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Re: Cap Francois 1790's?
Posted by: Gerald Gandolfo (ID *****5725) Date: January 31, 2009 at 00:21:45
In Reply to: Cap Francois 1790's? by rhonda noneman of 2225

I have at least five, separate, family lines that trace back to Saint-Domingue, mainly Le Cap, prior to the Haitian Revolution. The original family papers are some of the primary original historical and genealogical sources to have survived. They are presently in a private historical collection (which does allow public access) called the New Orleans Historic Collection. They are identified as the Rivet Papers. You can contact the New Orleans Historic Collection at:

Here is a portion of an excerpt that was used by History Professor Paul LaChance (
as part of symposium on Saint-Domingue refugees:

Shortly after his arrival in Cuba, Germain Daubert penned a 27-page memoir on the Leclerc expedition and the French evacuation of Saint-Domingue. Like Berquin Duvallon, he portrayed the black insurgents as driven by a blind rage: "The enemy, by a terrible surprise, found everywhere fuel to feed his rage, everywhere horrible scenes signalled his fury, and a gloomy mourning crepe enveloped the whole stunned island." He, too, insisted on their destructive violence: "Blacks impelled by the electric impetus of their leader, repudiated the benefits that had been offered to them and, deploying the blood-stained flag of revolt, transformed this country into a dreadful theater of devastation." In characterizing Dessalines as "the great executioner of massacres in which he had always taken hideous delight, on whom the color white had the same effect as water on a person mad with rabies." Daubert pictured the revolution as a race war in which whites were victims of the indiscriminate vengeance of their former slaves. St. Domingue Émigrés in New Orleans, 1800-1830, Paul Lachance, Department of History, University of Ottawa

Germain Daubert, a privateer commodore in the service of King Louis XVI of France, was my great-great-great-great grandfather. The date on the above memoire from Le Cap was, I believe, 1793.

Also, there is a book dedicated specifically to this subject called, "The Road to Louisiana," by Carl Braselleaux (I probably spelled that name wrong). Either way, the University of Louisiana at Lafayette tends to specialize in such information.

Another good resource is the Louisiana Division of the New Orleans Public Library. They specialize in genealogy, especially as it relates to French colonial items including Haiti, You can contact them at: They have a lot of their information on line and/or will research for you for a modest fee.

Finally the Archives of the New Orleans Archdiocese is an excellent resource. The records are in book form up to about 1830 and any major library should have a set. Individual searches are $12.00 if you write to them. Baptismal records usually show family genealogy going back to the grandparents and often give extra information such as places of birth, occupation, etc. Their email is:

Here is an index to the Rivet Papers. (Note, his is only one collection of many the New Orleans Historic Collection achieves.)

#1: February 28, 1802: Port-de-Paix, Saint Domingue. French Document. Declaration by Germain Daubert. He sought refuge when that city was pillaged and burned. As a merchant he pleads to be reimbursed for the lost of the goods that were destined for his various clients. I page. Note: This document incomplete as a page or pages are missing. [FORC-folder 22]

#2: July 12, 1806: Barracoa, Saint Domingue. French Document. The Proces Verbal of an estimate on the Negro slaves aboard the brick, “Joseph.” Among those present were: Pierre Francois Valentin Maupassant, Commissioner of the French Navy and a delegate of the French government to Barracoa. Pierre Rochefort and Germain Daubert, delegates assisting. 3 pages. [FORC-folder 33]

#3: August 8, 1806: French letter. Declaration and Act of Surety by the Sieur Prevost, Sr., this is a pen copy evidently from the original missing document. By the death of Pierre Germain Daubert, ship owner, the Sieur Prevost states that he is charged with the interest of the Corsair, “La Fortune.” This item contains important documents and genealogical notes on various members of the Daubert family. The Sieur Valentin Francois, Commissioner of the French Navy presided; and was empowered to act for the Daubert minors. 3¼ pages written in ink. [FORC-folder 34]

#4: April 22, 1808: French Document: Title: Chest of the French Navy. A document one-half page in length, bearing, bearing the blurred seal of the French government, and appears to be dated 1789. Signed by Pierre de la Thibaudiere, charge d’affaires of the government of Saint Domingue, who admits having received from the Widow Daubert, 837 gourds and 77 cents that was due from the cargo of the brick, “Minerva.” ½ page. [FORC-folder 40]

#5: September 30, 1807: French Document. Santiago, Cuba. Authorizing with power of attorney from the Captain-General, Louis Ferrand of St. Domingue, Pierre de la Thibaudiere, to receive from Madam Daubert, a sum of money from the sale of the bricks, “Minerva” and “Marie.” 1¼ pages. [FORC-folder 35]

#6: 12th Frimaire – 8th Year: (November 12, 1799). General Procuration by Citizen Germain Daubert to Citoyene Marie-Claire Rigaud, Widow Chassagne, a resident of Port-au-Paix, Saint Domingue, during his absence on a voyage to the United States. Document bears the signature of Bressat, the French Navy. 1½ pages [FORC-folder 10]

#7: August 8, 1806: French document. This document is declaration and act of Surety by Sieur Prevost, Sr., which applies to item Number 3 listed above. The document however, is minus important descriptions and genealogical notes on the Daubert family. The original document here is badly soiled at the edges with narrow torn gaps on the upper part of the pages. 2½ pages. [FORC-folder ??]

#8: January 8, 1806: Baraccoa. French Document. Germain Daubert to N. Dalson, agent for the government of Guadaloupe at Baraccoa, who notified M. Daubert that His Excellency, the Captain-General Ernouf of Guadaloupe urged him desist and pretension as to the Swedish brig, “Joseph,” and its cargo of Negro slaves. The Sieur Daubert duly protest the said directive. 3¼ pages. [FORC-folder 29]

#9: February 5, 1808: Official French Army Document. From their general headquarters in Saint Domingue. Signed by L. Ferrand, Brigade-General, Commander and Chief Administrator or Captain-General,, to the Widow Daubert at Baraccoa. Followed by a reply that was written on the same document by the said Widow Daubert. 2¼ pages. [FORC-folder 37]

#10: ler Nivose, 14th Year: [1806] Barracoa, Cuba. French Document. Valentin Mauassant, Under Secretary of the Navy, and delegate of the government of Saint Domingue at Barracoa. An order to the Sieur Germain Daubert to appear before him relative to the capture of the two brigs, “La Minerva,” and the, “Marie,” by the French Corsair, “Le Temeraire.” Signed, Maupassant. 1 page. [FORC-folder 20]

#11: June 20, 1800: Correspondence in French. Pierre Bustarrel to Germain Daubert. Pertaining to business transactions. 1 page. [FORC-folder 21]

#12: January 29 (no year indicated). Correspondence from Havana, by E. Larocque, to his friend, G. Daubert. 1 page. [FORC-folder 4]

#13: No Date: French correspondence. A short two page correspondence written in red ink, but almost illegible due to old non-transparent tape. However, the contents are important as they reveal certain genealogical information on the Giguel and Pillon families. [FORC-folder 18]

#14: 18th Nivose, Year VIII. Cape Francis. Correspondence in the form of a petition for financial help by Marie-Therese Bernard (Widow Rigaud) to the Executive Agent of the French Directorie at Saint Domingue. 1¼ page. [FORC-folder 13]

#15: May 9, 1792: Community of Cap Francis, Saint Domingue. An extract from the municipal of the Cape. Attested by Citizens Antoine Duportal, Jean Francois Legrand, and Pierre Rene Cormaux, notary. All residents of the community of Cap Francais, attesting to the citizen, Marie-Theresa Bernard, Widow Rigaud. Document bears the seal of the Community of the Cape. 3¼ pages. [FORC-folder 5]

#16: May 4, 1806. Spanish Document. Death Certificate of Widow Rigaud. Signed by Friar Juan Alvarez. 1 page. [FORC-folder 32]

#17: February 5, 1803: French Document. Baraccoa, Cuba. Correspondence of JF. LeGros to Germain Daubert at Baraccoa, urging him to wait for payment due. 2¼ pages. [FORC-folder 25]

#!8: Undated Correspondence. In French. Description of a family property at Bringnoles Plantation. Written by a member of the Pilon family with various notations on back. 1 page. [FORC-folder 3]

#19: October 1, 1807: French Document. Cuba. To Widow Germain Daubert by Louis Montarand, in which 3,000 gourdes is claimed on behalf of the French government at Saint Domingue,. by order of Louis Ferrand, the Captain-General, on behalf of a Negro slave, and 11,809 gourdes for the sale of the Bricks and cargo of the “Minerva” and “LaMarie.” 2 pages [FORC-folder 36]

#20: January 8, 1806: French document. Baraccoa, Cuba. To Mr. Dalson, Special Agent of the French government of Guadaloupe, by Widow Germain Daubert. 8 pages. [FORC-folder 28]

#21: August 28, 1806: Certificate in Spanish. Receipt for Interment of Germain Daubert. Signed by Friar Juan Alvarez. [FORC-folder 27]

#22: February 5, 1808: French memorandum. Transaction of the Widow Germain Daubert with the French government of St. Domingue. ½ page. [FORC-folder 37]

#23: No Date: A memoir. Author unknown. Narrative of the Negro insurrection at Saint Domingue, it military and political phases. Written in ink on ruled tablet paper. 28 pages. [FORC-folder 2]

#24: October 13, 1803: French document. An estate inventory of the deceased, Thomas Chassagne, husband of Marie-Claire Rigaud, now Widow Chassagne. Signed by Michel Denis. Notary Public. [FORC-folder 23]

#25: 16th Thermidor. L’an Vii: French document. Certificate of Residence of Marie-Therese Bernard, Widow Rigaud, native of the L’isle de la Tortue (Turtle Island), Saint Domingue. Document signed by Jean-Jacques Philippe Labatut, a commissioner to the Executive Directors of the Municipal government of Turtle Island, Saint Domingue. Note: The Sieur Labatut was undoubtedly a relation of the Labtut family who originated from the French Island and came to settle in Louisiana. 1 page. [FORC-folder 9]

#26: 14 Florial, An VIII: French Document. A request for quittance in the payment of mortgage of a sugar plantation situated in the community of Port Margot, Saint Domingue, by the citizen, Marie-Therese Bernard, residing at Cap Francias. Request denied for want of further proof. 1 page. [FORC-folder 7]

#27: ler Mesidor. An VIII: French document. Correspondence addressed to Dame Germain Daubert in reference to a business transaction pursued by her husband in behalf of a M. Pierre Bustarret. 1½ pages. Signed by Pierre Bustarret. [FORC-folder 12]

#28: 19th Vendemaire. An XI. French document. Principal Tutorship & Subrogate Tutor to the Chassagne minors. Deferred to their mother. Signed by Baudoin, clerk at Cape Francais, St. Domingue. 4½ pages. [FORC-folder 19]

#29: October 24, 1814: French document. Appeared before Michel deArmas, the noted New Orleans Notary, Dame Widow Germain Daubert, now wife of the Sieur Colson, to testify for the civil rights of her son, Jean Germain Daubert, by her former marriage, who was born at Port-au-Paix, Saint Domingue, in 1798. The former residents of the Fort de Paix, now refugees in New Orleans, testified in her behalf. 2¼ pages. [FORC-folder 43]

#30: April 1, 1808: Santiago, Cuba. French. An extract of a letter written by M. Montarand to M. de Thibaudiers. This is in relation to the financial problems of the Widow Germain Daubert. 2 pages. [FORC-folder 39]

#31: February 26, 1803: French. A letter written by J.V. Le Gros to an unknown party relative to his inability of paying his debts. 2 pages. [FORC-folder 26]

#32: 8th Messidor: Cap Francias, Saint Domingue. A French document from the Agency of the Director of the Editing Bureau. The citizen, Marie-Therese Bernard is to justify her tendencies in the form of law, from May 9, 1792, until this date, for her rights to property and heredity by liquidated titles. Signed “Momale.” 1 page. [FORC-folder 8]

#33: 22nd Vendamaire. An XII: French Document. Closure of Inventory and Succession in Community between the deceased, Thomas Chassagne and Marie-Claire Rigaud, his widow. An extract from the minutes of the Clerk of the Tribunal in their meeting at Cape Francais. 4 pages. [FORC-folder 17]

#34: 11th Floreal. An VII: French Document. Citizen Marie-Therese Bernard to Citizen Rhoume, an agent with executive power. In which the said lady request the rights to the acquisition of her sugar plantation situated at Port Margot, Saint Domingue. (Signed) Marie-Therese Bernard. 1 page. [FORC-folder 6]

#35: October 16, 1803: French Document Saint Domingue. Renunciation by Citizen Marie-Claire Rigaud, Widow Chassagne, to the community and property that existed between her and the late citizen, Thomas Chassagne, her husband. Signed by Michel J. Denis, Notary. 1½ pages. [FORC-folder 24]

#36: August 18, 1810: Communication in French. Sent by “W.D.B.” to Pierre Francois Dubourg in New Orleans. Madame Marie-Claire Rigaud, widow of M. Germain Daubert, naturalized Spanish at Baraccoa, Cuba, is the proprietor of sugar plantation named "La Pasada," adjoining the above city, as noted by the registered titles at Baraccoa, by the notary named Romero, as of March 1, 1809. 1½ pages. [FORC-folder 41]

#37: ler Fructidore. An VIII. Note in French. A receipt acknowledging the sum of 100 francs from Citizen-wife Chassagne, the proprietor of “Tiphain Plantation.” Signed “Moreau.” At Title [Turtle] Island, Sain Domingue. 1 page. [FORC-folder 11]

#38: March 25, 1822: French dispatch. St. Domingue. A copy of the notification of judgment of January 16, 1822 for the Sieur Daubert and his wife versus the Procurator of the King of the Civil Tribunal. Stamped on this dispatch are four interesting seals of the French government. Five pages in minute French script. [FORC-folder 48]

#39: 8th Floreal. AN XI: Certificate in French, from the Registry of the Tribunal Office at the Cap Francais, a form that states a default against payment to Germain Daubert by Pierre Le Gros, defender. Certificate bears the seal of office, and signed “Baudoin.” [FORC-folder 14]

#40: 22nd. Thermidor, An XI: Letter in French St. Domingue. A communication sent to an unknown person by Germain Daubert from Cape Francais. 1¼ pages. [FORC-folder 13]

#41: 29th ? An XI: French Document. St. Domingue. The undersigned neighbors of Messrs. Daubert and another party at Cape Francais during the period of the burning of the city by the Negroes, on June 24, 1793, Certified that M. Viviliere who was in residence in that city, was saved after it was no longer possible to save the arsenal aboard the ship Bordeaux. 1 page. [FORC-folder 15]

#42: May 19, 1821: French Document. St. Domingue. Notification of Judgment rendered on the above date against Dame Claire Rigaud, tutrix of Sieur Francois Daubert, her minor son, now residing in New Orleans. This copy was sent by the Proprietor of the King, to Dame Claire Rigaud. This document bears two interesting government seals. 3½ pages. [FORC-folder 47]

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