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Home: Regional: U.S. States: North Carolina: New Hanover County

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Re: Wilmington, Civil War Role
Posted by: Pete Ambler (ID *****0209) Date: August 29, 2002 at 17:28:13
In Reply to: Wilmington, Port of Call? by Tracey Edwards of 601

Can't help you with the early shipping info, but as far as Wilmington in the Civil War:

Wilmington was a major port for the Confederacy. Good run distance for ships from Bermuda and the Bahamas, difficult port to blockade due to two widely separated Cape Fear River entrances guarded by Fort Fisher's guns, good RR connections inland. Very busy with blockade runners. The City was filled with undesirables making a buck on bringing in military supplies (and luxury goods for that matter), and exporting cotton. Wilmington was severly hit with an yellow fever epidemic in 1862. In 1864 Wilmington was THE major port for incoming supplies and trade for the Confederacy.

Wilmington was the last port to be closed down by the Federals. A concentrated shelling from off shore ships and finally a beach landing and ground attack put Fort Fisher and the lesser forts in the hands of the Union, 15 Jan 1865. For an account of this see

http://www.ego.net/us/nc/ilm/tts/ftfisher.htm

Wilmington itself was occupied at the end of February without a major effort as the Confedrate armies were regrouping elsewhere. The city itself did not suffer much damage except for the the destruction of ships in port, trade goods and military supplies by the departing Confederate Army.



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