I have been doing research on the location of William Sale's deed of 73 1/2 acres, along with several other deeds related to the Sale, Jones, Farmer, Parker, Brooke and Mayfield families. I now believe that I have found the location of the land that Thomas Parker, essentially gave William Sale in 1681.
First, let me state that the original deed of 73 1/2 acres was wrong. It in fact was for 60 acres. I have recalulated this acreage several times. There is indeed about a 13 1/2 acre mistake in this deed. The property forms a polygon and the irregular shape makes is diffucult to calculate the area. The property had to be divided into right triangles to determine acreage and the surveyor who calulated the acreage failed to divide by two after multipling the length and width of one of these triangles.
Oddly enough, William Sale's land encompassed the area around where old St. Matthews church is located at Champlain, Virginia. In my opinion it should have been called, Sale or Sale's Church, Virginia, but that's just my opinion. Anyway, here is how I found the solution to the location of this deed.
In 1673, Thomas Parker was granted 73 1/2 acres, (actually 60 acres) of land as follows:
To all to whom these present shall come, I Sr Wm Berkley, Knt. Governor & c. Now know yee & c. that I the sd: Sr Wm Berkley doe with the consent of Counsell of State accordingly give & grant unto Tho: Parker seaventy three Acres of Land and a 1/2 situate and being in the County of Rappa: on South side the River in the pish of Sittingbourne back in the woods. Beginning at a marked red Oake the Corner tree of Robert Gaines Land extendeth thence by the same N.W. 90 pole to a red oak by ye side of a branch thence N.N.E. 40 po: to the Land of Wm. Moseley. Thence by the sd Moseleys line E: by S. 192 po: to a red oak neare to a path in the head of vally Thence S.W. 122 po: and finally W by S 40 pole to the first mentioned Station the sd Land being doe unto the sd Parker by and for the Transportation of two persons into this Colony whose names are in the records mentioned underneath this patent. To have and to hold yeilding and paying to or sd Soveraigne Lord the King & c. Given under my hand and Seale of the Collony this 5th of Novr: 1673...
The "branch side" the deed refers to turns out to be called today, Hunters Mill creek. The deed was recorded on the same day as his gift to William Sale, the 23rd day of January, 1681/82
In 1677, Robert Mayfield bought 105 acres of land from Daniel and Robert Gaines (Games) which states:
BEE IT KNOW unto all men by these presents that wee Daniel Gaines & Robert Gaines of ye County of Rappae: in consideration of two thousand pounds of tobacco & Cask to us in hand paid, doe sell unto Robert Mayfield of ye same County his heires & assignes forever a Certaine Devident of land containing about One hundred & five acres by estimation being on ye South side of Rappae: River in ye County abovesd in ye Parish of Sittingbourne back on ye Woods on ye South most side Branch of Occupacie creek beginning at a marked red Oak corner tree of Thomas Parker's land & running N.W. along ye land of ye sd Parker to Pokikery (Hickery) on a branch side from thence by a South course to a marked tree on ye land of Robert Moss thence along ye sd land of Robt. Moss to another corner tree, thence still along ye sd Moss his land towards ye S:E: a corner tree, thence by a North East Course along ye land of William Bates to ye place where it first began wee ye abovesd Danial Gaines & Robt. Gaines make over all our right to ye sd land wth all houses, orchards, fences & cleare ground thereupon, from us or: heires & administration unto ye abovesd Robert Mayfield his heires & assignes forever & wee doe warrant ye same unto him & them from ye just Clayme of all or any persons whatsoever. In Testimony herunto sett to or: hands & seales this 5th day &ber in ye year of or: Lord 1677
Again, the N.E. boundry corner by a "branch side" with Thomas Parker's land is Hunters Mill creek.
In 1681, Thomas Parker gives his 73 1/2, nigh 60 acres, to William Sale, "for valuable consideration already received." Parker reserves ingress and egress for a cemetery plot where his daughter is buried.
Later, in 1727, Abraham Mayfield, son of Robert Mayfield sells 125 acres of land, (this acreage may be a mistake, or there may be additional land included) to Robert Brooke and bounded by Cornelius Sale, Thomas Jones and Col. Joseph Smith. Smith's land was on the South of Mayfield's land. Thomas Jones land was located on the north and west sides, meaning Cornelius Sale's land was on the east side of Mayfield's property. Cornelius having inheirited this land from his father, William Sale. Then, in 1731, Robert Brooke sells the Mayfield land to Cornelius Sale reserving two acres for the church which would be known as "Sale's Church or "Saile's Church".
This pretty well establishes that Wiliam Sale's land was located next to Robert Mayfield's land and that Cornelius Sale eventually owned both properties. Now, as to how I came about finding the location of these properties; it gets more complicated.
Some years ago I was made aware of a plat map of Farmers Hall that has long been claimed to be the land of the Sale family. It was actually the land of Robert Brooke, Jr., at one time. However, Thomas Sale who married Molly Brooke, daughter of Robert, did inherit 247 acres of the land after Robert Brooke's death.
Anyway, I had thought that the plat map dated to 1817, but the Chancery case involving the estate of Henry Garnett, who died in 1811, and whom owned the land at that time, was dated and listed as, "1823-030, James H. Noel vs Henry Garnett's exec. & Robert Garnett." The map probably dates to 1817, but I have misplaced that information at the moment.
Farmers Hall as it was called when Henry Garnett died was not the dwelling house that Robert Brooke, Jr. lived in during his lifetime. Farmers Hall, as the plat map shows, was located on the west side of the property where Robert Brooke's house was on the east side. There is also no evidence that Robert Brooke, Jr. ever called his plantation Farmers Hall. This was a name given to the property by either Robert Brooke III or his son, Edmund Brooke. The oldest known reference to the name Farmers Hall dates to 1782 in a letter written by Edmund Brooke to Col. William Davies.
Robert Brooke's "dwelling plantation" or "dwelling house" as it was most often referred was located at the fork of what today is called Farmers Hall creek and Chesituxent swamp. Farmers Hall creek has been referred to by many names, Mosses branch, Little Occupacia creek and the S.W. branch of Occupacia creek. Chesituxent swamp was in fact, historically, the main S.W. branch of Occupacia creek, part of which today is called Farmers Hall creek. Today, the remaining portion of Chesituxent swamp is unnamed on topographic maps. Chesituxent is an Algonquian name whose meaning has been lost to history.
Two deeds refer to the fork of what was then Mosses branch and Chesituxent creek as being where Robert Brooke's dwelling house stood. One, from June 11, 1717, between William Moss and Robert Jones and the other, from March 16th, 1723, between Richard Moss and Robert Jones. Oddly enough, both of these deeds involve the same property. These two deeds establish that this is where Robert Brooke was living between 1717 and likely, 1744 when he died. Now, put that together with the plat map from 1817(1823), which also shows a graveyard next to the "Old House," as it is described on the map and this must be the location of Robert Brooke's house and likely, the graveyard where he is buried. This fork at Mosses Branch and Cesituxent creek then establishes our staring point to locate the land of William and Cornelius Sale.
The deed dated June 11, 1717, from William Moss to Robert Jones states in part:
William Moss of St. Ann's Parish, Essex County, Robert Jones of same. For 30 pounds sterling...386 acres... plantation and land were Martha Moss, widow, now dwells...forke of a swamp near Mr. Robert Brooke's dwelling house where he now dwells, known by the name of Mosses Swamp...til it comes to Chestnut Swamp...land of William Jones, unto land sold by William Mosses father unto Thomas Farmer...land formerly given by Robert Moss, father of said William unto Tucker and now in the possession of Cornelius Sale of this county of Essex...unto the land of Joshua Stapp formerly purchased by his father (Abraham Stapp) of Edward Moseley...
This establishes that Chestnut swamp is the first branch south of Chesituxent swamp. Today, Chestnut swamp is called Rouzie swamp on topo maps and at the branch of Mosses swamp and Chestnut swamp is where William Jones' land begins. Also, the deed from May 13, 1729, between Robert Stokes and Salvator Muscoe establishes that the bridge over Mosses branch and the main road was called William Jones bridge. This establishes the S.W. corner of William Jones land and that the bridge on Highway 17 (Tidewater Trail) over Farmers Hall creek, today, is where William Jones bridge was located.
William Jones in 1704 is charged with 465 acres of land and in 1715 with 415 for a net loss of 50 acres sold during this time period. If we look at the Essex County assessors map, section 19, tax parcels 65, 65a and the combined smaller portion of parcel 42 it add up to 115 acres. Then, if we look at tax parcels 64 and 66, they add up to 250 acres. The other 50 acres from the 1715 quit rent rolls is as yet unaccounted for...
Next to William Jones' land is the fifty acres of land that Thomas Farmer bought from Robert Moss and Mary, his wife, on June 9th, 1704. This land Farmer sold to George Loyd prior to Dec. 19, 1713, when Loyd's will was dated. Loyd left the land to, "daughter-in-law," Mary Diskin (actually his step daughter.) Mary, married Francis Padget, who then sold the land to Cornelius Sale on June 17, 1718.
The deed from Robert Moss to Thomas Farmer reads in part:
Robert Moss and Mary his wife of Sittenbourne parish sell Thos Farmer of Essex, for 2000 lb tobo, 50 acres on Occupation Creek in Sittenbourne par. Beginning at a corner tree of Nicholas Willard & Robert Moss, thence down the main Swamp to ye land of William Jones, thence along the land of the said Jones to a branch called Jones Spring branch, thence along ye Said branch to a marked Hiccory thence along the(words missing)to a marked Hiccory Standing on the head of a branch yt comes out of a branch called by the name of ye Chestnut branch, thence along to a marked red oak that stands in the said Willard's & Mosses line thence along the sd Line to the first mentioned Station...
This is further shown by the deed between Richard Moss of Westmoreland County and Robert Jones. Richard Moss was evidently the son of Robert Moss and brother of William Moss. Apparently, Richard Moss had made a claim on the 386, nigh 400 acres, that William Moss sold to Robert Jones in 1717. So on March 18, 1723, Richard Moss sold his interest in the same property to Robert Jones.
This deed states:
This INDENTURE made the Sixteenth day of March 1723 Between Richard Moss of the County of Westmoreland in (the) Colony of Virginia of one part & Robert Jones of the County of Essex in the County aforesd. Witnesseth that said Richard Moss for (the) sum of Fifteen hundred pounds of Tobacco to him paid hath granted unto said Robert Jones his heirs all that plantation & tract of land whereon Andrew Pritchet now lives in (the) parish of St. Anne in aforesd County of Essex & containing four hundred acres bounded Beginning at ye fork of a Swamp comeing out of Little Occupacia Creek oposet to Capt. Robert Brooks Dwelling house where he now lives. Thence up the South branch thereof to the land of William Jones. Thence along the several courses of said William Jones his land until it comes to the land of Cornelius Sale which he purchased of Francis Paget. Thence along several courses of the sd Sale's land to the land of Robert Brooke wch: was lately Abraham Stepps. Thence along the several courses of said land to a Swamp and so down the sd Swamp to the beginning...
Note that by comparing the two deeds of William Moss and Richard Moss it establishes that Thomas Farmer's land became Francis Padget's land and that Padget sold the land to Cornelius Sale.
Farmer's land was divided from William Jones' land by William Jones spring branch. Today, this branch still exists, but has meandered through the centuries as topo maps from the early 1900's show when compared to the modern tax assessors maps. These assessors maps also do not show the next branch along Chestnut swamp which forms, in part, the N.W. side of Thomas Farmer's property, but does appear on old topo maps from the early 1900's. This branch may have filled in over the years or been filled in by modern development. This N.W. boundry of Thomas Farmer's land splits the original tax parcel 42 in half, which was at one time, in part, an 80 acre parcel owned by another Sale family member, William Eugene Sale in the 1800's. This N.W. boundry of Farmer's land forms the S.E. boundry to the land that Leomidon Tucker, father of Daniel Tucker, bought or was given by Robert and Rebecca Moss on September 3, 1679. As a side note, you can see from the previous deed from Robert Moss to Thomas Farmer that Robert Moss had two wives; Rebecca and Mary.
The description of the deed between Robert Moss and Leomidon Tucker is as follows:
KNOW ALL MEN by these present that I Robert Moss of the County of Rappae: Planter, together with the consent of Rebecca my beloved Wife, for diverse good causes me thereunto mooving, as alsoe for the love and affection wee beare unto Leomidon Tucker of the abovesaid County, doe for us freely give and make over unto the said Leomidon Tucker his heires and assignes forever One hundred acres of land being in the Parish of Sittingbourne (later St. Anne's) in the County aforesaid on the South side of the Rappae: River back in the woods on the SW branch of Occupacy Creek beginning at a marked red Oak on the corner tree of the land of Robt. Gaines, and runing thence along the line of the land of Thomas Parker for length, a certaine proportional quantity of perches according to the dimension of the land above specified thence the next Course into the land above specified, thence the next Course into the land of Robert Moss according to proportion parallell with the first course back againe;to the line of the land of William Bates and finally along the said line to the first mentioned station, we the Robert and Rebecca Moss...
You can see from the deed between Robert Moss and Leomidon Tucker that the N.W. boundry line of Tucker's land was the S.E. boundry for the land of Thomas Parker's land. The same land that Parker gave to William Sale in 1681. The clue that this was William Sale's land was the triangular parcel of land that makes up tax parcels 33, 33a, 33b and 33c. These were at one time one parcel that was owned by a Mary S. Wright-Sale in the 1800's and also included the N.E. corner of the St. Matthew's church property. The eastern point of this property formed the eastern point or corner of William Sale's land where his land turns S.W. for 122 poles and then W by S for 40 poles to the corner of Robert Gaines, which was later William Sale's corner with Robert Mayfield.
So, for those of you who live in the tidewater Virginia area, as you travel up and down Highway 17, the Tidewater Trail, passing by old St. Matthew's Church be mindful that you are passing over the land where the Sale family began in this country and probably where many of our Sale ancestors lie buried. R.I.P.
I reserve my rights to this information with the exception for amateur genealogical research. Any commercial, for profit use, is prohibited without consent. Any use of this material, including maps, must show a credit for the author. Contact Cal Sale at email@example.com
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