I did type the information from the book correctly. However, subsequent books have the same information you have for the later censuses. There are many reasons for conflicting ages on censuses, but the most common is the source of the person giving the information to the census taker. As with all research, no matter what the source, it must be compiled and fit together as best we can.
Manson's age on the 1850 census is given as 18 years old. Mary Ann Caroline Cook's age on the 1850 census was given as 14 years old. That would make him 28 or 29 and her 23 or 24 on the 1860 census. I tend to believe the younger ages are more correct. You must remember too that a lot of people from this era did not put much store in personal information. It just wasn't as important then as it is today. It wasn't needed for identification and no one needed proof of anything.
This is not a part of my family, so I can only tell you about the information that I have in the census books. I do not know if Harriet J. and Merrit Jasper Lafayette Smathers were twins or not. It would appear they were from the ages given on the 1860 census and from the common initial J. in both their names. On the 1870 census Merrit's age is given as 18, which is consistant with him being 8 years old on the 1860 census. I could not find Harriet J. Smathers. Perhaps she died or married and moved out of the county by 1870. Charity's age is 16 on the 1870 census. My best guess is that Merrit, and Harriet if they were twins, were the children of Mary Ann Kinsland; Charity was the child of Susan Welch and the rest of the children were Mary Ann Caroline Cook's.
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