The 1850 US census enumerated the family you list in Georges Twp., Fayette Co., PA [National Archives Micropublication 432, roll 779; Page: 56B; Image: 118].
With them for 1850 was Susanna McCarty, age 74, said to have been born in PA, as were Michael and Minerva. She may be Michael's mother, but could be a paternal aunt or no relative at all.
It is possible that Minerva was not mother of all of Michael's children, and possible that not all of the children listed in the household were children of Michael.
Michael and Minerva's household was again listed in Georges Twp. in the 1860 enumeration [National Archives Micropublication 653, roll 1109; stamped pages 345, 107; written p. 221; Image: 220]. Again both were listed as born in PA.
For 1870, possibly the same Minerva ["Mc Carty"], age 54, was enumerated in Nicholson Twp, Fayette Co, PA, in the household of James R. Core, 32; also in the household were John H. Core, 31; Rachel Core, 34; Sarah Rowenan, 22, and Thomas Cartwright, 15, all b. in PA [National Archives Micropublication 593, roll 1343; stamped page: 290A,written page 5; Image: 10] [the Cores were indexed by Ancestry.com as "Vore" and Sarah as "Rwenan"]. No occupation was given for Minerva.
For 1880 the same James, John H. and "Rachael" Core were in the same household in Nicholson Twp., Fayette Co. In this enumeration John H. was listed as James' brother, and Rachael as James' sister; James' occupation was "gentleman" and indeed he was listed with land of considerable value in the 1870 enumeration [National Archives Micropublication T9, roll 1130; Enumeration Dist. 47, Supervisor's Dist. 8; stamped page 335C, written p. 23].
Minerva is not with the Cores for 1880. I was hoping to find her enumerated for 1880, since that is the first US Federal Census enumeration that states the enumerator's opinion of where an individual's parents were born. I could not find her.
In the 1850 and 1860 enumerations Michael McCarty was listed with land valued at $2000 and $3000 respectively.
For 1840 there is a Michael McCarty listed as head of household, age 30-39, the eldest female in the household aged 30-39; younger white persons in the household were 3 males and 2 females. 4 households away was that of a Jno Core, likely the male aged 20-29, so it appears that the McCartys knew some Core family members (the progenitor was a Henry Kohr/Core who settled in German Twp. in the 1780s from Hampshire Co., (West) VA). [National Archives Micropublication 704, roll 297, stamped p. 237, written p. 12, image 615].
For 1840 listed a few pages before Michael's entry is the household of a Peter McCarty in Georges Twp., eldest male in the household age 40-49, eldest female aged 40-49; 2 younger males and 5 younger females are in this household [National Archives Micropublication 704, roll 297, stamped p. 234, written p. 9, image 615].
Michael and Peter were the only McCarty heads of household I found in Fayette Co. Susanna in Michael's household in 1850 was not enumerated for 1840 in Michael's or Peter's household, unless the enumerator made a really poor estimate as to age of the eldest female in one of these two enumerations.
Perhaps you know if the Susanna McCarty listed as head of household for 1840 in Richmond Twp., Ross Co., OH (eldest female aged 60-69) is related to the above. If so, that might be the place to look for identity of her husband; estate and land records might givve details on who her husband's children were.
It is possible that Michael's father died in Fayette Co., PA. The County Register of Wills has the estate records there, which might tell you who his overall heirs were, giving such data as where they lived at the time of his death. The Register of Deeds office has land records, which also may be of help. Michael obtained his significant amount of land either by purchase or by inheritance (possibly a bit of both), so it is possible that some helpful information is available in Fayette Co. It is possible that Minerva's father or parents might be identified as well through land or estate records, particularly if there was a land distribution through Orphans Court, or if she and Michael might have sold their interest in property belonging to her father.
The objective is to learn the identity of Michael's father and Minerva's parents so you can try to track them back in time as well.
So if you really want answers to your questions, you'll want to go to actual records.
Pennsylvania Counties did not begin keeping marriage records (with a brief exception in many Counites ca. 1852-1854) until 1885, and did not begin keeping death records until 1893, so the "Vital Records" in the Counties will not be available to check for parents' identities in these cases.
I wish you success.
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