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Re: Spelling at the end of Latvian names
Posted by: Arturs Zageris (ID *****1618) Date: February 23, 2013 at 09:42:39
In Reply to: Spelling at the end of Latvian names by David Wiswar of 3012

David, let me give some observations before answering your specific questions.
You I believe are commenting from documents translated into Latvian language. Prior to Latvia's independence documents were recorded either in Russian or German. For 1900 they were supposed to be in Russian but for whatever reason there were exceptions -- for the church where your grandmother's birth was recorded it was in German.
In modern Latvian most Latvian male names end in "s". In pre-independence times the Latvian language was Germanized and the Latvian names did not end in s. In post independence times there is difference between first names and last names. Male first names end in s, rarely in o. Female first names end in a or e. Most last names end in s, often is, which is male ending that is adjusted for sex of individual. Your great grandfather was Kris's Pe'tersons. [I use ' after the letter to indicate diacritical mark above or below the letter.] Your grandmother was Anna Hermi'ne Ieva Pe'tersone. [changing the s to e is the most ususal way to show sex gender from male to female. In church birth records it is Anna Hermine Eva Peterson reflecting Germanized Latvian. There are Latvian last names that are female in nature: Priede[pine tree], Egle [fir tree], Oga {berry],etc.. There is no ending change to show sex of person.
Now answers to your specific questions:
[1] I have already answered why the e. The document you have referred may have been: Anna Pe'tersone (ir) namdara Kris'a Pe'tersona un Lizetes (meita). Ir means is. meita means daughter. The a ending for Kris'a and Pe'tersona is genetive {or possessive} case.
[2] Namdaris=carpenter, namdara is genetive case. It was customary to give father's occupation. You can find you grandmother's birth record on RADURAKSTI, entry #668 on page 298 of 444 for Latvian,German Born 1898-1901. The column headings are standard and the words Rang{rank] and Gewerbe[occupation] are asked.
[3] Kris's=nominative case, Kris'a=genetive case
Latvians celebrate not only birthdays but names days. For Kris's and Kris'ja'nis it is May 14. For Krists it is December 25. Check the document again, it is not Kristjan but either Kristian or Krischjan. Kris'tja'nis is not correct either.
[4] Lizete=nominative case, Lizetes=genetive case
Germanized Latvian on birth record Lisette
[5] ta'ds=such, te'vvards=te'vava'rds=patronymic
[6] The register would contain the names of church members who should be of the Lutheran faith. Other faiths had their own churches.
Hope that this clarifies the issues you had.
Arturs Zageris

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