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Stephen Gudgeon - Lydia Denny
Posted by: K. Stuart Date: October 17, 2000 at 15:27:43
  of 49

Does anyone have more complete information on Stephen Gudgeon?

Family Group Record - 590
17 Oct 2000
Husband: Stephen GUDGEON-1151[1]
Born[2]: 1707 Place: Baltimore County, MD
Christened: Place:
23 Feb 1997 Description: Queried MARYLAND-ROOTS List
Died[3]: Abt 1780 Place: Cecil County, MD
Buried: Place:
Married[4,5]: 1730 Place: Baltimore County, MD
Husband's father: Thomas GUDGEON I-1153 MRIN: 591
Husband's mother: Mary ??-1154
Wife: Lydia DENNY-1152
Born[6]: 1710 Place: Queen Annes Co, MD
Christened: Place:
Died[7]: Aft 1773 Place:
Buried: Place:
Wife's father: Benjamin DENNY-1274 MRIN: 592
Wife's mother:
1. Sutton GUDGEON-1650
M Born[8]: 1730 Place:
Christened: Place:
Census[9]: 1790 Place: Baltimore County, MD
Will[10,11,12]: 28 Feb 1812 Place: Harford Co, MD
Died[13]: 1812 Place: Hartford Co, MD
Buried: Place:
Spouse: Mary MC GREVEY-1651 MRIN: 784
Married[14,15]: 13 Nov 1770 Place: Baltimore County, MD
M Born[16]: 1733 Place: State of Maryland
Christened: Place:
[17]: Abt 1763/1764 Place: Description: to the Redstone area of Pennsylvania
Died: Place:
Buried: Place:
Spouse: Barbara "Barbary" [HOCH ?]-1278 MRIN: 639
Married[18,19]: Bef 1763 Place:
3. Mary M. GUDGEON-1275
F Born[20,21]: 1739 Place: <Maryland>
Christened: Place:
Died: Place:
Buried: Place:
Spouse: Solomon MASON-1276 MRIN: 637
Married[21,22,23]: 10 Feb 1757 Place: Queen Annes Co, MD
4. William GUDGEON II-1149
M Born[24,25,26,27]: 1741 Place: New Jersey
Christened: Place:
Died: Place:
Buried: Place:
Spouse: Mary SNOW-1150 MRIN: 85
Married[21,28,29,30]: 17 Mar 1760 Place: Baltimore County, MD

HUSBAND - Stephen GUDGEON-1151
Stephen Gudgeon was the second child of Thomas I and Mary. Helearned the tobacco business on his father's plantation. He got hiseducation in New Jersey, married Lydia Denny (daughter of BenjaminDenny) and purchased a house and lot in Kingston, New Jersey and had aplantation in Middlesex County nearby in 1733. The area where Stephenowned land in New Jersey was, at that time West Jersey and laterbecame part of New York and Pennsylvania. New Jersey became a royalprovince in 1702. It was located on the east side and north of theDelaware Bay and was on the waterways that were easy for them totravel.

Stephen became a schoolmaster in Kingston and raised tobacco on hisplantation until about 1748 when he sold his land to Leonard Thomas ofPrince Town, Somerset County, New Jersey and returned to Maryland.

He was in Cecil County, Maryland near Warwick Town on July 3, 1750.He purchased a 50 acre parcel of land in Queen Annes County nearCenterville from his father-in-law, Benjamin Denny, called the"Outlet." In June of 1761 he found that there was land that shouldbelong to his property so he petitioned the land affairs office for aresurvey of the vacant land and added 92 acres to his property. Hewas granted a Land Patent on April 14, 1763 for the entire 142 acreswhich he called the "Outlet Enlarged." He was known as"Schoolmaster" Gudgeon.

An extract from the Maryland Land Patent BC and GS, 18,f.f.557-559 April 14, 1763 says, "Know Ye that Whereas StephenGudgeon of Queen Annes County by his Humble Petition to our agents formanagement of land affairs within this Province did set forth tht hewas seized in fee of and in fifty acres part of a tract called Outlettlying and being in the County aforesaid originally on the fourteenthday of April AD 1748 granted unto a certain Benjamin Denny for sixtyeight acres under new Rent contiguous to which tract
the Petitioner had discovered some vacant land and being desirous toadd the same humbly prayed a special Warrant to resurvey his part ofthe aforesaid tract for the intent and purpose and that on return of aCertificate of such resurvey he making good rights to the vacancyadded and complying with all requisites usual in shuch cases mighthave our agent issue unto him thereon which was granted him andaccordingly a Warrant on the twenty ninth dayo f June seventeenhundred and sixty one unto him for that purpose did issue.
In pursuance whereof it is Certified into our Land Office tht therewas resurveyed for him the said Stephen Gudgeon the aforesaid tract**** contains the quantity of fifty acres and that the quantity ofninety two acres is added********.
Witness our trusty and well beloved Horatio Sharpe, EsquireLieutenant General and Chief Governor of our said Province of Marylandand Chancellor and Keeper of the Great Seal thereof."
On August 23, 1773 he and Lydia sold this property to theirson-in-law, Solomon Mason, for the sum of 40 pounds. He was shown onthis record to be a Schoolmaster and Solomon Mason to be a "Planter."

WIFE - Lydia DENNY-1152
When Lydia Denny was born in Queen Anne's County, Maryland, it was arelatively new county having been formed in 1706 from Talbot County.The county seat was Queenstown then. Lydia's father owned propertynear Centerville which became the county seat in 1784.

Lydia Denny Gudgeon concurred in the sale of the Queen Anne's Countyproperty, "The Outlet Enlarged" to son- in-law, Solomon Mason, "APlanter," on August 23, 1773.

CHILD 1 - Sutton GUDGEON-1650

19. Harriot’s Hope. Plat no. 63; 100 a. leased to Richard Harriot
Jan. 12, 1746. Lives Richard Harriot Jr. age 60; Ann Harriot age 28;
Mary Harriot age 26. Tenant in 1767 Richard Harriot. Also plat No.
64; 72 a held by certif. of JOHN WILSON, dated May 25, 1762. Tenant
in 1767 John Wilson. Maryland resurvey, 1785. Parts of the above
plats became plat no. 38; 103 a. surveyed for John Harriot. The
patent record refers to John Harriot’s assignment of the property to
SUTTON GUDGEON, March 2, 1786. It was wit. by Jacob McCastlin. It
also refers to petition of Jesse Gudgeon, son of Sutton, deceased,
requesting the patent be issued to him according to the will of his
fa. (Sutton Gudgeons will was proved in Harford Co., MD 1812.
Patented to Jesse Gudgeon April 6, 1813. See Adventure and Dublin.
There are numerous WILSONS mixed into my general research, but have
no idea who this John Wilson might have been.

22. Jenkins’ Purchase. Mentioned are Henry Fuller and other Fullers;
Darby Hernley/Henly; Michael Jenkins.

24. Joseph’s Lott. Joseph Frost and Mary Frost. Joseph Hilton.
James Gittings and James Gittings.

25. Judah’s Delight. Joseph Lewis, Sylous Baldon (Silas Baldwin).

29. Mount Pleasant. Darby Hernley/Henley. Resurvey for John Barrow.
Elizabeth Barrow.

30. Partnership. Colding Coombs. Tenant in 1767 Coleman Combs.

The Last Will and Testament of Sutton Gudgeon was made by him on 28February 1812, he being ill at the time. His will was probated May20, 1812 in Harford County, MD.

Sutton Gudging is listed with 5 Free White males 16 and up includingheads of families, 3 Free White males under 16, 6 Free White femalesincluding head of family, and 5 slaves.

In the Name of God, Amen. I Sutten Gudgeon of Harford County in theState of Maryland being sick and weak in body but of sound anddisposing mind, memory and understanding considering the certainty ofdeath and the uncertainty of the time thereof and being desirous tosettle worldly affairs and thereby be the better prepaired to leavethis world when it shall please God to call me hence do therefore makeand publish this my last will and testament in manner and formfollowing that is to say first and principally I commit my soul intothe hands of Almighty God and my body to the Earth to be decentlyburried at the siciction of my Excutor herein and after mentioned andafter my debts and funeral charges are paid I devise and bequeath asfollows:

I give and bequeath unto my son Jesse Gudgeon all the land that I holdin Gunpowder Neck, all but one hundred and twenty achres in the firstone hundred and one achres in Baltimore county purchased of JohnHarrod, one negro man named George, one Negro woman named Rebecca andher child when born, one negro boy named William, one bed andfurniture, two mules and my riding horse and saddle, six chears andtable, one looking glass, one bofat, one silver tankard, my goldwatch, silver knee buckles, one gun and wearing apparel, onebreeding sow and thirteen shoats, one still, two cows, threeheffers, one steer, three calves, four sheep, and plow and gears,the patent wright of a threshing mecheane and flax brakeing ditto ofFrederich County.

Item: I give and devise unto my daughter Eliza Gudgeon one hundredand twenty achres of land in Gunpowder Neck, one negro boy namedWilks, three cows, two sheep, one breeding sow, six tea shoats,one bay mare, one pot, two beds, one weavers loom and gears, sixtea spoons, one pattent wright of a flax brakeing mecheane ofWashington County Pennsylvania and Montgomery County Maryland, onesix plate stove.

Item: I give and devise unto my daughter Caroline Gudgeon one negroboy named Jerry and one negro boy named Samuel, one old negro womannamed Flora, six silver table spoons, six silver tea spoons, twobeds, one cow, two large steers, one old cart, one sow, sixshoats, two sheep, one sorrel mare, one small still, all myundevided wrights of a peace of land at the mouth of Winters Run, onehundred dollars to be paid to her out of the sale of a peace of landin Baltimore County ten achres - And if either of the girls Eliza orCaroline should die without issue to fall to the other and all toremain in their mothers hands while she lives and if I should dye toreturn to Jesse Gudgeon.

Item: I give and devise unto Mary Holland my daughter, one negro manJanett or the price of him when received, one negro girl Matilda, onecow and yearling until marriage and then the girl Matilda to go to herdaughter Ann Howland.

Item: I give and devise unto my daughter Elizabeth Boice one Englishshilling sterling and no more of my Estate.

Item: I give and devise unto my daughter Charlotte Pocock one negrogirl Prissa, one cow, one bed.

Item: I gave and devise unto Blanch Gudgeon my daughter one negrowoman named Ann, one negro girl named Hannah, one cow, one bed, sixsilver tablespoons and all the household furniture all to be left inthe hands of her mother Mary Gudgeon until her death also all thestock on the place to be devided between the two girls Providence andBlanch at their mothers death.

Item: it is my desire that my tracts of land Carroles Adventure andDublin lying in Baltimore County one lying on the old Joppa Road andthe other on the old York Road to be sold and money to be devidedamongst my children Jesse Gudgeon, Charlotte Pocock, ProvidenceGudgeon, Blanch Gudgeon, Eliza Gudgeon and Caroline Gudgeon and alsothe money to be collected from the bonds of Simon Prine for a tract ofland sold said Prine and devided equally amongst the above children.

And lastly. I do hereby constitute and appoint my son Jesse Gudgeonto be sole Executor of this my last will and testament revoking andannulling all former wills by me heretofore made. Ratifying andconfirming this and none other to be my last will and testament. Intestimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this28th day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eighthundred and twelve.

Signed Sealed published and s/ Sutton Gudgeon Seal
declared by Sutton Gudgeon in the
presence of William Calwell
William Duley
Aaron Hill
who subscribed their names as witnesses thereto

Harford County, MD - the 20th day of May 1812 then came Jesse Gudgeonthe Executor therein named who produced this instrument of writing andmade Oath on the holy evangels of Almighty God that he recv'd the samefrom William Calwell who had it for safe keeping and that it is thetrue and whole last will and testament of Sutton Gudgeon late ofHarford County Deceased that came to his possession or knowledge.

Certified by Abr'mJanett, RWHC

From: State of Maryland, Dept of Gen Serv, Hall of Records,Annapolis, MD
Harford County Wills, 1812 Volume AJC Page FF. 264-266

Nelson's Biographical Dictionary &
Historical Reference Book of Fayette County
Pioneer Settlers, 1752-1772

French and English fur traders were in the county before 1740
and Veech makes Wendall Brown the first permanent settler in
1752, while Ellis in inclined to grant the honor to Christopher
Gist in 1753. The French and Indian War drove Brown and his
three sons east and Gist's Monongehela settlement of eleven
families at Mt. Braddock was broken up by the French in 1754.
Settlement again commenced in 1763 and five years later it is
claimed that five hundred people were living on the territory
of Fayette county, while in 1772 the population was placed at
over 800 or about 175 families. But little record of many of these
can be found and we can present a partial list of this account.

1768- In this year a commission came out to warn all settlers
off the land until it was bought from the Indians.
Appended to the Commissioners report was a list of
settlers, as follows; The names of the inhabitants near
Redstone: John Wiseman, Henry Prisser, William Linn,
William Colvin, john Vervalson, Abraham Tygard, Thomas
Brown, Richard Rogers, Henry Swarz(Swartz), Joseph
McClean, Jesse Martin, Adam Hatton, John Verwal Jr.,
James Waller, Thomas Downs, Andrew Gudgeon, Philip
Sute, James Crawford, John Peters, Michael Hooten,
Andrew Linn, Gabriel Conn, John Martin, Hans Cook,
Danie McKay, Josias Crawford, One Provence,

Andrew and his wife came over the Allegheny Mountains from thefrontier country of Cecil, Maryland probably by way of Braddock'sRoad, over to the Monongahela River up to the Redstone area about1763 or 64. During the period between 1763 and 1768 about150 familiescame into the area from the frontier counties of Virginia andMaryland, chiefly from Virginia. They settled along the Cheat,Yough, Turkey-foot and Redstone Rivers.
At this time, Pennsylvania's proprietorship was not yetrecognized. Pennsylvania didn't complete it's purchase of this landfrom the Six Nations until November of 1768 and the Mason-Dixon linehad been stopped by the Shawnees and Delaware Indians where it crossedthe Catawba War Path at Dunkard Creek in 1767 (near Mt. Morris, PA inGreen County) and was not completed until 1784 to settle thePennsylvania and Virginia boundaries. The families that settled herethought they were on Maryland or Virginia Territory, which proved tobe a great source of trouble for them later on.
The Delaware and Shawnee Indians in this area were at peace withthe settlers, trading and hunting with them and the settlers buyingsettlement rights from the Indians. Andrew purchased 318 acresbetween Redstone and Jacob's Creek, near the Monongahela River inwhat is now Luzerne Township in Fayette County, PA. He "tomahawked"his claim to this land, as was common practice at the time, andsettled there.
The first record found of Andrew Gudgeon was in an old account bookof William Colvin, dated 1767 in the territory now called RedstoneTownship. Colvin had a store in which he sold articles such as finecombs, rum, broadcloth, whiskey, tobacco, egg-punch, egg-nog,vinegar, salt and other necessities to the settlers. Andrewis listedin this book as Andrew Grigen. Andrew was listed amng the names ofthe inhabitants near Redstone furnished to Governor Penn dated April2, 1768 by Rev. John Steele of Carlisle and three other citizens ofCumberland whowere sent out to distribute proclamations to thesettlers to remove themselves and their families from these lands. Theproclamations stated that they had settled without authority ofGovernor Penn. His name was shown as Andrew Gudgeon (Gudgel) on thislist. In 1772 he was listed on Assessment Rolls of Sprinhill Twp,Bedford County (which included all of southwestern Pennsylvania until1773.
The following items are taken from old court records and althoughincomplete, they show dates and indicate some of the problems Andrewencountered in gaining clear title to his property.

Item: April 14, 1772 The King vs. Abraham Teagarden, WilliamTeagarden, John Death, Andrew Gudgel, Michael Cox, Jacob Coleman,George Myers, John Hupp, Henry Thomas; Coleman pleads guilty andsubmits to the Crown - Judgement - that he pay 1 pound 5 shillings toHis Honor the Governor, cost of prosecution.
Item: October Court Term 1773 Case #232 - Greensbarg Courthouse,Westmorland County, PA: Lee Charles Dowling vs Andrew Gutshall andJosiah Crawford - Ejectment suit.
Item: Fayette County Continuance Docket #1, 1783-1801 DecemberCourt Term, 1790
Executors of Michael Cresap vs Daniel Gutchell for bail of AndrewGutchell. (Daniel was the son of Andrew)

It was not until after the boundary controversy, RevolutionaryWar and the ejectment suits were settled that Andrew gained cleartitle to his land. The land was surveyed on June 6, 1770 and his LandPatent dated June 10, 1788 for 317.5 acres (P-14-220) and he called it"Peaceable." This land was sold in October 1788; 200acres to JonasCattell for 600 pounds, 54 acres to Thomas Gregg for 100 pounds and60 acres to Alexander Neilan for 150 pounds. There are no furtherrecords of the family after Andrew sold his land.
Many of the families from the Redstone area sold out and migratedto Kentucky between 1780 and 1790. They went by Kentucky boats fromthe mouth of the Redstone then down the Ohio River landing at Limstone(now Maysville) KY. From there many migrated on to the plains ofOhio. Other families moved up the river to the Mingotown area (nowSteubenville, Ohio).
In 1784 Daniel Gudgel and Samuel Douglas were running a mill atMerrittstown, PA; there was a road built from Josiah Crawford's Ferryto Uniontown by way of their mill.

Ref: Deed Book A, Page 252043 Fayette Co, PA Sale recorded Dec.24,25, 1788
History of Fayette County, Pa by Ellis
Monongahela of Old by James Veach
The Horn Papers Vol III - Luzerne Township, Fayette County,PA
Bureau of Land Records at Harrisburg, PA


1. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons In America, A Family History, 1983, Page 21. "To be found in the Genealogical Department of the LDS Library.".
2. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints files, AFNGML9-PH.
3. LDS Files.
4. LDS Files, IGI File: Batch number: 5007114
Sheet: 16.
5. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America.
6. LDS Files.
7. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America, Page 21.
8. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America, Page 28.
9. 1790 Federal Census, p. 28.
10. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America, Page 29-31.
11. Will on record, State of Maryland, Dept of Gen Serv, Hall of Records, Annapolis, MD
Harford County Wills, 1812, Volume AJC Page FF. 264-266.
12. Slattery, Bradleigh V., Gunpowder Manor Individual Plats.
13. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America, Page 28-31.
14. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America, Page 28.
15. LDS Files, IGI File Batch number: 5007114 Sheet: 16.
16. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America.
17. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America, Page 31ff.
18. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America.
19. Finnell, Linda Gudgel, Linda Gudgel Finnell Research, Not published.
20. Kreitzer, Eldean Gudgeon, Eldean Gudgeon Kreitzer Research, unpublished, Cecil County, MD Query Forum ~ answer to my query 6/12/1998.
21. LDS Files, Batch number: 5007114
Sheet: 16.
22. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America.
23. Barnes, Robert, Maryland Marriages 1634-1777, Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, MD 1978, pp. 1634-1777, OH: Coshocton Public Library, Coshocton, Ohio, Local History Room.
24. LDS Files, IGI Files: Batch number: F514650
Sheet: 51.
25. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America.
26. LDS Files, IGI FIles: Batch number: F507114 Sheet: 16.
27. LDS Ancestral Files, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, William GUDGEON (AFN:GML9-6W).
28. Gudgeon, Charles A. Sr., Gudgeons in America.
29. Barnes, Robert, Maryland Marriages.
30. LDS Ancestral Files, Mary SNOW (AFN:GML9-73).
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