"CHRONICLES OF OKLAHOMA," (William Childers, Annotation # 12)
WILLIAM CHILDERS -- briefly referenced in
"Chronicles of Oklahoma"
"Chronicles of Oklahoma,"Volume 9, No. 3
THE CHEROKEE WAR PATH
By Carolyn Thomas Foreman
The Cherokee War Path, Written by John Ridge (1) in Washington City as Narrated by the Cherokee Warrior of Arkansas, John Smith (2) who was present and principal actor in the Warlike Expeditions in the Pararies of the Far West. March 25th, 1836.
-- snip snip --
(1) John Ridge, the son of Major Ridge attended the mission schools at Spring-place Georgia, and Brainerd Mission in Tennessee. Because of his unusual intelligence he was sent to the Foreign Mission School at Cornwall, Connecticut in 1819. He was very handsome and distinguished in appearance but suffered from a scrofulous complaint which rendered him lame for a number of years. John P. Northrup, steward of the Cornwall School had Ridge cared for in his home during his long illness and the handsome young invalid won the hand and heart of Sarah Bird Northrup, the daughter of his host and they were married in January 1824.
Ridge, his father [Major Ridge], and Elias Boudinot were killed because they signed the treaty of 1835 for the removal of the Cherokees to the West. John Ridge was dragged from his house near the Arkansas line on Saturday, June 22, 1839. He was stabbed repeatedly after which his jugular vein was severed. He was about forty years of age.
-- snip snip --
(12) This manuscript account covers 53 pages seven and one half by ten inches in size in a blank book. About thirty of the remaining pages are filled with miscellaneous accounts and memoranda. The party of Cherokee emigrants including the Ridges, began the descent of the Tennessee River on March first, 1837, and four weeks later disembarked from their steamboat in the western Cherokee country near the Arkansas line. The first entry in the book after the account of the Cherokee war party acknoweldges that John Ridge has received from his father for safe keeping the sum of $8287.36 and takes credit for cash advanced to him from time to time leaving a balance of $6202.80 owing by John to his father.
During the year of their arrival in their new home, the Ridges began investing the money brought from the East. They purchased the Jones place for $125, and the Blevens place for $200, both on Honey Creek, and set up a trading store there. (Honey Creek crosses the Oklahoma line at Southwest City, Missouri, flows west and empties into Grand River near Grove, Oklahoma). During the winter they purchased hogs from Garrett for $712; corn from Griggs, Banlay, and Peters; 4716 feet of plank from Shears for $117.90, sixty chickens, and a bill of supplies at Fort Gibson costing $709.
*WILLIAM M. CHILDERS was given $490 and other sums from time to time to go out over the country and buy corn and hogs; and on March 5, 1838, John Ridge made a contract with *CHILDERS by which the latter was to receive four hundred dollars yearly "for attending to my business & keeping a store for me to date from 1st Dec. 1837." A wagon was purchased from Mr. Starnes for $140 and twelve dollars was expended for Sappington's pills. (Dr. John Sappington was a pioneer in the use of quinine in the Mississippi Valley.) Joseph Rogers was loaned fifty dollars and Riley Thornton's order to pay Lewis Rogers was honored. 31 "pork hogs" weighing an average of 173 pounds each were purchased for five and one half cents per pound.
Rev. John Huss, the missionary was a customer and items of account with Mrs. Sussanah Ridge, and Mrs. B. N. Ridge and others appear. Large numbers of hogs were purchased from time to time for five cents per pound and corn was obtained to fatten them; more than one hundred were killed during the winter of 1838-39, and bacon was sold for 12 1/2 to 15 cents per pound.
One house was erected in March, 1838, and another in the following December; on the first George Starnes was paid $4 a square for 8 squares of flooring and $6 a square for 6 squares of ceiling; two doors cost $5.50 each and five window frames and shutters the same amount each; "72 sash lights, sputting on glass at 25 cts. per light, $18.00." Eight hands were engaged in raising the frame of the second house on December 21 and 22; carpenters were paid one dollar per day each.
George W. Paschal who married Ridge's sister, was charged with payment of a bill at Wilson's store at Beattie's Prairie including a pound of sulphur, ten and one half yards of calico for fifty cents per yard and twelve and one half yards at thirty-seven and one-half cents per yard for Mrs. Paschal; "1 pair of Gaither boots for Mrs. P."; a yard of linen at $1.25 and one stock at $2.50, ribbon and other items; "Starke on Evidence in two volumes at $13.50" for Mr. Paschal. One box of window glass cost $4.50, negro shoes $1.75 per pair, and salt $1.50 per bushel.
As 13,000 emigratng Cherokee Indians were arriving in their western home, in March, 1839, John Ridge and *CHILDERS left for New Orleans and New York to purchase goods for the store. They took with them $16,922, including a draft for $6182.70 borrowed from Major Ridge; two from Rev. S. A. Worcester amounting to $1100, doubtless for supplies for his printing press and missionary establishment at Park Hill; $600 borrowed from Boudinot, and five dollars sent by Stand Watie to purchase something desired by him; Arkansas and other currency amounting to $1035 and cash that had been kept at the house for safe keeping amounting to $1289.50.
No other items were written in the book; Ridge had not long since returned from New York when he and his father and Mr. Boudinot were killed on June 22, 1839, for their signing of the unpopular treaty of cession of the eastern home of the tribe to the United States.
After the killing, John Ridge's widow removed her family to Fayetteville, Arkansas. There was a twelve year old son named John Rollin Ridge who went to school in Fayetteville and later in New England. He afterward returned to Arkansas and then went to California to live where he developed some literary talent and became the author of a book of poems published in 1868 by Henry Payot and Company of San Francisco. It is probable that when he went west he carried with him the cherished volume containing his father's account of the Cherokee war party.
*[emphasis / caps added]
• SOURCE: "CHRONICLES OF OKLAHOMA,"
• "Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842," (GALILEO):
CERTIFICATE OF WILLIAM CHILDERS:
• ALSO SEE:
Robert Childers: Elk Mills; Honey Creek
• ROBERT [CHILDERS] Childress (Jr.); 1870 Census, McDonald Co., Missouri http://genforum.genealogy.com/childers/messages/3252.html
• 2 ROBERT CHILDERS (Jr. & Sr.); 1850 Census, McDonald Co., Missouri http://genforum.genealogy.com/childers/messages/3251.html
• CHILDERS: 1837 Removal to the Honey Creek / Southwest City area
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