All these names have lived in PICTOU, CUMBERLAND and COLCHESTER Counties in NS for almost 250 years. They sound like they may have been HUGUENOTS (French Protestants) who either fled from religious persecution in France or who were granted land for settlement by England which was trying to populate NS with Protestants. NS had been largely French Catholic from 1604 until England finally defeated France at Louisbourg in 1748 and again outside Québec in 1758.
Try the following info sources:
Cumberland County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~nscumber/ - on the border with Province of New Brunswick, only land link from NS to rest of North America. French settlements and forts from 1650 to early 1700's became English in period 1748-1758. Many records of French and English settlers including Yorkshire farmers who bought and settled on land around Oxford and Amherst in 1770's [and also next door in Dorchester and Sackville, soon to be part of the new province New Brunswick], and United Empire Loyalists fleeing American Revolution and settling places like Parrsboro in 1784-1790. The Tantramar Heritage Trust hosted "Yorkshire 2000", a gathering of the descendants of Yorkshire settlers who emigrated from northern England, going to Nova Scotia during the period 1772-1775. Go to - http://www.tap.nb.ca/tht/york2000.html - or access it through Cyndi's List for Nova Scotia.
In the former coal mining community of Springhill, Cumb Co, NS, local historian Mary Willa Littler (tel: 902-597-2469) is compiling details about the 1891 mine disaster that claimed 125 lives, some as young as 12 years old. Two other deadly 'bumps' in 1956 and 1958, with a major fire in downtown Springhill in 1957, almost killed the town, but it has courageously fought back. Its biggest claim to fame nowadays is singer Anne Murray, whose museum attracts tens of thousands of tourists every year.
Colchester County NS - http://www.genealogynet.com/Colchester/ - first settled early 1760's by New England Planters who sometimes occupied former Acadian French land after the Expulsion of 1755 - http://www.rootsweb.com/~nscolche/index.html - also consult the
Onslow, NS, Colchester County Book of Records.
The Colchester Historical Society and Museum, 29 Young Street in Truro, Nova Scotia can also give lots of good info (tel: 902-895-6284). Colchester Historical Archives include: - Index to Colchester County Deeds 1771-1870 - Colchester Deeds 1770-1845 - Vital Statistics from newspapers from 1760-1908 - Township Books - Truro, Onslow and Londonderry, Westchester, Cumberland County, Guysborough County, Kings County, Annapolis County - Maps of early Colchester County
- http://www.genealogynet.com/resident/genejane/home.htm - An excellent new database by Jane Wile on surnames of Colchester County - when you get there, click on the tab for surnames. This will bring up about 2 dozen surnames.
Sara Murray Leonard - firstname.lastname@example.org - among other surnames, has posted extensive CROW/CROWE information under - http://www.genforum.com- CROW # 1644 - from the "Historical and Genealogical Record of Colchester County (NS)" by Thomas Miller, 1803.
Pictou County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~nspictou/ - or - rootsweb.com/~canns - or - http://www.ckec.com/pages/geneolog -
- http://www.rootsweb.com/~nspcghs/ - The Pictou County Genealogy and Heritage Society, P.O. Box 1210, Pictou, N.S. B0K 1H0 Tel: (902) 485-4563 - Administrators of the Hector Exhibit Centre and McCulloch House Museum - extensive library of books on Pictou County, specific communities, churches, prominent figures and records of other parts of Nova Scotia. Copies of both the "Ritchie Records" and the "Stone Books" which are very valuable transcriptions of almost all of the cemeteries in Pictou County.
MACKENZIE 435 - Louise MacKenzie at email@example.com - A hardbound book entitled "Scotsburn Congregation Pictou County" by Rev. John Murray was published in 1925. It states that the "Hector" arrived in 1773 and does not list another sailing. There were 16 MacKenzies aboard, and a young child named Roderick MacKay. The Rev. Murray talks about Hardwood Hill. The book is a treasure, but is very fragile, so it would be risky to copy it.
Pictou County Historical Society - Tel: (902) 752-5583 or in Pictou Town at (902) 485-4563, 86 Old Haliburton Road.
Pictou Advocate (newspaper) (902) 485-8014 or FAX (902) 752-4816
Pictou County is located on the central north shore of Nova Scotia, Canada. The first settlers arrived from Philadelphia on June 10, 1767 on the brigantine "Betsey". In September 1773 about 200 immigrants arrived from Scotland on the "Hector". Today it is the third largest population centre in NS and includes the "Five Towns" of New Glasgow, Stellarton, Westville, Trenton, and Pictou itself. Coal was first discovered in the late 1790s, one of the largest coal seams in the world, over 48 feet thick. The fortunes of Stellarton and area have risen and fallen over the Foord Coal Seam (one mine explosion was at Westville May 17, 1873). The first train in North America, the "Samson" in 1839, ran coal from the mines to nearby ships.
- http://www.library.ns.ca/regionals/ - NS Regional Libraries (for your enquiries, try the ones marked *, or 1 (first choice), 2, 3, etc.:
_ Annapolis Valley Regional Library
_ Cape Breton Regional Library
1 Colchester-East Hants Regional Library
1 Cumberland Regional Library
_ Eastern Counties Regional Library
2 Halifax Regional Library
1 Pictou-Antigonish Regional Library
_ South Shore Regional Library
_ Western Counties Regional Library
- http://www.CyndisList.com/novascot.htm - Cyndi's List for Nova Scotia - a great place to get started
- http://www.stillman.org/ns.htm - has good basic NS map
NOVA SCOTIA Genweb Site - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ -
| About the Project | Volunteers Needed | County GenWeb Sites | Nova Scotia Genealogical Resources | Online Databases | Vital Statistics | Special Interest | Nova Scotia Archives | Nova Scotia Churches | Obituaries | Information Sources | Genealogy and Historical Societies/Museums | Libraries | Newspapers | Geography and Maps | Telephone Directories and Postal Codes | Reference Books | Mailing Lists | Nova Scotia Genealogy Links | GenWeb Links | Queries | CanadaGenWeb Online | Archives | Lookups | E-Mail Contact | Announcements & Reunions |
- http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/using/ - Public Archives of Nova Scotia - Tel: (902) 424-6055 FAX: (902) 424-0628
**NOTE: On Thursday, August 30, 2001, the Public Archives of Nova Scotia officially opened the Community Access Program (CAP) site. Along with Internet access, the site includes a cluster of computers, laser printer and a scanner. Of course, it also connects with the massive array of online resources now available through the Archives. People who want to create a family tree, or to search out their roots for whatever reason, will find the archive site offers free public access to quality Web sites from around the world devoted to genealogy. Among other things, the site offers access to the genealogical software, Family Tree Maker, a range of historical resources and the Internet in general. To access the archives on the Internet, go to - http://gov.ns.ca/nsarm/cap -.
- http://www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/gene/looking.htm/ - NS Archives collection of maps, directories, land records, photographs, registry of deeds, newspaper, cemetery and church records indexes, etc.
Genealogical Association of Nova Scotia (GANS) - Leland Harvie, newsletter editor - P.O. BOX 41, Halifax, N.S. CANADA B3J 2T3 - 902-443-9107, Halifax - 2,500 members - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ - with LINKS to many interesting sites.
"Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia" by Terrance Punch - ISBN 1-55109-235-2 - Terry is a professionally accredited Canadian genealogist who specializes in immigration from Ireland, Germany and Montbéliard (Huguenot Protestants French-Swiss border area). Terry also investigates the origins of surnames. He hosts a program on CBC (public radio) every 4 weeks (Mondays or Wednesdays) and will answer questions by E-Mail to - firstname.lastname@example.org - or check out the Website at - http://www.halifax.cbc.ca -
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