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Billington Longland Newton, 1604-1625
Posted by: Guy (ID *****2524) Date: November 29, 2013 at 05:49:01
  of 1317

John Billington of Thurlby (Bourne) was recorded as a church guardian/warden in parish records, 1603-1604. Burial registers had his apparent ornate signature. He married in June 1603 in Thurlby, and in Apr 1604 his son John was baptized; he took the inventory for Robert Cackeland (Eackelande) of Northorpe, Thurlby, probably recorded Feb 1604/5; and, his wife (Syth Billington) was buried in Thurlby in Sep 1607. Thurlby (Bourne) was the closest geographically to Cowbit of all Billington records found but, considering the records below of Robert Newton 1608-1616, it is doubtful that Cowbit is very relevant to this genealogy. John Billington’s apparent unique signature was much like that of Thomas Billington of Greatford. Robert Eackelande left a will.

Billingtons near Thurlby (Bourne) who might have been about the same age as John Billington were: Susanna Billington who married Robert Thistleton in Baston (two miles away) in 1602; Thomas Billington in Greatford (four miles away), who was there by 1607; and, John Billington in Osbournby (14 miles away), who was there by 1612 (possibly the John Billington who died in Osbournby about 1615). Osbournby was the closest geographically to the Longland enclaves in Welby, Boothby-Pagnell and Ingoldsby.

Maps showed that old roads or trails led from Stamford to Greatford (six miles away), and with many early Billington records in Stamford, a “shortcut” might have been from Stamford to Greatford to Baston to Thurlby (Bourne). Thomas Billington of Greatford was on inventories, 1607-1640, and had children baptized there in 1607 and 1620. Thomas and Henry Billington of Greatford left wills of 1643-1646.

Robert Newton was apparently in Swayfield by 1608 on inventories. Ann, daughter of Rob Newton, was baptized 1608, Swayfield. He apparently took the inventory for the estate of John Longland in Welby in 1612, but apparently was also involved with inventories in Swayfield in 1612-1613. Elsabeth, daughter of Rob and Katharinae Newton, baptized 1615, Swayfield. He apparently died in Swayfield about 1616-1617 and his wife, Katherine (Longland) Newton, apparently died in Swayfield about 1625 (Swayfield is 17 miles west of Cowbit). As early parish records for Swayfield seem to be absent, it is hard to tell if Robert Newton was originally from Swayfield, but no other early Newtons were found in Swayfield except for Ann, daughter of Robeart and Marie Newton, baptized in 1628. It is possible that the Newton lands/holdings in Swayfield were via an earlier Longland purchase/lease. There were many Newtons in/near the Bourne area.

A record with an asterisk (*) can be viewed at

1590 – inventory of Robert Longlande contains names of people (including Thomas Longland and another Longland – Susan?) who were to receive items from the estate, Welby (a type of will).* Francis Longland was a signer on the 1631 inventory of Thomas Longland, Welby,* so Robert might have been the grandfather of Francis and Thomas. Thomas Longland was surety for the marriage of William Longland, age 35, in 1615 (both of Welby); and, William Longland helped take the 1612 inventory of John Langland* in Welby. It is not clear whether or not Francis Longland/Langlands baptized in Boothby-Pagnell in 1573/1577* was Francis Longland of Welby, born about 1580. Other Longland items are at the end of this posting.

1603-1604 – John Billington of Thurlby (Bourne) was one of “Ch my wardens” two times in baptism records, 1603-1604 (iid=217631); one time on the same page as his 1603 marriage entry; and, one time with 1603-1604 burials (iid=217713),* with his apparent signature.

1603 – “maryed in Ano dm 1603 . . . John Billington & C./ --- . . . Maryed ye (?) day of June,” Thurlby (Bourne). This entry is on the pages after 1646 baptisms (iid=217690).* There is a smudged word near this entry, but perhaps the entry never included the wife’s name.

1604 – John Billington, son of John, baptized at Thurlby (Bourne), Apr 1604.*

1604 or 1604/5 (February) – John Billington was one of those who took the inventory of Robert Cackeland (Eakelande), labourer, of Northorpe, Thurlby (Bourne).* Robert Eackelande was buried in 1604/5 and his widow was probably Joha who later married Thomas Heminson.*

1607 – “Syth Billington wife of John Billington (was) Buried the (?) day of September” (Thurlby, Bourne)*

(Those were the only Billington records found by me in Thurlby, Bourne.)

1603 – (May) Francis Longland married Emme Spivie, Grantham St. Wulfram* (four miles west-southwest of Welby). The entry, unlike most entries, had titles for Francis and Emme similar to Mr and Mrs. (Farther west were Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire.)

1608 – Robert Newton took inventory of John Minzey’s estate, Swayfield*

1608-1609 – Robert Newton’s name on inventory of Robert Milner, Swayfield*

1612 – lease of 29 acres of land (at Cowbit) from Crown to gentleman Francis Longland and two heirs of his choice; he chose Francis Billington, son of John, and Francis Newton, son of Robert (The Mayflower and Her Passengers by Caleb H. Johnson cites R.N. Whiston/R.H. Winson, 1970, NEHGR, 124:116-118)

1612 – Robt. Newton was one of those who took the inventory of John Longland, Welby; others included William Longland.*

1612 – John Longland of Welby, will probate

1612-1613 – Robert Newton’s name on inventory of John Persivall, Swayfield*

1612-1613 – Robert Newton (his mark) on inventory of Thomas Musson, Swayfield*

1613 – Mary Longland of Welby named son Francis and daughter "Katherine Newton" in will of 20 August 1613; also mentioned in Mary's will, among others, goddaughter Mary Newton (Source?). In early colonial wills, women sometimes devised to oldest granddaughters but not to grandsons (my note).

1613 – Mary wife of John Longland buried 22 August, Welby*

1612 or 1613, 1613/4? (Feb) – inventory of Mary Longland of Welby; the first date is September (1613?), final date is Feb 1613, which could mean Feb 1613/4*

1616-1617 – inventory of Robert Newton of Swayfield*

1617 – Robert Newton of Swafield(sic), will probate

1619 – (assignment of lease), Richard Sharpe, Esq., of Gonerby to Francis Longlandes, gent., of Welby (National Archives online)

1625 – Robert Newton’s name at the end of Anthony Nichole’s inventory, Swayfield.* (It looks like he was a creditor/debtor who’s balance/debt went to his wife.)

1625 – widow Katherine Newton’s inventory, Swayfield*

1626 – Katherine Newton of Swafield(sic), will probate

1631 – Francis Longland was signatory to the inventory of Thomas Longlandes, Welby*

1650 – survey of the land, Francis Longland in Welby, aged about 70, Francis Newton in Swayfield, aged about 40, Francis Billington in New England, aged about 40 (cited Whiston, as previous).

Billington and Longland/Langland records were compared with geography and maps. Thurlby and Bourne are near-or-on today’s Route A-15, parts of which in John Billington’s time were the “London Road” that led to London, so anyone in Bourne or Thurlby in John’s time could have easily travelled to London.

South of Thurlby (to the east and west) were the Billingtons of Baston and of Greatford (Gretford), the closest geographically to Thurlby; those Billingtons were also on-or-near the “London Road.” North of Thurlby and Bourne were the Osbournby Billingtons, also on that road: the Osbournby Billingtons were the closest geographically to the Longland/Langland enclaves found at Welby, Boothby-Pagnell and Ingoldsby.

Swayfield is south of Welby. Swayfield was in the center, more or less, of all of the Billington/Longland/Langland records considered (Lincolnshire).

All places referred to above and below are in Lincolnshire.

Baston is south-southeast of Thurlby (two miles).
Bourne is north of Thurlby (three miles).
Cowbit is east of Thurlby (11 miles).
Greatford is south-southwest of Thurlby (four miles).
Osbournby is north of Thurlby (14 miles).
Swayfield is south of Welby (ten miles).
Swayfield is west-northwest of Thurlby (seven miles).
Swayfield is west of Cowbit (17 miles).
Welby is west of Osbournby (16 miles).

The “London Road” Billingtons who were on a north-south line in places near the current-day A15 motorway, built on the Roman road “Ermine Street,” also known as “Roman King Street,” which ran from London (Londinium) to Lincoln (Lindum Colonia) and York (Eboracum); from near Thurlby crossroads, the Roman line headed straight for the point at which Bourne Abbey was later built.

Billington wills (selected):
-----(Henry) Hy., Gretford 1645-6, 254;
-----(Henry) Hy., Gretford 1645-6, 462;
-----(John) Jo., Osbournby 1615, 621;
-----(Thomas) Tho., Gretford 1643-4, 644.
Longland wills (selected):
-----Joan, Ingoldsby 1633, 160;
-----(John) Jo., Welby, 1612, 541;
-----(John) Jo., Welby, 1649, 176;
-----Mary, Welby, 1613, 508;
-----(Thomas) Tho., Ingolsby(sic) 1630, 249;
-----(Thomas) Tho., Welby 1631, 158.
Newton wills(selected):
-----Kath., Swafield(sic) 1626, 99;
-----Rob. Swafield(sic) 1617 ii, 197.
Eakelande will, Robert, Northorpe 1604 ii, 62.
Calendars of Lincoln Wills, Vol. II, 1601-1652

1576+> – Longland(es) records in Fulbeck, (Welby eight miles south-southeast of Fulbeck)
1594 – Longlandes marriage in Somerby (Grantham), probably Thomas Longland of Boothby-Pagnell. Old Somerby St Mary Magdalene is an Ancient Parish which includes Great Humby and Dunsthorpe (three miles east of Grantham in South Kesteven). Neighboring parishes include Ropsley and Boothby-Pagnell.
1607 – Thomas Billington took inventory of William Holmes, Greatford* (in Greatford by 1607)
1607 – Thomas Billington took inventory of John Clapton, Greatford*
1607 – Thomas Billington took inventory of Lawrence Bridman, Greatford*
1614 – Robert Billington of Timberland was son of Henry Billington of Consby(sic), Connesby(sic) (p. 42, Lincoln Marriage Licenses, 1888, online)
1615 – John Billington inventory, Osbournby
1616 – Thomas Billington took inventory of Alice Elwood, Greatford*
1619-1620 – Thomas Billington (apparently his own signature) took inventory of Elizabeth Holmes*
1622-1623 – Alice Billington inventory by John Billington, Robert Billington, Woodall* (near Tattershall)
1636-1638 – a Billington on the inventory of Robert Gibson, Greatford*
1639-1640 – Thomas Billington on the inventory of John Sprathoth, Greatford*
1597 – Jhon(sic) Longland took inventory of Richard Spraginge (Boothby-Pagnell)*
1598-1599 – Jhon(sic) Longland took inventory of William Pawson (Boothby-Pagnell)*
1604-1605 – Thomas Longland took inventory of Richard Nicholson, Ingoldsby*
1607-1608 – Thomas Longland took inventory of Henry Searsonne, Ingoldsby*
1614 – Ragsdale Longland took inventory of John Seamon, Ingoldsby*
1615 – (6 Oct) “Wm Longland, of Welby, yeom” (age 35) “& Susan Easton, of Swinshead . . . Surety: Thos Longland, of Welby, yeom [Welbye]” (p. 49, Lincoln Marriage Licenses, 1888, online)

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