Looking in the Canadian phone book - www.canada411.com - you will spot about 123 MORINE surnames. The interesting thing about them is - 85 out of 123 (70% of the total in Canada) are found in Nova Scotia, and out of the 85 in NS, about 90% live in two counties - Kings and Annapolis.
This is an excellent example of "clustering" (my term for it) meaning that a particular name gets 'planted' somewhere, and tends to stay there for many generations. From what others are saying about Morine in NS, it seems the first one may have been Stephen b. 1741 (where ?) who first settled in Queens Co, NS around 1767. I suspect he started there for one of two reasons:  farmer or  soldier. In either case, he was likely granted land by the English who governed NS after 1748.
Why Stephen - or other Morine's of the time - arrived in NS is open to more speculation. The usual reasons were the two I mentioned above. Most settlers in NS at this time period were encouraged to come either from New England, or directly from the Old World, to help populate an area that had been largely French and Catholic since 1604 when Samuel de Champlain first tried to settle Port Royal (now Annapolis Royal). Once England had conquered and destroyed the great French fortress at Louisbourg by 1748, they set up their new capital city of Halifax in 1749 and started handing out grants of land to anyone who was Protestant. If they spoke English, so much the better, but many German-speaking people arrived because they faced famine and drought in their homeland. Also, many French-spekaing Protestants (Huguenots) were continuing to face persecution in their home areasnear the borders with Switzerland and Germany, and they wanted to make a fresh start in the New World. Many Huguenots had already fled France after the 1570's and had settled in Holland, England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. The ones who were looking for new homes in the mid-1700's often made a direct relocation to North America.
In NS, you could try some of the following sources of info:
Kings Co, NS - http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Acres/2946/ - site of earliest continuous French settlements around Grand Pré and St Charles des Mines (1620's), now called Minas Basin. Earthen dikes at Grand Pré built 1600's by hand are 5½ MILES (8.8 km) long (as long as Mount Everest is high), and still keep out the world's highest tides of the Bay of Fundy (ca 50 FEET high here, and 60 feet as you go north-east). Best farm land in NS, centre of Annapolis Valley farming area, produces apples, tobacco, and wine grapes. Some of earliest English settlements started here after 1755.
Home of Acadia University - http://www.acadiau.ca/ - at Wolfville, NS. Genealogical records at Vaughan Memorial Library are extensive - http://vaughan.acadiau.ca/ -
NOTE: Kentville NS up until 1823 was called Cornwallis Township. Someone born in Cornwallis Township, or anywhere within 20 miles of present-day Kentville, may still have called it "Cornwallis" after 1823. Cornwallis was one of 3 townships in Kings Co, NS. The Cornwallis Township Records are transcribed by Lorna Woodman Evans of the Family History Committee of the Kings County Historical Society. Horton Township is now known as Wolfville, the home of Acadia University - it used to be called "Mud Creek".
Berwick Register - Commercial St, Berwick, NS, B0P 1E0 (902) 538-3189, FAX (902) 538-8583
Eaton, Arthur Wentworth Hamilton, "The History of Kings County, Nova Scotia"; Belleville, ON: Mika Studio, 1972 [originally published Salem, MA: The Salem Press Company, 1910]
"Family Sketches, Kings County" and "Genealogy and History of the Chute Family in America" by Wm. E. Chute, pub. 1894, Salem, Mass.
Annapolis County, NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsannapo/ - site of the oldest French settlement in North America (founded by Champlain in 1604) and the first English capital at Annapolis Royal 1710-1749. All early French (and much English) history in NS started here.
Port Royal had been taken twice by men from New England: under Major Robert Sedgwick in August of 1654 and under Sir William Phips in May of 1690: in each case it was restored to France by treaty. The taking of Port Royal in 1710 is particularly important, for, with its capture, came England's claims to all of Acadia. The Oct 6, 1710 capture of Port Royal, Nova Scotia by the English under General Francis Nicholson and Sir Charles Hobby can be found in: Litchfield (MA) Vital Records, 1742 power of attorney for lands to son Woodruff (vol. 4, p. 1R). For explanation of events see Book #1: Acadia. Part 2, "The English Takeover: 1690-1712" Chapter 9, "The Taking of Port Royal (1710)." or at website - http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part2/Ch09.htm - 2,000 soldiers from Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut and Rhode Island included the regular English army, while the rest were colonial militia.
"History of Annapolis County, NS" and "Supplement to History of Annapolis County, NS", also "History of Bridgetown" (available from the Bridgetown Historical Society, Bridgetown, NS, CANADA B0S 1C0)
J. Furber Marshall NSHQ, Volume 7, "A Banks Family of Nova Scotia" (Annapolis & Digby County)
"History of County of Annapolis, Nova Scotia" by W.A. Gaines, pub. 1957 - re Andrew Gaines and his three sons
Calnek, W.A. "History of the County of Annapolis", Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing Company, 1980 [ originally published Toronto: William Briggs, 1897 ]. According to Calnek, Adam Hawkesworth, b. ca 1740 in England, was the first of the name in Nova Scotia. He md. July 1763 Elizabeth Wedgewood. They came to Nova Scotia with the Yorkshire settlers in 1774. When he bought land "on Wilmott Mountain" from the estate of Dr. Pemberton in 1791, he was described as "of Annapolis Royal." According to the records inscribed in the Bible which he brought with him from England (Geneva Version), which is now in the library of the Fort Museum at Annapolis Royal, he died on January 8, 1805, and Elizabeth, his widow survived until October 6, 1825.
"Family Genealogies for Yorkshire Families who settled in Annapolis County" are available at the O'Dell House Museum (902-532-2041) for the following surnames: Bath, Clark, Gilliatt, Halliday, Hawkesworth, Hudson, Jacques, Jefferson, Mills, Milner, Oliver, Robinson - through the Historic Restoration Society, 158 St George Street, Annapolis Royal, NS, B0S 1A0 (tel: 902-532-7754).
A short "History of Falkland Ridge" (or perhaps "A Short History of Falkland Ridge") written by Mrs David Starratt in May 1923 when she was 81 years old, states that "Thomas McNayr was the first man to begin clearing land and who really settled here. Shortly after, they were joined by William Fry, who built a log cabin. My mother's sister Rachel (Mrs William Fry) died in their log cabin. Their daughter Delilah Fry was the first child born on the Ridge".
Hants County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~nshants/index.html - home to some of the earliest French settlements (1600's) east of Québec. WORLD's HIGHEST TIDES on Bay of Fundy (59 FEET high to low) are found here. Shire town Windsor founded 1758 by English settlers on site of former French settlements vacated after the Expulsion of 1755.
Hants Journal (newspaper) - (902) 798-8371, GERRISH ST, WINDSOR NS
"Planters and Pioneers, Nova Scotia: 1749 to 1775" by Esther Clark Wright, Lancelot Press Ltd. in Hantsport, Nova Scotia, Canada. Paperback CAN$15ºº (1999), 300 pages. ISBN # is 0-88999-087-5.
Hants Co NS and Halifax Co NS Home Page by Paul Jewers has info re: cemetery links, surnames list, and links to other info sites. Try - http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Meadows/6191 - NOTE: sometimes there are problems with the -geocities- website.
Lunenburg County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/lunenburg/index.html - has lots of info on the GERMAN settlers in NS starting 1750. Sites of early French fortifications date from ca 1630-50. A unique part of NS with Lunenburg (town) designated a United Nations Historic Site, home of wooden sailing ships including NS symbol "Bluenose" and replica of "HMS Bounty" for Hollywood movie in 1962. Lahave River one of nicest in NS. Chester and Mahone Bay among most picturesque communities anywhere in NS. Home of many film shoots in recent years because of wonderful scenic views out to sea.
"History of the County of Lunenburg" - ask about it at South Shore Genealogical Society located at the Fisheries Museum in Lunenburg, NS. Ask about the book "History of the County of Lunenburg".
- http://www.lighthouse.ns.ca/current/inside/market.html - The Bridgewater Bulletin is the Lunenburg County newspaper.
Editor, Lighthouse Publishing Ltd.
(publishers of the award-winning "Bridgewater Bulletin" and "Lunenburg Progress Enterprise")
353 York Street,
Bridgewater, NS B4V 3K2
E-mail: - firstname.lastname@example.org -
Queens County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/queens/index.html - (separated in 1762 from Lunenburg County and including modern Shelburne and Yarmouth Counties) - first explored and settled in 1630s by early French adventurers who constructed a number of fortifications here - the shire town Liverpool dates from settlement by Planters from New England in 1754, and again by United Empire Loyalists in 1783/4. Excellent museum, historical records, and well-kept old local cemeteries. See more LINKS under - http://www.regionofqueens.com/ - or try Mary Mouzar's Queens County Times website (opened in 2000) at - http://www3.ns.sympatico.ca/mouzar/queenscountytimes -
- http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/looking.htm/ - NS Archives collection of maps, directories, land records, photographs, registry of deeds, newspaper, cemetery and church records indexes, etc.
Genealogical Association of Nova Scotia (GANS) - Leland Harvie, newsletter editor - P.O. BOX 41, Halifax, N.S. CANADA B3J 2T3 - 902-443-9107, Halifax - 2,500 members - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ - with LINKS to many interesting sites.
"Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia" by Terrance Punch - ISBN 1-55109-235-2 - Terry is a professionally accredited Canadian genealogist who specializes in immigration from Ireland, Germany and Montbéliard (Huguenot Protestants French-Swiss border area). Terry also investigates the origins of surnames. He hosts a program on CBC (public radio) every 4 weeks (Mondays or Wednesdays) and will answer questions by E-Mail to - email@example.com - or check out the Website at - http://www.halifax.cbc.ca -
- http://www.library.ns.ca/regionals/ - NS Regional Libraries (for your enquiries, try the ones marked *, or 1 (first choice), 2, 3, etc.:
1 Annapolis Valley Regional Library - Hants, Kings, Annapolis
_ Cape Breton Regional Library
_ Colchester-East Hants Regional Library
_ Cumberland Regional Library
_ Eastern Counties Regional Library
_ Halifax Regional Library
_ Pictou-Antigonish Regional Library
2 South Shore Regional Library - Queens and Lunenburg
_ Western Counties Regional Library
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