Portocarrero who was Señor de Malpartida y Sagrejas, married with Doña Maria de Esquivel (daughter of Juan de Esquivel and Doña Violante Mosquera) and did not have any male successor. Therefore, their first-born daughter inherited the house.
7) Ines de Solís y Esquivel, Señora de Sagrejas y Malpartida, who contracted marriage with Alonso Manrique, Commander of Shore [de Ribera]in the Order of Santiago and Maestresala de Carlos V. Born of this union are:
A. Manrique de Lara, died unmarried in Valladolid, running a horse, according to Esteban de Garibay.
B. García Manrique de Solís, Caballero de Santiago, died unmarried and without succession
C. Pedro Manrique de Solís, whose history follows.
D. Alonso Manrique, Caballero de Alcántara, Magistral de Plasencia y Arzobispo de Burgos
E. Alvaro Manrique, Caballero de San Juan.
F. Fernando Solís, of Garibay who was without an eye [fué falto de un ojo], adding no other news.
G. Aldonza Manrique de Solís, who married Fernando de Solís, 1st Señor de Rianzuela, who is seen in the Third Branch (with succession).
H. Maria, Abbess of the Monastery of Santa Clara, Carrión.
I. Mariana, nun of Santa Clara, de Zafra.
J. Teresa, nun in the Huelgas, de Burgos.
K. Catalina, nun in Clara Santa de Carrión. Daughter illegitimate of Don Alonso, she was born in Leonor Serrana.
8) Pedro Manrique of Solís inherited the house by death, without succession, of his brothers Manrique and García. He was Señor of Sagrejas y Malpartida, Caballero de Santiago y Maestre de Campo del Tercio de Lombardía. Case with Doña Leonor de Córdoba y las Infantas, of the noble houses of both surnames in the city of Córdoba. They had these children:
A. Alonso Fernández Manrique of Solís, whose history follows, and
B. Inés Manrique, who Baltasar of Luzón y Guzmán, Señor de la casa de Luzón, in Madrid.
C. Gabriel Manrique (natural son of Don Pedro), Arcediano of the Cathedral of Cuenca.
9) Alonso Fernandez Manrique de Solís was Señor de Galisteo, Sagrejas, Malpartida and other places and Caballero de Santiago. He contracted marriage with Doña Maria Manuel de Solís, their debt, daughter of Juan de Solís y Portocarrero, Caballero de Alcántara, and Doña Isabel Manuel de Guevara, and granddaughter of Pedro Solís y Tovar and Doña Ana de Menchaca, mentioned in item D of paragraph 5 of this same branch. Don Alonso and Doña Maria Manuel were parents of:
A. Alonso Manrique de Solís y Vivero, Señor de Galisteo and the mayorazgos of the house of Solís, 1st Count of Montehermoso, 5th Count of Fuensaldaña, Vizconde de Altamira and Caballero de Alcántara. He married Doña Maria Enríquez de Carvajal, without succession. Pedro Manrique de Lara, his brother, inherited the titles and the mayorazgos of the house of Solís. He contracted marriage with Doña Antonia de Silva (daughter of the 5th Marquesses of Montemayor and y del Aguila), in whose descendants they continued these mayorazgos titles and of this branch of Solís.

Third Branch: In Andalusia - Señores de Rianzuela
1) Diego Fernandez de Solís (4th son of Diego de Cáceres y Solís and Doña Leonor de Noroña, mentioned in paragraph 3 of the previous genealogy of the Second Branch). Was father of:
2) Gómez Fernandez de Solís, Caballero de Santiago, who founded a mayorazgo in Seville. He married Doña Beatriz de Esquivel (daughter of Pedro de Esquivel, also Caballero de Santiago, and Doña Constanza Fernandez de Arauz). They were married Seville and they procreated:
3) Gaspar Antonio de Solís, Twenty-four of [Veinticuatro de] Seville, who was united in marriage with Doña Constanza Cheek (daughter of Fernán Tello de Sandoval, Caballero de Santiago, and Doña Isabel de Inestrosa). His son was:
4) Fernando de Solís, first Señor de Rianzuela, who married Doña Aldonza Manrrique de Solís (7th daughter of Alonso Manrique, Commander of Shore [de Ribera], and Doña Ines de Solís and Esquivel, mentioned in paragraph 7 of the previous Second Branch). They had these children:
A. Gaspar de Solís Manrique, whose history follows.
B. Gómez de Solís Manrique
C. Alfonso Manrique and Solís, and
D. Ana Maria, married with Juan Manuel.
5) Gaspar de Solís Manrique was 2nd Señor de Rianzuela and married Doña Ines de Tavera, with whom he had:
6) Francisco Gaspar de Solís Tavera, 3rd Señor de Rianzuela, that married twice: first with Doña Lorenza Cerón, and second with Doña Juana de Barradas. Of the first marriage they were born:
A. Fernando de Solís, 1st Marquess of Rianzuela.
B. Francisco Gaspar de Solís Tavera, 3rd Señor de Rianzuela,

Branch of the Canary Islands: The Pacheco-Solís:
This branch, in Tenerife and Gran Canary, comes from the noble Caballero Francisco de Solís Suárez, who like his brother Melendo Suárez de Solís, was a founder of the house of Solís, in Salamanca, (of whom is made mention in line B, paragraph 1of the Second Branch).This Don Francisco settled in the Canary Islands in 1510. He was married to Doña Isabel de Aguilar, of the old family of this last name in Ecija (Seville). And, of them was Melchor son of Solís y Aguilar, husband of Moral Doña Isabel, parents of Licenciado Antonio de Solís y Aguilar. This Lady was married Telde with Juan Váquez Pacheco, grandson of Alonso Pacheco, the family of the Señor of Minaya, in Andalusia, Visitor General of the army, castles and fortifications of the Canary Islands by Royal certificate of King Philip II, given in Valladolid August 10, 1558, and Doña Teresa de Herrera y Contreras, sister of Alonso of Herrera, Commander in chief of Great Canary. The couple, Doña Ines de Solís y Aguilar and Don Juan Vázquez Pacheco, left in the Canary Islands very numerous named descendants Pacheco-Solís

Other Solís Data:
The abundant lines that were derived from the old branches of this lineage (limited by the lack of space to include them with more detail), spread the name Solís from Spain and America. There are numerous Caballeros of the established names in Salamanca, Extremadura and Andalusia. Mainly, they entered from old times, to the present, in Ordenes of Santiago, Calatrava, Alcántara, Montesa, Carlos III and Maestranzas. They have also shone in the course of the centuries in diverse activities of the national life.
Also, there are numerous families of Solís who are connected with others of the Spanish nobility.

The University of Seville:
In the middle of the thirteenth century the Dominicans, in order to prepare missionaries for work among the Moors and Jews, organized schools for the teaching of Arabic, Hebrew, and Greek. To cooperate in this work and to enhance the prestige of Seville, King Alfonso (the Wise) in 1254 established in that city “general schools” (escuelas generales) of Arabic and Latin. Pope Alexander IV, by Bull of June 21, 1260, recognized this foundation as a generale litterarum studium and granted its members certain dispensations in the matter of residence. Later, the cathedral chapter established ecclesiastical studies in the College of San Miguel. In 1502 the Catholic Majesties published the royal decree creating the university, and in 1505 Pope Julius II granted the Bull of authorization. The Catholic Majesties and the pope granted the power to confer degrees in logic, philosophy, theology, and canon and civil law.
The influence of the University of Seville, from the ecclesiastical point of view, though not equal to that of the Universities of Salamanca and of Alcalá, was nevertheless considerable. From its lecture halls came Sebastián Antonio de Cortés, Riquelme, Rioja, Luis Germán y Rimbón, founder of the Horatian Academy, Juan Sánchez, professor of mathematics at San Telmo, Martín Alberto Carbajal, Cardinal Belluga, Cardinal Francisco Solís Folch, Marcelo Doye y Pelarte, Bernardo de Torrijos, Francisco Aguilar Ribon, the Abate Marchena, Alberto Lista, and many others who shone in the magistracy, or were distinguished ecclesiastics.
At the same time that the royal university was established, there was developed the Universidad de Mareantes (university of sea-farers), in which body the Catholic Majesties, by a royal decree of 1503, established the Casa de Contratación with classes of pilots and of seamen, and courses in cosmography, mathematics, military tactics, and artillery. This establishment was of incalculable importance, for it was there that the expeditions to the Indies were organized, and there that the great Spanish sailors were educated.

Juan Diaz de Solís, Explorer of the Americas:
Spanish navigator and explorer, born about 1470 at Lebrija (Seville), (or, according to some accounts, in Asturias).
1500: Juan Dias de Solís and Vicente Pinzon discovered Brazil before Cabral.
1506: Juan Dias de Solís explorations in Central America.
1508: Juan Dias de Solís and Vicente Pinzon explored the east coast of the Yucatan.
1508: Juan Dias de Solís explored Argentina
1512: Juan Dias de Solís succeeded Amerigo Vespucci as pilot-major.
1515: Juan Dias de Solís sailed from Lepe (Spain).
1516: Juan Dias de Solís explored Uruguay.
1516: Juan Dias de Solís sailed along the coasts of Brazil to the mouth of the Rio de la Plata, where he was killed in a conflict with the Indians. (He went up that river for some distance, and, wishing to take possession of the country in the name of the Crown, landed on the eastern bank of the river, somewhere near the junction of the Uruguay and Paraná Rivers, with two officers and seven men. Wild tribes inhabited this region, and the little party had not proceeded far when they were attacked from ambush, and Díaz de Solís and most of his followers were killed. When he did not come back, those who had remained behind on the ships determined to return to Spain. Francisco de Torres, the brother-in-law of Díaz de Solís, then took charge, and after naming the river Río de Solís, they set sail, arriving in Spain, 4 Sept., 1516.)

[Juan Ponce de Leon: Ancestor to Ronquillo: In 1512 Juan Ponce de Leon sailed to Florida, where, instead of finding as he hoped the fountain of eternal youth, he is doomed to a miserable end. Juan Ponce de Leon is governor of Hispanola and conquered Puerto Rico in 1508.]

Missionary in Virginia:
In the summer of 1526 a Spanish Catholic settlement was made in Virginia on the very spot (according to Ecija, the pilot-in-chief of Florida) where, in 1607, eighty-one years later, the English founded the settlement of Jamestown. Lucas Vasques de Ayllón, one of the judges of the island of San Domingo, received from the King of Spain on June 12, 1523, a patent empowering him to explore the coast for 800 leagues, establish a settlement and Christianize the natives. In June, 1526, Ayllón sailed from San Domingo, with three vessels, 600 persons of both sexes, horses and supplies. Entering the Capes at the Chesapeake, and ascending a river [James], he landed at Guandape, which he named St. Michael. Buildings were constructed and the Holy Sacrifice offered in a chapel, the second place of Catholic worship on American soil. Ayllón died of fever on October 18, 1526. The settlement was abandoned in the spring of 1527. A second expedition sent by Menendez, the Governor of Florida and nominal Governor of Virginia, settled on the Rappahannock River at a point called Axacan, on September 10, 1570. A log building served as chapel and home. Through the treachery of Don Luis de Velasco, an Indian pilot of Spanish name, Father Quiros and Brothers Solís and Mendez were slain by the Indians, February 14, 1571. Menendez, several months later, sailed for Axacan, where he had eight of the murderers hanged.
The Missionary Martyrs: The following incomplete and tentative list of missionaries who died by violence or other untimely death in direct connection with their work will show that even before the establishment of the republic the soil of the United States had been baptized in the blood of Catholic missionaries from ocean to ocean. 1571: Segura, Juan Bautista -- Quiros, Luis de -- Gómez, Brother Gabriel (novice) -- Zerallos, Brother Sancho de (novice) -- Solís, Brother -- Méndez, Brother -- Redondo, Brother -- Linares, Brother – Jesuits, killed by Powhatan, Virginia.

Cardinal Solís, the Jesuits and Pope Clement XIV:
The arrival of the two Spanish cardinals, Solís and La Cerda, added new strength to the Court [anti-Jesuit] party. Solís insisted on a written promise to suppress the Jesuits being given by the future pope, but Bernis was not to be gained over to such a breach of the law. Solís, therefore, supported in the conclave by Cardinal Malvazzi and outside by the ambassadors of France and Spain, took the matter into his own hands. He began by sounding Cardinal Ganganelli as to his willingness to give the promise required by the Bourbon princes as an indispensable condition for election. During the conclave he endeavored to please both the Zelanti [pro-Jesuit] and the Court party without committing himself to either. At any rate he signed a paper which satisfied Solís. Crétineau-Joly, the historian of the Jesuits, gives its text; the future pope declared, “that he recognized in the sovereign pontiff the right to extinguish, with good conscience, the Company of Jesus, provided he observed the canon law; and that it was desirable that the pope should do everything in his power to satisfy the wishes of the Crowns.” On May 18, 1769, Ganganelli was elected by forty-six votes out of forty-seven, the forty-seventh being his own which he had given to Cardinal Rezzonico, a nephew of Clement XIII. He took the name of Clement XIV.

Solís and the Royal House of Orléans:
Issue of Louis-Philippe I, (Duc d’Orléans) King of the French:
Princess Gerarda, born at Rome 8/25/1939; married 1st (marriage dissolved by divorce 1977; annulled 7/18/1990) at New York (civil) 7/22/1963 & (religious 2/25/1967, Harry Freeman Saint (born at New York 2/13/1941), son of Ellis Chandler Saint and Rachel Freeman. She married 2nd at Monaco 11/17/1990 Ignacio Romero y de Solís, 6th Marquess of Marchelina, (born at Seville 10/20/1937), son of Ignacio Romero y Osborne, 5th Marquess of Marchellina and Miquelina de Solís y Lasso de la Vega. (Levies 9, 41004 Seville, Spain) [http://www.chivalricorders.org/royalty/bourbon/france/orlns-gal.htm]












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