You asked for even a small clue and this might be small, but a possibility.
Bounty Land Warrants (Military Warrants) were available to veterans of early wars. My gggrandfather received a Military Warrant in Iowa for his service in the War of 1812, having served from KY. Approximately 1855, he and some sons, daughters and sons-in-law from IN settled in the Mt. Pleasant, Henry Co. area. Many times family groups moved together and it could look like a “migration.”
I did a Google search trying to find a little information and in an article about Iowa lands found this sentence: “More federal military bounty lands were used in Iowa than any other state.” Many times a veteran did not want to move to the land available to him, so he sold his bounty land to someone else.
Here is a link to land patents. You can put in the state, county, and a name to see if any of your Butler Co. OH ancestors received, or purchased, Military Warrants in Iowa.
I always prefer to click on the image of the patent, rather than the number. You might also check all of IA for you names rather than just Henry Co. I saw that my gggrandfather’s Military Warrant shows Cass Co.
The history of military warrants that I clicked on shows that Acts of Congress, beginning in 1842, opened some lands for the military warrants. It might be that groups of families in Butler County either received a warrants or purchased land from veterans to move west.
Just one small possibility.
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