--Analysis of The Parentage of Asa Gleason--
There is no documentation of Asa being the son of Aaron and Eunice Gleason, however there is plenty of circumstantial evidence. Most the of the evidence is in the form of names in the Gleason family and places of birth. Asa is listed as being born in Massachusetts on the 1820 Census. His birth date has been estimated as being between 1740 and 1750 by the local historical society. The society also lists his son Jared and Jared wife Amy Averill. Both Jared and Amy are listed on the IGI as being born in Massachusetts. Rowe MA for Jared. Rueben Gleason, Asa's brother named his one son Jared after Asa's son. That Jared died young. Henry Gleason, Asa's younger brother named his one son Amasa after his uncle Asa [Amasa]. Jared, Asa's son, named one of his sons Asa after his father.
The 1790 census of Rowe MA shows the following heads of Gleason families, Aaron, Aaron Jr, Stephen, Daniel, Asa, and Jonas. Asa's entry show him, 1 daughter under 16, probably Amanda, and 3 females total. Of the six heads of household only Stephen is not a son of Aaron, he was a nephew of Aaron. Asa could be Stephen's brother but then why would his cousins name their children after Asa and Jared. John Barber White stated that Aaron's nephews Stephen and Daniel went from Framingham to Rowe with Aaron when he moved. They were the sons of Aaron's brother David. However there is no trace of them except for the census entry. Also David is not listed as a brother of Aaron. These nephews are presumably more Asa's age than Aaron's and therefore are unlikely to be his father. The only two who meet this description are the sons of 1729 Daniel Gleason and Martha Bartlett. That 1729 Daniel is the half brother of Aaron. 1729 Daniel and Martha's son Stephen did raise his family in Rowe. Asa b.1747 was about fifteen years older than Stephen, who was born in 1760. Stephen had a brother named Daniel who was born in 1754 and is probably the nephew who accompanied Stephen and Aarons family to Rowe. Nothing else is known about 1754 Daniel except he had wife named Lucy Bond b.1761. One wonders if 1754 Daniel died and Asa married his widow, but the age is too far off the 1747 date from the historical society. There is another Lucy in the same family who was born in 1758. This is more than likley the wife of 1754 Daniel and possibly the wife of Asa. That birth date would also be more in the age range of the mother of Asa's children who were born from 1791 to 1797.
The link of Asa to Aaron is all based on circumstantial evidence but its more compelling than listing Asa with another branch of the Gleason family. Families tended to move together and live together. Henry's son Amasa moved to Saratoga, NY and Amasa's son John to Oswego. All in the same area. John gave the middle name of Amanda to his daughter Ruby, possibly in honor of his cousin Amanda. The strongest evidence is Jared being born at Rowe and who else was born and died there, only the family members of Aaron and his newhews are listed as being born or died in Rowe. We have ruled out the two nephews so that leaves only Aaron as Asa's father. Also it is possible that Lucy Bond was Asa's first wife.
Revolutionary War Service of Asa Gleason--These are the listing for Gleason's named Asa. Whether my Asa was one of them is still subject to further proof.
Volume 6,page 489
Gleason, Asa. Private, in a detachment from Myrifield co. commanded by Sergt. Nathaniel Corbet; enlisted Aug. 15, [p.489] 1777; service, 7 days; detachment marched to Bennington by order of Gen. Stark of Aug. 14, 1777 ( the Battle of Bennington was fought on 16 August 1777); also, Capt. Seth Howard's co., Col. David Wells's (Hampshire Co.) regt.; enlisted Sept. 22, 1777; discharged Oct. 18, 1777 (Burgoyne surrendered on 17 October 1777); service, 1 mo. 2 days; travel included, in Northern department; roll dated Myrifield (Rowe).(1777 was the time frame of the Saratoga campaign that ended in the surrender of Burgoyne) [ Secretary of the Commonwealth. Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution, - Vol. I-XVII (17). Boston: Wright and Potter Printing Co., 1896. ] Did Asa receive a land grant in New York for his service? Was there more service that was not recorded? From the dates it can be assumed that Asa took part in the Battle of Bennington and the victory at Saratoga. Rowe was approximately 40 miles from the Bennington battlefield area near Hossick, NY
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