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Re: Miles Gills, Amelia Co. Va. 1800s
Posted by: Paul Glascock Date: November 13, 2000 at 06:23:04
In Reply to: Re: Miles Gills, Amelia Co. Va. 1800s by William Ramsay Gills of 81

Thank you for your interest but the first Glascock in the Virginia Colony was from the London, England area. Below is an extract from the Virginia Colonial Abstracts - it makes very interesting reading.

"Just what forces combined to cause Thomas to leave England are unknown. We do
know that England was in those days a very distraught country, for the Great
Rebellion--the bitter struggle between King Charles I and Parliament for
control of the country--was in process. England's Civil War began in 1642 and
the battle between the Royalist Cavaliers, who supported the reigning Stuart
king, and the Roundheads, who supported Parliament and Oliver Cromwell for
political and religious control of the country soon split the nation into two
armed camps. 1643 was a bloody year in England and, as in all wars, many
people suffered great hardships. Some of them left the country and emigrated
to America--and among these emigrants was Thomas Glascock. Perhaps he was a
disillusioned Cavalier. During the war a considerable number of these
Royalists came to Virginia because it held steadfast to the Crown and the old
reign of Charles I under the rule of Sir William Berkely. Berkely, a rich
young Royalist, had been commissioned governor of Virginia by Charles and
arrived in 1642, about a year ahead of Thomas. Perhaps he left for religious
reasons for believers of the established Church of England were at the threats
of Puritans and reformers, and vice versa during these dare days. Or perhaps
he was just an adventurous younger son who wanted to try his luck as a Virginia
planter. One of Thomas' 1643 patents was for 130 acres in Warwick River County
"parallel to his own and land of John Leyden and adjacent to land of Thomas
Davis" for transporting three persons to Virginia from England. John Leyden's
patents, issued in 1636, are for land on the "Old" Poquoson River, the "New"
Poquosin River, and the James River. Thus it appears that Thomas' 1643 patent
was for land on the lower part of the penninsula between the James and the York
Rivers and situated near the James River somewhat between Newport News, Hampton
and Yorktown, now mostly a heavily populated city area. On August 30, 1643,
Thomas also patented 200 acres "a mile and a half upon the South side of
Peankatanke River, adj Christopher Royce" for transporting 4 persons to
Virginia. Two of the four were himself and his wife Jane. We are sure that he
lived on this patent, for in 1652 he was appointed Justice of the Peace for the
Peankatanke area by the Burgesses, sitting at Jamestown. The Peankatanke River
is north of his other patent, in York County on the penninsula between the York
and Rappahannock Rivers, and it flows into the Chesapeake Bay just a few miles
below the mouth of the Rappahannock. The first patent on the Peankatanke was
granted in 1642 and only four others were granted before Thomas', so we know
that he was one of the first settlers in the area. Settlement started around
Jamestown, moved up and down the James River, and then spread further north and
south along the Tidewater coast as Indians were driven back and more settlers
arrived. John Leydon (or Laydon) is listed in the records as an "Ancient
Planter" who arrived in Virginia before 1616. In fact, he arrived with
John Smith and the first settlers, at age 27, on the "Susan Constant" in 1607.
He married a maid who came in 1608, and the wedding was the first one
solemnized in English America. He survived the massacre of 1622 and by the
time of the muster of 1624/1625 only one other man is listed as a survivor of
the first settlement of 1607--so he was apparently the oldest and the last of
the original settlers. If Thomas did live next to him in 1643, the 63 year old
Leyden and his wife must have had some interesting tales to tell of the
suffering and trials of the first 36 years of the colony! Thomas' other
neighbor, Thomas Davis, was the son of James Davis, also an "Ancient Planter"
who had died before 1633. We can only speculate about what contact the
Glascocks had with these earliest settlers at the Jamestown settlement, but it
is interesting to learn that Glascock's patent was apparently between the
patents of these revered "Ancient Planters." On June 28, 1652, Thomas Glascock
patented 600 acres in Lancaster County, 200 acres of which were granted upon
his surrendering "200 acres on Peankatanke River formerly granted." This
transaction proves that the Glascocks arrived in Lancaster County in 1652.
Here the Glascocks set about the task of building a home and clearing land for
tobacco. The typical Virginia dwelling of that day was a frame one and a half
story building, with brick underpinning and high chimneys at either end. Nails
were so hard to get that settlers often burned their homes when moving in order
to get nails to start a new house. After the house was built, the forests had
to be cleared. After the trees were cut, the stumps had to be dug up and the
soil broken up with hoes before the tobacco could be planted. Probably Thomas
had some of his headrights or indentured servants help his sons and him with
this hard labor. So their tobacco plantation began to grow and Thomas
established a way of life as a Rappahannock River planter that was to continue
for generations in the Glascock family. Little else is known about the lives
of Thomas and Jane. It is probable that Thomas died before June 3, 1667, for
on that date his son, Gregory, was in possession of the Morattico Creek land
which had been granted to him in 1662. No record of his or his wife's death;
Thomas Glascock's will is presumably in lost will book (1692-1709) of Richmond
County. Commissioner, Warwick County, 1652. (Virginia Colonial Abstracts
Volume 26, York County, 1648-1657 by Fleet, page 43).

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