Interesting and romantic, but not proven. Not to be derrogatory, but it sounds like an 'X-Files' thematic, and I love the series for its mythic and fantastical perspectives.
The term 'Black' as applied to some of the Irish, the English, the Dutch and the Germans, etc. preceeds Ms. Pritchard's notions of its origins. Indeed, the term was used in Europe before these ethnic groups arrived in America. Even the ancient Egyptians used the term in describing other ethnicities.
In the great American Melting Pot, the skin tones of the Danes mixed with those of the Italian, the eye color of the Swedes with those of the Portugese, etc. Indeed, these departing characteristics can be found among all races, being nothing more than genetic aberrations of the 'norm' and reflections of the combined gene pool.
If that is not enough, Charles Darwin proved the existence of 'parallel evolution' in which separated and distant equivalent species developed remarkably similar characteristics, appearances and life styles. Evidence the more or less simultaneous eruption of pyramid cultures throughout the world.
Re: the Olmec, Toltec and Mixtec, etc., the broad nosed and thick lips are not uncommon in early, native Americans, nor in the asians or mongoloids who most probably are the ancestral originators of the native American. Just as the slanted eyes are also not unusual in the native Americans. See the Eskimo.
But it may also simply be that fat Olmec rulers get their pictures taken because they are rulers, and they are fat because dictators show unusually little restraint.
It is most common and quite regular for ethnic groups to explain the physical, intellectual and emotional differences among their members with mythic tales of fantastical origins. These tales supply an answer to the questions raised by the curious fellow members of the group.
Genetically similar individuals can evolve from tight, closed societies distant from the kitchen and the melting pot, from which variety is dervied for the gene pool. Inbreeding commonly results in deficiencies or differentiating variations, either intellectually or physically, of one type or another, which further serve to distinguish the unusual from the 'norm'.
The law is certainly not a competent theater to decide the question. And absolutley not before the advent of rigorous DNA/RNA testing.
What the Melungeons called themselves, e.g., 'Black Dutch', etc. in an effort to be acceptable to society is not the answer either.
Bottom line, there is probably some truth in any myth. And the truth is never as romantic or aas novel as the myth.
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