Meshack Creek, by Joyce Stover in Roots & Branches from the Cumberland County News, April 26, 2000.
This column will depart a little from the usual format. For quite some time, I have been interested in why settlers from a certain area of the country migrated from their known homes and settled in certain sections of Cumberland Co. One of the most interest sections known as Meshack Creek, which is now in Monroe Co. Two good sources of study for this area are "Original Settlers of Meshack Creek, Bland's Fork and Mud Camp Area-Eastern Monroe Co., KY," by Marion Vance; and "Historical Sketches of Monroe County" by M. T. Flippin. The latter mentioned was written in the period of the late 1880's. The work of the late Emery White is also a good source.
Cumberland County was formed in 1798 from part of Green County, which had been formed in 1792 from parts of Lincoln and Nelson counties. In 1820, Monroe County was formed from parts of Cumberland and Barren counties. The new county boundary on the east side of Monroe placed the Meshack Creek area in the new county. Meshack Creek was named for Meshack Skaggs who reportedly was killed along its waters by Indians before 1795. Spelling in many of the early surveys and deeds was rendered "Maches" Creek.
Many military claims of Revolutionary soldiers from Virginia and North Carolina had been processed by this time. Settlers had come into central Kentucky by the Wilderness Road and had been disappointed to find that much of the better land had already been taken. As hardly any of Meshack Creek had been taken by earlier claim, settlers rushed into this area when the area "south of Green River" was opened up for settlement.
The land not already taken south of Green River was classified as "second class land". The price for land was $30 per 100-acre tract for second class land and $40 per 100-acre tract for first class land. The claims were apportioned to settlers who were allowed a minimum of 200 acres. To qualify, landowners were required to occupy the land, make improvements, and plant at least two acres of corn.
As far as can be proven, Moses Kirkpatrick was one of the earliest settlers in the Meshack Creek area. His log house, still standing although covered with siding, is considered the oldest existing structure south of Green. According to tradition, friendly Indians helped him build it.
When Cumberland County was formed in 1798, two Meshack Creek residents were named as officials of the new county. Hannaniah Lincoln was the first sheriff and Thomas Lincoln was constable. There has been considerable argument as to whether this is the father of President Abraham Lincoln or another Thomas Lincoln. My personal opinion, not documented, is that it is the Thomas Lincoln who married into the Gee family, as members of that family were bondsmen for him.
Many early settlers of this area had previously been associated with the forst and stations in central Kentucky. The Pottingers had been at Pottinger's Station, (New Haven, KY); The Kirkpatricks, Phillips and Lincolns had been at Phillips or Nolynn Fort (Hodgenville, KY); the Sconces had been at Sconce's Station (Nelson Co., KY); others from the forts at Elizabethtown and around Greensburg.
Following is a list of early settlers/landowners in the Meshack Creek/Mud Camp area:
William and James McColgan
Moses, Elijah and Elihu Kirkpatrick
John Enyart, Sr. & Jr.
John and Richard Williams
Jesse, James and John S. Gee
Thomas and Hannaniah Lincoln
John and Osborn Bland
George and John Walden
William and Walter Nunn
William and Henry King
John, Dennis and Robert Pottinger
Daniel and Henry Heston
Joseph and William Hall
Thomas and John Alexander
John C. and William Sconce
Some of these earlier settlers moved on to greener pastures. By 1818-1820, these names had been added:
The Gee family has alread been featured in articles. Perhaps we will take up a few more of the families of this area in the next few columns.
|Home | Help | About Us | Site Index | Jobs | PRIVACY | Affiliate|
|© 2007 The Generations Network|