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Wake Co NC Roycroft
Posted by: Jamie Rowland Fish (ID *****9219) Date: June 12, 2005 at 10:28:24
  of 228

Hope this will help someone. I am NOT a Roycroft researcher but in the indexes the name comes after Rowland (which I AM researching!) and I thought this might be helpful. I found one that helped me a lot and it is sort of an unusual resource! In early NC, if a woman was found to be pregnant out of wedlock she was brought into court and made to tell who the father was. The father was then brought into court and required to pay a bond guaranteeing to pay to support the child so it did not become a burden to the county (early child support!). If the mother refused to name the father, she had to post the bond and promise support. If she refused to do that, she was put into jail! The person who told the courts that she was preganant was also paid a "finders fee"! The following is a portion of the actual documents. Anyone interested can contact me and I'll send you all that I have.

Betsy(Elizabeth) Roycroft/William Nichols
Warrant ..Whereas information has been made to us, two of the justices--Betsey Roycroft Single woman is with Child--which when born will be a bastard & may become Chargeable to the County.....29 April 1812 (on back of warrant: 28 May 1812...Examination of Betsey Roycroft single woman....William Nichols Jr is father is father of said child...signed Betsey (X) Roycroft (her mark)

"Receipt from Betsey Roycroft to Wm Nichols July the 15th day of 1812. Then Red'd of William Nichols Jun'r the Sum of Thirty Dollars in full of all Claims or Demands which I at Present or infuture May Have Against him In Consequence of a Bastard Child by me now Pregnant & of which he Statnds Witness my hands this day and date above written. Signed: Betsey (mark)Roycroft. Test. John Nichols, John Roycroft."

"Elizabeth Roycroft to the Churmon (sic). Wm Nichols In. Dem'y BOND BASTARDY. Bondsmen: William Nichols, Tho's Ferrill & Tho's Ross. Justices:Nath'l Jones Chairman. one Hundred Pounds. We bind ourselves & our heirs &c--30 July 1812"... (note: in 1813 Thomas Ferrell is charged with bastardy and Thomas Roycroft appears as one of his bondsmen.)

Then...could be same person perhaps:
Warrant: ....whereas information has been made to us....that Elizabeth Roycroft Single woman is with Child which when born...20 Nov 1819"

Examination: The examination oif Elizabeth Roycroft Single woman...9 Dec 1819...who sayeth on oath that she is now with Child....that John Pennington is Father of said Child..."

BOND RECOG. Be it remembered...John Pennington, of Wake County planter, Henry Johnson Planter & Samuel Singleton Palnter of said County....(they posted bond)9 Dec 1819 to appear in court "on 3rd monday of Feb next"..

John Pennington Bastardy Bond. Bondsmen: John Pennington, Thomas Roycroft & Solomon Thompson....one Hundred pounds current 18 May 1820....Condition: John Pennington Charged with illegitimate Child begotten on body of Betsey Roycroft....

Note: From the same sort of thing in my line, it seems that even if the woman was a widow she was referred to as a "single woman"


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