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Scottish Soldiers in Colonial America-Introduction
Posted by: Marta Johnson Patterson Date: September 13, 2001 at 16:03:26
  of 63

Introduction

From as early as the 1650s there were Scots serving the colonial militia forces of New England and possibly of Virginia. These men had arrived in America in chains as prisoners of war captured after Worcester and other battles of the Civil War and subsequently transported to the colonies as indentured servants. However it was not until the mid eighteenth century that the British Government began to despatch Highland Regiments, such as Fraser's Highlanders the Black Watch, and Montgomery's Highlanders to America. The Seven Yers War 1756-1763, otherwise dnown as the French and Indian War, led to significant recruitment in Scotland, particularly in the Highlands, for service in the American Colonies. The experience gained by these soldiers was the influence their decision to subsequently settle or emigrate to America. The allocation of land to former military personnel in the aftermath of the war was a major incentive. Thge massive increase in emigration to America from the Highlands that occurred in the decade after the Seven Years War resulted to some extent from the influence of returning soldiers. On the outbread of the American War of Independence, alias the American Revolution, former soldiers who had received land grants were recalled for duty by the British Government. For example many former Scottish soldiers who had been settled in the Mohawk Valley in upper New York were recruited into the Kings Royal Regiment of New York. At the same time many new or recent immigrants from Scotland formed the Royal Highland Emigrant Regiment. After the war large numbers of soldiers from Loyalist units and from regular British Army regiments, including many Scots, were settled in what have become Nova Scotia, Prince Edward island, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec. Scottish soldiers thus not only played an important role in defending the American colonies but also a prominent role in settling them. This book, the second of a series, attempts to identify individual soldiers and is based on research into both manuscript and printed material.

David Dobson
St. Andrews, 1997
Printed from Family Archive Viewer,
CD268 Scottish Immigrants to North America
1600s-1800s, Scottish Soldiers in Colonial America
Part II, Introduction to This Book,
The Learning Company, Inc.,8/15/2001
LDS


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