Hi Pam: Get ready for Chapter Two
I commend to you the book entitled "The Powhatan Tribes" in the series called Indians Of North America, written by Christian F. Feest with collaboration by Powhatan Indians.
Here are a couple of quotes:
"In their own communities and on a personal level, most Tidewater Indians continued to be accepted by their white neighbors simply out of long standing acquaintance....
"But whenever nonreservation Indians dared to venture beyond their neighborhoods, they now suffered an ever present fear of being treated as "colored."...
"By the end of the 17th century, fewer than a thousand Indians remained in all of Tidewater Virginia- about 1 percent of a total colonial population of 100,000....
"These cultural strictures led to the passage of a series of laws, known collectively as a "Black Code", enacted by Virginia's colonial assembly in 1705....The new laws did affirm the special status of reservation Indians...At the same time, however, the black code classified (non reservation )those Indians living outside the reservations as "Free Persons of Color", a legal status they shared with free blacks and mulattoes ... Indians so classified were now prohibited from hunting on lands claimed by white Virginians. They were also barred from holding public office and from serving as witnesses in courts of law...."
The Chickahominy Tribe was for all intents and purposes, defunct. The Pamunkey were in the middle of Napper/Napier central. There are references in the parish records of white persons being sent to Indian Town "to be cured" by the Queen of the Pamunkey. There are references to young men going to Indian Town on Sunday afternoons to have fun.
I could go on and on and on.
Do you have the 1820 census for Louisa? Let me know, because I do.
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