Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire
Hole,Hoole, Hoel, a Somerset name.
John,Richmond Isl. 3 yrs., had gone to the Westward to serve bef. 27 June 1640. List 21.
John,Mr., ±36 Mar. 1671-2, ±47 Mar. 1683-4, mercht., Kittery, bef. and aft. of Barbadoes, where his sis. Mary m. Robt. Cutts (7) and his br. Robt. was liv. 1680. The Cutts story in Brewster's Rambles ii. 143 sends Mary to Ireland when 12 yrs. old, thence to the West Indies; dau of a clergyman. See ‘Familiae Minorum Gentium’, p. 1203. The merchant came bef. Dec. 1666, m. Elizabeth Leader (2), and was an adm. of her fa.'s est. 30 June 1668. He went full lengths with Major Shapleigh in opposition to Mass. taking poss. of Maine under the Gorges charter. In May 1675, yeoman, he leased a ho. on Fernald's Isl. for 13 yrs. to Geo. Harris; in 1681 and 1684 sold his town gr. and land at Spruce Creek bot from Thos. Withers. O. F. 6 July 1669; Constable 1671, 1673; Gr. j. 1675, 1676, 1688; Highway committee 1676, 1679. Lists 298, 82, 31, 39, 92, 293, 296, 297. See Cowley (2), Beale (1), (8). In May 1690 his w. was his atty. in Kitt., he resid. at Barbadoes; in Jan. fol. she deeded Kit. land under his P/A. If he ret. he went again and d. away, his sis. Mrs. Champernowne putting hers. into mourning as soon as news of his death came. Wid. Elizabeth, ‘a gentlewo. of good extraction’, was k. by the Ind. at Spruce Creek ab. 4 May 1705, adm. 21 June to Wm. Vaughan. List 96. No ch., the Hole land going to the Cutts fam.
Holgrave,John, adm. in Casco Ct. 26 July 1666 to Mr. Robt. Gutch. P. & Ct. i. 312. Likely from Salem and fa. or br.-in-law of the admr.
Leader.This name is found at Salehurst, co. Sussex, in a district of iron foundries, a most likely place of origin for Richard and George Leader.
George,gent., bro. of (2), Berwick, shared in gr. at Crooked Lane in 1651. Tr. j. 1653; Gr. j. 1654, 1655. His servant Alex. Maxwell in ct. in 1654 for abuse of his master and mistress. Admon. for not attending meeting 28 June 1655. Lists 282, 298. He and his bro. gave bonds 5 Dec. 1655 that he would go to England within 18 mo. to render full acct. to John Beex & Co. concerning the Pis****ataqua saw-mills. He prob. took his wife and never returned. His niece, Anne Clark(49) was granted adm. of his est. in 1720.
Richard,gent., bro. of (1), was engaged in Ireland (or England) to manage the ironworks outside of Lynn in 1644, having had mining experience in Ireland and being ‘a perfect accountant’. He came over with his w., 2 ch. and 3 servants (incl. Thaddeus Riddan, bookkeeper) and settled in a ho. built for him by his employers, John Beex & Co., his salary being £100 a yr., but proved unsuccessful in business and unpopular with the authorities. He left there in 1650 and liv. for a time in Boston, but by Mar. 1650-1 had come to Maine, obtained a large gr. on Little Newichawannock River and began the erection of the sawmills known as Great Works. Later in 1651 he went to England and on his return was charged with speaking against the govt., but, as the words were spoken ‘in the midst of the sea’, the court had no jurisdiction. As Gov. Godfrey asked the Colonial Office to grant audience to Leader as ‘agent of the province’ 6 Nov. 1652, he prob. spent that winter in England also. Magistrate 1651, 1652; Kit. grants 1651, 1653, 1654; O. A. at Kit. 16 Nov. 1652. Lists 75a, 282, 283, 298, 323. He mortgaged a ho. in Boston and a ho. at Str. Bk., lately bot from Mr. Ambrose Lane, to Mr. Thos. Savage in 1654, and sold both properties in 1655, the latter to John and Richard Cutt. R. Cutt's w. was sister of Leader's w., who prob. d. bef. he came to Maine. He had sold ¾ of Great Works to London capitalists (John Beex, Richard Hutchinson, Col. Wm. Beale and Capt. Thos. Alderne) in 1653, and, the venture proving a failure, he mortgaged his remaining ¼ on 14 Feb. 1655-6 to secure his appearance in London to render an acct. within 18 mo. Leaving Thos. Broughton as his attorney, he reached England 1 Sept. 1657 and remained there until May 1658 when he sailed for Barbadoes with a 2d w., ‘a gentlewoman whom a long time had waited for me.’ On 16 Jan. 1659-60 he was in the sugar-refining business, but intended to journey to New England in the spring. He did so, and d. soon after. Adm. was gr. on his est. to Rev. Robert Jordan 27 Dec. 1661, to John Hole and Samuel Clark, they having m. the daus. of sd. Leader, June 1663, and finally 6 Apr. 1720 to Mrs. Anne Clark and her dau. Sarah Clark. Ch: Elizabeth, m. John Hole(2). Anne, m. Samuel Clark(49).
Cutts,Cutt, called by Camden, before the emigration, a nickname for Cuthbert.
Richard(7), ±78 in 1738. In 1700 for £250 he sold his homestead to Tobias Fernald [p.179] and for £200 rec. from his mo. a deed of Champernowne's Island. May 24, 1742, he deeded to s. Richard ‘the island where I now live.’ Gr.j. 1690, 91, 93, 94. Foreman 1714. Selectm. 7 yrs. Dep. to Boston 1698. Lists 288, 290, 291, 296, 298. He m. Joanna Wills, liv. in 1738. Of 13 ch. only 6 surv.: Robert, b. 13 Nov. 1687, d.s.p., likelier young, but cf. Robert(8), 1712-1715. Elizabeth, b. 25 Nov. 1689, m. Nathl. Raynes. Mary, b. 28 Feb., d. 23 Mar. 1691. ‡Richard, Major. b. 5 Apr. 1693, d. 14 Nov. 1767. His will, 1 Mar 1765, is signed Richd. Cutt. He was major under Pepperell in the capture of Louisburg, and Councillor 1755-64. List 297. Wife Eunice (Curtis 6), m. 20 Oct. 1720, lived long a wid., some yrs. with Mrs. Sally Sayward Wood, her last yrs. with her sons in So. Berwick. She d. 29 Mar. 1795, aet. 97 (grst.) 10 ch. Sarah, b. 6 Sep. 1695, m. 3 Nov. 1717 Roger Mitchell. Bridget, b. 18 Feb. 1697, d. 13 Apr. 1700. Thomas, b. 16 Apr. 1700, Deacon, d. 10 Jan. 1795. List 297. He m. 23 Apr. 1724 Dorcas Hammond (8 ch.), 2d Sarah, d. of Dr. Nathl. Sargent. Bridget, b. 13 Dec. 1702, m. Samuel Hart. Lucia, b. 23 Apr. 1705. Edward, b. 9 July 1707, by trad. m. a Welch and had a son Edward–nothing seen of either. Samuel, b. 21 Sep. 1709. Joseph, b. 22 Apr. 1713. Joanna, b. 14 Apr. 1715, m. Capt. Timothy Gerrish.
‡robert,the 4th brother, was with the others in 1648-49; in Mar. 1652 was sued in Me. ct. by Capt. Champernowne for ‘taking away’ four oxen, arbitrated; but was not in Kit. in 1653, (List 282). App. he was a travelling merchant until his bros. deeded him the Leader gr. in 1658, and at times afterw. In 1660 he was in Conn. dickering for a location; the records of Huntington, L.I., have app. his aut. His item. inv. shows a shop and brewhouse, but no shipyard, and indicates a plantation of the southern type. He may have had ships built of his own timber, but was not a shipwright. In 1665 Capt. Robert Cutt was acting with Col. John Archdale in the Gorges govt., and in 1666 he was serving as one of the Justices left by the King's Com. to gover Maine. Gr.j. 1661. Lists 88, 298. He made his will and d. the same day, 18 June 1674. By early trad. he had a first wife, m. in St. Christopher's, but his ch. were by Mary Hole. m. in Barbadoes, a sis. of John Hole who came later to Kit. She m. 2d by 1682 Capt. Francis Champernowne. Ch: Bridget, m. 23 July 1674 Wm. Scriven. Richard, b. ab. 1660. Elizabeth, m. bet. 1684-86 Humphrey Elliot, 2d Thomas Witherick. Mary, m. aft. 1686 Humphrey Churchwood, 2d Lt. Richard Briar. Sarah, m. by 1695 John Moore. Robert, b. 1673.
Robert(7), shipwright, presum. bred by his br.-in-law Scriven, but app. in 1712-1715 was commanding one of Col. Pepperell's ships. Gr.j. 1697, 98. Lists 296-298, 291. Will 18 Sep. 1734; d. 24 Sep. 1735 in 69th year (grst.) He m. 18 Apr. 1698 Dorcas Hammond, will 26 May 1749, d. 17 Nov. 1757 ag. 82 (grst.) Ch: Mary, b. 26 Dec. 1698, m. 14 May 1722 Capt. Wm. Whipple, d. 24 Feb. 1783. 5 ch., incl. Wm., signer of Decl. of Ind., and Col. Joseph. Catherine, b. 30 Sep. 1700, m. 20 Aug. 1723 Hon. John Moffatt; d. Dec. 1769. Mehitable, b. 18 Aug. 1703, m. 29 Dec. 1725 Hon. Jotham Odiorne. Elizabeth, b. 20 Mar. 1709, m. 23 Oct. 1727 Rev. Joseph Whipple, 2d Rev. John Lowell, d.s.p. 22 Sep. 1805.
Champernowne,a Norman place-name.
Capt. Francis,bap. 16 Oct. 1614 at Dartington, Devon, s. of Arthur by Bridget, d. of Sir Tho. Fulford of Great Fulford. He was the 6th s. in this ancient landed family. Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh were cousins of his grf. The orig. counterpart deed of Champernowne's Isl. and 500 a. on the (N.E.****) side of Braveboat Harbor stream, made in England to Arthur Champernowne, Esq., 12 Dec. 1636 (Y. D. iii. 97) has on its back a memo: ‘Cap. Champroun Boft his ****and of Mr. Bradbury in the year 1634 as apears under sidd Bradbury hand.’ This is borne out by Edw. Johnson's dep. 21 Mar. 1682-3: ‘About 48 yrs. ago Capt. Francis Champernowne desired him to go to Mr. Thomas Bradbury who was the agent to Sir Ferdinando Gorges,’ and that he bought ‘the Island Mr. Fryer now liveth on’ and 500 a. on the other side of Braveboat Harbor stream. App. Mr. Champernowne sent over his youngest son, barely of age, with a cargo of cattle, to set up a branch of his fam. in the new world. In 1622 Sir F. Gorges had obtained for Mr. Champernowne (their wives at that time sisters), fishing and trading privileges in N. E. Adm. on the est. of Mr. A. C. was gr. to Capt. Francis C. 12 Apr. 1682, and lic. to sell r.e., altho he had already sold most of it and had repeat. mortg. the whole of it. App. he treated the prop. as his own from the start, only standing in his father's name. Mr. Francis Williams, an honorable man, who came over with an indenture signed by Sir Ferdinando himself dated 13 Nov. 1635, recites that he selected this land and Mr. Bradbury would not let him have it, but later ‘for the lucre of a certain sum of money’ sold it to Capt. Francis Champernowne. (Y. D. i. Pt. iii. 6). It had already been bargained for. Before this time, by 1640, F. C. was a captain, presum. bred to arms. He told the unk. author of List 88 that he was ‘Commander at Sea in the same ship under the Lord of Malbrough many years ago.’ This need not imply either a navigator or a sailing master, but a fighting man. James (Ley), 3d Earl of Marlborough, b. 28 Jan. 1617-8, was Admiral in command at Dartmouth in 1643, estab. a colony at Santa Cruz., W. I., obtaining a grant of the Carribee islands in 1645. Quite early F. C. himself lived in his ‘lower house’ above the Braveboat Harbor stream, later occ. by Capt. Richard Lockwood. This was bef. the mem. of Deborah (Lockwood) Phenix or Sarah (Andrews) Mitchell, who had been told so, and may [p.136] have been bef. he built at Greenland. In N. H. Ct. files is an acct. of an unnamed creditor dated 20 Nov. 1653 charging for a dozen debts paid for him and ‘By the new house £15,’ and crediting ‘By 3 yrs. rent of ½ of the island.’ Presumably this was John Heard, later of York and Dover. June 30, 1647, John Heard was fined for speaking against Capt. C., and in Oct. 1650 he was sued by Withers, ‘agent or attorney,’ for burning a house. The judgment was for John Heard to rebuild the house he burned. Whether he had threatened to burn a house he had built on the island unless paid for it, and had occa. to fulfill his threat, is not fully discl. By 1640 Champernowne had certainly bot and built at Greenland. Elucidators have elab. two 400 a. ‘farms’ at Greenland (likelier two sets of buildings on one tract), and three or four dwelling houses for himself. He was given town grants by Kit. and Portsm. intended to cover his purchase from the patentees. His two houses, ‘upper’ and ‘lower,’ were at Greenland and near ‘the stepping stones’ at the head of Kittery Point. Neither Capt. C., nor perh. any other, liv. on the Island bef. John Heard. In the mortg. to Capt. White, 1648, Capt. C. agreed to ‘put ashore upon the said island 15 head of swine,’ at the halves. Presum. there were pig houses there then. Besides these he once had a dwellinghouse up Spruce Creek, on the right, ment. in Col. Archdale's grant 20 Oct. 1665, app. the same levied on and sold in 1645 by Edw. Saunders to Mrs. Sarah Lynn, soon m. to Hugh Gunnison, who had her land covered by a 300 a. town grant. Capt. C. in a deed of his land here started from ‘Stage Point,’ extending easterly from that place. This house may have been his earliest shelter. In 1641-2 he shipped fish in -The Hercules-, Hingston master, List 21. Y. D. i. pt. 2, 12, iii. 99, iv. 94. Perpet. in debt and careless of his obligations, he sought changes of scene, leaving unfit agents in charge. John Shapleigh in 1700 sued Capt. C.'s wid. on an acct. of Major Shapleigh, 1667-1675, debts paid for him, 10 s. paid him in money, 8 gal. Malaga, brandy, rum. (York Ct. files). See Y. D. i. 62, 63. He was accu. of selling his Greenland farm twice, and the pool who obtained the second deed had finally to pay costs. Yet he refused to take oath to an inventory, for lack of suff. inform., but readily gave his bond to answer for the estate. His treatment of what looks like a blunder, ‘N. E.’ for N. W., in the orig. grant from Gorges makes a comedy. Near the close of his life he had President Danforth confirm it to himself in the same course, after which he claimed Capt. Raynes's farm in York, resulting in a commission from Boston and a -compromise- by which the farm was entailed on the heirs of Capt. Raynes's eldest son (Y. D. iv. 12). But Piscataqua was almost New Devon, and the Devonian idolizing of its ancient gentle families made him a kind of sentimental asset, to be elevated on a pedestal. Sir Ferdinando Gorges recognized his ‘loving nephew’ at every oppor. from Sep. 1639 on, but he took no part in that government. After Vines left he was on the bench in one court, at Wells, June 1647. Portsm. chose him a selectm. in 1654. After Charles II came in, Champernowne's fidelity to his cousin-in-law Gorges was unfailing. He accepted his first commission and acted at the courts at Wells 27 Dec. 1661 and 26-28 May 1662. He headed the warrant issued 11 Mar. 1661-2, and was ready to set his name to all papers brot to him by Jocelyn, Shapleigh or (when for the King) Rishworth,–except the petition which Jocelyn did and Rishworth would not, to throw over the Gorges charter and make Sir Robert Carr royal governor. Under the King's Commissioners he sat in three courts at York. He attended the invading court at York 7 July 1668 when Mass. again took possession, and signed the protest. In 1682 he personally delivered to Gov. Cranfield a petition to the King against Mass., and in 1684 Cranfield nominated him for the Council, altho liv. on the wrong side of the river. Randolph in 1676 knew of only three Eastern men to recom. for military officers: Champernowne, Shapleigh, Phillips. In President Dudley's commission, 8 Oct. 1685, Capt. C. was in his Council, but was no longer able to travel to Boston. In 1682 he was referee with Wincoll and Tyng, and in 1683 on an important probate com. with Hooke and Frost. That this man's conception of his place in the social firmament, as dispenser of good cheer to all humankind coming within the radius of his beams, included the red man, is shown by the Indians' demanding (Major Shapleigh and) Capt. C. as peace envoys. He must have gotten himself into the enemy's country somehow, (to ‘the Smoaking Tree’ in the Lygonia or Long Creek section of South Portland), to sign an execrable peace treaty on the enemy's terms, 12 Apr. 1678. List 32 would have had the Kittery trustees, Captains Champernowne, Hooke, Frost and Wincoll, and James Emery, named in an official copy of the orig. deed recently given to the Me. Hist. Soc. Lists 351b, 281, 288, 298, 311b, 323, 324, 26, 33, 47, 73, 88. After lifelong attention to the sex he finally m., by 1682, Mary (Hole) Cutt, wid. of Robert(7), sis. of John. The Me. Hist. Soc. has an earlier draft, as also his orig. last will, dated 16 Nov. 1686, both making his Cutt stepch. his heirs. He d. 15 Mar.–21 May 1687. His wid. app. made two or m. journeys [p.137] to her ch. in So. Car.; she was here in 1700, but by May 1703 had ‘gone out of the country.’
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