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Pennsylvania Kennedy Family
Posted by: Diana Caswell (ID *****9822) Date: November 05, 2012 at 09:09:53
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http://www.archive.org/stream/encyclopediaofpe10jord/encyclopediaofpe10jord_djvu.txt
REYNOLDS HISTORICAL
GENEALOGY COLLECTION

Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania

BIOGRAPHY BY
JOHN W. JORDAN, LL.D.

(Kennedy Lineage).

Elizabeth ( Kennedy-Young) Moorhead,
wife of William Moorhead, was descended
from the noble house of Cassilis, in Scot-
land. Her father, James Kennedy, a
native of Bucks county, Pennsylvania,
was a son of William Kennedy, who was
born in the North of Ireland in 1695. Her
mother was Jane Maxwell, a daughter of
John Maxwell, of New Jersey, and a sis-
ter of General William Maxwell, of the
Revolution. Her grandfather, William
Kennedy, was a son of the Rev. Thomas
Kennedy, who was moderator of the gen-
eral synod of Ulster in 1696, and died in
Ireland, January 20, 1716. The Rev.
Thomas Kennedy was a son of Colonel
Gilbert Kennedy, and was in Ireland with
the Scotch troops in 1645 when he was
only a captain, and was very active in
helping the Scotch Presbyterians in Ire-
land. Colonel Gilbert Kennedy was a
son of the Laird of Drumurchie, and a
brother of John Kennedy, the sixth Earl
of Cassilis. He was with Cromwell at
the battle of Marston Moor. His niece,
Margaret Kennedy, daughter of his elder
brother, the sixth Earl of Cassilis, was the
wife of Dr. Gilbert Burnett, Bishop of
Salisbury.

The house of Cassilis was descended
from Sir Gilbert de Carrick, who obtained
a charter of the lands of Kennedy in Ayr-
shire, Scotland. Sir John Kennedy, desig-
nated son of Sir Gilbert de Carrick in
many writs, obtained a confirmation
charter of the lands of Castlys from King
David II. His son. Sir Gilbert Kennedy,
was one of the hostages to the English in
1357. This Gilbert Kennedy, by his first
wife, Marian Sandilas, daughter of Sir
James Sandilas, of Calder, was the father
of Thomas Kennedy, of Bargany ; by his
second wife he was the father of Sir James
Kennedy, who married Mary Stewart, a
daughter of King Robert III. The eldest
son of this younger son became the first
Lord Kennedy, who was the grandfather
of David Kennedy, the third Lord and
first Earl of Cassilis.

The first Earl of Cassilis fell at the bat-
tle of Flodden Field in 1513; the second
Earl was killed in 1527, while trying to
rescue King James V from the Earl of
Arran ; the third Earl died in Dieppe in
1558, while on a mission to France to
assist at the marriage of Mary, Queen of
Scots, with the dauphin, afterward King
Francis II.; the fourth Earl died in 1576,
and the fifth Earl, after a turbulent life,
died in 1616, without issue. John Ken-
nedy, fifth Earl of Cassilis, was succeeded
by his nephew, John Kennedy, son of
Gilbert Kennedy, Laird of Drumurchie.

Irish archaeologists trace the origin of
the Kennedy family to Donchuan, brother
of Brian Boru, but some of the Scotch
genealogists are content with one Ken-
neth, and others find the beginning with
Duncan de Carrick, who owned a consid-
erable estate in Ayrshire at the beginning
of the thirteenth century. The first of the
name on record are Alexander Kennedy,
canon of Glasgow, and Hurve Kennedy,
chevalier of Lanarkshire, who swore
fealty to King Edward I of England.
These names appear on the "Ragman
Roll" for 1296.

James Kennedy, son of William and
Marion Henderson Kennedy, born in
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, in 1730, mar-
ried, in 1 761, Jane Maxwell, daughter of
John Maxwell, and a sister of General
William Maxwell.* William Kennedy,
son of James and Jane (Maxwell) Ken-
nedy, born in 1766, died in Easton, Penn-
sylvania, in 1850; married, January 28,
1798, Sarah Stewart Randall, then only
fifteen years of age. He gave his services
to the Continental forces as an aid to his
uncle, General William Maxwell. Politi-
cally a Democrat, he represented the coun-
ties of Sussex and Warren in the Legis-
lature of New Jersey several successive
sessions and presided with honor and
dignity over the upper house. In the
same counties he served for many years
as judge of the courts.

•General William Maxwell was the chairman
of the Committee of Safety of Sussex county.
New Jersey. He was brigadier-general in the
army of Washington: a noble soldier and
patriot; served in the French War, 1755-1759, as
an officer of the Provincial troops; was with
Braddock when that officer was defeated at
Fort Duquesne, and fought with Wolfe in the
attack upon Quebec. Upon the outbreak of the
war between England and her American colo-
nies he resigned his commission in the English
army and marched on foot to Trenton, where he
tendered his services to the Provincial Congress,
accepting a colonel's command, but was soon
promoted to brigadier-general. He served with
distinction in the battles of Germantown and
Monmouth.



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