Thanks to Charlotte and Rosalee for adding more detail to this problem of James Larkins, the Rev. soldier. Every scrap is potentially vital. I have a few such to contribute. Frederick Co. MD has turned up nothing at all on the background of James. They have no tax records from the 1770s, which I was hoping for, but a little more detail to his only known land purchase. Other than his army service and his marriage, the first fact known is that by the end of 1785 he was in the vicinity of the newly platted town of Emmitsburg, MD.
On December 1, 1785, James bought lots 30, 55, and 56 for a total of £7 current money of Maryland. He evidently spent the winter building, as the following March he and his wife Catherine sold lot 30, with a house, for £71.5.
Ten years later, the family is found in Rockbridge Co., VA, around Lexington. In 1803, James gave power of attorney to one George Guilinger. Guilinger went back to Emmitsburg and sold the two remaining lots. James wife Catherine had been the widow of a man called "Gerlinger", of whom nothing else has been found. The name comes from the pension file, which is a 19th c. transcript of 18th c. handwriting. I am beginning to suspect Gerlinger and Guilinger may be the same name.
When Catherine and James lived in Somerset Co. PA there was there a young man named Martin Guilinger living there with his family. When Catherine and James moved to New Rumley Twp, Harrison Co OH, the Martin Guilingers moved too. Martin Guilinger was born in 1781 in Germantown. He had children named James, John, Seth, Thomas, and Catherine, like Catherine's family. These coincidences suggest that Martin was also a child of Catherine's, reared by James Larkins. It also suggests that the Philadelphia area might be a more fruitful area of research than Lancaster.
The Guilinger ancestor, Adam, settled in Germantown with at least 4 sons. One of the sons was George, and it was a George Guilinger who had James Larkins' power of attorney.
Otherwise, I have learned that James regiment was known as an "Irish" regiment. It was raised by an immigrant Irishman. That, plus his Presbyterian connections, reinforces my suspicion that this family was part of the huge Scot-Irish migration that had poured through Phladelphia.
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