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Home: Regional: U.S. States: Oklahoma: Sequoyah County

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Jeremiah Mystery. Was his name Andrew Jackson or Andrew James?
Posted by: Lola (ID *****2090) Date: July 18, 2008 at 13:18:31
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He was known in Sequoyah County Oklahoma from forever to forever as Andrew Jackson (or A.J.) Jeremiah. Throughout the censuses below, among other pertinent things, notice from year to year, the name James, the date of birth and place of birth and how they all generally coincide. I believe the following information tilts the preponderance of evidence toward the name James.
1850 census, Bates County Missouri, district 6, (Ancestry.Com census image # 38)
Margaret Jeremiah, age 50, born Kentucky
William, age 22, born Illinois
Mary, age 18, born Illinois
James, age 17, born Illinois (born 1833)
Sarah, age 15, born Illinois
1860 census, Scott Valley, Siskiyou County California, (Ancestry.Com census image # 22)
John Barnham, age 29, born Illinois
Louisa, age 26, born Virginia
T. S., son age 1, born California
J. M. Thompkins, age 6, born Oregon
Virginia Thompkins, age 5, born Oregon
Louis Thompkins, age 4, born California
James Jeremiah, age 30, farm laborer, born Illinois (born 1830. It is compatible. Many times, for various reasons, censuses do not exactly match from year to year. He actually should have been around 27).

He might possibly have known this John Barnham back in Illinois.
Can't find him in 1870)
It seems he might have changed his name once he come to Indian Territory (later Oklahoma), because of the documents referring to him as Andrew Jackson Jeremiah.
1880 Census (CN): Seq, 683, adopted white , age 46
1880 Census [CN]: Sequoyah, 683 as Andrew Jerimiah Jr. "R64. Enrollment Refused"
1890 Census [CN]: Sequoyah, 894
1894-96 O.S. payroll: Muldrow, OK, page# 124
Blood: Adopted White (through wife, Anna Crockett)
Occupation: 1890, Farmer

(He was a white man who was adopted into the Cherokee Tribe because he married a part Cherokee woman, Anna Crockett. I understand that he never received a Cherokee roll card, but through Anna Crockett, many of his descendants did).

Emmet Starr, the Cherokee historian, has him listed as Andrew Jackson Jeremiah in the 1880's in his History of the Cherokee Indians. Most of the time he was referred to and referred to himself as A. J. Jeremiah. When he was younger, however, according to the censuses he went by James which was evidently his correct name. Even as late as 1900, when he was in his 60's, he used the name James in the census.
Jeremiah, A. J., Clk. Seq. Dist., in re case A.J. Jeremiah v. Annie C. Jeremiah for divorce. Dated May 18, 1888, Cherokee Nation - Divorce (Ref. 22)
In his book, History of the Cherokee Indians, Emmet Starr records that in 1889, Andrew Jackson Jeremiah was a Solicitor in Sequoyah District. Even way before Statehood, he was interested in Indian affairs and always did his best to help the Cherokees, even after he divorced Anna.
1900 census, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, township 12 (Ancestry.Com census image # 6)
James Jeremiah, born January 1833, age 67, married 4 years, born Illinois
Mary, wife, born August 1870, age 29, married 4 years, no children, born Mississippi (According to this census, apparently he married Mary in 1896)
Robbert (their spelling) Jeremiah, son, born January 1882, age 18, born Indian Territory, father born Illinois, mother born Indian Territory. (His mother was Anna Crockett).
Benjamin Hawken, adopted son, born January 1890. age 10, born Indian Territory
Lee Hawken, adopted son, born May 1896, age 4, born Indian Territory (we will see this fellow again later)

Robert's older brother William Andrew (who married Laura Jane Trotter), was 8 years older. He is listed in the censuses with his own home and family.
James/Andrew Jackson Jeremiah was a County Commisioner in Sequoyah County Oklahoma beginning at Statehood in 1907 for many years. An Oklahoma State Supreme Court case involving him is recorded here:
1910 U.S. Census, Sequoyah County Oklahoma, Long Township (Ancestry.Com census image # 9).
A.J. Jeremiah, head of household, age 77, 2nd, marriage,* married 12 years, born Illinois (born 1833), both parents born Kentucky.
Mamie, wife, age 39, 1st marriage, married 12 years, born Mississippi
Lee Hawkins, servant, age 12, born Oklahoma (Notice this very same person----even though the age is off and the spelling is a bit different---- in the 1900 census).

Even though he names himself as A. J. Jeremiah in 1910, it is obvious by his birth place and his birth year, that he is one and the same as the James Jeremiah who is listed in earlier censuses.

(According to this 1910 census, he apparently married Mamie in 1898, but then the 1900 census has him married to Mary at that time. He probably married Mamie after 1900. *Records prove that he had had at least three wives by 1910; He married 1. Anna Crockett with whom he had two sons (William Andrew "Will" & Robert Edward "Bob"). He divorced her in 1888. Then he married 2. Mary and 3. Mamie). I just had another thought. Could Mary and Mamie be the same person? Since I don't know and since the censuses appear to list two different people, I will keep it as is.

I have a genealogy website that includes many Sequoyah County people. The URL is as follows. Please feel free to go in and look around. Keep in mind, however, as with any genealogy research, it may have errors here and there. If you find any let me know.


loparkee at hotmail dot com

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