After trying for some twenty years to make sense of the Satterfields who first appear in South Carolina towards the end of the eighteenth century, I had despaired that the information needed to fit the pieces together existed. During the past year however, land deeds as well as other documents, which identified three additional Satterfield men, have surfaced which seems to have greatly clarified matters.
One land deed indicates that a James Satterfield moved to South Carolina from Orange County, North Carolina between 1771 and 1773. This places Satterfields in the state a decade earlier than previously believed. A second land deed proves that the James Satterfield, Jr. that is enumerated in the 1790 Rutherford County, North Carolina Census is the same James Satterfield that appears in the 1790 Pendleton District, South Carolina Census.
In the hope that there are other documents that can provide additional answers, I am listing what I believe is the most likely chain of events and the most likely family units. If anyone has any information to prove or disprove any of the following, I would very much like to hear from you.
Two land documents point towards the first Satterfields in South Carolina coming from the portion of Orange County, North Carolina that would later become first Caswell County and then Person County. It appears likely that three families of Satterfields came to Orange County in the very early 1750's from Fredrick County, Virginia with a William Jay and it appears that one of those three families later moved again with William Jay to South Carolina.
On March 9, 1756 William Jay obtained a land warrant for 640 acres in Orange County and on June 8th of that year he sold fifty acres of this land to a John Satterfield. The next day he sold an additional fifty acres to a James Satterfield. The descendants of John Satterfield have been able to determine that John married William Jay's daughter Sarah. It has always been assumed that John and James were brothers but the fifteen years or more between the births of their first children and the presence of a John, Sr. of an apparent similiar age to James point to a real possibility that James was an uncle to John. It is likely that James also married one of Jay's daughters but this can't be definitely established.
Together with William Jay, John Reagan, Sr., and John Reagan, Jr., James Satterfield moved from Orange County, North Carolina to land on Beaverdam Creek in what is now Newberry County, South Carolina between the time the four men signed a petition to divide Orange County in 1771 and 1773, when James witnessed a land deed in Newberry County between the two Reagans. William Jay received a grant of 200 acres on Beaverdam creek on August 14, 1772. This likely marks the approximate time that James and William reached Newberry County. There is a known connection between James Satterfield and William Jay but whether there was a connection between the Reagans and either James Satterfield or William Jay is unknown.
Two of James' sons, Bedwell and James, Jr., appear to have married at the time of their father's move to South Carolina and stayed behind. Bedwell remained the rest of his life in the Orange County area but it appears that at least two of his sons joined their grandfather in Newberry County for at least a few years during the 1780's. James Jr., likely after his father's death, joined his brothers in South CArolina. James, Sr. appears to have moved with five sons and an unknown number of daughters.
The oldest of these five sons appears to have been named Edward. The only information that I have on Edward comes from a Revolutionary War pension application of a Thomas Reagan. In his application, Reagan mentions Edward and indicates that he was killed in Newberry County in 1779. It is likely that William was in his late twenties or early thirties at the time of his death and at an age where it can be assumed that he would have been married with children. From their names, their location in neighboring Laurens County, and their sudden appearance around 1800, James, Peter Moore, and Edward Satterfield were likely sons of Edward. A mysterious John Satterfield, who is enumerated alone in a household in the 1800 Newberry Census and then disappears, would appear to also be a possible son.
There appears to be a constant Satterfield presence in Newberry County from the time that James Satterfield arrived there until shortly before 1790. There are no Satterfields enumerated in the 1790 Newberry Census, which means that James had likely died, moved, or was enumerated in the household of a non-Satterfield family member. Three Satterfield men, William, Robert, and James, Jr., who appear in the 1790 Pendleton District, South Carolina Census, have documented ties to Newberry County and are of a proper age to be sons of James Satterfield. Jesse Satterfield, who appears in the 1790 census, and Thomas Wilson, who appears in the 1800 census are also likely sons. It appears that the Satterfields moved to Pendleton District in either 1789 or 1790.
(to be continued)
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