--Sept. 16, 1893, made Cherokee Strip Land Run--per Oct 7, 1954 Barnet Morrison obituary.
--Oct. 27, 1897, United States District Court case vs. Barney Morrison, contempt, arrest warrant, Pawnee County.
--April 24, 1898, residing GrayHorse, Osage Reservation per Barnett Morrison marriage license.
--Jan. 15, 1899, residing GrayHorse, Osage Reservation per Francis P. Morrison marriage license.
--June 1900, residing Osage Reservation, renting land, per 1900 U.S. Census.
--Dec. 27, 1903, residing Fairfax, Osage Reservation per Barnet Morrison marriage license.
From "North Central Oklahoma, Rooted in the Past Growing for the Future", by the North Central Oklahoma Historical Association, Inc., 1995---
In the opening of the Cherokee Outlet on Sept. 16, 1893, the Cherokee Strip was 200 miles long, 57 miles wide, had 9400 square miles and 6 million acres. It had 7 counties--"K" (Kay county), "L" (Grant county), "M" (Woods county), "N" (Woodward county), "O" (Garfield county), "P" (Noble county), and "Q" (Pawnee county). Since Barnett Morrison did not secure lands in Pawnee county (from the lack of any deeds at Pawnee County Courthouse), did he get any lands during the run in another county?
From "Osage County Profiles", Osage County Historical Society, Inc.---
page 473, "Gray Horse
Gray Horse, located in the southwestern part of the Osage Reservation, served as a subagency center for the Osage people. The area surrounding the village is hilly, and as such it serves as the home of the "Big Hills People," one of the five physical divisions of the Osage Indian Tribe. Legend has it that a great flood spread over the land in which the Osage lived, forcing them to move for safety.
The first store at Gray Horse was started in 1884. After the village was made as subagency it became an important place not only for trade and government business, but also for general meetings for the Big Hills People. The large round dance house was built about 1908. Later the Native American church was constructed. Population in 1905 was estimated to be about 150 persons.
Currently, one dilapidated store building remains standing. The original dance house no longer exists, but an old store building and a few homes remain. Although the village is no longer the site of a subagency, meetings are still held in the once important center.
Excerpts from 'Ghost Towns of Oklahoma'--John W. Morris"
"Early History of Fairfax
In the winter of 1902-3, the Santa Fe Railroad extended its line from Pawnee to Newkirk by passing the small Indian Trading Post of Gray Horse by five miles to the west. Several of the businessmen decided to move their businesses to a place on the railroad. They sent L.A. Wismeyer to Washington to negotiate for forty acres of land which was surveyed into a townsite with lots. Land was leased to the whites for farming by the government in what was then Indian Territory. All land belonged to the Indians, the Osage tribe. They lived on the money from the leases, paid to them by the government, through the Indian Agency in Pawhuska, known then as the Osage Capital. Each businessman had to post $10,000 bond to do business in the Territory.
In January, 1903, Fairfax became a town. They could build on it but were not allowed to buy until later. ...John Harris came to Gray Horse from Pawhuska, where he started a store before they moved to Fairfax about a year after the town was started. ... Mr. Hunsaker moved his hardware and furniture store from Gray Horse to Ralston to Fairfax...One of the original planners of the town moved a huge red barn from Gray Horse to Fairfax...Mr. Thresher, who ran a small boarding house in Gray Horse also moved over in the first year. Any man getting married in the Territory had to put up $1,000.000 bond before marriage...the reason for this...had something to do with the Territorial laws. The town, started in Jan. 1903, had 3-400 people by 1906..."
"Osage County is more than twice as large in area as the entire state of Rhode Island, and nearly 250 square miles larger than the state of Delaware..."
"A post office from May 5, 1890 to Dec. 31, 1931. Named for Gray Horse, or Ko-wah-ho-tsa, an Osage Medicine Man."
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