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Re: ThomasLamphier 1520 Languedoc France
Posted by: Earl J Lanphere Date: January 23, 2000 at 08:36:02
In Reply to: Re: ThomasLamphier 1520 Languedoc France by Charles Lanphier of 623

Here is the text from Edward E Lanphere's manuscript where he discribes the Huguenot connection. The following information was taken from:
The Lanphere and Related Families Genealogy, 1970 Revised Edition
Edward Everett Lanphere, 15 Rogerson Drive, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Note: This copy tries to retain the spelling and punctuation of the original manuscript. The paragraph formatting and indentation was lost upon posting to the Forum. The author’s sketches could not be included.


Introduction

This book has been prepared for all those members of the several related families who wish to know something about their ancestors, who and where are their relatives, what many of them have done, and to have a history that each can add to, and then pass down through succeeding generations.

"People will not look forward to posterity who never look backward to their ancestors."
- Edmund Burke

"A people which takes no pride in the noble achievements of remote ancestors will never acheive anything worthy to be remembered with pride by remote descendents."
- J. B. Macaulay

"A contempt for antiquity is rightly considered as a mark of a mean and narrow intellect of an uneducated and illiberal mind.”
- Allibones Dictionary of Authors

Records of the Lanphere families go back to the Middle Ages when they lived in France in the then provinces of Languedoc and Provence, on either side of the Rhone River and in which were situated the cities of Arles, St. Gilles, Nimes and Avignon. Dr. Charles Lanphier Patton of Springfield, Illinois wrote that while he was stationed in this area during World War I he saw the name Lanphier in many places.

[Author’s sketch of the Languedoc and Provence areas in France with the cities of Arles, St. Gilles, Nimes and Avignon.]

The first known settlers of this area were the Greeks, then came the Romans, and Aries became the capital, crossroads and religious center of Gaul. It was later sacked by barbarians and Saracens who occupied it in 730 A.D.. In 879 to 1150 it was the seat of the Burgundy kings. In the Middle Ages it recovered as the center of Provencial culture. After Caesar's sack of Marseille in 49 B.C., Aries became the capital of Gaul. In the First Century A.D. it was the gateway for the introduction of Christianity into Gaul. In the time of Constantine's Empire, A.D. 330, it became the third city in size after Rome and Constantinople with a population of 100,000. It is now a city of about 20,000, the Roman Theatre still exists, and the Roman arena or amphitheatre which held 26,000 in early A.D. now holds about 15,000 people.

Many authoritative sources have given this area as the early home of the Lanpheres, Lanphiers (and many other spellings.)
Nimes was the capital of Languedoc and with St. Gilles became the strongholds of the Protestant teachings of Besanean Hugue, a Geneva Switzerland Reformer. These Protestants became known as Huguenots and were severely persecuted in the 1500's and 1600's, so much so that following the great massacre of them on the Eve of St. Bartholomew, August 24, 1572, great numbers fled from France. The Lanphiers fled from this area in southern France, from Normandy, and the Auvergne Mountain Region.

Huguenots

A religious reform movement in France that spread quickly after the 1523 French translations of the New Testament by Jacques Le Févre d'Étaples (which followed his 1512 writing of the "Sancti Pauli xxx" which has been interpreted as embodying the cardinal doctrine of the Reformation justification by faith.)
Posters attacking the Mass appeared on walls throughout Paris, "Affair of the placards October 1534." Then began many of the exiles, the most famous was John Calvin who left for Basel, Switzerland in 1534. More vigorous prosecution followed.
The Huguenot Church in Paris was formed about 1555. (The people in this Protestant movement took the name Huguenot from the name of one of the leading Swiss reformers, Hugue.)
In Portiers in 1558 it was decided that all Protestant churches should formulate by common accord a confession of faith and ecclesiastical doctrine, and the synod of Paris, May 1559, derived its inspiration from the constitution introduced by Calvin at Geneva and which subsequently was the model for all Presbyterian churches, -ecclesiastical authority resides in the people who elect the elders for general supervision of the church, choice of Pastors, churches are independent units but have common interests. Fifteen churches were represented at the synod, Two years later in 1561 there were 2150 churches.
Massacres and other events led to civil war, there was a serious defeat and the Huguenot leader, Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Conde was killed at Jaruoc, war was revived and a peace treaty was made at St. Germain August 8, 1570. The Queen of Navarre was Conde's sister-in-law, her son Henry of Navarre became Henry IV of France, was to marry Margaret, sister of Charles IX of France. On the night of August 24, 1572, however, after a council at which Catherine d'Medicis, Charles IX, the duc d'Anjou (later Henry III of France) and the Guises were present, there occurred the Masscre of St. Bartholomew's Day in which Gaspard de Coliguy their most powerful leader and all the leading Huguenots in Paris were slain. But their survivors went on to lead further wars and after 40 years of strife obtained by their constancy the promulgation of the Edict of Nantes April, 1598, the charter of religious and political freedom.
Wars again broke out over lands retained by the Huguenots, they helped the English in some of their battles with the French, but Cardinal de Richelieu resolved to and did carry out his plan for putting an end to their political powers in France, La Rochelle fell on October 28, 1628, there were defeats in southern France, and in June 28, 1629 the peace of Alais was signed whereby the Huguenots retained their freedom of conscience but lost all their military advantages.
By the middle of the 1600's the Roman Catholic clergy prevailed and so on October l8, l685 Louis XIV pronounced the Edict of Nantes revoked. But the Huguenots continued to persist and in 1745 to 1754 there was considerable volume in Cervantes and Languedoc. By the efforts of Lafayette and others an edict of November 1787 restored the validity of their marriages and some other civil rights.
The law of December 9, 1905 which separated church and state finally halted the ever-continuing strife and a measure of freedom for French Protestantism.
Some went first to Holland, some to the Island of Jersey (where today they live under the name of Lanpriere) some to England and some to Ireland. In Ireland many returned to the Roman Catholic faith, and some of whom after about one hundred and fifty years migrated to Canada, particularly Ontario Province from which several families migrated again to central and western United States. Some of the families in Ireland stopped in Northern Ireland, or Ulster Plantation.
George Lanphear, probably in the 1640's or 50's, came from either England or Ireland to Massachusetts and shortly thereafter settled in what is now westerly Rhode Island, where he bought land in 1669. He evidently came from a very well-to-do family. Some of his descendents live on a part of that land today and one of the streets leading to it is marked Lanphere Road in Westerly.
Albany County, established in 1683, from which came Montgomery County, from which county Fulton County was created in 1838. In 1791 Herkimer County was taken out of Montgomery County, and Oneida County was created out of Herkimer County in 1798. Rensselaer County came from Albany County in 1791.

[Author’s sketch of New York counties.]

It is very important to keep in mind that as families moved about through the centuries, names became changed as to their spellings for at least two reasons; 1) handwriting was mostly very poor, and 2) the sound of the spoken name gave different people different ideas as to how to spell it.

From the New England Historical Society Record, together with letters from a large number of persons.

1001       Lanphear, George, born 1631 in Berkshire, England,
d. 10-6-1731, grandson of Thomas Lamphier, who with many other French Huguenots fled from his homeland in Province of Languedoc in southern France in 1572 to adjacent Wiltshire in England following the massacre of over 30,000 on the Eve of St; Bartholomew August 24, 1572. Over 60,000 people were killed in the religious wars instituted by Catherine de Medici (1519-1589). (See old records reported by Mrs. D. Dorsey Wolf, Jericho Manor apt. 141, Jenkintown, Penn.1 for the Huguenot Society of Pennsylvania 2-19-1960,)
Some of Thomas's sons went to Ulster and others to County Tipperary, Wexford, etc., in Ireland. On April 18, 1669 George bought land from John Clarke. Where the city of Westerly, Rhode Island is now located. In 1704 he owned 200 acres of land, parts of which are still owned by his descendents. George married in 1669. On may 17, 1671 George took the Oath of Allegiance to Rhode Island. This is recorded in “New England Families" by Cutler, where it is also reported that he was baptized in 3-2-1678, but his wife became faint-hearted and came back out of the water “un baptized." On April 25, 1727 the town divided his land among his children as he was considered unable to manage his affairs at this time.
Children:
2221* i       Lanphear, Mary b. 1671, d. 1727, m. Peter Button
2222* ii       Lanphear, Shadrack b. 1674 d. 1728, m. Experience Reed
2223* iii       Lanphear, Patience b. 1675
2224* iv       Lanphear, Seth b. 1678
2225* v       Lanphear, John b. 1683, d. 1751, m. Ruth
2226* vi       Lanphear, Theodosios b. 1685, d. 1749
2227* vii       Lanphear, Sarah b. 3-1-1687
2228* viii       Lanphear, Elizabeth b. 1689
2229* ix       Lanphear, Richard b. 1690



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