Problem 1: The records for Elisha Baker, son of William Baker Sr (who wrote his Will in Nash Co NC in 1820) are almost non-existent: he was in the Will of his father Wm Baker Sr (1820) and in the estate of his brother John Baker (1827). Elijah Baker was allotted land from the estate of his brother John Baker but no record of a sale of the allotment by Elisha Baker was found. The other children of Wm Baker Sr seem to have been born in the 1750’s-1770’s and Elisha Baker should have been in the Federal Census in Nash Co NC in 1790 or 1800, but was not.
Problem 2: James Baker (recorded in Nash Co NC 1779-1790) was definitely related to the Wm Baker Sr family but he was not in the Will of Wm Baker Sr. His 1779 land grant was adjoining Samuel L Bottoms on the west; Samuel L Bottoms owned land adjoining and north of Thomas Kersey (who sold his land to Wm Baker Jr); south of Thomas Kersey was the land of Wm Baker Sr. James Baker and William Baker were recorded together as surety in a 1780 illegitimate child case (probably Wm Baker Jr who was not married at the time). Reference: April Court Nash Co NC 1780, “Rebecca Sealy came into Court paid her fine required by law for a female bastard child and gave Wm and James Baker sec . . .” A William Baker Sealy/Selah was born to Joseph Sealy Sr and wife Rebecca (according to a 1909 published genealogy) and those Sealys were immediate/adjoining neighbors of the Wm Baker Sr family on Sapony Creek.
Problem 3: There was DNA match between a descendant of Wm Baker Sr and a descendant of “James Elijah Baker” (born about 1848 in AL) who descended from Stephen Baker (born about 1790 in NC); the family has documentation back to Stephen Baker (1) (2).
Based on the DNA match and the ancestor James Elijah Baker in the SC/AL Baker family we have concluded that the above Nash Co James Baker and Elisha Baker were probably the same person.
The following would have been the records of “James Elisha Baker” of Nash Co NC:
“James Elisha Baker” was at least 21 in Feb 1779, born in/before Feb 1758 in Edgecombe Co NC (the part that became Nash Co NC in 1777).
James (Elisha) Baker - 10 Nov 1779, State of NC to James Baker, 2 Feb 1779: “To the surveyor of the said county greeting you are hereby required as soon as may be to lay off and survey for James Baker a tract of land containing Two hundred and fifty acres lying in the said county begining at Benjn Smiths corner . . . observing the directions of the act of Assembly in such case made and provided for Running out land Two just and fair plans of such survey with a proper certificate annexed to each. You are to transmit with warrant to the Secretarie’s Office without delay given under my hand 20 Feb 1779. - E.Wm. Moore.”
James (Elisha) Baker - “Feby the 22d 1779 Surveyed for James Baker Two Hundred Acres of Land lying in Nash County on the South side Sappony Creek Beginning at Ben Smiths Corner . . .”
James (Elisha) Baker - 10 Nov 1779, State of NC to James Baker, 200 acres, NC DB 3 page 183.
James (Elisha) Baker - 10 Nov 1779 (card) “No. 102 - County Nash - Name Baker James – Acres 200 (23 written under that) – Grant No. 59 – Issued Nov. 10 1779 – Entry No. 146 – Entered 20 February 1779 – Book No. 39 – Page No. (432?) (43v?) – Location On the So Side of Sappony Creek Beg at Ben Smiths Corner a Hickory”
James (Elisha) Baker – after 10 Nov 1779 Nash Co NC Deed Book 00 – “116 Samuel LongBottom Enters 100 Acres of Land in Nash County Joining Nancy Atkins Thomas Cearsey and his own Line and Sappony Creek, 30th July 1778” (in margin) “James Baker Enters a Caveat against a war-rent Isuing on this warrant given up to Jas Baker & warrant to Issue for him” (undated). ----- The 23 acres added to the grant of James (Elisha) Baker apparently came from the 100 acres claimed by Samuel L. Bottoms on 30 Jul 1778.
James (Elisha) Baker - 1782 tax list, Nash Co NC (abstract from a researcher)
—James Baker 207 acres 2 horses/mules 1 cow (listed between Wm Whitfield and Joseph Winstead)
—two pages later:
—Abraham Baker 320 acres 2 horses/mules 18 cattle – (Was this Wm Baker Jr?)
—Wm Baker Senr 200 acres 6 horses/mules 9 cattle
(Note, in 1782 Wm Baker Sr had 207 acres and James had 200 acres, later 223 acres, but the 1782 tax had the acreages reversed).
James (Elisha) Baker - 2 Apr 1782 James Baker of Nash Co to Christopher Ballard of same, 223 acres, same description and neighbors as above (abstract) NC DB 1 page 190.
James Elisha Baker’s son, Stephen Baker, was born about 1790.
James (Elisha) Baker - 1790 Federal Census, Nash Co NC
James Baker, two males of 16, two males under 16, one female
1800 Federal Census, Nash Co NC – no James or Elisha Baker
1810 Federal Census, Nash Co NC – no James or Elisha Baker
1820 Federal Census, Nash Co NC – no James or Elisha Baker
(James) Elisha Baker - 21 Jan 1820 Abstract of the will of Wm. Baker by Stephen Bradley, William Baker Sr. 21 Jan 1820 Feb Ct 1824 Son William Baker, Jr. $1. Son Allen Baker - 1 silver dollar. Son Archabald Baker - 1 silver dollar. Son Elisha Baker - 1 silver dollar. Daughter Nanney Baker - feather bed & furniture. Daughter Elizabeth Langley - loom. Daughter Mary Well - 1 silver dollar. Granddaugher Sally Baker - feather bed. Son John Baker - 287 acres where I now live and which I purchased from Elisha Ellis, etc. Ex. friends John Baker, Drewry Pridgen Wit: Joiner Langley, Foster Gandy, Sherwood Williams;
(James) Elisha Baker - 17 Apr 1824, William, Sr. inventory by Drewry Pridgen, exr. April 17, 1824, May Term 1824. Account current, Feb. Term 1826. Legacies were paid according to the will to John Baker, William Baker, Jr., Allen Baker, Elisha Baker, Archibald Baker, Mary Wells (wife of Stephen Wells), Nancy Baker, Elizabeth Langley (wife and John Langley) and Sally Baker ----- Abstracts of Early Records of Nash County, North Carolina 1777-1859 by Joseph Watson Baker.
(James) Elisha Baker – 5 Feb 1827 Division of the lands of John Baker, deceased, among the heirs entitled by law, to wit: Lot # 1 was allotted to Allen Baker; Lot # 2 to Elisha Baker; Lot # 3 to William Baker; Lot # 4 to Archibald Baker; Lot # 5 to Mary Wells: Lot # 6 to Nanny Baker; Lot # 7 to Elizabeth Langley, Estate Records in the Deed Books of Nash County by Joseph Watson DB 14 page 280 dated 5 Feb 1827 ----- 5 Feb 1827 John Baker estate, Nash County, North Carolina “Lot No 2 allotted to Elisha Baker” (valued at $57.50 pays to No 3 $8.21 and to No 4 $4.935, on Foster Grandy line, to Old Woman’s Branch, to the Spring Branch, 46 acres) DB 14 page 280 dated 5 Feb 1827.
(1) The “James Elijah Baker” descent (of SC/AL) was posted on 10 Oct 2001 and 6 Jun 2002, well-before DNA testing occurred.
(2) "Chilton County & Her People, by T.E. Wyatt, Editor of the Union Banner, 1940, Revised 1950, revised 1975 by Carlos Wyatt, Times Printing Company, pgs 12, pgs 112-115: "Ruben Popwell and Jim Popwell, with their Mother, Margaret Popwell Baker, step-father Stephen Baker, and two half brothers, John and Alfred Baker, left their native home in Darlington District, South Carolina, in March 1828, settling in the northeastern part of Autauga County, two miles south of Walnut Creek and one mile southeast of what is now Clanton. Later born to Stephen and Margaret Popwell Baker were two more sons - Stephen and Anderson Baker, five daughters--Sallie, Mahala, Susie, Emily, and Elender . . . The history of the family dates back to 1828, when Stephen Baker with his wife, Margaret Popwell Baker, two step-sons, Jim and Ruben Popwell, and two sons, John and Alfred Baker, came from Darlington District, South Carolina and entered land one mile southeast of what is now Clanton . . . John Baker, the oldest of the boys, was born on Christmas Day, 1825. He was married to Phairriba Mims in 1848 and settled two miles east of what is now Clanton” (from a transcription of original, transcriber unknown). Note that the name Elijah occurred earlier in the Mims family (family of the mother of James Elijah Baker) but James did not occur earlier in any related families.
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