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Re: WIlliam Polly/Medford MA/wounded Rev War
Posted by: Michael Polley (ID *****9482) Date: July 18, 2002 at 22:48:19
In Reply to: WIlliam Polly/Medford MA/wounded Rev War by Barbara of 851

1.       William POLLEY, born 2 Feb 1757, Medford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, died 25 Apr 1775,
Menotomy (now Arlington), Massachusetts.1 Died of wounds received in the engagement with the Regulars
at Menotomy. Revolutionary War Record, Massachusetts.
       Per the Medford death records, William Polly " `died of the Wounds he Received in the Engagement with
the Regulars at Menotomy,' Apr. 25, 1775."
       From the History of Arlington, pp. 72, 283: It is said that William Polly was shot by the British flank guard
while he was riding on horseback at a distance from the main road in Menotomy [now Arlington]. William
Polly, a young man from Medford, died of a wound received in the Concord battle, in Medford on 25 April
1775. The funeral was held on 26 April.
       From Medford in the Revolution, p. 46: William Polly was a private in the Lexington Alarm. He died 25
April 1775 from wounds received at Menotomy on the retreat of the British from Concord, 19 April 1775.


2.       Jacob POLLEY, born Abt 1722, Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, died 19 Dec 1758,
Medford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.1 Revolutionary War Record, Massachusetts. He married
Hannah SCOLLEY, 19 Sep 1747, in Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.1

3.       Hannah SCOLLEY, born Abt 1730, died 7 Mar 1786, Medford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.1
1790 census shows Hannah head of household of 3 white females in Medford.
       The Medford, MA vital records of deaths (p. 416) are not clear on the age of Hannah Scully. The same entry
as based on three sources with conflicting information. The first record is of the First Parish, Unitarian
Church, which reads, "Polley, wid., old age, [buried] Mar. 9, 1800, a. 78." The second record, a private
record from the diary kept by Rev. David Osgood, 1776-1822, now in the possession of the Medford Public
Library, simply says "[Polly]", indicating the same information as the first record with the exception of the
spelling of the surname. The third record component of the Medford entry on Hannah is also from a private
record, the Cushing Book, 1785-1833, owned [ca. 1900] by Mrs. Mary Weston and Miss Martha A.
Cushing, of Medford. The record says "[Hannah Polly, wid. Jacob, d. Mar. 7, a. 86]." Either age at the time
of her death is plausible. It is difficult to assess against her husband's age as his age is also unknown. Age
78 would yield a birth year of 1722 and 86 would yield a birth year of 1714. Backing up one generation,
Jacob's parents were married in Medford in 1719 and had five children. Unfortunately the ages of Jacob's
siblings are not known accurately as birth dates are not recorded. His four siblings were all baptized in 1731,
apparently all at an advanced age, but presumably still in childhood. Thus Jacob was probably born some
time between 1719 and 1729, which would tend to support a birth year of 1722 for Hannah.

Grand Parents

4.       Jonathan POLLEY, born 16 Jul 1691, Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts,2 died 10 Oct 1748,
Medford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.1 Revolutionary War Record, Massachusetts. Died of apoplexy.
He married Ledia NUTTING, 25 Feb 1719, in Medford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.1

5.       Ledia NUTTING, born Abt 1699, died Abt 1759.

Great Grand Parents

8.       Samuel POLLEY, born 24 Jan 1661, Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts,2 died Abt 1721. He
married Priscilla EAMES, Abt 1688.

9.       Priscilla EAMES, born 2 May 1663, died Abt 1723.3

Great Great Grand Parents

16.       George POLLEY, born ? ___ 1625, Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, occupation
proprietor/carpenter, died 22 Dec 1683, Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. George Polly was a
carpenter by trade. Land was ordered laid out to him in Woburn on 3 February 1648/49. He was chosen
surveyor of fences in 1665. He is recorded as being taxed in Woburn in 1655 and again in 1663/64. He
was taxed at the county rate 26-Oct-1666. His right to share in the common lands of the town was
acknowledged in 1668. He gave testimony in court on 2-Apr-1668 and his age at the time was recorded as
43. It is this record on which his approximate year of birth is based. He was summoned to court with others
18-Jun-1670 in a debt case, giving testimony there on 21-Jun-1670.
       Charles E. Banks is the only source found that indicates the origins of George Polly. His book
"Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England 1620-1650" says he was from St.
Leonard Shoreditch, Middlesex County in England. The ship is listed as the Mayflower. Shoreditch is an
area in the north east section of London. McArthur asserts that George Polly was in Woburn before 1649.
That would seem to be borne out by the presence of the Winn family as early as eight years before Polly.
       A George Polly served in King Philip's War under Captain John Carter (or Cutler). (See Bodge's 1906
King Philip's War, p. 286 and D. H. Hurd's 1890 History of Middlesex Co., Mass., pp. 382-383. The latter
quotes some of Bodge's earlier articles in the NEHGR.) Authorities disagree as to whether it was George
Polly, Sr. or George Polly, Jr. who actually served. The senior Polly would have been about 49 and the son
would have been about 20. Thus it could have been either. Since there is no "Junior" indicated on the rolls,
many believe it to be the father. However, the oldest son John, aged about 26 at the time, also served in the
war. This fact might lead one to believe that it was the case of two brothers going off to war. This is a
point that may never be resolved satisfactorily.
       George Polly was married in Woburn 21-May-1649 to the daughter of Edward and Joanna Winn. Elizabeth
is said to have been born in England about 1627 and came to America with her parents and at least one
brother named Joseph. Joseph is documented as being in America as early as 1642. Another brother of
Elizabeth, Increase Winn, is documented as being the first recorded birth in Woburn, Massachusetts, on 5-
Dec-1641. A sister, Ann, married Moses Cleveland, a direct ancestor of Grover Cleveland. Thus, all Pollys
(or Polleys) who trace their ancestry to George Polly of Woburn can properly claim, through Edward Winn,
relationship to our 22nd and 24th president. Also, a brother of Elizabeth, Increase Winn, is a direct ancestor
of Herbert Hoover, the 31st president.
       George and Elizabeth apparently suffered the same foibles then as others do now. An interesting domestic
note is found in the Woburn vital records, p. 213. "In 1658, John Cromwell a Scotchman confessed 'that he
was in the house of George Polly alone with his wife, and that he kissed her once & eate some strawberries'
etc. The Court ordered both Cromwell and the wife of George Polly 'severely whipt ten stripes a peece.'
[The Middlesex County Court Records, Vol I, p. 158, are the cited providing insight regarding Cromwell.]
Cromwell died in 1662 near Chelmsford. He is referred to as 'late trader with ye Indians,'and Seaborne
Cromwell was his relict widow."
       George Polly died in Woburn on 22-Dec-1683. His will was dated 5-Jun-1683 and proved on 1-Apr-1684.
A full copy of the will of George Polly appears in"Descendants of Samuel Hills", compiled for Francis J.
Hills by Winifred Lovering Holman, published in 1957 by the Rumford Press, page 87. It reads as follows:
        "By these presents be it knowne that I George Polly sen of Woburn in the Massachusetts Colony in the
County of Middlesex being of sound understanding and perfect memory: Doe heerby make this writeing
my last will and Testament: Renouncing all former wills by me made Committing my soule unto god in
Christ my Saviour and my body Decently to be interred in the Earth: And After my Debts are paid and my
funerall expenses discharged; I Doe give my estate both personal and Reall as follows:
        "Imp. I give unto my beloved wife Elizabeth the use of my now dwelling house all my land which I now
posses my household stuff and the use of two oxen two Cows a mare together with cart a plow and ___ ___
_____ during her widowhood. I do give to my son John Polly all my land and meadow belonging to my
houselott lying on the south west side bounded by a white oake stump at the upper end and so by a line
through the middle of Drie pole swamp to the river and one Cow; two thirds of all my woodland: paying
fourty Pounds as is heer after Expressed: I give unto my son George the other part of my land on the North
East side of my houselott and my meadow on the south side of the river one third part of my woodland and
one Cow: paying fourty pounds as I heerafter appoint; but if he fails to pay the fourty pounds: then I give
him only his ten Acre lott he now possesseth one Cow and one quarter part of my woodlands: I Doe give
unto my Daughter Elizabeth twenty pounds and one Cow as part of the twenty pounds: with that she hath
already received: to my Daughter Hannah twenty pounds and my seven Acre lott on the other side [of]
maple meadow river: to my son Samuel twenty pounds or my great lott and twenty shillings and my
musket; to my son Edward twenty one pounds; to my Daughter Sarah twenty one pounds: I Doe Give to my
Daughter Hannah one Cow as part of the twenty pounds mentioned before: I Do appoint my sons John and
George to pay my legacies to the other Children when they come to possese the lands; that is to say ten
pounds yearly as it ariseth due untill the four scoure pounds be paid: only when Edward comes to Receive
his legacy I Doe Appoint them to pay fiveteen pounds that year. I Doe give my son Samuel a pair of steers
[___?] three year old when he is at age: I Doe give unto my beloved wife Elizabeth two cows a mare and
my household stuff for her use dureing her Naturall life... After my wives decease I Doe give my household
stuffe equally to be devided Among my Children: I Doe Constitute and ordaine my sons John and George
joint executours to this my will: I Doe Appoint my trustie friends Mathew Edwards and John Baker
overseers: unto what is above written I George Polly have put to my hand and seal the fifth day of June one
thousand six hundred and Eighty three.
        his mark
        George X Polly
        In prsence off
        Sam Carter
        her mark
        Deborah X pierce."
        When the will was proved 1 April 1684, the inventory read in part as follows(as transcribed by Winifred
L. Holman):
        "An inventory of the Estate of George poly senr who deceased upon the twenty second daye of Janewary
1683-4," was taken, 21 Feb. 1683[-84], by "frances Kendall & James Converse," the total amount being
298-09-06. It included "one small hous and about 35 acres of upland adjoyning," some 101 additional
acres in upland, swamp, meadow and woodlot; his stock, with "one mare and bridle sadle and pilion and
harnes"; carpenter's tools; household effects with a "brass scilet listed; a "Swarm of bees," etc. Note the
apparent conflict between the Woburn death record date for the decease of George Polly (22 December
1683), and the date of death stated in the inventory (22-Jan-1683/84). The latter date is believed to be an
administrative oversight. He married Elizabeth WINN, 21 May 1649, in Woburn, Middlesex County,

17.       Elizabeth WINN, born Abt 1631, Medford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, died 2 May 1695,
Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.2

18.       Robert EAMES, born Abt 1627, died Abt 1687. He married Elizabeth _____, Abt 1652.

19.       Elizabeth _____, born Abt 1632, died Abt 1692.

3rd Great Grand Parents

34.       Edward WINN, born Abt 1603, occupation master builder, died 5 Sep 1682, Woburn, Middlesex
County, Massachusetts. From the Cleveland Genealogy (p. 2420):
       Edward Winn was born, it is conjectured, in Wales, or more probably in England It is also speculated that
he was a master builder and came from Ipswich, England or vicinity. Based on the birth year of his first
child Ann, 1626, on can speculate on a birth year for Edward Winn of around 1601-1616. He was of
Charlestown, MA, prior to 18 Dec 1640. The earliest record of his name is whe he appears at the house of
Mr. Thomas Graves in Charlestown, as one of the Commissioners, at their first meeting, 18 Dec 1640, held
for consulting on the affairs of the contemplated town of Woburn. The proceedings of this meeting ar
recorded in Samuel Sewall's History of Woburn, p. 529. The conditions for inhabiting the new town of
Woburn were stated in five separate orders. The first order fixed the price of land at six pence an acre. The
second order required return of lots if they were not improved in 15 months. The remaining orders
concerned fencing, inmates (archaic usage: boarders, etc.), and timber. Among the 32 signatories was
Edward Winne. Edward Winn was one of the original planters of Woburn. On 8 Feb 1640/41, the
commissioners came from Charlestown to find a location. After two days' search, they pitched upon a spot,
unquestionably on Aberjona River, over which, 10 Feb 1640/41, they built a bridge near the house of
Edward Convers. To this spot they came, in March and May following, and laid out house lots, and
buildings were doubtless erected during the year. The first born child entered in the records of Woburn:
Increa son of Edward Winn, born (5th) of 10th mo: 1641. Edward Winn was made a freema 10 May 1643;
and taxed in Woburn in the rate for the country, 8 Sep 1645, and the subsequent rates. He was one of the
leading men in town affairs, and chos a town officer, a Survayor for Sale, 1658-9, Selectman, 1669. The
signature o Edward Winn appears as a subscribing witness, 10 Apr 1653, to a deed of George Polle (Polly)
to John Lakin of Groton, land at Woburn, some of it lying on lan of Moses Cleaveland. (This deed is
recorded in NEHGR, XLV: 81-82.) Edward Winn in his will, made 6 May 1682, names his son Increase;
his son Joseph's daughte Sarah; the three youngest children of his daughter Ann, wife of Moses Cleaveland;
and the three youngest children of his daughter Elizabeth, wife of George Polly. He married (1) Joanna
_____, Abt 1628, born Abt 1608, died 8 Mar 1649, Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. He
married (2) Sarah BEAL, 10 Aug 1649, born Abt 1608, died 15 Mar 1679, Woburn, Middlesex County,
Massachusetts. He married (3) Anne Page WOOD, born Abt 1608, died Abt 1668.

35.       Joanna _____, born Abt 1608, died 8 Mar 1649, Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

Medford, Massachusetts Vital Records.
Johnson, E. F, Massachusetts Vital Records 1640-1873 , 3 volumes.
Estimate based on date of birth plus 60.
Estimate based on first child's birth plus minus1.
Banks, Charles Edward., Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England 1620-1650 (Elijah
Ellsworth Brownell, B.E.E., publisher and editor, 1937, Philadelphia, PA), p.111.
Colket, Meredith B., Jr.., Founders of Early American Families: Emigrants From Europe 1607-1657 , Founders of
Early American Families: Emigrants From Europe 1607-1657, p.448.
Colket, Meredith B., Jr.., Founders of Early American Families: Emigrants From Europe 1607-1657 , Founders of
Early American Families: Emigrants From Europe 1607-1657, p.227.
Janes, Edmund and Horace Gillette Cleveland, Genealogy of the Cleveland and Cleaveland Families, p.2420.
The Genealogy of the Cleveland Families (Case, Lockwood,& Brainard Co., Hartford, CT 1899, 3 volumes), 2422.

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