Jason, I have chosen your message to respond to in dealing with the Kendalls of Stanly County, NC (formerly Montgomery County). I think I can shed some light on this family.
To begin with, I am descended from Charlotte Kendall who married Dr. John Franklin Crump in Montgomery County about 1843 in Montgomery (Stanly) County. John and Charlotte's sons Reuben Kendall Crump and James Franklin Crump moved to Cleveland County, AR, after 1855 after Reuben Kendall (her fathe) died. Charlotte was Reuben Kendall's daughter, and one of nine children of Reuben Kendall and Sallie Smith (confirmed).
Reuben Kendall was in the NC House of Commons for Montgomery County from 1828-35 and was in the Senate for NC for Stanly Co. in 1848. There had been Kendalls in the Legislature there off-and-on since 1784, beginning with William in 1784. John Kendall was in the Senate in 1818 & 1819. Of my Crump ancestors, John Crump was in the House in 1813-1816. Anyway, this is my ancestry from Montgomery/Stanly, and the reason for my interest.
Anyone looking at the Kendalls in NC from 1774 through the mid 1800's must be confused! There were at least two, and possibly three Kendall lines that migrated to NC. The Quakers appear to have origninally been from New England, especially Massassachuets. (one of the things that has made this hard is that we had "Reuben", "Samuel" and "William" Kendall in the Massachusetts line of Kendalls as well). The Quaker Kendalls were in Randolph and Guillford Counties, and had primarily migrated there from Pennsylvania and the extreme eastern counties of NC, and there was another Kendall family in the Wilks Co. area, but the Kendalls of Montogmery/Anson/Stanly appear to be of the same line.
What I propose to do here is to outline what I have come up with over the past few years as to the genealogy of the Kendalls from Stanly (formerly Montgomery) County from the early days from before 1780 until about 1850. Here goes:
Thomas Kendall, b. abt. 1610 in either England (or Germany) was included in a group of men who traveled to Kent Island, MD with William Caliborne in 1631. This Thomas died in 1646, and placed three unnamed children in custody of the son of John Youell. He gave his "personalty" to the son of Roger Baxter. The importance of this is that Martha Goffe was the daughter of Martha Baxter (William Gough was born in England in 1605. He was married to Martha Baxter (1610-1670) and had four children: William Gough Jr. born 1630; Martha Gough, born 1640; and twins Robert and Thomas Goffe, born 1645. Thomas Goffe married Margaret Arnold in 1670 and had four children. William Gough and his family are believed to have sailed to America on the ship "Amitee" in 1635'.)
So, this ties this Thomas Kendall to the Goffe's. Next, we go to Thomas Kendall, who married Martha Goffe. There is a lot of information on the internet on this family, but there are problems with the dates. Many show this Thomas born c. 1640 +/-, and some show him born c. 1670 +/-. However, other researchers show Martha Goffe (Gough) being born about 1640, with brothers William b.1635 and twin younger brothers Robert and Thomas Goffe born 1645. Some even think that this William Goffe was William Gooch, or his son, an early governer of Virginia (c. 1718). This Martha Goffe was in fact, the one who married Thomas Kendall about 1668 at Prosser Creek, Old Rappahannock Co., VA. Martha Baxter's daughter, Martha, married Thomas Kendall. I conclude that this Thomas Kendall was born c. 1638 and was, in fact, son of the Thomas identified here.
The next generation after Thomas Kendall and Martha Goffe includes three sons, William, Samuel and Thomas Jr. William married Elizabeth Combs; Samuel married Sarah Pittman; and Thomas, Jr. married Abigail Minton.
At this point we really begin to see that this family does not have much imigination when it comes to naming their children. Let's take a look at these three Kendall children of Thomas Kendall and Martha Goffe (Gough):
To date, I have not been able to determine the children of William Kendall and Thomas Kendall,Jr., but offer the following children of Samuel (b. abt. 1690):
Moses b abt 1743
William b bef. 1745
Now, finally we are getting to the Kendalls who migrated to North Carolina. I think William, son of Thomas Kendall and Martha Goffe was the first Kendall to go to Montgomery County, later Stanly, and settled on the western side of the Pee Dee River, in the southern part of the county near the Rocky River. By now we are up to the first census of 1790!
I further think that the William and Samuel of Montgomery County in 1790 were father and son, with William as the father, and Samuel his son. This would be consistant with William being in the House of Commons in 1784-1789.
By 1800 there were four Kendalls in Montgomery and one in Anson, across the Rocky River to the south. The four in Montgomery were John, Samuel, William, and William, Sr. The one in Anson was John. So we have two Johns and two Williams along with one Samuel. My thoughts are that that Samuel was son of William, Sr., and that William was his son, and that the two Johns were sons of William, Sr, and Samuel, his son. The number of persons in the households supports this, although not much is learned of ages in the 1790 census.
I have not researched John Spillman Kendall yet, so I don't know which which one he was, or whether he was the son of one of the above. Others have suggested he was born about 1794, indicating that he was a son of one of these two.
If William Kendall, son of Thomas and Martha Goffe was the original Kendall in Montgomery, it is also possible that his brother, John, went with him. I have not confirmed that yet, and there is no John Kendall in NC in the 1790 census. By then, though, he was old enough to have died.
Anyway, by now we can begin to analyze the census records. We have the problem that no census is extant for Montgomery for 1820, but we have 1810 and 1830.
There were only two in Montgomery in 1790 - William and Samuel. It appears from the records that William (b abt 1745), son of Samuel (b abt1690), had six sons and one daughter, as follows:
Sarah birthdate unknown; Samuel b abt 1768; William b abt 1770; John b abt 1772; James b abt 1775; Peter, b abt 1778; and Reuben b abt 1784.
After 1810, we lose a lot of information as the 1820 census does not exist, but we see the migration of some of Moses' children (Moses was brother to William) begin to come to Montgomery county. Some of them along with some of the children of Moses' brother William, migrate on to Henry Co., TN during the 1820's or so.
I have not carried this family beyond this point for this forum, but do have additional information on the family of my ancestor, Reuben Kendall, should anyone have interest.
I would also like to say that although I have worked on this line for some time, there are certainly possibilities of error. I would appreciate the folks from Stanly County taking a look at this and telling me if you see anything that is, or could be, contradictory to what I have shown. This is, after all, a work in progress, but one that I now feel that I know enough about to share with you residents and descendants of Stanly County.
Finally, I have seen the reports that a Reuben Kendall was the recipent of a large land grant in Montgomery Co. from King of England. Nothing in evidence supports this. Reuben was not born until 1784, and there is nothing to suggest that anyone, let alone any Kendall, would have received a land grant from King the in this time period. I am writing that out of any records that I have unless someone can come up with some documentation of it. It is known, however, that these Kendalls were very well off, and it it is also known that they owned a large number of slaves. That is a matter of record.
Anyone interested in following the family of Rueben Kendall is encouraged to contact me.
If you come away from this confused, don't consider youself alone! It is a hard family to track. Ed Crump
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