Reference - Landon Harry F. The North Country - A History Embracing Jefferson, St Lawrence, Oswego, Lewis and Franklin Counties New York.
Reference - David Freeman.
Hi Jean - From Australia,
A raid took place at Windmill Point, Ontario, in November 1838, about 160 Americans were captured by the British, eleven were immediately hung, several younger men were admonished, pardoned and sent home. some were as young as eleven. A balance of 141 - 144 Americans were found guilty of aiding insurrection against the Crown and were given prison sentences. They were taken from the Colony and transported to Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania - Australia)
It was a 160 day voyage from Quebec to Van Dieman's Land on board the "Buffalo" which sailed from Quebec, on 2nd October 1839 via the St Lawrence Seaway, the east coast of America, Rio de Janeiro across the Atlantic Ocean past the Cape of Good Hope, across the Indian Ocean to Van Diemens Land arriving on 12 February 1840. The Buffalo ended her days on 28th July 1840 wrecked Mercury Bay New Zealand - she was launched 4th January 1813, named "Hindostan" renamed "Buffalo" when sold to UK Navy 7th October 1813.
Approx 82 male convicts landed in Hobart Town and were sent to Port Arthur, the remainder on board, prisoners from Lower Canada went to Sydney, as the two groups of prisoners were very politically opposed. The prisoners spent five brutal years in Tasmania, mostly working in rock quarries.
There was apparently agitation back in America about these polital prisoners and my Great Grandfather Ira Polley was given a free pardon on 18th December 1844. The pardoned prisoners left Hobart Town in January 1845 on board the American whaling vessel "Steiglitz", she cruised off New Zealand made north and in April anchored off Honolulu. I dont have any details of her arrival date or land fall in America. Ira jumped ship somewhere along the way and made his way back to Australia and settled on the South Coast of New South Wales.
I hope some of these references help in tracking down your ancestors.
Kind regards, Maureen
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