Based on historical evidence, Africans who were sold into slavery and brought to American colonies, as well as Bristish and European ruled colonies of the Caribbean (sp) such as Brazil, Cuba, Portugal, West Indies, etc had original African tribal names.
With the exception of a few examples of tribal names, I've not come across "scholarly works" that included Native African names associated with their tribal religions, that made any reference that was tied to American slavery. Those works appear to be "exclusive" of these associations. Please, if any one should come across any, please post.
There is a database, "Slave Voyages", online which contains some original African tribal names, names that you rarely see recorded on most historical documents. The link is posted below.
Once enslaved, their tribal names were often replaced by either the slaveholders or the purchasing agents of the slaveholders waiting at various ports, with given names based on the slave holders origins.
I have come across historical documents that indicated that some slaves, especially those that remained in places like South Carolina who are referred to as "Gullahs", or in Georgia, referred to as "Goochies", did maintain a great deal of their Native African culture, including tribal and family names.
Another "proof" this person offers on their post on Ancestry.com as a basis of connecting names to origins and religion are the names of some female ancestors that had the following "double" given names: Lula Bell, Carrie Bell, Clara Bell, Willie Mae, Sallie Mae, Fannie Mae, Julia Mae, Johnnie Mae, Bonnie Mae, Hattie Mae, etc.(I'm sure you get the point).
To be perfectly honest, up until I read the posts, I thought those double names were just good ole' southern names with English origins which were very prevalent in southern states during antebellum and during the early part of the 20th century. I would have never, in a million years, associated any of these names with any of the origins they mentioned. Shows you how much I know (or how little).
Some of those female names listed do resemble the names of that my some of my ancestors had AFTER antebellum, the rest I don't recognize as names of my ancestors. Perhaps they are the names of this person lines that are not directly related.
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