My family records show a Wilhelm Kolb moving to Maryland as William Culp in the early 1830's. My greatgrandfather William Culp, his grandson, was general agent for the L&N R.R. in Louisville, and his brother Milt remained a bachelor who ran a boarding house all the young men working at L & N Hqtrs. would stay in, circa 1890-1915. Wm. died fairly young in 1898; his oldest son Charles moved to Indianapolis, and my father Amos Allen Culp followed his younger brother Bill to Birmingham, AL, where they prospered.
I surmise the name was changed from Kolb to Culp because there was considerable prejudice against Germans, who were flooding to America by the 1820's. Like most Americans of the day, they wanted to drop any vestige of being foreign immigrants, particularly when they moved South.
Let me know some thoughts on this. The German connection of the Culps was played down in the South, particularly after the terrific animosity towards "The Hun" during WWI. My respectable old female relatives denied the German heritage altogether, speculating it was a Welsh or Hugenot name.
Thank you for this information, all of you. - Kip Culp
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