As before I am presenting problems with the current tradition. According to many members of the family, all Parkhill's are suppose to be descended from the survivor of a shipwreck near Torquay, England in 1640. His descendants settled in Scotland and the north of England, where many still live. Many more have migrated to the United States and Canada, and a few are found in Australia, China and South Africa. HOWEVER, SOME EVIDENCE INDICATES THAT THE PARKHILL NAME TRACES BACK TO A ROBERT PARKHILL WHO LIVED IN GLASGOW IN 1605." Forbes Parkhill admitted in this letter to me, that the name goes back to 1605 in Scotland NOT 1640 in England.
Even the SCOTS ANCESTRY RESEARCH SOCIETY, references George F. Blacks authoritative work THE SURNAMES OF SCOTLAND which states that the name originated from the lands of Parkhill in the barony of Tarboltoun, Ayrshire. It is found in Scottish records as early as 1605, but it does not appear in the published list of clans and clan septs."
The following are excerpts from the following web sites: http://search.swyrich.com/searchresults.asp? licensee=54323&surname=parkhill&origin=SC
“First found in Ayrshire where they were recorded as a family of great antiquity seated on the lands of Parkhill in the barony of Torbolton where they are traditionally believed to be descended from the Parks of Erskine, the main line of which ended in heiresses about the year 1500. Spelling variations include: Parkhill, Parkhille, and others.”
http://www.edhall.free-online.co.uk/innes/f16; On 25 October 1557 he had a charter of the LANDS OF PARKHILL, in the county of Fife, on the forfeiture of John Leslie.
From TRAVEL TO BLACK EARNSIDE, SCOTLAND- Tour Black Earnside
It was from the "LANDS OF PARKHILL" that the Monks quarried the stone for Lindores Abbey in Newburgh. They belonged at that time to David, Earl of Huntingdon and Angus. They passed from him into the hands of the Leslie family, Earls of Rothes, until in 1546
THE SURNAMES OF SCOTLAND, by George F. Black, quotes the following: "PARKHILL. From the lands of Parkhill in the barony of Torboulton, Ayshire. Robert Parkhill, merchant in Glasgow, 1605.--Parkhill, servitor to Sir George Elphinstone, was admitted burgess of Glasgow in 1631 (Burgesses). Patrick Parkhill, son to John Parkhill Neuckfuit, was a witness in 1657 (Caldwell, p.291), and John Parkhill took the Test in Paisley in 1626 (RPC.,3.sor.XI,p. 246). John Parkhill published "The History of Paisley, 1857."
Regarding the shipwrecked child, Back in 1969 Mr. Hargreaves the curator of the Parkhill Manor in Engliand replied to my inquiry about the name of Parkhill Manor: "Thanks for your letter on 'Parkhill', so far as the Ancient Archives shows, the enclosure Parkhill has been so called from the day of William the Conqueror. The Shipwrecked child was later, I presume than 1067? The house was obviously named from the enclosure no other reason than I can think of."
From these other sources which I posted above,I am not convinced that one shipwrecked child, given the name Park-hill, is the originator of ALL the Parkhill's in 1640. That there was a Robert Parkhill who was born around 1585 who was a probable descendant from the Park-Hills of ERKSINE of Renfrewshire around Glasgow, a son John Parkhill (1617) and a grandson Patrick (1637) who all existed before the so-called shipwrecked child on a French boat in 1640. Did James Parkhill b. 1632, son of Alice Parkhill and Jerry Ainsworth, come up with this so called shipwreck, or maybe it was earlier than what it was supposed to be? Could it be that a descendant of Archil, not necessarily, of the Earls of Archil or Arkhil, hung on to the name, and used the Welsh equivalent.
It is a fact that George F. Black states that the Parkhill name was classified as a Scottish surname in 1605. Was the shipwreck child earlier than supposed. There are problems showing that all the Parkhill's are of French extraction
Surely this search for our ancestors is what we believe in according to our motto:
"ENDEAVOR FOR GREATNESS"
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