The exact relationship between the Jackson and Robison family is as yet unknown. Yet in the will of Joseph Robison, in 1813, he bequeathed a significant portion of his earthly estate to Andrew Jackson, and Andrew’s wife Nancy; as well as leaving a legacy to a James Jackson, who may or may not have been Andrew and Nancy Jackson’s son. The James, who was the son of Andrew and Agnes has a biographical sketch appearing in a History of Beaver County, Pennsylvania which is recited below, giving this James’ birth year as 1812; or, just one year preceding Joseph Robinson’s will. So was James Jackson a minor to which his inheritance was kept in guardianship until he attained the age of 21; or, was he already an adult in 1813? If the latter is true, then James could not be a son of Andrew and Agnes/Nancy. If not a son, then perhaps he was either a brother, or a nephew. Given the approximated dates of birth for their children beginning in 1803; it sumised, but not yet proven that Nancy/Agnes was either a sister or cousin of William Robinson, and therefore a neice of Joseph Robinson who died in 1813.
An entry on Genforum, a genealogical internet web site, list Robert Jackson as the immigrant ancestor of this branch of the Jackson family. He apparently was born in County Tyrone, Ireland. He immigrated in as yet an unknown date, and settled in Brighton Township of Beaver County, Pennsylvania; and was still living in 1822 when he wrote a letter at the home of his daughter Jane claiming kinship to General/President Andrew Jackson. This letter also identifies his children which list two sons: Andrew, born circa 1780, whom it is known was married to “Agnes” Robinson, and James Jackson; and two daughters, namely Elizabeth and Jane. Here there becomes a bit of controversy. One Jackson researcher states that Robert Jackson’s daughter Jane married her first cousin, James Jackson, who was the son of Hugh Jackson, purportedly a brother of Robert: while a second entry claims that James, the son of Robert, married his cousin, Jane Jackson, who was daughter of Hugh Jackson. Thus separate researchers have confused different James and Jane Jacksons and their paternal parental relationships. The letter written by Robert Jackson to President Andrew Jackson in December 1822 (see copy attached) clearly identifies his daughter Jane as having married James the son, “of his brother Hugh”. Mr. Mark Welchley, in his compilation of genealogical gleanings abstracted from the Beaver, Pennsylvania Argus list the death date for Mrs. Jane Jackson, “consort of James Jackson, Esqr., Brighton Township ” as occurring on June 14, 1846 aged about 60 years; thus born circa 1785-86.
A brief biographical sketch of the ancestry of President Andrew Jackson is given below, which will connect to the Andrew Jackson line of Beaver County, Pennsylvania. This article appeared in an old newspaper, a copy of which is in the historical research center in Beaver County, Pennsylvania. This article may be from an edition of The New York Times.
“...Jackson himself died in ignorance of the fact that he was born in the boundary of the ‘Old North State’ I will now give to the readers of the Press an interesting family record of the forefathers of Gen. Jackson, which I copied in the Fall of 18?? from an old Geneva Bible, printed in 1560, bound in boards covered with parchment, belonging to Richard Hoke, an old mountaineer of Cherokee County, N. C. I had been under the impression for many years that this interesting records was lost. On looking over some old papers last week I found it, and it affords me pleasure in sending to you such an interesting record as can apply to no family but that of the forefathers of Andrew Jackson.
(An) Andrew Jackson, only son of John Jackson and Elizabeth McDonald (his wife) was born near the parish church of Auchtamuchty, on the sixth day of June, 1654, and was married to Mary Crawford, by the Rev. James Walsh, on the 9th of May, 1696.
Names of the children by this marriage (of Andrew and Mary): Hugh Jackson, born December 10, 1705, baptized by the Rev. James Walsh the 30th; George Jackson, born Nov. 1, 1707, baptized Nov. 30 by Rev. David Scott; Thomas Jackson, born Oct. 12, 1709, baptized at the parish church by te Rev. David Scott on the 25th; Rachel Jackson, born May 9, 1711, baptized by the Rev. Mr. Scott on the 29th.
David Jackson, born June 20, 1713, baptized at the parish curch of Auchtamuchty by the Rev. John Shands June 30.
Hugh Jackson, eldest son (of Andrew and Mary), was united in the bonds of holy wedlock at the parish church of Dundee by the Rev. James Craig to Elizabeth Creath, only daughter of Samuel Creath, on the (s)ixth of October, 1727.
Names of the children of Hugh Jackson and Elizabeth Creath, his wife: Robert Jackson, born Oct. 6, 1731; David Jackson, born May 11, 1733, baptized by the Rev. Robert Barclay 20th; James Jackson, born Feb. 10, 1725; Andrew Jackson, born July 29, 1737, baptized by the Rev. Robert Barclay Aug. 20.
Andrew Jackson, youngest son of Hugh and Elizabeth Creath, was married to Elizabeth Hutchinson, youngest daughter of Charles Hutchinson and Sarah McConnell, by the Rev. John Crawford, at the parish church of Carrickfergus, Feb. 7, 1759.
Names of their children: Hugh Jackson, born Oct. 10, 1762; baptized at the parish church of Antrim, by the Rev. Robert Barclay Oct. 30. Robert Jackson, born Oct. 16, 1765; baptized by the Rev Joseph Crews Nov. 20. Andrew Jackson Jr., born 15th of March 1767; baptized by the Rev. Isaac Keeting of Charleston.
Elizabeth Hutchinson, the mother of Gen. Jackson, in Scotland, at Kirkpatirck Parish, July (9) 1735. Her mother, according ot the record, was Sarah McConnell, who married Charles Hutchinson, who was also a native of Scotland. At what period they settled in the North of Ireland is unknown. It appears that his forefathers were all natives of Scotland. His two brothers, Hugh and Robert, were natives of the North of Ireland. The only marriage recorded is that of Andrew Jackson, youngest son of Hugh Jackson. The deaths recorded were as follows: Andrew Jackson died November (28), 1769; Hugh, eldest son, 1779; Robert died in 1781.”
In conclusion, I will inform you that when I reached home from Western North Carolina in the Fall of (1868?) I wrote to Gov. Allenton requesting him to send some member of the Historical Sociey of South Carolina and buy up this interesting relic. I also wrote to Gov. David -- Reed of North Carolina about it and to the Hon. James C. Dobbin. In their letters which I now have in my possession they promised to send away immediately for it. Whether they ---- succeeded in getting the book I never learned. All these men are now dead and I cannot learn anything reliable concerning the family Bible of the Jacksons.”
An unidentifed source, again taken from the Jackson family history files at the local archives outside Beaverton, Pennsylvania comes the notation that Robert Jackson, of Beaver County who wrote a letter to his kinsman, President Andrew Jackson, was himself born in 1743 in County Tyrone, Ireland, and that he, “was 79 years old when he wrote this and he died within the month that he composed this letter (December 1822).” This notation list his father only as Hugh Jackson, and his son, the subject of this biographical research (General Andrew Jackson), as being born in 1766 in County Tyrone, Ireland, who died in Beaver County.
At any rate, the estate of Andrew Jackson, of North Sewickly Township, Beaver County, Pennsylvania was filed for probate on February 5, 1846 in the Orphans Court Book “B”, page 444 in the probate court. From Beaver, Pennsylvania Argus Genealogical Gleansing 1830-1858, compiled by Mark H. Welchley comes a notation on the death of Andrew Jackson as occurring on February 4, 1846, aged 79 years thus making his year of birth at circa 1767. Andrew Jackson’s last will and testament list his wife Nancy, and daughters: Martha wife of Samuel Shannon, Mary wife of James Johnson, Jane wife of Alexander Johnson, Ann wife of Thomas Stewart, and Nancy then unmarried. His sons are listed as: Robinson Jackson who, according to the probate papers, removed to Pittsburgh, Pa., and was still living in 1857; and Robert, and James Jackson. Also mentioned in his estate is a granddaughter Nancy Johnson/Johnston; and a brother-in-law James Jackson of Brighton Township. Mr. Welchley’s abstracts also bear the date of death Andrew’s wife Nancy (Robinson) Jackson, “an aged lady, widow of Andrew Jackson of North Sewickly” as occurring just eleven days following the death of her husband, on February 15, 1846.
From the History of Beaver County, Pennsylvania, page 782 comes the following record of the Jackson family. Most of this biographical data matches the above probate record for Andrew Jackson, exactly, including the names and order of his children: except for the three contradictions: (1) in this history, Andrews wife is named Agnes, and in Joseph Robison’s will of 1813 and in Andrew Jackson’s will of 1846, Nancy is referred to as the wife of this Andrew. Is Nancy possibly a nickname for Agnes? (2) Again, Andrew and Nancy/ Agnes’s son James was born in 1812, and Joseph Robison’s will leaves a portion of his estate to a James Jackson inferring that he is probably of age. Could this James might actually have been a minor? (3) this history again refers to a daughter of Andrew as named Agnes, and in his will she is referred to in the exact same birth order as Andrew’s daughter Nancy. (4) also this biographical history mentions a son named Andrew who is not mentioned in Andrew Jackson’s will. The following is an abstract of the article that appears in the History of Beaver County, Pennsylvania.
James Jackson, farmer, P. O. North Sewickly, was born February 14, 1812, in North Sewickly Township. His parents, Andrew and Agnes (sic) (Robinson) Jackson had nine children: Martha, Mary, Robinson, Jane, Robert, Ann, James, Agnes, and Andrew. Four of these are yet living: Mary and Jane residents of Indianapolis, Ind., aged respectively, eighty and eighty-four years. Ann, now seventy-six. Andrew Jackson (their father) was born in Ireland and came to America in 1798, first settling in Sewickly Bottom, this county, where he lived for several years. In 1808, he bought the farm where James Smith now resides, in the extreme southeast corner of North Sewickly Township, and there died in 1846 [note: this is the same year recorded for Andrew’s death as entered in his estate papers that is listed above]. In his native country he learned to be a farmer, which he followed in this country. He was a cousin of President Andrew Jackson, and was one of the first elders elected in the Presbyterian Church in Beavertown, Rev. William McLean, pastor. [Note: this biographical sketch claims the same kinship to General/President Andrew Jackson as alleged in the letter written and mentioned above dated in 1822] His wife was born in Newark, N. J., her parents coming from England in the latter part of the last century and settling in Newark, where they remained until 1790, then removed to North Sewickly township, where they died. James received a common-school education and learned the trade of stone cutter, which he followed for five years, then purchased the farm adjoining the one on which he now resides, and, in 1849, bought his present property consisting of over 200 acres, to which he subsequently removed, and where he has since resided. He was married, in 1838, to Esther Akin, and they had eight children, (six living): Kate Agnes, Jane (deceased), James A., Andrew (deceased), Sarah Ann (wife of Harry Potter of Franklin Township, this county), Henderson, John and Robert. Mr. and Mrs. Jackson are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. In state or national elections he votes for the nominee of the Democratic Party, but in county elections, for the man who, in his judgment, is beast suited for the particular office. He is an honored citizen, highly respected by all who know him.
The 1850 census of North Sewickly Township, page 166 list the households of Andrew and Nancy’s sons, James and Robert Jackson:
139-139 Jackson, Robert 41 M Pa Farmer 1800
“ , Elizabeth 35 F Pa
“ , Sarah J. 11 F Pa
“ , Andrew 10 M Pa
“ , Mary A. 8 F Pa
“ , Thompson 6 M Pa
“ , William 5 M Pa
“ , Eliza 1 F Pa
137-137 Jackson, James 39 M. Pa. Farmer 3000
“ , Esther 33 F Ire. (nee Aiken)
“ , Catherine 11 F Pa. (Kate Agnes)
“ , Agnes J. 10 F Pa (Agnes Jane)
“ , James 7 M Pa (James A.)
“ , Andrew 4 M Pa (died young)
“ , Sarah A. 2 F Pa (Sarah Ann)
From the 1870 North Sewickly, Beaver County, Pa.census, the following
children are also included in the above James Jackson family, on page 46:
Jackson, Anderson 19 M. Pa.
“ , John 16 M Pa
“ , Robert 14 M Pa
From the 1850 Beaver County, Pennsylvania census New Brighton Township is listed the household of Robinson Jackson:
Jackson, Robinson 47 Pa. bucket maker
Ann 40 Pa
Kirby C. 18 Pa
Andrew 16 Pa
Robert 14 Pa
Wm. Henry 12 Pa
Alice 10 Pa
Cornelius 7 Pa
Addison 4 Pa
Caroline 1 Pa
The household of Robinson Jackson does not appear in later census returns. There is a listing for a Kirby Jackson of the correct age and place of birth residing in Ft. Wayne Township, Allen County, Indiana on the 1880 census:
Jackson, Kirby 57 Pa.
Lizzie 32 Ohio
Grace 2 Ind.
The households of both Alexander and James Johnson, their wives Mary and Jane, being daughters named in the will of Andrew Jackson appears on the 1860 Ripley County, Indiana census. Mary and Jane are also mentioned as daughters of Andrew and sisters of James Jackson in the James Jackson family biography:
Johnson, James 61 Pa
Johnson, Alexander 55 Pa
, Mary 57 Pa \
, Jane 52 Pa
, Serena 17 In
, Adam 23 Pa
_________________ , Nancy A. 16 Ind
, Alexander 23 Pa , Alexander 18
, Susan 18 Ind , Jane 14
, Gilbert 11
The household of Alexander and Jane (Jackson) Johnson then appears on the 1870 Franklin County, Fairfield Township Census - page 319 with Alexander 65, and Jane 62. Also in the household is an unrelated person, Ward Jones 57, born Ohio, who was a lawyer.
The 1850, 1860, and 1870 census returns for Mercer County, Pennsylvania show the
household of Andrew and Nancy Jackson’s daughter Martha (Jackson) Shannon. Again, Martha is also listed as a sibling of James Jackson in his family biography:
1850 Mercer Co., Pa. - page 202 1860 Mercer Co., Pa. - page 102
Shannon, Samuel 57 Franklin Co., Pa. Shannon, Samuel 67
, Martha 33 Beaver Co., Pa. , Martha 58
, Mary L. 20 Mercer Co., Pa. , Mary 26
, Susan 16 “ “ “ , Susan 25
, Nancy 13 “ “ “ , Nancy 22
, Joseph 12 “ “ “ , Joseph 20
, Samuel 10 “ “ “ , William 15
, William 7 “ “ “ ________________
, Thomas 35
, Jane 30
, Andrew 10
, James 8
, John 4
, Mary 1
On the 1870 Mercer Co., Pa. census, Samuel 27, William 25, and Susan 30 are all
shown residing as single in the same household.
The 1880 Marion County census for Indianapolis, Indiana list Mary (Jackson) Johnson aged 77, born in Pennsylvania. She is then living with her daughter and son-in-law Henry T. Pope, presumably the son of Henry F. and Elizabeth Pope and Henry T.’s wife Serena V. Pope. There are also two additional Johnson twins living in the household, presumably the daughters of Mary’s son. This household includes:
Pope, Henry T. 37
Serena V. 36
Henry J. 3
Jackson, Mary 77 Pa.
Sarah J. 19
Mary C. 19
Correspondence of Robert Jackson to his nephew General Andrew Jackson
Correspondence of Andrew Jackson
Robert Jackson to Jackson: Brighton Township, Beaver Co., Pa. December 5, 1822
Dear General and friend, I am happy to inform you that I am as well as can be expected a man of my age can be supposed: I think I was about 17 when your father started to the Land of Liberty: If you be the man [who] was born in Waxa Settlement, South Carolina, son of Andr[e]w Jackson and Elisabeth Hutchinson his wife, they had one son Hugh (for his grandfather) they had one son born at sea, named Robert, the 3rd son of my brother was yourself (If you are the man I imajine). I had 3 letters from Carolina before my brother died: since which I never received any: Tho since I came to this countryI have wrote to you; but I suppose in the various scenes you have been engaged you never got them: I again write hoping you will answer immediately if you receiv it: and let us know what family you have had and where you are fixed and generaly reside? I live within 1 mile of Beaverton the county town and about 30 from Pittsburg, I have 2 sons Andrew and James, borth marid, and 2 daughters Elisabeth and Jane both marrid also (I live with Jane). She is married to my brother Hu[gh] Jacksons son his name is James; Andrew Jackson, Hu and Robert myself was the names of the Jackson I belong to and if you are of them, I want you to be so kind as immediately to write the first opportunity that business will permit you to do so: When you write dirret to Robert Jackson near Beavertown Pensylvania: To the care of Thomas Henry Sheriff of Beaver County: I remain, General your friend, etc.
Taken from the Collected Works of Andrew Jackson, Volume III, of John Spencer Bassett.
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