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SIR LEWIS POLLARD KNIGHT POLLARD OF BISHOP'S NYMPTON
Posted by: Richard Williams (ID *****6048) Date: May 15, 2011 at 13:40:13
  of 3332

Would be interested to hear from anyone researching this family

sylvanus@rahwilliams.orangehome.co.uk

POLLARD OF BISHOP'S NYMPTON, DEVON

ARMS: Argent a chevron azure between three mullets gules

Robert Pollard of Roborough near Torrington, Devon c1425-....
b c1425 2nd son of John Pollard of Way, Devon c1391-a1477 and Eleanor Coplestone dau
of John Coplestone
chn: Lewis Pollard b c1460 below
Thomas Pollard 1525 will of brother Lewis

Sir Lewis Pollard Knight (Justice of the Common Pleas) c1460-1526
m Agnes Hext dau of Thomas Hext of Kingston by Totnes, Devon
d 20 OR 21 Oct 1526; i King's Nympton; Will (PCC) 4 Nov 1525/2 Nov 1526
(M.P., Totnes) 1491
(J.P., Devon) 1492
(Recorder, Barnstaple)
(Recorder, Exeter)
(Serjeant-at-law) Nov 1503
(King's Serjeant) 19 Jul 1507
(knighted) p1509
(a Justice of the Common Pleas) May 1514-d
(of Bishop's Nympton, Devon)
(said to have had 11 sons and 11 daughters)
chn: Hugh Pollard [1] b c1495 below
Richard Pollard [?2] b c1500 below
Anthony Pollard below
George Pollard below
John Pollard below
Robert Pollard below

Elizabeth Pollard b c1490 below
Jane Pollard b c1500; m Sir Hugh Stucley of "Affeton Castle", West Worlington,
Devon c1495-1559; (and had chn: Thomas b c1520 [ODNB], [? also Elizabeth, Anne,
Mary, Agnes, Audrey, Katherine, Lewis, George, Hugh, Amias, and Nicholas]
Thomasin Pollard b c1509; m Sir George Carew c1504-1545 [ODNB]; (but had no
chn); d 18 Dec 1539 [ODNB]
Philippa Pollard b c1507; m c1528 Sir Hugh Paulet of Hinton St George, Soms
Knight c1507-1573 [ODNB]; (and had chn: Ann, Jane, Amias, George, Nicholas)
He m2 (settlement, 12 Nov 1560) (as her 3rd husband) Elizabeth Blount dau of
Walter Blount (of Osbaston, Leics) gentleman c1495-p1544 [NOTE: Ann & Jane
Paulet were born before the 1531 Visitation of Somerset]
Agnes Pollard m Humphrey More of More Hayes in Collumpton, Devon Esquire; (and
had chn: John)
Margaret Pollard [? (a nun)] 1525 fw

[???] John Pollard (a Knight) [APPEARS TO BE AN ERROR]
Elizabeth Pollard m Sir Hugh Courtenay, of Powderham, knight [APPEARS TO BE AN
ERROR]

(Will) In dei nomine Amen. Quarto die Novembris ... [17 Henry VIII] [4 Nov 1525] ... Lodevicus Pollard ... profits of my manor of Ockeford to pray for my soule my father my mother my uncle maister Lewis Pollard ... my Lady of Canon Legh ... toward the ... of her church ... and my daughter ?Dame Margaret ... and every of the other ladies there ... Bisshopps Nymton ... parishe church of Ockeford ... parishe church of Kings Nympton ... brother Thomas Pollard ... sonne John Pollard .... Annes my wife ... will lyve sole and not marry ageyn and kepe well my children I will that she and Hugh Pollard my sonne have the residue of all my goodes ... Richard Pollard my sonne ... sonne John Pollard ... sonne Antonye Pollard ... godson Lewes Stewkely ... witnesses Antony Pollard Squier Thomas Hext gent ...

CP 25/1/170/197, number 121. County: Norfolk. Place: Westminster. Date: One month from Easter, 23 Henry VII [21 May 1508]. And afterwards one week from St John the Baptist in the same year [1 July 1508]. Parties: Lewis Pollard', serjeant-at-law of the lord king, John Copleston', esquire, John More of Colompton', John Fortescue, William Merwode, John Hext, Anthony Pollard', Hugh Pollard', John Coblegh', John Ackeland' and Richard Pollard', querents, and Charles Brandon', esquire, and Margaret, his wife, deforciants. Property: The manor of Kenwyk' and 4 messuages, 100 acres of land, 40 acres of meadow, 200 acres of pasture, 100 acres of wood and 20 shillings of rent in Kenwyk' and Kenwyke. Action: Plea of covenant. Agreement: Charles and Margaret have acknowledged the manor and tenements to be the right of Lewis, and have remised and quitclaimed them from themselves and the heirs of Margaret to Lewis, John, John, John, William, John, Anthony, Hugh, John, John and Richard and the heirs of Lewis for ever. Warranty: Warranty. For this: Lewis, John, John, John, William, John, Anthony, Hugh, John, John and Richard have given them 400 pounds sterling. [PRO]

Sir Lewis Pollard, knt. (son of Robert Pollard, second son of John Pollard, of Way), born in 1465, entering at the Middle Temple, devoted himself to the study of the law, with so much success, that in 20 James I. he was called to the degree of Serjeant, and in 1515 constituted one of the judges of the Common Pleas. "In this honourable office," says Prince, " he continued for many years, until age and the consequent infirmities thereof, sued out his quietus est." The same author thus continues: "This high and great trust of a judge (an higher than which is hardly found upon earth, the lives and livelyhoods of men being therein concern'd) Sir Lewis Pollard executed with great faithfulness and expectation; the fragrant odour whereof perfumes his memory unto this day." Sir Lewis acquired by his profession a considerable fortune, and purchased the estate of King's Nympton, in Devon, where he erected a stately mansion, and enclosed a large park. He married Agnes, daughter of Thomas Hext, esq. of Kingston, in the parish of Staverton and had by her eleven sons and as many daughters. Four of the sons attained the honour of knighthood, Sir Hugh, Sir John, Sir Richard, and Sir George, who " won his title by his stout defence of Bulloin in France;" all the others, especially John, archdeacon of Barnstaple and canon of Exeter, were well advanced. The daughters intermarried with the first families in the county; the eldest becoming the wife of Sir Hugh Stukely, of Aflfton; the second, of Sir Hugh Courtenay, of Powderham; the third, of Sir Hugh Pawlet, of Stamford Peveril; and the fourth, of Sir John Crocker, of Lineham. [A GENEALOGICAL AND HERALDIC HISTORY OF THE EXTINCT AND DORMANT BARONETCIES ... BY JOHN BURKE, SIR BERNARD BURKE 418]

Sir Lewis Pollard, knight, sergeant-at-law, married the daughter and heir of Dunisford, or Donesford, and had issue Sir Hugh, Sir John of Ford and Combe-Martin; Sir Richard, knight of St. Johns; John, archdeacon of Barnstaple; and seven others and eleven daughters: --- (married to Sir Hugh Stukely, of Affeton, knight;) Elizabeth, --- (to Sir Hugh Courtenay, of Powderham, knight;) --- (to Sir Hugh Pawlet, of Sampford-Peverel, knight;) --- (to Sir John Crocker, of Lineham, Devon, knight; secondly to Sir Hugh Trevanion, of Cornwall, knight;) --- (to More, of Morehays, Devon, esq.) [Thomas Westcote. A VIEW OF DEVONSHIRE IN MDCXXX, WITH A PEDIGREE OF MOST OF ITS GENTRY. page 47]

Pollard, Sir Lewis (d. 1526), judge, was the son of Robert Pollard of Roborough, near Torrington, Devon, and a kinsman of the judge and speaker of the House of Commons Sir John Pollard (b. before 1508, d. 1557). He must have been born by 1470 at the latest, since he was elected to parliament in 1491 as member for Totnes, and became a justice of the peace for Devon the following year. He was a bencher of the Middle Temple by the beginning of the sixteenth century, and if, as was the usual course, he had given two readings before becoming a serjeant, this would point to an admission in the later 1470s and a birth date closer to 1460. He was recorder of Barnstaple and of Exeter. In November 1503 he was created serjeant-at-law, and on 19 July 1507 appointed one of the king's serjeants. He was knighted after 1509. In May 1514 he was made a justice of the common pleas, and retained that office until his death on 20 or 21 October 1526. He was buried at King's Nympton, Devon, where there was formerly a monument and a portrait in the window. He lived, however, in the neighbouring parish of Bishop's Nympton, and left £6 13s. 4d. towards the building of the church tower there. In the lay subsidy survey of 1524 he was rated at £333 6s. 8d. in goods in Bishop's Nympton. Sir Lewis was survived by his wife, Agnes, the daughter of Thomas Hext of Kingston, a prominent Devon lawyer of the previous generation. Some authorities credited them with twenty-two children, but they probably had six sons (no fewer than four of whom were knighted) and a daughter. The eldest son and heir, Sir Hugh, was the ancestor of Sir Hugh Pollard, second baronet (1603–1666); the second, Sir Richard Pollard (d. 1542), was king's remembrancer of the exchequer and a law reporter; Sir George was knighted for his service in the defence of Boulogne.
J. H. Baker [Sources J. C. Wedgwood and A. D. Holt, History of parliament, 1: Biographies of the members of the Commons house, 1439–1509 (1936), 689 · Foss, Judges, 5.227–8 · E. W. Ives, The common lawyers of pre-Reformation England (1983), 474 · Baker, Serjeants, 166, 265, 266, 531 · The reports of Sir John Spelman, ed. J. H. Baker, 2 vols., SeldS, 93–4 (1977–8) · C. H. Hopwood, ed., Middle Temple records, 1: 1501–1603 (1904) · LP Henry VIII · T. L. Stoate, Devon subsidy rolls, 1524–7 (1979), 85 · inquisition post mortem, TNA: PRO, C142/46/17, 80 · will, TNA: PRO, PROB 11/22, sig. 11 · T. Risdon and J. Taylor, The chorographical description or survey of the county of Devon: printed from a genuine copy of the original manuscript, with considerable additions, 2nd edn (1811), 310 · TNA: PRO, E 101/209, m.4; E 356/25 m.45d] [HISTORY OF PARLIAMENT]
____________________________________________________________________________________

Elizabeth Pollard c1490-....
m1 c1512 John Crocker of Lyneham in Yealmpton, Devon Esquire c1458-1521
m2 Sir Hugh Trevanion of Caerhayes, Cornwall Knight
d 21 May 1531; IPM (Devon) 20 Oct 1531 [below]
chn: John Crocker [1] b c1515; (aged 5) 12 Apr 1521 below
Gregory (OR George) Crocker [2]
Elizabeth Crocker m Andrew Maynard of Shilford/Sherford; (and had chn:
Elizabeth)
Ann Crocker m Edward Drew of Newton St Cyres c1516-1580; (and had chn: Edmund,
Mary, Joan); i 13 Apr 1557 Newton St Cyres

By Inquis. post mortem, held at Exeter, on the 20th day of October, in the 23d year of the reign of King Henry the Eighth [1531], &c. before John Hexte, Esq. Eschaetor of our said Lord the King, for the county of Devon, &c. (and a jury therein named), found that Elizabeth Trevanyon, wife of Hugh Trevanyon, and before wife of John Crokkcr, Esqr. &c. &c. &c. (Note. Then follows the same description of the manors, lands, &c. as given already in the Inquis. p. m. of John Crokkcr, 12 Hen. VIII.) And after the decease of the aforesaid John Crokker the said Elizabeth became seized of the said manors, messuages, lands, &c. &c. for her use and benefit during her natural life, and after her death for the use of John Crokker, son and heir of the aforesaid John Crokker deceased, &c. &c. &c. (description of tenure, &c.) The aforesaid Elizabeth died on the 21st day of May last [1531]. Lastly, the aforesaid John Crokker, the son and heir, was found to be 17 years of age. [IPM (Devon) 23 H VIII [1531/2] No 8 [H&G 8 386-7]
____________________________________________________________________________________

Sir Hugh Pollard of Bishop's Nympton, Devon Knight c1495-....
m1 Elizabeth Valletort dau and heir of John Valletort of Greston in Nymet Episcopi,
Devon
m2 ----- Sydenham of Dulverton, Soms; (but had no chn)
chn: Lewis Pollard [? Will (Exeter) 1576]
----- Pollard
----- Pollard
Elizabeth Pollard m1 Richard Bury of Coleton; m2 Henry Dillon
Dorothy Pollard m Robert Courtenay of Molland Esquire

Sir Hugh married the daughter and heir of Valetort, of Greston in Nymct-Episcopi, Devon, and had issue Lewis, (two other sons,) Elizabeth, (married to Richard Bury of Coleton, secondly to Henry Dillon, esq.;) Dorothy, (married to Robert Courtenay, of Molland, esq.; secondly he married a daughter of Sydenham, of Dulverton in Somerset;)
[Thomas Westcote. A VIEW OF DEVONSHIRE IN MDCXXX, WITH A PEDIGREE OF MOST OF ITS GENTRY. page 47]

Anthony Pollard of Chumleigh, Devon gent. Will dated July 20, 1580, proved Nov 7, 1580 [Barnstaple Will] My daughters Margaret & Frances. My sons Stucley Pollard & Richard Pollard. My cousin Lewis Pollard deceased. My cousin Hugh Pollard of Nympton.
____________________________________________________________________________________

Sir Richard Pollard of Ford, Devon Knight c1500-1542
m a1527 Jacquetta Bury dau of John Bury of Colliton, Devon
d 10 Nov 1542
(admitted to the Inner Temple) 1519
(acting as counsel in the court of requests) 1529
(J.P., Devon) 1532
(King's Remembrancer of the Exchequer) May 1535-d
(M.P. ?Taunton) 1536
(M.P., Devon) 1539 1542
(knighted) 1542
(a law reporter)
chn: John Pollard
----- Pollard
----- Pollard
----- Pollard

Pollard, Sir Richard (d. 1542), law reporter and exchequer official, was the second son of Sir Lewis Pollard (d. 1526), the judge, and Agnes, daughter of Thomas Hext of Kingston, near Totnes, Devon. Admitted to the Middle Temple in 1519, by 1529 he was acting as counsel in the court of requests. Before 1527 he had married Jacquetta, daughter of John Bury of Colliton, Devon; the eldest of their four children was the MP Sir John Pollard (d. 1575). He became a justice of the peace for Devon in 1532, and was under-steward of Tavistock Abbey. He may safely be identified as the Pollarde whose law reports, running mostly from 1522 to 1535 but arranged under alphabetical headings (like Port's and Spelman's), were available to and partially preserved by Christopher Yelverton (BL, Hargrave MS, 388). They were printed in 2004. He seems also to be the ‘Pollard, apprentice’ whose successful argument for the crown in Lord Dacre's case, in Easter term 1535, prepared the way for the Statute of Uses the following year. This success transformed the king's revenues and must have commended Pollard strongly to Thomas Cromwell. In May 1535 he was appointed king's remembrancer of the exchequer, an office that he held until his death. Pollard was selected to read in the Middle Temple in the summer of 1535, but the exercise was curtailed after eleven days because of plague. He was busily engaged about this time on a committee to consider the codification of canon law, following the break with Rome in 1534; Pollard was in favour of a complete fusion with the common law, at any rate with respect to criminal jurisdiction, but the committee failed to produce an agreed conclusion. In the ensuing few years he became active in the suppression of the monasteries, and is said to have spent many hours in prayer before Thomas Becket's shrine at Canterbury before supervising its defacement. He also served in parliament (perhaps as member for Taunton) in 1536, and again (representing Devon) in 1539 and 1542. His usefulness in the crown service was unaffected by Cromwell's fall, and in 1542 he was knighted and appointed second general surveyor to the court of surveyors; but on 10 November 1542 he died, while still in his forties. He had been assessed by the lay subsidy commissioners the previous year as having an income of £230 from lands and fees; and his greatest prize through the dissolution was Forde Abbey, which he purchased in 1540 and made his seat. He bequeathed a gold salt to Sir Richard Rich, whom he appointed overseer of his will. J. H. Baker [ODNB]
____________________________________________________________________________________

Anthony Pollard
[? d 16 Jun 1587]
____________________________________________________________________________________

Sir George Pollard Knight
d killed cJan 1545.6 Boulogne
(knighted for his service in the defence of Boulogne) 1544

seven or eight young gentlemen were lost, among them Sir George Pollard, who was "stricken on the knee with a gun out of Hardelow castle" and died within two hours ...
____________________________________________________________________________________

John Pollard (Archdeacon of Barnstaple)

(1545) Conveyance. Between (1) John More of Morehays esq. and Rev. John Pollard, Archdeacon of Barnstaple and (2) John Eveleigh to Clyst St. Lawrence, gent. [NATIONAL ARCHIVES 1926 B/W/T/2/1]
____________________________________________________________________________________

Robert Pollard of Knowstone, Devon
i 25 Sep 1576 Knowstone, Devon
(said to be 4th son b 1528 and died 1575)








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