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Home: Regional: U.S. States: Kentucky: Warren County

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Re: COX,, Phineas/Samuel 1764/1790, Warren
Posted by: William Hunt Date: April 26, 2000 at 11:54:41
In Reply to: COX,, Phineas/Samuel 1764/1790, Warren by Shawnna Wills Patterson of 1030

Shawnna, the following is pasted over from a document about my ancestors. I have more information about John Cox, but not more about Phineas Cox. There are a lot of marriages recorded in Warren County for the descendants of both these men. I could help you sort out those belonging to John Cox. Let me know if you would like more information.

Bill Hunt
Natchitoches, Louisiana
hunt@nsula.edu

My gggg-grandfather was John P. Cox, born in Halifax County, VA, on January 4, 1758. He took the Oath of Allegiance in Henry County, VA, August 20 1777, and served in the Revolutionary War in Virginia. After the War, he removed first to Tennessee and then to Kentucky. He settled in Kentucky and was instrumental in the establishment of Warren County and Bowling Green and was a Captain in the Militia.

Phineas Cox, who lived near John Cox in Warren County, was probably a kinsman (very likely his brother). It is recorded that Phineas Cox, about age 15, was in the group of militia led by Col. George Rogers Clark on the expedition in 1778 to take Kaskaskia and Vincennes from the British. In the summer of 1833, about nine years before he died, Phineas applied to the United States government for a pension for his services as a veteran of the Revolutionary War. A copy of his affidavit is presented here to provide a glimpse into his life and into the life and times of this period of American history. Portions of the archaic language have been updated for reading convenience.

State of Kentucky, Warren County Sct. On this 24th day of June 1833, personally appeared in open court before the County Court of said County, now sitting one Phineas Cox, a resident of the County and State aforesaid, aged 69 years, who first being duly sworn according to law doth, on his oath, make the following amendments to his Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7th 1832.

That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated. That he was born the 10th day of October in the year 1764, in the County of Halifax, Virginia. That about the 5th day of March, as well as he can recollect, in the year 1779, he enlisted in the army of the United States under Captain James Shelby and served under said Shelby; and under Richard Bashier, Lieutenant; and under Jarrett Williams, Ensign; and under John Montgomery, Colonel, who was under the command of General George Rogers Clark in the line of the State of Virginia.

He resided at the time of his enlistment in the County of Henry, Virginia, and went on a visit to Holston River where he enlisted at the Long Island. At that place he took to the water and descended to the Tennessee River, down that to the Ohio, down the Ohio to the Mississippi River, and up that river to the Kaskakia River, and up that river six miles to the Illinois Towns as there called. He continued there about thirty days, then went with the troops in boats down to the Ohio River, and up the same to the mouth of the Great Wabash, and up that river to where Post Vincent is now situated, which was called then O Post. He remained there all the summer of 1779, except one month when he went further up the Wabash against the Indians. He states that he remained there at O Post during the fall and winter of said year, and for guarding pack horses was promised one dollar per day for ninety days, but never received a cent for that nor any of his services during the Revolution. In March 1780, he was sent on express from O Post by Colonel John Montgomery to the Illinois Towns where he remained till he was discharged by Colonel Montgomery in June 1780.

He enlisted for the term of one year, but was detained more than fifteen months before he was discharged. He states that about twelve years after he was discharged, Colonel Montgomery called at his house where he now lives and got his discharge from him for the purpose of getting his pay and land that were promised him. Montgomery was shortly after killed by the Indians and he could never procure his discharge again, nor land, nor pay. After he received his in 1780, he volunteered at the Illinois Towns on the 1st of July 1780 for sixty or sixty-five days and served under Colonel Montgomery. He went up the Mississippi to the mouth of the Illinois River, thence up said river to a little French village. There they left the boats and with pack horses went to Fiver River against the Indians, but they had all fled. They returned to the boats. He states that during part of this tour, for want of provisions, they were compelled part of the time to subsist on a dead horse. For this term, he got only a verbal discharge from Montgomery at what is now called St. Louis. He states that he cannot say precisely how long he served, but he knows he will be safe in making oath that he did not serve a shorter period than sixteen months. His age was recorded in his father's Bible in the State of Virginia.

He lived in Henry County, Virginia, when he entered the army. Immediately after the Revolutionary War he moved to Davidson County, Tennessee; from thence to Warren County where he has resided ever since. He knows of no documentary evidence of his services, nor any person by whom he could prove his services, except one Samuel McGowan, whose affidavit he has procured. He was in no battle. The officers that he knew in the Revolution, except those already named, were Captain Thomas Quirk, Captain Taylor, Captain Evins, and Captain Todd. The following are the names of some persons living in his neighborhood who can testify to his character for veracity and their belief as to his services in the revolution: Captain John Stone, Captain Joseph Covington, General Elijah Covington, Colonel William Marshall, Judge Graham, Judge Underwood, and James T. Morehead. He states that he cannot remember the number of the regiment in which he served.

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not found on the Pension Roll of the Agency of any State.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid. Phineas Cox

Phineas Cox returned south of the Ohio in time to help guard the unlucky Donelson flotilla of Nashville settlers who battled Indians and cholera on their trip from the Carolinas. Phineas lived close to John both in Tennessee and Kentucky and also served in the Kentucky Legislature.

Logan County, Kentucky, tax records for 1792 show that John Cox was more than 21 years old, had no male children between 16 and 21 years old, had no slaves, and had 11 horses and 21 cattle. Those records also showed that Phineas Cox was more than 21 years old, had no male children between 16 and 21 years old, had one slave, and had 10 horses and 70 cattle. In 1793, John Cox had 9 horses and 34 cattle; Phineas Cox had two slaves, 8 horses, and 51 cattle; and a Samuel Cox had 9 horses and 4 cattle. The 1794 tax records are similar, with the addition of land ownership of 200 acres, each, on Gasper River waterway. The 1795 and 1796 tax records of Logan County, Kentucky, show John Cox, Sr. and a John Cox, Jr.; Phineas Cox, Sr., and a Phineas Cox, Jr.; and a Samuel Cox, Sr.


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