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James Hughart-Greenbrier vs. James Hughart of Bath
Posted by: Sara Patton Date: November 19, 2001 at 09:15:00
  of 237

Due to the redundancy of names (every other Hughart appears to be named James or William!), it is often difficult to determine who is who. To try to sort them out, I developed a time-line of recorded county documents to see if and when or where they might overlap in time and place. It is currently an 18 page document and still in progress.

Here however, I will simply summarize my findings based on actual county documents, that unfortunately prove that James Hughart of Greenbrier is NOT the son mentioned in the 1767 will of James Hughart of Augusta Co. And also show that William, mentioned in the 1767 will died ca. 1775. (Sorry if this format is hard to read due to message board)

For simplicity, I will label these guys as follows- (names and dates found in court documents)
1.James (d. 1767 Augusta Co) = James-1 (wife Agnes; children Thomas, William, James, Nancy, Jane)
2.James (d. 1816-1820 Bath Co) = James-2 (wife Margaret; son of James-1) (children I've found so far-John, James, Jane, Margaret, Nancy, and possibly William and Polly/Mary)
3.James (d. 1791 Greenbrier Co)= James-3        (wifeAgnes, sons James, William, John, Andrew, George, Joseph)
4. James (d. 1811 Greenbrier Co) = James-4        (wifeElizabeth; probably son of James-3)
5. William (d. ca 1775 Botetourt Co)(probably son of James -1)
6. Thomas (d. 1810) = Thomas-1 (wife Rebecca, son of James-1-only one daughter Agnes mentioned)
7. John (m. Jane Thompson 1789) son of James-2, not son of James-3.

First let me get William out of the way, since he is the easiest. There are a number of documents showing a William Hughart on Jackson's River in 1766 until at least 1771. But then we find the following

1775-"William HUGART deceased" (On list of Exempted Men (tithables) in Botetourt Co, Court House.

1777, May 13-Thos & Rebeckah Hughart of Augusta Co sell land for £300 to Michael Kern of Bedford Co. 135 acres on Jackson's Creek granted to Wm Hugart DECD by patent dated 16 Mar 1771 Estate of inheritence Botetourt Deed Bk2261263; Bk 3306

This 1777 entry is compelling evidence to me that the William who died between 1771-1775 is William-1, a brother to Thomas and thus the son of James-1, rather than the William found in Greenbrier Co at a later date (probably son of James-3). As yet, I have not found estate records but am still looking at Botetourt records (where Jackson River settlement was located at that period.) Hopefully I'll get a clue to wife in land records. Question isdoes he have children? If so, why would Thomas inherit his land (unless it belonged to their father though there is no indication of that.)

The William Hughart who shows up in Greenbrier Co from 1781-1815 (after the death of Jackson River William) appears to be James-3's son, William-2. Since he is listed as a petition signatory in 1781 and as head of household in the Greenbrier Personal Property Tax lists in 1782, I'm assuming he is of legal age and thus born prior to 1760.

Now for all those Jameses! Here, I am questioning whether or not James-3 of Greenbrier is actually the son of James-1 as several Hughart descendants seem to think. Based on documentary evidence, I contend he is not. After James-1 dies in 1767, there appear to be 2 James Hugharts: one who moves to the Greenbrier area in 1769, dying in 1791 and the other who remains on the Cowpasture in Augusta/Bath Co. and is still there at least until 1816–dead by 1820. That they are not one and the same is evidenced by the county personal property tax records as well as other court records showing one man in Greenbrier and one in Bath county at the same time for a number of years. They each have different wives and children, listed in various county documents.

Augusta Co Personal Property Tax List (Augusta Co PPT Books, Reel 23, VA State Library)
HUGHART, Thomas (1782-1795end of reel)-Calfpasture (Listed with 5 white male tithables in 1788, 7 in 1789 and 1790.)
HUGHART, James (1782-1790) -Cowpasture (Listed with 2 white male tithables aged 16-21 in        1787, and 3 tithables (no age given) in 1788 and 1789.) (See Bath Co after 1791-- Cowpasture moved from Augusta to Bath Co in 1791.)
HUGHART, James Jr. (1790)- Cowpasture (see Bath Co 1791)
HUGHART, John (1790)-Cowpasture (see Bath Co 1791)

Bath Co Personal Property Tax List (Bath Co PPT Books, Reel 31, VA State Library-checked through 1823)
HUGHART, James Sr(1791-1816) -Cowpasture
HUGHART, James Jr. (1791-1823)- Cowpasture (Listed with 2 white male tithables in 1811,1814, 1815, 1818, 1819)
HUGHART, John (1791-1795, 1818-19)-Cowpasture (No white male tithables listed in 1793-1795. 1795 listed as "Const"- constable) (Note: This John married Jane/Jenny Thompson in 1789 Augusta Co records, though some think this is son of "Greenbrier James."
HUGHART, William (1821, 1822)

Greenbrier Personal Property Tax List (Shuck, Greenbrier Co Records, V2)
HUGARD, James (1782-1788)(Listed with 2 white male tithables in 1783)
HUGARD, Wm (1782-1815)       (Listed with 2 white male tithables in 1815)
HUGGART, James Jr. (1788-1805)
HUGGART, George       (1796)       
HUGGART, Andrew (1796-1805) (thereafter in Cabell Co)
HUGGART, Joseph (1805-1815)        
HUGGART, Elizabeth (1815) (No white male tithables listed)
[No Huggards in 1792- missing page?]
1805 all HUGHARTs in Greenbrier Co living on Sinking Creek

The clincher that there are two different James Hugharts, however, are the following Augusta and Bath Co documents

1772, Aug 14-Bath Co. Thomas Hughart relinquishes title to 590 acres on the Cowpasture River bequeathed to his brother, James Hughart, by their father James Hughart in will. Mentions 112 acres conveyed to Nathan Crawford. Thomas is identified as "James Hughart's oldest Brother Thomas Hughart." (Recorded Oct 1792. Original deed in Bath Co. Deed Bk195. Copy in file)

1784, Nov 13-Thomas HUGHART, James HUGHART and Margaret his wife of Augusta Co (VA) sell land to Nathan Crawford–112 acres being part of 590 acres "first granted to James Hughart the Elder by Pattent" (10 April 1751) and "by his Last will and Testm't" became the property of Thomas HUGHART and of James HUGHART his youngest son and the now Present Possessor " lying in Augusta Co, on Cowpasture River joining John Cartmill on South side of River. Witness Andw Sittington, John Dean, Hugh Brown. Thomas and James sign, Margaret signs Ca (Original Augusta Co, VA Deed Bk 24367373) (Note also that there is no mention of their brother William because he was already dead by 1784!)

1793, June 11- Bath Co James Huggart of Bath Co sells 110 acres to his son John Huggart of the (same) county for £5. Land is tract whereon John then lived in Bath County on the Cowpasture River and south side thereof "being part of a Tract of 590 acres Pattoned (sic) in the name of James Huggart...." Signs "James Hugart" (Bath Co, VA Deed Bk 1103)

1795, Jan 15- Bath Co James Hughart Sr. of Bath Co gives to James Hughart Jr. also of Bath Co. "for the natural Love and affection which he the said James Hughart Senr haith? unto his oldest Son the Said James Hughart Junr. Land on Cowpasture River, side of John Cartmill's land. Excludes 112 acres in possession of Nathan Crawford and 110 acres which James Hughart sr gave to son John. "At the decease of said James Hughart Senr and Margaret his wife (and not til then) the Said plantation is to revolve to the said James Hughart Junr.".... signed "James Hugart" witnesses John Hughart, Archibald Mays, Thomas Thompson. (Bath Co, VA Deed Bk1213.)

1808, June 4-1810, May 23 Thos. HUGHART's will written in 1808, proved, 23 May 1810. Names daughter, grandchildren, and several slaves; also mentions his "brother, James Hughart" (who is obviously still alive and did not die in 1791 in Greenbrier.) He also mentions Patsey Hughart and her mother–whoever they are!! (Original document in Augusta Co, VA Will Bk 10362)

Several Bath Co marriage records also show that several of his children were married between 1790-1810, naming him as the father.

1792, Dec 24- Bath Co Bond for JAMES HUGHART and Nancy Thompson. Surety Nathan Crawford. Witnesses JOHN HUGART & James Kelsey. James HUGHART consents for son James. Dec 25 Minister Return by John Montgomery

1 796, Dec 6 Bath Co Bond for Edward McClaughlen & JANE HUGART. JAMES HUGHART consents for dau GINNEY.

1802, Mar 16 Bath Co Bond for John Eagan & MARGARET HUGHART. JAMES HUGHART consensts for dau MARGARET.

1809, May 9 Bath Co Bond for John Moody and POLLY MOODY. Surety JAMES HUGHART. JAMES HUGHART consents for dau POLLY. Wit. JAMES HUGHART.

At least 3 other Hughart marriages occur in Bath Co between 1815-1825 that name father as James Hughart but could they be children of James m. 1792 so I didn't include them.

The last mention of the Bath Co (Cowpasture River) James is his listing on the 1816 Personal Property tax records. No estate records, perhaps because he had already sold or given his lands to his two sons.

1820 Oct 10 Bath Co John and James HUGHART (both sign) give bond for John HUGHART to be appointed guardian of William HUGHART and Nancy HUGHART orphan children of James HUGHART, dec'd. (Original document in Bath Co Will Bk 2305).

So there you have it. So who IS the father of Greenbrier James??

In trying to unravel the early Hughart line, I've been looking at the original land, estate, and various other county court records still extant here in Virginia. To date I have looked primarily at the Augusta, Bath and Botetourt records, and at the Greenbrier Land Company surveys, the originals of which are in the VA State Library and Archives in Richmond. I've done some preliminary work with Greenbrier and Cabell Co records but at this point have had to rely mostly on abstracts since most of the originals are in WV, not VA.

I must admit that my research on the early Hughart line is limited at this point. I have not yet seen Robert Miller's webpage to know what he uses for sources nor have I had a chance to look at the Hughart file in Lewisburg. I'd love to see Miller's website if I can find a current web address.

Sara Patton, desc. of Andrew Hughart


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